charlie wilson s war the extraordinary story of how the wildest man in congress and a rogue cia agent changed

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Charlie Wilson S War

Author : George Crile
ISBN : 0802143415
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 3 MB
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Describes how, after the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, maverick Texas congressman Charlie Wilson persuaded his colleagues to fund the CIA's efforts to arm the mujahideen and recounts the repercussions of that covert operation.

Nuclear Strategy In The Modern Era

Author : Vipin Narang
ISBN : 9781400850402
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70. 34 MB
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The world is in a second nuclear age in which regional powers play an increasingly prominent role. These states have small nuclear arsenals, often face multiple active conflicts, and sometimes have weak institutions. How do these nuclear states—and potential future ones—manage their nuclear forces and influence international conflict? Examining the reasoning and deterrence consequences of regional power nuclear strategies, this book demonstrates that these strategies matter greatly to international stability and it provides new insights into conflict dynamics across important areas of the world such as the Middle East, East Asia, and South Asia. Vipin Narang identifies the diversity of regional power nuclear strategies and describes in detail the posture each regional power has adopted over time. Developing a theory for the sources of regional power nuclear strategies, he offers the first systematic explanation of why states choose the postures they do and under what conditions they might shift strategies. Narang then analyzes the effects of these choices on a state's ability to deter conflict. Using both quantitative and qualitative analysis, he shows that, contrary to a bedrock article of faith in the canon of nuclear deterrence, the acquisition of nuclear weapons does not produce a uniform deterrent effect against opponents. Rather, some postures deter conflict more successfully than others. Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era considers the range of nuclear choices made by regional powers and the critical challenges they pose to modern international security.

International Intervention In Local Conflicts

Author : Uzi Rabi
ISBN : 9780857719027
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 54. 14 MB
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The changes in the international system that emerged following the Cold War have had far-reaching implications for the conduct, management and resolution of local conflicts and have necessitated a fresh examination of the rules and norms of international crisis management and conflict resolution. It examines the impact of international actors in the resolution of local conflicts since the Cold War, as well the roles of regional and local actors in determining the course of the conflicts, focusing particularly on the world's most turbulent region - the Middle East. _x000D_ _x000D_ The book provides a theoretical framework for understanding the implications of the post-Cold War balance of power for crisis management, conflict mediation and conflict resolution. This theoretical discussion then applied to a broad selection of case studies including: the UN's intervention in Cambodia and Somalia; the efforts of international institutions to prevent the break-up of Yugoslavia; the European Union's management of ethnic conflicts in the Western Balkans; and the roles of the British and Irish governments in the peace process in Northern Ireland. _x000D_ The recent history of American and European involvement in Middle East conflicts is considered in detail, with close attention paid to the interaction between the international arena, bureaucratic rivalries and internal dynamics within each outside actor, which can affect the conduct of conflict resolution. The book also considers the complex ways in which domestic political considerations and regional factors have influenced international efforts to resolve and mediate conflicts in the Middle East. Taken together-the intervention of the Western powers, the influence of state and non-state actors, and the constraints on local decision makers arising out of domestic conditions-coalesce into a 'tangled web' of regional conflict in the Middle East._x000D_ _x000D_ 'International Intervention in Local Conflicts' is an invaluable guide for students and scholars of international relations and conflict resolution and provides a detailed analysis of conflicts and their resolution in the era since the end of the Cold War.

World War D

Author : Jeffrey Dhywood
ISBN : 9780984690404
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 61. 18 MB
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"World War-D" revolves around the simple but fundamental question: "Can organized societies do a better job than organized crime of managing and controlling psychoactive substances?" Jeffrey Dhywood obviously thinks they can, and explains why and how."World War-D" clearly demonstrates that prohibition is the worst possible form of control. The so-called "controlled substances" are effectively controlled by the underworld at a staggering and ever-growing human, social, economic, and geopolitical cost to the world."World War-D" lays out a concrete, pragmatic, and realistic roadmap to global re-legalization under a multi-tiered "legalize, tax, control, prevent, treat, and educate" regime with practical and efficient mechanisms to manage and minimize societal costs.

The Missing Martyrs

Author : Charles Kurzman
ISBN : 9780199831722
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 92 MB
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Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world--many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom--why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? Where are the missing martyrs? In this startlingly counterintuitive book, a leading authority on Islamic movements demonstrates that terrorist groups are thoroughly marginal in the Muslim world. Charles Kurzman draws on government sources, public opinion surveys, election results, and in-depth interviews with Muslims in the Middle East and around the world. He finds that young Muslims are indeed angry with what they see as imperialism--and especially at Western support for local dictatorships. But revolutionary Islamists have failed to reach them, as can be seen from the terrorists' own websites and publications, which constantly bemoan the dearth of willing recruits. Kurzman notes that it takes only a small cadre of committed killers to wreak unspeakable havoc. But that very fact underscores his point. As easy as terrorism is to commit, few Muslims turn to violence. Out of 140,000 murders in the United States since 9/11, Islamist terrorists have killed at most three dozen people. Of the 150,000 people who die each day, worldwide, Islamist militants account for fewer than fifty fatalities--and only ten per day outside of the hotspots of Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan. The real bulwark against Islamist violence, Kurzman finds, is Muslims themselves, who reject both the goals of the terrorists and their bloody means. With each bombing, the terrorists lose support among Muslims. Incisive and authoritative, The Missing Martyrs provides much-needed corrective to deep-seated and destructive misconceptions about Muslims and the Islamic world. The threat of Islamist terrorism is real, Kurzman shows, but its dimensions are, so far, tightly confined.

