chemistry of advanced environmental purification processes of water fundamentals and applications

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Chemistry Of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes Of Water

Author : Erik Sogaard
ISBN : 9780080932408
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 19 MB
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Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water covers the fundamentals behind a broad spectrum of advanced purification processes for various types of water, showing numerous applications through worked examples. Purification processes for groundwater, soil water, reusable water, and raw water are examined where they are in use full-scale, as a pilot approach, or in the laboratory. This book also describes the production of ceramic particles (nanochemistry) and materials for the creation of filtration systems and catalysts that are involved. Uses chemistry fundamentals to explain the mechanisms behind the various purification processes Explains in detail process equipment and technical applications Describes the production of ceramic particles and other new materials applicable to filtration systems Includes worked examples

Water Extraction Of Bioactive Compounds

Author : Herminia Dominguez
ISBN : 9780128096154
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 85 MB
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Water Extraction of Bioactive Compounds: From Plants to Drug Development draws together the expert knowledge of researchers from around the world to outline the essential knowledge and techniques required to successfully extract bioactive compounds for further study. The book is a practical tool for medicinal chemists, biochemists, pharmaceutical scientists and academics working in the discovery and development of drugs from natural sources. The discovery and extraction of bioactive plant compounds from natural sources is of growing interest to drug developers, adding greater fuel to a simultaneous search for efficient, green technologies to support this. Particularly promising are aqueous based methods, as water is a cheap, safe and abundant solvent. The book is a detailed guide to the fundamental concepts and necessary equipment needed to successfully undertake such processes, supported by application examples and highlighting the most influential variables. Part 1 begins with a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals, the need for standardization and a move toward more rational and greener techniques in the field, the development of plant-based extraction processes and pretreatments for the efficient extraction. Part 2 then reviews a broad range of available techniques, including sections on conventional hot water extraction and pressurized hot water extraction in a range of settings. Intensified processes are then discussed in detail, including sections on microwave-assisted processes, ultrasound-assisted processes and enzyme assisted extraction. Covers the theoretical background and range of techniques available to researchers, helping them to select the most appropriate extraction method for their needs Presents up-to-date and cutting edge applications by international experts Highlights current use and future potential for industrial scale applications Offers a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals

Metal Oxide Based Photocatalysis

Author : Adriana Zaleska-Medynska
ISBN : 9780128116333
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 73 MB
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Metal Oxide-Based Photocatalysis: Fundamentals and Prospects for Application explains the principles and fundamentals of metal oxide-based photocatalysis and the requirements necessary for their use in photocatalysis. It also discusses preparation methods for photocatalysis, and the advantages, disadvantages and achievements of the most important metal oxides (TiO2, ZnO, Fe2O3, Ta2O3, CuO, NiO, Cr2O3, RuO2, etc.). The book concludes with the most important photocatalytic applications and an overview of the future. Applications are organized by potential needs and solutions, addressing such areas as water treatment, hydrogen production, air treatment, chemical synthesis, and applications in medicine and construction. Provides coverage of applications, presenting needs and solutions Covers essential applications, such as water treatment, hydrogen production, air depollution, medical applications, and much more Includes the characterization of the most important metal oxides used in heterogeneous photocatalysis

Advanced Oxidation Processes For Water Treatment

Author : Mihaela I. Stefan
ISBN : 9781780407180
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 10 MB
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Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Composite Nanoadsorbents

Author : George Z. Kyzas
ISBN : 9780128141335
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 95 MB
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Composite Nanoadsorbents discusses the most recent advances in the field, including promising techniques for waste water decontamination and the advantages and drawbacks of nanoadsorbents in these applications. The implications of nanoadsorbents to public health and future developments for facilitating environmental sustainability are also discussed. New approaches for nanomaterials are analyzed, focusing on the effect of nanotechnology in adsorption applications. The effectiveness of nanosized materials is evaluated, along with cost factors and new synthesis routes of composite nanomaterials. Combining the areas of nanotechnology, adsorption, and composite surface chemistry, the synthesis, modifications and applications of nanotechnology in the adsorption process are demonstrated. Edited by a prolific expert in the field, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, adsorption and materials synthesis. Bridges the gap between theory and application of composite nanoadsorbents Provides an understanding of the benefits of nanoadsorbents and their cost, efficiency and novelty Includes material on inorganic nanoadsorbents and carbon nanotubes

Nanotechnology For Water Treatment And Purification

Author : Anming Hu
ISBN : 9783319065786
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 83 MB
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This book describes the latest progress in the application of nanotechnology for water treatment and purification. Leaders in the field present both the fundamental science and a comprehensive overview of the diverse range of tools and technologies that have been developed in this critical area. Expert chapters present the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and the advantages that these provide for engineering applications that ensure a supply of safe drinking water for our growing population. Application areas include generating fresh water from seawater, preventing contamination of the environment and creating effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. The chapter authors are leading world-wide experts in the field with either academic or industrial experience, ensuring that this comprehensive volume presents the state-of-the-art in the integration of nanotechnology with water treatment and purification.

