civil rights in public service

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Civil Rights In Public Service

Author : Phillip J. Cooper
ISBN : 9781317516378
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57. 56 MB
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Promises of justice and equality made in the U.S. Constitution, numerous Amendments, and decisions of the Supreme Court are hallmarks of American civil rights. Yet the realities of inequality remain facts of modern life for too many Native Americans, African Americans, and Latino Americans, even though state-mandated racial segregation has been outlawed for years. Women still face a variety of forms of discrimination—some subtle and others more overt. There remain many laws that treat people differently because of sexual orientation. People with disabilities are supposed to be protected by a variety of statutes, but many of these policies remain unfulfilled promises. These are just some of the many challenges of civil rights that persist in a nation that proudly points to the words above the entrance to the U.S. Supreme Court that read "Equal Justice Under Law." This text is for current and future public service professionals —whether they are in government agencies, in nonprofit organizations that provide social services for government, or contractors who operate as state actors—who increasingly serve diverse communities with a range of complex challenges, while working and managing within organizations that, fortunately, are themselves more diverse than ever before. For those who work and serve in such settings, civil rights is not an abstract academic study, but a critically important and very practical fact of daily life. This book may also be used on civil rights law, policy, and public administration courses, and each chapter ends with a section on ‘Issues for Policy and Practice’ to guide an examination of key public policy hurdles in the fight for civil rights as well as the implications for public service practice. Through an engaging exploration of edited court cases, legislation, and speeches, the reader is encouraged to think critically about civil rights law and policy pertaining to African Americans, Native Americans, Latinos/Latinas, gender, sexual orientation, and disabilities, to learn what civil rights require, but also to come to a more empathetic understanding of how different groups of people experience civil rights and the unique challenges they face.

Socio Economic Human Rights In Essential Public Services Provision

Author : Marlies Hesselman
ISBN : 9781317209881
Genre : Law
File Size : 32. 61 MB
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There is a clear overlap between securing socio-economic human rights for all persons and arranging adequate access to essential public services across society. Both are necessary to realise thriving, inclusive societies, with adequate living standards for all, based on human dignity. This edited volume brings together the two topics for the first time. In particular, it identifies the common challenges for essential public services provision and socio-economic human rights realisation, and it explores how socio-economic rights law can be harnessed to reinforce better access to services. An important aim of this book is to understand how international socio-economic human rights law and guideposts can be used and strengthened to improve access to services, and assess socio-economic legal and policy decisions. The volume includes contributions from different continents, on a range of different services, and engages with the realities of different regulatory settings. After an introduction that sets out the most important challenges for universal access to services – including sufficient resources mobilisation, private actor involvement and regulation, or the need for improved checks and balances – the book goes on to discuss current issues in services provision and socio-economic rights, as well as explores the place and role of private business actors in the provision of services. In particular, it assesses how the responsibility and accountability of such actors for human rights can be improved . The final part of the book narrows in on the under-explored human rights concepts of ‘participation’ and ‘accountability’, as essential prerequisites for better ‘checks and balances’. Overall, this volume presents a unique and powerful illustration of how socio-economic human rights law supports improved access to essential public services for all.

Civil Rights And Public Accommodations

Author : Richard C. Cortner
ISBN : UOM:39015050474850
Genre : Law
File Size : 79. 79 MB
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The struggle for civil rights in America was fought at the lunch counter as well as in the streets. It ultimately found victory in the halls of government—but, as Richard Cortner reveals, only through a creative use of congressional power and critical judicial decisions. Title II of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibited discrimination in public accommodations, and shortly after its passage blacks were refused service at the Heart of Atlanta Motel and at Ollie's Barbecue in Birmingham, Alabama, as a test of the new law by business owners who claimed the right to choose their own customers. These challenges made their way to the Supreme Court, becoming landmark cases frequently cited in law. Until now, however, they have never benefited from book-length analysis. Cortner provides an inside account of the litigation in both decisions to tell how they spelled the end to segregation in the South The fact that blacks could not travel in the South without assured access to food and lodging led Congress to enforce civil rights on the basis of its authority to regulate interstate commerce. The Supreme Court unanimously sustained Title II's constitutionality under the commerce clause in both test cases, joining the executive and legislative branches in defining the power of the federal government to desegregate society, even by circuitous means. Drawing on justice department files, Supreme Court justices' papers, and records of defense attorneys, Cortner provides the background for the cases, including previous legal battles over sit-ins. He describes the roles of key players in the litigation—particularly Solicitor General Archibald Cox and members of the Warren Court. In addition, he uses presidential files, oral histories, and other primary sources to give readers a clear picture of the forces at work in the creation, implementation, and validation of the Civil Rights Act. Cortner's thorough account illuminates the nature of constitutional litigation and the judicial process, as well as the role of the Constitution and law, in two decisions that marked the crowning achievement of the civil rights movement and changed the face of America forever.

