challenging acts of international organizations before national courts

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Challenging Acts Of International Organizations Before National Courts

Author : August Reinisch
ISBN : 9780199595297
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 29 MB
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An increasing number of challenges against the activities and decisions of international organisations are brought before national courts. This book offers an overview of how different courts have dealt with these cases and an analysis of the legal framework which applies to them, identifying common ground across jurisdictions.

The Privileges And Immunities Of International Organizations In Domestic Courts

Author : August Reinisch
ISBN : 9780199679409
Genre : Law
File Size : 32. 7 MB
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Proceedings of a conference on "Transnational Judicial Dialogue of Domestic Courts on International Organisations" at the Law School of the Universtiy of Vienna on 23 April 2012.

The Practice Of International And National Courts And The De Fragmentation Of International Law

Author : Ole Kristian Fauchald
ISBN : 9781847319159
Genre : Law
File Size : 58. 85 MB
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In recent decades there has been a considerable growth in the activities of international tribunals and the establishment of new tribunals. Furthermore, supervisory bodies established to control compliance with treaty obligations have adopted decisions in an increasing number of cases. National courts further add to the practice of adjudication of claims based on international law. While this increasing practice of courts and supervisory bodies strengthens the adjudicatory process in international law, it also poses challenges to the unity of international law. Most of these courts operate within their own special regime (functional, regional, or national) and will primarily interpret and apply international law within the framework of that particular regime. The role of domestic courts poses special challenges, as the powers of such courts to give effect to international law, as well as their actual practice in applying such law, largely will be determined by national law. At the same time, both international and national courts have recognised that they do not operate in isolation from the larger international legal system, and have found various ways to counteract the process of fragmentation that may result from their jurisdictional limitations. This book explores how international and national courts can, and do, mitigate fragmentation of international law. It contains case studies from international regimes (including the WTO, the IMF, investment arbitration and the ECtHR) and from various national jurisdictions (including Japan, Norway, Switzerland and the UK), providing a basis for conclusions to be drawn in the final chapter.

In Whose Name

Author : Armin von Bogdandy
ISBN : 9780191026959
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 46 MB
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The vast majority of all international judicial decisions have been issued since 1990. This increasing activity of international courts over the past two decades is one of the most significant developments within the international law. It has repercussions on all levels of governance and has challenged received understandings of the nature and legitimacy of international courts. It was previously held that international courts are simply instruments of dispute settlement, whose activities are justified by the consent of the states that created them, and in whose name they decide. However, this understanding ignores other important judicial functions, underrates problems of legitimacy, and prevents a full assessment of how international adjudication functions, and the impact that it has demonstrably had. This book proposes a public law theory of international adjudication, which argues that international courts are multifunctional actors who exercise public authority and therefore require democratic legitimacy. It establishes this theory on the basis of three main building blocks: multifunctionality, the notion of an international public authority, and democracy. The book aims to answer the core question of the legitimacy of international adjudication: in whose name do international courts decide? It lays out the specific problem of the legitimacy of international adjudication, and reconstructs the common critiques of international courts. It develops a concept of democracy for international courts that makes it possible to constructively show how their legitimacy is derived. It argues that ultimately international courts make their decisions, even if they do not know it, in the name of the peoples and the citizens of the international community.

Encyclopedia Of Public International Law

Author : Rudolf Bernhardt
ISBN : STANFORD:36105060981557
Genre : Reference
File Size : 55. 35 MB
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Decisions Of International Institutions Before Domestic Courts

Author : Christoph Schreuer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105043672422
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 2 MB
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National Courts And The International Rule Of Law

Author : André Nollkaemper
ISBN : 9780191652820
Genre : Courts
File Size : 24. 50 MB
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This book explores the way domestic courts contribute to the maintenance of theinternational of law by providing judicial control over the exercises of public powers that may conflict with international law. The main focus of the book will be on judicial control of exercise of public powers by states. Key cases that will be reviewed in this book, and that will provide empirical material for the main propositions, include Hamdan, in which the US Supreme Court revieweddetention by the United States of suspected terrorists against the 1949 Geneva Conventions; Adalah, in which the Supreme Court of Israel held that the use of local residents by Israeli soldiers in arresting a wanted terrorist is unlawful under international law, and the Narmada case, in which the Indian SupremeCourt reviewed the legality of displacement of people in connection with the building of a dam in the river Narmada under the ILO Indigenous and Tribal Populations Convention 1957 (nr 107).This book explores what it is that international law requires, expects, or aspires that domestic courts do. Against this backdrop it maps patterns of domestic practice in the actual or possible application of international law and determines what such patterns mean for the protection of the international rule of law.

New Perspectives On The Divide Between National And International Law

Author : Janne Elisabeth Nijman
ISBN : 9780199231942
Genre : Law
File Size : 87. 89 MB
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This book analyses one of the most pressing issues of modern international law: the relationship between the international legal order and the domestic legal orders of sovereign states. It contains different perspectives on the legal complexity that results from the interactions between the international and domestic spheres.

The Interpretation Of International Law By Domestic Courts

Author : Helmut Philipp Aust
ISBN : 9780191059414
Genre : Law
File Size : 21. 94 MB
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The Interpretation of International Law by Domestic Courts assesses the growing role of domestic courts in the interpretation of international law. It asks whether and if so to what extent domestic courts make use of the international rules of interpretation set forth in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Given the expectation that rules of international law are to have a uniform interpretation and application throughout the world, the practice of domestic courts is considerably more diverse. The contributions to this book analyse three key questions: first, whether international law requires a coherent interpretive approach by domestic courts. Second, whether a common or convergent methodological outlook can be found in domestic court practice. Third, whether a common interpretive approach is desirable from a normative perspective. The book identfies a considerable tension between international law's ambition for universal and uniform application and a plurality of different approaches. This tension between unity and diversity is analysed by a group of leading international lawyers from a wide range of geographical, disciplinary and methodological approaches. Drawing on domestic practice of number of jurisdictions including, among others, Colombia, France, Japan, India, Israel, Mexico, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States, the book puts the interpretative practice of domestic courts in a wider context. Its chapters offer doctrinal, practical as well as theoretical perspectives on a central question for international law.

Immunities In The Age Of Global Constitutionalism

Author : Anne Peters
ISBN : 9789004251632
Genre : Law
File Size : 69. 84 MB
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The law of immunity of states, of international organisations, and of public officials is one of the most important and most controversial topics of international law. The book takes up new trends and challenges in this field and assesses them within the framework of global constitutionalism and multilevel governance. Contains chapters in both English and French.

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