Fundamentals Of Environmental And Toxicological Chemistry

Author : Stanley E. Manahan
ISBN : 9781466553163
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 85 MB
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Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry integrated throughout the book. This new edition of a bestseller provides an updated text with an increased emphasis on sustainability and green chemistry. It is organized based on the five spheres of Earth’s environment: (1) the hydrosphere (water), (2) the atmosphere (air), (3) the geosphere (solid Earth), (4) the biosphere (life), and (5) the anthrosphere (the part of the environment made and used by humans). The first chapter defines environmental chemistry and each of the five environmental spheres. The second chapter presents the basics of toxicological chemistry and its relationship to environmental chemistry. Subsequent chapters are grouped by sphere, beginning with the hydrosphere and its environmental chemistry, water pollution, sustainability, and water as nature’s most renewable resource. Chapters then describe the atmosphere, its structure and importance for protecting life on Earth, air pollutants, and the sustainability of atmospheric quality. The author explains the nature of the geosphere and discusses soil for growing food as well as geosphere sustainability. He also describes the biosphere and its sustainability. The final sphere described is the anthrosphere. The text explains human influence on the environment, including climate, pollution in and by the anthrosphere, and means of sustaining this sphere. It also discusses renewable, nonpolluting energy and introduces workplace monitoring. For readers needing additional basic chemistry background, the book includes two chapters on general chemistry and organic chemistry. This updated edition includes three new chapters, new examples and figures, and many new homework problems.

Photochemical Purification Of Water And Air

Author : Thomas Oppenländer
ISBN : 9783527305636
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 46 MB
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This is the first comprehensive handbook on technologies using U-V light for water and air treatment. This unique reference offers information on the fundamentals and practical applications on these technologies, using real-world examples. Highlights include: Explores economical aspects in a special chapter Includes extensive list of more than 700 references and a glossary of terms according to the IUPAC nomenclature Over 140 detailed figures visualize photochemcal and photophysical phenomena throughout the book Invaluable to Environmental Chemists, Water Chemists and Process Engineers.

Advanced Membrane Technology And Applications

Author : Norman N Li
ISBN : 9781118211540
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33. 88 MB
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Advanced membranes-from fundamentals and membrane chemistry to manufacturing and applications A hands-on reference for practicing professionals, Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications covers the fundamental principles and theories of separation and purification by membranes, the important membrane processes and systems, and major industrial applications. It goes far beyond the basics to address the formulation and industrial manufacture of membranes and applications. This practical guide: Includes coverage of all the major types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis (including the recent high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes for gas separations; and membranes for fuel cell uses Addresses six major topics: membranes and applications in water and wastewater; membranes for biotechnology and chemical/biomedical applications; gas separations; membrane contractors and reactors; environmental and energy applications; and membrane materials and characterization Includes discussions of important strategic issues and the future of membrane technology With chapters contributed by leading experts in their specific areas and a practical focus, this is the definitive reference for professionals in industrial manufacturing and separations and research and development; practitioners in the manufacture and applications of membranes; scientists in water treatment, pharmaceutical, food, and fuel cell processing industries; process engineers; and others. It is also an excellent resource for researchers in industry and academia and graduate students taking courses in separations and membranes and related fields.

Environmental Biotechnology

Author : Hans-Joachim Jördening
ISBN : 9783527604524
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 60 MB
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A deeper insight into the complex processes involved in this field, covering the biological, chemical and engineering fundamentals needed to further develop effective methodologies. The book devotes detailed chapters to each of the four main areas of environmental biotechnology -- wastewater treatment, soil treatment, solid waste treatment, and waste gas treatment -- dealing with both the microbiological and process engineering aspects. The result is the combined knowledge contained in the extremely successful volumes 11a through 11c of the "Biotechnology" series in a handy and compact form.

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