citrus essential oils flavor and fragrance

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Citrus Essential Oils

Author : Masayoshi Sawamura
ISBN : 9781118074381
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83. 92 MB
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Commercially used for food flavorings, toiletry products, cosmetics, and perfumes, among others, citrus essential oil has recently been applied physiologically, like for chemoprevention against cancer and in aromatherapy. Citrus Essential Oils: Flavor and Fragrance presents an overview of citrus essential oils, covering the basics, methodology, and applications involved in recent topics of citrus essential oils research. The concepts, analytical methods, and properties of these oils are described and the chapters detail techniques for oil extraction, compositional analysis, functional properties, and industrial uses. This book is an unparalleled resource for food and flavor scientists and chemists.

Essential Oils In Food Preservation Flavor And Safety

Author : Victor R. Preedy
ISBN : 9780124166448
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 18 MB
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Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety discusses the major advances in the understanding of the Essential Oils and their application, providing a resource that takes into account the fact that there is little attention paid to the scientific basis or toxicity of these oils. This book provides an authoritative synopsis of many of the complex features of the essential oils as applied to food science, ranging from production and harvesting, to the anti-spoilage properties of individual components. It embraces a holistic approach to the topic, and is divided into two distinct parts, the general aspects and named essential oils. With more than 100 chapters in parts two and three, users will find valuable sections on botanical aspects, usage and applications, and a section on applications in food science that emphasizes the fact that essential oils are frequently used to impart flavor and aroma. However, more recently, their use as anti-spoilage agents has been extensively researched. Explains how essential oils can be used to improve safety, flavor, and function Embraces a holistic approach to the topic, and is divided into two distinct parts, the general aspects and named essential oils Provides exceptional range of information, from general use insights to specific use and application information, along with geographically specific information Examines traditional and evidence-based uses Includes methods and examples of investigation and application

Flavours And Fragrances

Author : Ralf Günter Berger
ISBN : 9783540493396
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 92 MB
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This book is an introduction to the world of aroma chemicals, essential oils, fragrances and flavour compositions for the food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry. Present technology, the future use of resources and biotechnological approaches for the production of the respective chemical compounds are described. The book has an integrated and interdisciplinary approach on future industrial production and the issues related to this topic.

Perfume And Flavor Materials Of Natural Origin

Author : Steffen Arctander
ISBN : 9780244329211
Genre : Reference
File Size : 64. 88 MB
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Authenticity Analysis Of Citrus Essential Oils By Means Of Hplc Uv Ms On Oxygenated Heterocyclic Components

Author : Hao Fan
ISBN : OCLC:872618626
Genre : Citrus oils
File Size : 86. 81 MB
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Essential oils have been the key natural raw material in flavor and fragrance industry since its inception (Dugo et al., 2002). Citrus essential oil, as the largest essential oil group, comprises 70% of imported oils in US (Dugo et al., 2002). Their unique sensory properties have been widely accepted and applied in beverage, confectionary, perfume, house care and other fields. However, due to relatively simple chemical composition and tremendous price differences among citrus species, unscrupulous players have been tempted to practice adulteration in citrus oils for a long time. Addition of key aromatic chemicals into low-grade stripped oil or oil fractions is one way to lower the oil cost. Extending high quality citrus oil with oil fractions from a cheaper source is also taking place on regular basis. As they become increasingly sophisticated, perpetrators are capable of making blends that are almost indistinguishable from authentic oils through conventional GC analysis. As a consequence, essential oil industry is demanding definitive, sensitive, and efficient approaches to grade commercial citrus oils and keep adulterated oil from entering the finished products. A reversed-phase HPLC method was developed for compositional study of essential oils from major citrus species (i.e., orange, mandarin, tangerine, lemon, lime, and grapefruit). Majority of the oxygenated heterocyclic components in citrus oils were identified by HPLC-MS and confirmed by previous literatures. Two hydroxylated PMFs (polymethoxyflavone) have been identified from cold pressed orange and tangerine oils for the first time. A comprehensive database of major PMF compounds is built with data collected from a large pool of industrial orange, tangerine and mandarin oil samples. Numerical ranges of PMF compounds for sample approval were extrapolated from the database. Meanwhile, principle components analysis (PCA) was carried out for sample classification. Based on the numerical limits and statistical analysis results, detailed information regarding the origin and history of oil samples can be revealed. Similar study will be performed on lemon, lime and grapefruit oil samples as well. The author is hoping this analysis procedure will be serving as a routine quality control test for authenticity evaluation and adulteration detection in citrus essential oils.

