casimir physics lecture notes in physics

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Casimir Physics

Author : Diego Dalvit
ISBN : 9783642202872
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 30 MB
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Casimir effects serve as primary examples of directly observable manifestations of the nontrivial properties of quantum fields, and as such are attracting increasing interest from quantum field theorists, particle physicists, and cosmologists. Furthermore, though very weak except at short distances, Casimir forces are universal in the sense that all material objects are subject to them. They are thus also an increasingly important part of the physics of atom-surface interactions, while in nanotechnology they are being investigated not only as contributors to ‘stiction’ but also as potential mechanisms for actuating micro-electromechanical devices. While the field of Casimir physics is expanding rapidly, it has reached a level of maturity in some important respects: on the experimental side, where most sources of imprecision in force measurements have been identified as well as on the theoretical side, where, for example, semi-analytical and numerical methods for the computation of Casimir forces between bodies of arbitrary shape have been successfully developed. This book is, then, a timely and comprehensive guide to the essence of Casimir (and Casimir-Polder) physics that will have lasting value, serving the dual purpose of an introduction and reference to the field. While this volume is not intended to be a unified textbook, but rather a collection of largely independent chapters written by prominent experts in the field, the detailed and carefully written articles adopt a style that should appeal to non-specialist researchers in the field as well as to a broader audience of graduate students.

Surprises In Theoretical Casimir Physics

Author : William M.R. Simpson
ISBN : 9783319093154
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 84 MB
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Despite more than half a century of theoretical work, the Casimir effect is still not as fully understood as some suppose. In this treatise, the author uncovers new puzzles and paradoxes concerning this mysterious phenomenon. In particular, he clearly demonstrates that the most sophisticated theories fail when confronted with dielectrics in which the refractive index is not uniform but gradually changes.

What S The Big Idea

Author : Dale Albert Johnson
ISBN : 9781387356386
Genre : Religion
File Size : 37. 67 MB
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This book consists of a series of essays on physics, consciousness, and religion. It explores current things in these fields of study.

Classical And Quantum Dissipative Systems Second Edition

Author : Razavy Mohsen
ISBN : 9789813207936
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 48 MB
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Dissipative forces play an important role in problems of classical as well as quantum mechanics. Since these forces are not among the basic forces of nature, it is essential to consider whether they should be treated as phenomenological interactions used in the equations of motion, or they should be derived from other conservative forces. In this book we discuss both approaches in detail starting with the Stoke's law of motion in a viscous fluid and ending with a rather detailed review of the recent attempts to understand the nature of the drag forces originating from the motion of a plane or a sphere in vacuum caused by the variations in the zero-point energy. In the classical formulation, mathematical techniques for construction of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the variational formulation of non-conservative systems are discussed at length. Various physical systems of interest including the problem of radiating electron, theory of natural line width, spin-boson problem, scattering and trapping of heavy ions and optical potential models of nuclear reactions are considered and solved.

Theoretical And Mathematical Physics

Author :
ISBN : CHI:18594320
Genre : Mathematical physics
File Size : 21. 26 MB
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Ten Physical Applications Of Spectral Zeta Functions

Author : Emilio Elizalde
ISBN : 9783642294051
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 29 MB
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Zeta-function regularization is a powerful method in perturbation theory, and this book is a comprehensive guide for the student of this subject. Everything is explained in detail, in particular the mathematical difficulties and tricky points, and several applications are given to show how the procedure works in practice, for example in the Casimir effect, gravity and string theory, high-temperature phase transition, topological symmetry breaking, and non-commutative spacetime. The formulae, some of which are new, can be directly applied in creating physically meaningful, accurate numerical calculations. The book acts both as a basic introduction and a collection of exercises for those who want to apply this regularization procedure in practice. Thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, this new edition includes novel, explicit formulas on the general quadratic, the Chowla-Selberg series case, an interplay with the Hadamard calculus, and also features a fresh chapter on recent cosmological applications, including the calculation of the vacuum energy fluctuations at large scale in braneworld and other models.

Lie Algebras And Applications

Author : Francesco Iachello
ISBN : 9783540362395
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 2 MB
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This book, designed for advanced graduate students and post-graduate researchers, introduces Lie algebras and some of their applications to the spectroscopy of molecules, atoms, nuclei and hadrons. The book contains many examples that help to elucidate the abstract algebraic definitions. It provides a summary of many formulas of practical interest, such as the eigenvalues of Casimir operators and the dimensions of the representations of all classical Lie algebras.

Haphazard Reality

Author : H. B. G. Casimir
ISBN : 9789089642004
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 46. 63 MB
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Summary: Prof. dr. H.B.G. Casimir, fysicus van internationale faam, studeerde en werkte met drie grote figuren van de twintigste-eeuwse natuurkunde: Niels Bohr, Wolfgang Pauli en Paul Ehrenfest. Casimir, zelf een briljant theoreticus, laat in zijn autobiografie de lezer getuige zijn van de revolutionaire ontwikkelingen die leidden tot de kwantumfysica. De invloed en effecten daarvan op onze moderne samenleving zijn vele malen groter dan de eerste atoomfysici konden vermoeden.

Lecture Notes On Newtonian Mechanics

Author : Ilya L. Shapiro
ISBN : 9781461478256
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 70 MB
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One could make the claim that all branches of physics are basically generalizations of classical mechanics. It is also often the first course which is taught to physics students. The approach of this book is to construct an intermediate discipline between general courses of physics and analytical mechanics, using more sophisticated mathematical tools. The aim of this book is to prepare a self-consistent and compact text that is very useful for teachers as well as for independent study.

Sleeping Beauties In Theoretical Physics

Author : Thanu Padmanabhan
ISBN : 9783319134437
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 37 MB
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This book addresses a fascinating set of questions in theoretical physics which will both entertain and enlighten all students, teachers and researchers and other physics aficionados. These range from Newtonian mechanics to quantum field theory and cover several puzzling issues that do not appear in standard textbooks. Some topics cover conceptual conundrums, the solutions to which lead to surprising insights; some correct popular misconceptions in the textbook discussion of certain topics; others illustrate deep connections between apparently unconnected domains of theoretical physics; and a few provide remarkably simple derivations of results which are not often appreciated. The connoisseur of theoretical physics will enjoy a feast of pleasant surprises skilfully prepared by an internationally acclaimed theoretical physicist. Each topic is introduced with proper background discussion and special effort is taken to make the discussion self-contained, clear and comprehensible to anyone with an undergraduate education in physics.

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