cities politics and policy a comparative analysis

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Cities Politics And Policy

Author : John P. Pelissero
ISBN : 9781483371016
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47. 77 MB
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Just because Milwaukee isn't Manhattan, doesn't mean that those urban centers face completely unique challenges. Through effective comparative analysis of key issues in urban studies--how city managers share power with mayors, how spending policies affect economic development, and how school politics impact education policy--students can clearly see how scholars discern patterns and formulate conclusions to offer theoretical and practical insights from which all cities can benefit. Pelissero brings together an impressive team of contributors to explore variation among cities through case studies and cross-sectional analyses. Each author synthesizes the field's seminal literature while explaining how urban leaders and their constituents grapple with everything from city council politics to conflict and cooperation among minority groups. Authors identify both key trends and gaps in the scholarship, and help set the research agenda for the years to come. Lively case material will hook your students while the accessible presentation of empirical evidence make this reader the comprehensive and sophisticated text you demand.

The Politics Of Foundations

Author : Helmut Anheier
ISBN : 9781135991074
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 93 MB
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This book explores the roles and visions foundations have of, and for, themselves in the new Europe. The leading contributors go beyond a quantitative profile of foundations in Europe, and probe deeper into their role and contributions in meeting the economic, cultural, environmental and educational needs of European societies. Includes a mapping and appraisal of foundation visions, policies and strategies, and an overall assessment of the current and future policy environment in which they operate. The Politics of Foundations combines the detailed comparative analysis of current challenges facing foundations, with individual country studies on Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom and also includes a comparative view from the United States. This valuable reference will be of interest to researchers and students of foundations, policy-making, comparative politics and international business, as well as policy makers and professionals.

Heads Of The Local State

Author : John Garrard
ISBN : 0754652629
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 13 MB
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In recent years there has been increasing historical interest in various aspects of local urban politics, resulting in a much better understanding of the recruitment and socio-economic characteristics of municipal leadership and the exercise of power at a local level. However, much less is known about the offices and office-holders standing at the ceremonial, political and executive head of towns and cities. Through a comparative analysis of mayoralty from 1800 onwards, this volume explores the characteristics of the office in relation to such issues as, the constitutional position of mayors, their ceremonial and executive roles, their representational status in relation to local, regional and central authority, and the public visibility of the office, which has been used to highlight or blur issues of race, gender, politics or religion within a community.

Citizenship In European Cities

Author : Karen Kraal
ISBN : 9781351951401
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54. 60 MB
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There are relatively few books that provide comparative analysis of European cities in relation to immigrants and political participation. This fresh and insightful volume, from the same team that published Multicultural Policies and Modes of Citizenship in European Cities in 2001, analyzes how the presence of immigrants is perceived in politics, how this affects their status and how far minorities are able to (politically) participate in European cities. The comparative studies address the influence of (minority) politics, as well as that of migrant mediators and ethnic organizations on the participation of minorities. There are a variety of case studies from northern and southern Europe, offering insights into countries that differ in their modes of citizenship. The volume will be of specific interest to scholars, researchers and policy makers in migration, citizenship and multiculturalism, as well as a more general audience of sociologists, political sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists and social geographers.

Power Failure

Author : Charles Brecher
ISBN : 0195364538
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 38 MB
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New York City's municipal government is the largest and most complex in the nation, perhaps in the world. Its annual operating budget is now a staggering $29 billion a year, plus it has a capital budget of $4 billion more. The city and its various agencies employ approximately 360,000 full-time workers. The Office of the Mayor alone employs some 1,600 people (and spends some $135 million). And the Police Department boasts a small army of over 25,000 officers, with a budget of $1.5 billion. Anyone wanting to make sense of an organization this vast needs an excellent guide. In Power Failure, Charles Brecher and Raymond Horton provide a complete guidebook to the political workings of New York City. Ranging from 1960 to the present, the authors explore in depth the political machinery behind City Hall, from electoral politics to budgetary policy to the delivery of city services. They examine the operation of the Office of the Mayor and the City Council, covering everything from the number of members and their annual salaries (Council Members receive $55,000 per year, the Council President $105,000) to the mayoral races of John V. Lindsay, Abraham Beame, and Edward I. Koch. Much of this encyclopedic work focuses on New York's ever-present financial woes, including the financial crisis of the mid-1970s, when the City had an unaudited deficit of over a billion dollars and the public credit markets closed their doors. They examine the repeated failure of collective bargaining to set wage policy before the annual operating budget is set (which undermines the integrity of the budgetary process), and they look at the main source of revenue, the property tax (homeowners pay 84 cents per hundred dollars of market value, commercial property owners pay $4.31, a politically motivated imbalance which the authors find economically harmful and grossly unfair to renters and businesses). Finally, they examine service delivery and discover, not surprisingly, that the highest local taxes in the nation are not spent efficiently. The authors offer detailed looks at the uniformed services (police, fire, sanitation, corrections), the Department of Parks and Recreation, and the Health and Hospitals Corporation (which operates the country's largest municipal hospital system), revealing which departments are run well and which are not. For New York City residents, this is an essential volume for understanding City Hall. Indeed, anyone baffled by big city government--whether you live in New York or in any major metropolis--will find in this volume a wealth of information on how to run a city well, and how to run it into the ground.

