chirality in drug design and development

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Chirality In Drug Design And Development

Author : Indra K. Reddy
ISBN : 9780824751098
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 96 MB
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Covering every essential element in the development of chiral products, this reference provides a solid overview of the formulation, biopharmaceutical characteristics, and regulatory issues impacting the production of these pharmaceuticals. It supports researchers as they evaluate the pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic, and toxicological characteristics of specific enantiomers and chiral drug compounds and addresses in one convenient reference all the major challenges pertaining to drug chirality that have been neglected in the literature. Chirality in Drug Design and Development collects the latest studies from an interdisciplinary team of experts on chiral drug design.

Chirality In Drug Design And Synthesis

Author : C. Brown
ISBN : 9781483288246
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 51 MB
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Chirality in Drug Design and Synthesis is a collection of papers that discusses the property of asymmetry in the structural and synthetic chemistry of natural products, including the significance of chirality in medicinal chemistry. These papers examine the need for the preparation and study of pure enantiomers of chiral drug substances and their mechanism of interaction with enzymes and receptors. These papers also investigate the techniques in studying these interactions, as well as analyze the methods for their synthesis in enantiomerically pure form. One paper discusses the pharmacological and pharmacokinetic analyses made that point to the differences in the activity and disposition of enantiometric pairs. Another paper reviews the implications of the neglect of stereoselectivity at the different levels during the examination process of racemic drugs. Since no general guidelines exists for the development of drugs with chiral centers, one paper suggests a case-by-case approach in evaluating the safety and efficacy of drugs, particularly as regards how isomers differ in their effects. This collection is suitable for the pharmacologist, medicinal chemists, toxicologists, mechanistic chemists and synthetic organic chemists.

Chirality In Drug Research

Author : Eric Francotte
ISBN : 9783527608713
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 77 MB
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Divided into the three main sections of synthesis, analysis and drug development, this handbook covers all stages of the drug development process, including large-scale synthesis and purification of chirally pure pharmaceuticals. The two editors from academia and a major pharmaceutical company have assembled an experienced, international team who provide first-hand practical advice and report previously unpublished data. In the first section, the isolation of chiral drugs from natural sources, their production in enzymatic processes and the resolution of racemic mixtures in preparative chromatography are outlined in separate chapters. For the section on qualitative and quantitative analysis, enantioselective chromatographic methods are presented as well as optical methods and CE-MS, while the final section deals with the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and metabolic aspects of chiral drugs, devoting whole chapters to stereoselective drug binding and modeling chiral drug-receptor interactions. With its unique industry-relevant aspects, this is a must for medicinal and pharmaceutical chemists.

The Impact Of Stereochemistry On Drug Development And Use

Author : Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein
ISBN : CHI:44554172
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 12 MB
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Provides an authoritative source of practical information on stereochemistry and its impact on drug development. Unlike other books which focus on synthesis, this work explores analytical, pharmacological, and regulatory topics in dealing with the theory and practice of stereochemistry in the pharmaceutical industry today. It specifically addresses how the body metabolizes chiral molecules; the varying effects of different chiral molecules; and provides detailed evaluations of current seperation techniques. Includes regulatory information.

The Organic Chemistry Of Drug Design And Drug Action

Author : Richard B. Silverman
ISBN : 9780123820310
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24. 32 MB
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The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Third Edition, represents a unique approach to medicinal chemistry based on physical organic chemical principles and reaction mechanisms that rationalize drug action, which allows reader to extrapolate those core principles and mechanisms to many related classes of drug molecules. This new edition includes updates to all chapters, including new examples and references. It reflects significant changes in the process of drug design over the last decade and preserves the successful approach of the previous editions while including significant changes in format and coverage. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry studying medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutical chemistry; research chemists and biochemists working in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Updates to all chapters, including new examples and references Chapter 1 (Introduction): Completely rewritten and expanded as an overview of topics discussed in detail throughout the book Chapter 2 (Lead Discovery and Lead Modification): Sections on sources of compounds for screening including library collections, virtual screening, and computational methods, as well as hit-to-lead and scaffold hopping; expanded sections on sources of lead compounds, fragment-based lead discovery, and molecular graphics; and deemphasized solid-phase synthesis and combinatorial chemistry Chapter 3 (Receptors): Drug-receptor interactions, cation-π and halogen bonding; atropisomers; case history of the insomnia drug suvorexant Chapter 4 (Enzymes): Expanded sections on enzyme catalysis in drug discovery and enzyme synthesis Chapter 5 (Enzyme Inhibition and Inactivation): New case histories: for competitive inhibition, the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib and Abelson kinase inhibitor, imatinib for transition state analogue inhibition, the purine nucleoside phosphorylase inhibitors, forodesine and DADMe-ImmH, as well as the mechanism of the multisubstrate analog inhibitor isoniazid for slow, tight-binding inhibition, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, saxagliptin Chapter 7 (Drug Resistance and Drug Synergism): This new chapter includes topics taken from two chapters in the previous edition, with many new examples Chapter 8 (Drug Metabolism): Discussions of toxicophores and reactive metabolites Chapter 9 (Prodrugs and Drug Delivery Systems): Discussion of antibody–drug conjugates

