civil engineering and urban planning iv proceedings of the 4th international conference on civil engineering and urban planning beijing china 25 27 july 2015

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Civil Engineering And Urban Planning Iv

Author : Yuan-Ming Liu
ISBN : 9781315645155
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 11 MB
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Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV includes the papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Civil Engineering and Urban Planning (CEUP 2015, Beijing, China, 25-27 July 2015). The contributions from experts and world-renowned scientists cover a wide variety of topics: - Civil engineering; - Architecture and urban planning; - Transportation engineering; - Geomatics; - Natural hazards and risk, and - Rock mechanics and rock engineering. Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV will appeal to professionals and academics involved in the above mentioned areas.

Genetic Algorithms Data Structures Evolution Programs

Author : Zbigniew Michalewicz
ISBN : 9783662028308
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62. 25 MB
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'What does your Master teach?' asked a visitor. 'Nothing,' said the disciple. 'Then why does he give discourses?' 'He only points the way - he teaches nothing.' Anthony de Mello, One Minute Wisdom During the last three decades there has been a growing interest in algorithms which rely on analogies to natural processes. The emergence of massively par allel computers made these algorithms of practical interest. The best known algorithms in this class include evolutionary programming, genetic algorithms, evolution strategies, simulated annealing, classifier systems, and neural net works. Recently (1-3 October 1990) the University of Dortmund, Germany, hosted the First Workshop on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature [164]. This book discusses a subclass of these algorithms - those which are based on the principle of evolution (survival of the fittest). In such algorithms a popu lation of individuals (potential solutions) undergoes a sequence of unary (muta tion type) and higher order (crossover type) transformations. These individuals strive for survival: a selection scheme, biased towards fitter individuals, selects the next generation. After some number of generations, the program converges - the best individual hopefully represents the optimum solution. There are many different algorithms in this category. To underline the sim ilarities between them we use the common term "evolution programs" .

Object Oriented Software Construction

Author : Bertrand Meyer
ISBN : 0136290310
Genre : 11030 - computer - p1030 - software - 20030 - design
File Size : 21. 74 MB
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Software -- Software Engineering.

Knowledge Engineering And Management

Author : Guus Schreiber
ISBN : 0262193000
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 67 MB
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The disciplines of knowledge engineering and knowledge management are closely tied. Knowledge engineering deals with the development of information systems in which knowledge and reasoning play pivotal roles. Knowledge management, a newly developed field at the intersection of computer science and management, deals with knowledge as a key resource in modern organizations. Managing knowledge within an organization is inconceivable without the use of advanced information systems; the design and implementation of such systems pose great organization as well as technical challenges.The book covers in an integrated fashion the complete route from corporate knowledge management, through knowledge analysis and engineering, to the design and implementation of knowledge-intensive information systems. The CommonKADS methodology, developed over the last decade by an industry-university consortium led by the authors, is used throughout the book. CommonKADS makes as much use as possible of the new UML notation standard. Beyond information systems applications, all software engineering and computer systems projects in which knowledge plays an important role stand to benefit from the CommonKADS methodology.

Writing Effective Use Cases

Author : Alistair Cockburn
ISBN : 9780201702255
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56. 63 MB
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This guide will help readers learn how to employ the significant power of use cases to their software development efforts. It provides a practical methodology, presenting key use case concepts.

Adaptation In Natural And Artificial Systems

Author : John Henry Holland
ISBN : 0262581116
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 69 MB
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List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

Foundations Of Statistical Natural Language Processing

Author : Christopher D. Manning
ISBN : 0262133601
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 80. 34 MB
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An introduction to statistical natural language processing (NLP). The text contains the theory and algorithms needed for building NLP tools. Topics covered include: mathematical and linguistic foundations; statistical methods; collocation finding; word sense disambiguation; and probalistic parsing.

Permafrost

Author : Antoni G. Lewkowicz
ISBN : OCLC:486881824
Genre :
File Size : 78. 45 MB
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Context And Consciousness

Author : Bonnie A. Nardi
ISBN : 0262140586
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 64 MB
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Intended for designers and researchers, Context and Consciousness brings together 13 contributions that apply activity theory to problems of human-computer interaction.Understanding how people actually use computers in their everyday lives is essential to good design and evaluation. This insight necessitates a move out of the laboratory and into the field. The research described in Context and Consciousness presents activity theory as a means of structuring and guiding field studies of human-computer interaction, from practical design to theoretical development. Activity theory is a psychological theory with a naturalistic emphasis, with roots going back to the 1920s in the Soviet Union. It provides a hierarchical framework for describing activity and a set of perspectives on practice. Activity theory has been fruitfully applied in many areas of human need, including problems of mentally and physically handicapped children, educational testing, curriculum design, and ergonomics. There is growing interest in applying activity theory to problems of human- computer interaction, and an international community of researchers is contributing to the effort.Contributors : Rachel Bellamy. Susanne Bødker. Ellen Christiansen. Yrjo Engeström. Virginia Escalante. Dorothy Holland. Victor Kaptelinin. Kari Kuutti. Bonnie A. Nardi. Arne Raeithel. James Reeves. Boris Velichkovksy. Vladimir P. Zinchenko.

Semiotics In Information Systems Engineering

Author : Kecheng Liu
ISBN : 1139425536
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72. 45 MB
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Semiotics, the science of signs, has long been recognised as an important discipline for understanding information and communications. Moreover it has found wide application in other areas of computer science, as it offers an effective insight into organisations and the computer systems that support them. An organisation may be viewed as a system of information and communication in which human actors, with the assistance of information technology, are able to process, represent, store and consume information. Computer systems that fit into an organisation and that support and enhance its performance and competitiveness, can be better delivered if semiotic principles are understood and applied. In this book, first published in 2000, semiotic methods are introduced and illustrated through three major case studies, which demonstrate how information systems can be developed to meet business requirements and support business objectives. It will appeal to academics, systems developers and analysts.

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