Managing Urban America

Author : Robert E. England
ISBN : 9781506310510
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 93 MB
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Managing Urban America guides students through the challenges, politics, and practice of urban management—including managing conflict through politics, adapting to demographic and social changes, balancing budgets, and delivering a myriad of goods and services to citizens in an efficient, equitable, and responsive manner. The Eighth Edition has been thoroughly updated to include a discussion of the difficulties cities confront as they deal with the lingering economic challenges of the 2008 recession, the concept of e-government and how it affects the theory and practice of management, and the implications of environmental issues for urban government management.

Comparative Public Policy

Author : Francis Geoffrey Castles
ISBN : STANFORD:36105023419703
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 60 MB
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'. . . the author has achieved his goal of capturing the large picture of economic transformation and public policy in Western capitalism, post World War II. This book poses problems for all kinds of theories. Castles has simplified our empirical world while questioning our theoretical maps. the tables that at first sight appear off-putting have the compelling fascination of a Guinness Book of Records for grown ups. Not the least of its attractions is that it is an interesting read.' - Grant Jordan, Political Studies 'This innovative book presents a wealth of background data and a huge range of findings. This is a most scholarly text.' - Economic Outlook and Business Review 'Castles has written an accessible and comprehensive analysis of the evolution of public policy in the industrialized world since 1945. All students of comparative public policy will want to have this book close at hand as a ready guide and a source of superb statistical data to a complicated and fascinating set of policy issues.' - Peter J. Katzenstein, Cornell University, US Comparative Public Policy provides the first truly systematic and comprehensive account of the transformation of the post-war state in the advanced countries of the Western world. the author generates new research findings which show how the economic, social and political changes of the post-war era have reshaped modern public policy across the OECD region.

Success And Failure In Public Governance

Author : M. A. P. Bovens
ISBN : 9781843762850
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 60 MB
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Why do some policies succeed so well while others, in the same sector or country, fail dramatically? The aim of this book is to answer this question and provide systematic research on the nature, sources and consequences of policy failure. The expert contributors analyse and evaluate the success and failure of four policy areas (Steel, Health Care, Finance, HIV and the Blood Supply) in six European countries, namely France, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK, Spain and Sweden. The book is therefore able to compare success and failure across countries as well as policy areas, enabling a test of a variety of theoretical assumptions about policy making and government.

Studying Hong Kong 20 Years Of Political Economic And Social Developments

Author : Kong Tuan Yuen
ISBN : 9789813223561
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 37 MB
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This book captures the essence of Hong Kong's development in the past two decades from 1997 to 2017. It is broken into four parts -- economics, society, politics and culture. Hong Kong's role remains as a gateway for global trading houses, businessmen, investors and traders. Hong Kong continues to be an open economy and has stuck to free trade policies, as one of the former four successful "tiger economies" in East Asia. In the political and international relations realm, this book examines Hong Kong's relations with China, other major powers and the world at large. It also covers domestic developments, including legal developments. Other chapters in the book examine cultural developments in Hong Kong from specific case studies of iconic animation character to trans-boundary popularity of Hong Kong popular culture in China. With contributions from Alvin CAMBA, Henry CHAN, Yoshihisa GODO, Wing Lok HUNG, Sean KING, Tuan Yuen KONG, Tai Wei LIM, Carol MA, Samantha MA, Parama SINHA PALIT, Zhengqi PAN, SIM Japanese Culture and Gaming Society, Hiroshi TAKAHASHI, Ghim Yeow TAN, Katherine TSENG, Elim WONG, Kai Keat YEO and Chun Wang YEUNG, this book provides a snapshot of Hong Kong in the past twenty years and is a fascinating read. Contents: Readership: This book is intended for students as well as professionals and the general public interested in understanding Hong Kong culture, history and politics. Keywords: Hong Kong;China;East Asia;;1997;Economic;PoliticsReview: "Hong Kong is often referred to as a crossroad of the East and West. However, Hong Kong is not merely an intersection of China and the Western world, but has unique history and culture. When I started learning Cantonese in Tokyo, many other students who were similarly motivated were from an older generation than me, and interested in Hong Kong films. This is proof that Hong Kong shown on the screen attracted the Japanese audience as a unique city. Hong Kong has been depicted as a city that is 'exotic' and 'chaotic' in popular media in Japan and the West. Of course, it is certain that orientalism of Japan and the West is present. However, what promotes such imagination and description seems to be the 'freedom' that Hong Kong possesses. I am particularly interested in how this free and somehow chaotic atmosphere of Hong Kong, 20 years after the handover of sovereignty, will generate new culture and evoke our new imagination. I recommend this publication to readers who want to better understand Hong Kong in all its facets and from different perspectives." Masakazu MATSUOKA Hitotsubashi University Key Features: The book is timely as it deals with a topic that is in the news in 2017. The future of Hong Kong has been debated and scrutinized intensely since the 2014 Occupy Central and 2012 National Education protests. Since then, Hong Kong has been forging a new relationship with a new administration in Beijing It has regional and international implications. Hong Kong's "One Country Two Systems" served as a model for possible reunification with Taiwan. Regionally, observers are using Hong Kong as a barometer for the future of Chinese governance. Internationally, Hong Kong's international financial center makes it an important node in the globalized world Very often, Hong Kong's popular culture is left out of academic analyses on the city state. There are macro and micro case studies examined by different scholars in this publication and they explain the popularity of Hong Kong popular cultural characters like the animation McDull and also classic cop films that resonate with an East Asian and even international audience The diversity of scholars in this volume makes

Comparative Analysis Of Complex Organizations Rev Ed

Author : Amitai Etzioni
ISBN : 9780029096208
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87. 26 MB
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