Handbook Of Essential Oils

Author : K. Husnu Can Baser
ISBN : 1420063162
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 4 MB
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Egyptian hieroglyphs, Chinese scrolls, and Ayurvedic literature record physicians administering aromatic oils to their patients. Today society looks to science to document health choices and the oils do not disappoint. The growing body of evidence of their efficacy for more than just scenting a room underscores the need for production standards, quality control parameters for raw materials and finished products, and well-defined Good Manufacturing Practices. Edited by two renowned experts, the Handbook of Essential Oils covers all aspects of essential oils from chemistry, pharmacology, and biological activity, to production and trade, to uses and regulation. Bringing together significant research and market profiles, this comprehensive handbook provides a much-needed compilation of information related to the development, use, and marketing of essential oils, including their chemistry and biochemistry. A select group of authoritative experts explores the historical, biological, regulatory, and microbial aspects. This reference also covers sources, production, analysis, storage, and transport of oils as well as aromatherapy, pharmacology, toxicology, and metabolism. It includes discussions of biological activity testing, results of antimicrobial and antioxidant tests, and penetration-enhancing activities useful in drug delivery. New information on essential oils may lead to an increased understanding of their multidimensional uses and better, more ecologically friendly production methods. Reflecting the immense developments in scientific knowledge available on essential oils, this book brings multidisciplinary coverage of essential oils into one all-inclusive resource.

The Complete Book Of Essential Oils And Aromatherapy Revised And Expanded

Author : Valerie Ann Worwood
ISBN : 9781577311393
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 59. 39 MB
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Completely updated, the best book on the topic available anywhere has just gotten better! A necessary resource for anyone interested in alternative approaches to healing and lifestyle, this new edition contains more than 800 easy-to-follow recipes for essential oil treatments. No one has provided more thorough and accurate guidance to the home practitioner or professional aromatherapist than Valerie Ann Worwood. In her clear and positive voice, Worwood provides tools to address a huge variety of health issues, including specific advice for children, women, men, and seniors. Other sections cover self-defense against microbes and contaminants, emotional challenges, care for the home and workplace, and applications for athletes, dancers, travelers, cooks, gardeners, and animal lovers. Worwood also offers us her expertise in the use of essential oils in beauty and spa treatments, plus profiles of 125 essential oils, 37 carrier oils, and more. Since the publication of the first edition of this book 25 years ago, the positive impact of essential oil use has become increasingly recognized, as scientific researchers throughout the world have explored essential oils and their constituents for their unique properties and uses.

Natural Flavors And Fragrances

Author : Carl Frey
ISBN : 0841239045
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 6 MB
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With the development of synthetic organic chemistry techniques in the early 19th century the world of synthetic FandF materials began and expanded, but it has not totally replaced natural FandF. A growing segment of the public prefers natural foods to foods containing artificial additives, and will pay a premium for natural foods. While modern synthetic methods permit the economical production of artificial FandF on a large scale, the natural FandF industry remains important. Why is thisso? How do the chemical, biological, and agricultural sciences support the natural FandF industry? What is the state of current natural FandF research? These are questions this volume attempts to address. Even considering only the value of FandF derived from essential oils, natural FandF constitute approximately a $2 billion annual business. The impact of FandF is best appreciated when you consider that a flavor or fragrance typically contributes only a very small part, both in cost and volume, to a finished product. Many analytical tools available do not have a detector that is as sensitive to taste or odor as a human (or many animals for that matter). The challenge for researchers is to sift FandF information from all the data obtained from the various analytical techniques. The intent of this book is to give the reader and appreciation for the many facets of the chemistry, analysis and production of natural flavors and fragrances. It is a field where each one of us who can smelland taste are active participants. New foods, plants, processes, packages and aromas are developed each day. Keeping researchers abreast of the many new facets of the natural FandF field have led to development of this chapter and the ACS symposium that served as the basis of this book.

Flavours And Fragrances

Author : A D Swift
ISBN : 9781845698249
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 25 MB
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This is a compilation of papers presented at the 1997 Flavours and Fragrances conference. The subject matter is intentionally broad, covering areas such as chemoreception, analytical techniques, essential oils and the synthesis of flavour and fragrance materials in the laboratory.

Chemical Analysis Of Food

Author : Yolanda Picó
ISBN : 9780123848628
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 81 MB
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"The book contains twenty three chapters written by experts on the subject is structured in two parts: the first one describes the role of the latest developments in analytical and bioanalytical techniques, and the second one deals with the most innovative applications and issues in food analysis. The two first introductory chapters about sampling technique, from basic one to the most recent advances, which is still a food challenge because is responsible of the quality and assurance of the analysis, andon data analysis and chemometrics are followed by a review of the most recently applied techniques in process (on-line) control and in laboratories for the analysis of major or minor compounds of food. These techniques ranged from the non-invasive and non-destructive ones, such as infrared spectroscopy, magnetic resonance and ultrasounds, to emerging areas as nanotechnology, biosensors and electronic noses and tongues, including those already well-established in food analysis, such as chromatographic andelectrophoretic techniques. These chapters also include two important tools for solving problems in chemical and biological analysis such as mass spectrometry and molecular-based techniques"--

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