Schools For Conflict Or For Peace In Afghanistan

Author : Dana Burde
ISBN : 9780231537513
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 86 MB
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Foreign-backed funding for education does not always stabilize a country and enhance its statebuilding efforts. Dana Burde shows how aid to education in Afghanistan bolstered conflict both deliberately in the 1980s through violence-infused, anti-Soviet curricula and inadvertently in the 2000s through misguided stabilization programs. She also reveals how dominant humanitarian models that determine what counts as appropriate aid have limited attention and resources toward education, in some cases fueling programs that undermine their goals. For education to promote peace in Afghanistan, Burde argues we must expand equal access to quality community-based education and support programs that increase girls' and boys' attendance at school. Referring to a recent U.S. effort that has produced strong results in these areas, Burde commends the program's efficient administration and good quality, and its neutral curriculum, which can reduce conflict and build peace in lasting ways. Drawing on up-to-date research on humanitarian education work amid conflict zones around the world and incorporating insights gleaned from eight years of fieldwork in Afghanistan and Pakistan, Burde thoroughly recalculates and fundamentally improves a popular formula for peace.

Strategic Intelligence

Author : Loch K. Johnson
ISBN : UVA:X030102017
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60. 7 MB
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While several fine texts on intelligence have been published over the past decade, there is no complementary set of volumes that addresses the subject in a comprehensive manner for the general reader. This major set explains how the sixteen major U.S. intelligence agencies operate, how they collect information from around the world, the problems they face in providing further insight into this raw information through the techniques of analysis, and the difficulties that accompany the dissemination of intelligence to policymakers in a timely manner. Further, in a democracy it is important to have accountability over secret agencies and to consider some ethical benchmarks in carrying out clandestine operations. In addition to intelligence collection and analysis and the subject of intelligence accountability, this set addresses the challenges of counterintelligence and counterterrorism, as well covert action. Further, it provides comparisons regarding the various approaches to intelligence adopted by other nations around the world. Its five volumes underscore the history, the politics, and the policies needed for a solid comprehension of how the U.S. intelligence community functions in the modern age of globalization, characterized by a rapid flow of information across national boundaries.

Naval War College Review

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435077146900
Genre : International relations
File Size : 51. 63 MB
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Crossroads Of Intervention

Author : Todd R. Greentree
ISBN : 0275992152
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 14 MB
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The challenges that vex the United States today in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere are not altogether as new and unique as they seem. U.S. involvement in Central America during the 1980s clearly demonstrated the costs, risks, and limits to intervention and the use of force in internal conflicts. Much can be learned today about the nature of irregular warfare from the experiences of the United States and the other protagonists in Central America during the final phase of the Cold War. The U.S. perceived a threat to national security in these wars from determined insurgents with a compelling revolutionary ideology and powerful allies that linked them to other conflicts around the world. This strategy and policy analysis makes a new contribution to irregular warfare theory through an examination of the origins, strategic dynamics, and termination of the Sandinista insurrection in Nicaragua, the decade long counterinsurgency of the Salvadoran government against the FMLN guerrillas, and the concurrent Contra insurgency against the Sandinistas. Many of the lessons about the fundamental and recurring nature of irregular warfare are being rediscovered in the current challenges of radical Islam, Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere, despite the great differences in circumstance, culture, and geography. In the Central American case, three successive Presidents encountered serious domestic controversy over U.S. policies and refrained from sending U.S. combat troops to intervene directly. Most importantly, they prudently heeded warnings that internal wars of all types are rarely subject to military solutions, because their natures are equally and fundamentally political. Greentree presents his argument as a strategy and policy case study of the civil wars in Nicaragua and El Salvador during the final decade of the Cold War. The book comprises an examination of the origins, strategic dynamics, and termination of these wars from the points of view of the main participants--Nicaragua, El Salvador, Cuba, the Soviet Union, and the United States. It also develops a general conceptual framework for understanding the nature of insurgency, counterinsurgency, revolution, and intervention that builds on classic strategic theory and contemporary thought on irregular warfare. From the perspective of global superpower conflict, the wars in Central America were peripheral small wars or low intensity conflicts. However, for the internal protagonists these were total and bloody wars for survival. Involvement in such wars has been cyclical in the U.S. experience, and it is misfortunate, if not tragic, that the greatly similar problems encountered across widely varying circumstances are quickly forgotten.

Publishers Weekly

Author : R.R. Bowker company
ISBN : 00000019
Genre :
File Size : 49. 16 MB
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