chemistry of advanced environmental purification processes of water fundamentals and applications

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Chemistry Of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes Of Water

Author : Erik Sogaard
ISBN : 9780080932408
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 10 MB
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Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water covers the fundamentals behind a broad spectrum of advanced purification processes for various types of water, showing numerous applications through worked examples. Purification processes for groundwater, soil water, reusable water, and raw water are examined where they are in use full-scale, as a pilot approach, or in the laboratory. This book also describes the production of ceramic particles (nanochemistry) and materials for the creation of filtration systems and catalysts that are involved. Uses chemistry fundamentals to explain the mechanisms behind the various purification processes Explains in detail process equipment and technical applications Describes the production of ceramic particles and other new materials applicable to filtration systems Includes worked examples

Advanced Oxidation Processes For Water Treatment

Author : Mihaela I. Stefan
ISBN : 9781780407180
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 24 MB
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Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Water Extraction Of Bioactive Compounds

Author : Herminia Dominguez
ISBN : 9780128096154
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 51 MB
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Water Extraction of Bioactive Compounds: From Plants to Drug Development draws together the expert knowledge of researchers from around the world to outline the essential knowledge and techniques required to successfully extract bioactive compounds for further study. The book is a practical tool for medicinal chemists, biochemists, pharmaceutical scientists and academics working in the discovery and development of drugs from natural sources. The discovery and extraction of bioactive plant compounds from natural sources is of growing interest to drug developers, adding greater fuel to a simultaneous search for efficient, green technologies to support this. Particularly promising are aqueous based methods, as water is a cheap, safe and abundant solvent. The book is a detailed guide to the fundamental concepts and necessary equipment needed to successfully undertake such processes, supported by application examples and highlighting the most influential variables. Part 1 begins with a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals, the need for standardization and a move toward more rational and greener techniques in the field, the development of plant-based extraction processes and pretreatments for the efficient extraction. Part 2 then reviews a broad range of available techniques, including sections on conventional hot water extraction and pressurized hot water extraction in a range of settings. Intensified processes are then discussed in detail, including sections on microwave-assisted processes, ultrasound-assisted processes and enzyme assisted extraction. Covers the theoretical background and range of techniques available to researchers, helping them to select the most appropriate extraction method for their needs Presents up-to-date and cutting edge applications by international experts Highlights current use and future potential for industrial scale applications Offers a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals

Photochemical Purification Of Water And Air

Author : Thomas Oppenländer
ISBN : 9783527305636
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 63 MB
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This is the first comprehensive handbook on technologies using U-V light for water and air treatment. This unique reference offers information on the fundamentals and practical applications on these technologies, using real-world examples. Highlights include: Explores economical aspects in a special chapter Includes extensive list of more than 700 references and a glossary of terms according to the IUPAC nomenclature Over 140 detailed figures visualize photochemcal and photophysical phenomena throughout the book Invaluable to Environmental Chemists, Water Chemists and Process Engineers.

Metal Oxide Based Photocatalysis

Author : Adriana Zaleska-Medynska
ISBN : 9780128116333
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 73 MB
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Metal Oxide-Based Photocatalysis: Fundamentals and Prospects for Application explains the principles and fundamentals of metal oxide-based photocatalysis and the requirements necessary for their use in photocatalysis. It also discusses preparation methods for photocatalysis, and the advantages, disadvantages and achievements of the most important metal oxides (TiO2, ZnO, Fe2O3, Ta2O3, CuO, NiO, Cr2O3, RuO2, etc.). The book concludes with the most important photocatalytic applications and an overview of the future. Applications are organized by potential needs and solutions, addressing such areas as water treatment, hydrogen production, air treatment, chemical synthesis, and applications in medicine and construction. Provides coverage of applications, presenting needs and solutions Covers essential applications, such as water treatment, hydrogen production, air depollution, medical applications, and much more Includes the characterization of the most important metal oxides used in heterogeneous photocatalysis

Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods

Author : Mika Sillanpää
ISBN : 9780128114636
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 50 MB
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Electrochemical Methods for Water Treatment: Fundamentals, Methods and Full Scale Applications covers all traditional, emerging and combined methods currently available for the treatment of surface, drinkable water and industrial wastewater. Topics covered include an overview of pollutants and treatment methods, an extended introduction to electrochemical processes in water treatment, electrochemical oxidation (including electrodesinfection, electrochemical reduction, electrocoagulation, electroflotation, and electrodialysis. In addition, emerging and combined methods are presented, as is a discussion on the available equipment necessary to scale up the operation of all methods. Electrochemical technologies have many common issues in terms of design, operation and performance. This book brings together a wealth of information on all different methods in a single source to provide broad insights and enable the connection between challenges and opportunities for different methods. The combination of technical information, design and case studies offered helps researchers better understand the challenges associated with scale up and implementation. Covers all electrochemical methods for water treatment Includes methods for the treatment of surface, drinking water and industrial wastewater Presents discussions on equipment in the context of scaling up the operation

Electrochemical Water And Wastewater Treatment

Author : Carlos Alberto Martínez-Huitle
ISBN : 9780128131619
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 94 MB
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Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods provides the fundamentals and applications of electrochemical water treatment methods to treat industrial effluents. Sections provide an overview of the technology, its current state of development, and how it is making its way into industry applications. Other sections deal with historical developments and the fundamentals of 18 methods, including coupled methods, such as Electrocoagulation, Peroxi-Coagulation and Electro-Fenton treatments. In addition, users will find discussions that relate to industries such as Pulp and Paper, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, and Urban/Domestic wastewater, amongst others. Final sections present advantages, disadvantages and ways to combine renewable energy sources and electrochemical methods to design sustainable facilities. Environmental and Chemical Engineers will benefit from the extensive collection of methods and industry focused application cases, but researchers in environmental chemistry will also find interesting examples on how methods can be transitioned from lab environments to practical applications. Offers an excellent overview of the research advances and current applications of electrochemical technologies for water treatment Explains, in a comprehensive way, the fundamentals of different electrochemical uses and applications of different technologies Provides a large number of examples as evidence of practical applications of electrochemistry to environmental protection Explores the combination possibilities with other treatment technologies or emerging technologies for destroying water pollutants

Water Purification

Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
ISBN : 9780128043714
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 49 MB
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Water Purification, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Food Industry series, provides an in-depth review of the current technologies and emerging application of nanotechnology in drinking water purification, also presenting an overview of the common drinking water contaminants, such as heavy metals, organics, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, and their occurrences in drinking water sources. As the global water crisis has motivated the industry to look for alternative water supplies, nanotechnology presents significant potential for utilizing previously unacceptable water sources. This books explores the practical methodologies for transforming water using nanotechnologies, and is a comprehensive reference to a wide audience of food science research professionals, professors, and students who are doing research in this field. Includes the most up-to-date information on nanotechnology applications and research methods for water purification and treatment Presents applications of nanotechnology and engineered nanomaterials in drinking water purification to improve efficiency and reduce cost Provides water purification research methods that are important to water quality, including precipitation, adsorption, membrane separation, and ion exchange Covers the potential risks of nanotechnology, such as the toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials in water and how to minimize risks based on research studies

Advanced Oxidation Processes For Water Treatment

Author : Mihaela I. Stefan
ISBN : 9781780407180
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 40 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 506
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Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Nanotechnology For Water Treatment And Purification

Author : Anming Hu
ISBN : 9783319065786
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 24 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This book describes the latest progress in the application of nanotechnology for water treatment and purification. Leaders in the field present both the fundamental science and a comprehensive overview of the diverse range of tools and technologies that have been developed in this critical area. Expert chapters present the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and the advantages that these provide for engineering applications that ensure a supply of safe drinking water for our growing population. Application areas include generating fresh water from seawater, preventing contamination of the environment and creating effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. The chapter authors are leading world-wide experts in the field with either academic or industrial experience, ensuring that this comprehensive volume presents the state-of-the-art in the integration of nanotechnology with water treatment and purification.

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