Basic Principles Of Drug Discovery And Development

Author : Benjamin Blass
ISBN : 9780124115255
Genre : Medical
File Size : 30. 91 MB
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Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, providing comprehensive explanations of enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine, all areas that have become critical steps in the successful development of marketable therapeutics. The text introduces the fundamental principles of drug discovery and development, also discussing important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. It is designed to enable new scientists to rapidly understand the key fundamentals of drug discovery, including pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and intellectual property." Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works Explains the complete drug discovery process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual propertyIdeal for anyone interested in learning about the drug discovery process and those contemplating careers in the industry Explains the transition process from academia or other industries

The Practice Of Medicinal Chemistry

Author : Camille Georges Wermuth
ISBN : 9780124172135
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 74 MB
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The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com

New Developments In Medicinal Chemistry

Author : Carlton Anthony Taft
ISBN : 9781608059546
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 52 MB
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This e-book series is recommended for readers who are interested in or work with current theoretical and experimental research in medicinal chemistry, with an emphasis on computer aided-drug design and organic synthesis for therapeutic purposes. The e-book series encompasses the multidisciplinary field of medicinal chemistry which overlaps the knowledge of chemistry, physics, biochemistry, biology and pharmacology. The second volume of the series contains the following topics: -Current State-of-the-Art for Virtual Screening and Docking Methods -Estimating Protein-Ligand Binding Affinity by NMR -ADME/Tox Predictions in Drug Design -Bioisosteric Replacements in Drug Design

Chiral Drugs

Author : Guo-Qiang Lin
ISBN : 1118075633
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 67 MB
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An integrated view of chiral drugs—from concept and synthesisto pharmaceutical properties Chirality greatly influences a drug's biological and pharmacological properties. In an effort to achieve more predictable results from chiral drugs, the Food and Drug Administration now requires that these medicines be as pure as possible, which places great demands on drug synthesis, purification, analysis, and testing. To assist researchers in acquiring the essential knowledge to meet these rigid guidelines, Chiral Drugs focuses on three vital chiral technologies—asymmetric synthesis, biocatalytic process, and chiral resolution—to offer details on the basic concepts, key developments, and recent trends in chiral drug discovery, along with: The history of chiral drugs development and industrial applications of chiral technologies A section listing twenty-five approved or advanced-trial chiral drugs that lists each drug name, chemical name and properties, a representative synthetic pathway, pharmacological characterizations, and references An interdisciplinary approach combining synthetic organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and pharmacology Nearly two-thirds of the drugs on today's market are chiral drugs. Reducing and eliminating their negative characteristics is an ongoing and serious challenge for the pharmaceutical industry. With its well-balanced approach to covering each important aspect of chirality, Chiral Drugs champions important strategies for tipping the medical scale in a positive direction for the production of more effective—and safer—drugs.

Smith And Williams Introduction To The Principles Of Drug Design And Action Fourth Edition

Author : H. John Smith
ISBN : 0203304152
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 46 MB
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Advances in knowledge and technology have revolutionized the process of drug development, making it possible to design drugs for a given target or disease. Building on the foundation laid by the previous three editions, Smith and Williams’ Introduction to the Principles of Drug Design and Action, Fourth Edition includes the latest information on topics such as gene therapy, computer-aided design, and molecular techniques including proteomics. Using real-world examples that illustrate the principles of drug design, the author explores the discovery of lead compounds and their manipulation in the production of non-toxic, metabolically stable drug candidates that will interact with target receptors in a predicted fashion. See what’s new in the Fourth Edition: Fully updates and expands the contents Coverage of agonists and antagonists of neuro-transmitters Information on the design of stable peptide-like drugs The human genome and its impact on drug discovery and development Advances in therapy and pharmacokinetics Adopting a from-the-bench-to-the-marketplace approach, the book provides a thorough grounding in rational drug design. It emphasizes principles and elucidates a framework for basic drug design into which current and, more importantly, future drugs will fit.

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