child soldiers from recruitment to reintegration

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Child Soldiers From Recruitment To Reintegration

Author : Alpaslan Özerdem
ISBN : 9780230342927
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 35 MB
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This book examines the complex and under-researched relationship between recruitment experiences and reintegration outcomes for child soldiers. It looks at time spent in the group, issues of cohesion, identification, affiliation, membership and the post demobilization experience of return, and resettlement.

Child Soldiers

Author : Michael G. Wessells
ISBN : 0674023595
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 81 MB
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Human rights activists, physicians and citizens around the world recognise the need to find effective interventions for child soldiers but up to now we have lacked systematic information about them. Wessells discusses all of the major concerns: how boys and girls are recruited or enticed into guerrilla groups.

Child Soldiers In The Age Of Fractured States

Author : Scott Gates
ISBN : 9780822973591
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 47. 88 MB
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Current global estimates of children engaged in warfare range from 200,000 to 300,000. Children's roles in conflict range from armed and active participants to spies, cooks, messengers, and sex slaves. Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States examines the factors that contribute to the use of children in war, the effects of war upon children, and the perpetual cycle of warfare that engulfs many of the world's poorest nations. The contributors seek to eliminate myths of historic or culture-based violence, and instead look to common traits of chronic poverty and vulnerable populations. Individual essays examine topics such as: the legal and ethical aspects of child soldiering; internal UN debates over enforcement of child protection policies; economic factors; increased access to small arms; displaced populations; resource endowments; forced government conscription; rebel-enforced quota systems; motivational techniques employed in recruiting children; and the role of girls in conflict. The contributors also offer viable policies to reduce the recruitment of child soldiers such as the protection of refugee camps by outside forces, “naming and shaming,” and criminal prosecution by international tribunals. Finally, they focus on ways to reintegrate former child soldiers into civil society in the aftermath of war.

Childhood Deployed

Author : Susan Shepler
ISBN : 9780814724965
Genre : HISTORY
File Size : 38. 9 MB
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Childhood Deployed examines the reintegration of former child soldiers in Sierra Leone. Based on eighteen months of participant-observer ethnographic fieldwork and ten years of follow-up research, the book argues that there is a fundamental disconnect between the Western idea of the child soldier and the individual lived experiences of the child soldiers of Sierra Leone. Susan Shepler contends that the reintegration of former child soldiers is a political process having to do with changing notions of childhood as one of the central structures of society. For most Westerners the tragedy of the idea of “child soldier” centers around perceptions of lost and violated innocence. In contrast, Shepler finds that for most Sierra Leoneans, the problem is not lost innocence but the horror of being separated from one’s family and the resulting generational break in youth education. Further, Shepler argues that Sierra Leonean former child soldiers find themselves forced to strategically perform (or refuse to perform) as the“child soldier” Western human rights initiatives expect in order to most effectively gain access to the resources available for their social reintegration. The strategies don’t always work—in some cases, Shepler finds, Western human rights initiatives do more harm than good. While this volume focuses on the well-known case of child soldiers in Sierra Leone, it speaks to the larger concerns of childhood studies with a detailed ethnography of people struggling over the situated meaning of the categories of childhood.It offers an example of the cultural politics of childhood in action, in which the very definition of childhood is at stake and an important site of political contestation.

The Power Of Resistance

Author : Rowhea M. Elmesky
ISBN : 9781787148871
Genre : Education
File Size : 34. 41 MB
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This book is guided through the powerful ideological frameworks of culture and social reproduction and looks specifically to the role of schooling as a vehicle for catalysing change.

Machel Study 10 Year Strategic Review

Author :
ISBN : 9789280643633
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 64 MB
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The organisation of this report aims to heighten our understanding of the myriad ways in which armed conflict affects children - and how children regard their participation not only in war but in programmes aimed at preventing violence against them and in promoting their recovery and reintegration. The central message of this 10-year strategic review is that "war violates every right of the child". The report thus frames its findings within three categories: political and diplomatic actions and responsibilities; system-wide international policies, standards and architectures; and prevention and response.

Programme For The Demobilisation And Reintegration Of Child Soldiers Minors Associated With The Fighting Forces In Afghanistan And Prevention Of Recruitment

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:83892504
Genre :
File Size : 21. 22 MB
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Culture Religion And The Reintegration Of Female Child Soldiers In Northern Uganda

Author : Bård Mæland
ISBN : 1433109514
Genre : Religion
File Size : 36. 19 MB
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"This is an important book that tackles the multifaceted moral, political, spiritual, religious, and psychosocial realities of girls and young women associated with fighting forces in Sub-Saharan Africa. The book's most significant contributions take the contexts of culture, family, and community seriously as the authors delve into the violence and transformation in wars and the resulting implications for healing for females and their communities. For most of these females there was no return to normalcy following war. The contributors reveal the complexity of females' attempts to make meaning of their experiences, rebuild a sense of respect and dignity, and how all of this has to be understood within processes of renegotiating and rebuilding relationships within their communities."-Dyan Mazurana, Associate Research Professor, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Research Director, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University --

Child Soldiers

Author : David M. Rosen
ISBN : 9781598845266
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 65 MB
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This book exposes the role of children in war, describing where, why, and how children are deployed, the attempts made by international organizations to protect children, and the underlying political and cultural issues that make this such a thorny issue. * A chronology of major events in the efforts to limit the use of child soldiers * Biographical sketches of famous child soldiers and key figures in the effort to ban the use of child soldiers * A directory of organizations involved in the child soldier issue

Child Soldiers And Transitional Justice

Author : Bo Viktor Nylund
ISBN : 1780683944
Genre :
File Size : 45. 96 MB
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In a political climate that holds limited promise for addressing the issue of child recruitment, Child Soldiers and Transitional Justice: Protecting the Rights of Children Involved in Armed Conflicts challenges the trend towards a narrow focus on recruitment and use of the child, and seeks to contribute to more effective prevention and responses that offer the child a chance of recovery, reconciliation and reintegration. This book adapts existing theoretical frameworks of transitional justice in order to analyse child recruitment, with a view to demonstrating how a society can address the issue in a holistic way. It systematises relevant knowledge across a wide range of legal fields to allow for greater understanding of the law and principles, and a more informed basis for practical engagement with transitional justice mechanisms. Delving deep into the travaux preparatoires of each of the fundamental legal instruments, the author analyses their evolution, spanning humanitarian law, human rights law, criminal law, and other aspects of public law, including peace agreements and action plans developed with armed groups and forces. He provides a particular focus on and in-depth analysis of the Lubanga case, and its implications for other components of transitional justice. The findings highlight arguments for placing child recruitment firmly on the transitional justice agenda. By considering child recruitment against a transitional justice framework, the book allows a detailed understanding of the distinct but complementary components - rule of law, criminal justice, historical justice, reparatory justice, institutional justice, and participatory justice - and reveals the untapped potential in interactions between different areas of transitional justice. About the author Bo Viktor Nylund is a protection and legal practitioner who has focused on state and non-state actor responsibility and accountability throughout his career. Bo Viktor has Masters degrees in law and political science from Columbia University Law School and Abo Akademi University and a PhD in international law from the Geneva Graduate Institute for International Studies. He has served UNHCR, UNICEF and OHCHR and is currently UNICEF's Representative in Burundi. (Series: Transitional Justice, Vol. 20) [Subject: Human Rights Law, Criminal Law, Public Law]

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