The Making Of A Civil Rights Lawyer

Author : Michael Meltsner
ISBN : 0813926955
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 35. 78 MB
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As a white Yale Law School graduate, Meltsner began his career with the Legal Defense Fund of the NAACP, working initially under Thurgood Marshall and later under Jack Greenberg. From his vantage point at LDF, Meltsner witnessed and participated in litigation support of the civil rights movement in the South. As the movement shifted north and the fight for desegregation gave way to black-power slogans, Meltsner remained involved with the LDF and later went on to teach public interest practice at Columbia Law School. He watched the move from the high expectations after the Brown v. Board of Education decision to the lows of subsequent resegregation. He recalls his involvement in other civil rights efforts, from the campaigns to abolish capital punishment to Muhammad Ali's legal battle to regain his right to box. Meltsner closes with a chapter that examines the strategic possibilities of the No Child Left Behind mandate. Meltsner brings a personal perspective to this assessment of the hopes, potential, and shifting terrain of public service law. A worthy read. --Vernon Ford Copyright 2006 Booklist.

Civil Rights Actions

Author : Joseph G. Cook
ISBN : 1579116019
Genre : Actions and defenses
File Size : 83. 11 MB
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Gay Lesbian Bisexual And Transgender Civil Rights

Author : Wallace Swan
ISBN : 9781466567337
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61. 57 MB
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This book could be aptly entitled After Marriage—What Is Next for the LGBT Community? Now that marriage is increasingly being institutionalized in many states within the United States it is quite likely that marriage will be acceptable in all 50 states (dependent upon action of the U.S. Supreme Court). What lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender public policy issues then remain to be addressed? Based on the editor and his team of contributors’ collective years of work and experience at the forefront of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender issues, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Civil Rights: A Public Policy Agenda for Uniting a Divided America presents fresh information about the current status and insights into the future directions of the L.G.B.T. movement. The editors take a firm stance on equality and gauge the forward movement in favor of this equality as the metric of success. They present a contemporary analysis of LGBT civil rights based on the actions and policies occurring on the federal, state, and local level. The book discusses political party stances in the U.S. legislative and executive branches, highlighting state and national challenges and complexities. The coverage includes the successful LGBT effort to partner with organizations, including churches and educational institutions as well as non-profits, and presents the successes (and failures) of grassroots movements around the country. The legacy of a long-standing cultural war against GLBT people, as well as rampant discrimination, is reflected in many areas. As GLBT policies evolve and take shape, and new voices of the movement emerge, these issues can be shown to pervade a number of policy areas including mental and physical healthcare, race, poverty and homelessness, religion, immigration, senior issues, the role of family in the LGBT community, bisexuality and transgender issues, the effect of economics on creation of homicides and hate crimes, education, business, and workforce diversity. A collection of fascinating contemporary perspectives, this book explores the breadth and depth of the many "divides"—socioeconomic, race, age, healthcare, immigration, education, and income—including those that intersect within the GLBT community. For any reader who really wants to know about the current and future development of the LGBT community, this is an invaluable book.

Disability Civil Rights And Public Policy

Author : Stephen L. Percy
ISBN : 9780817359256
Genre : Law
File Size : 77. 20 MB
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Intro -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- 1. Disability, Public Policy, and Implementation -- 2. An Institutional Approach to the Study of Policy Implementation -- 3. Federal Laws to Assist Persons with Disabilities -- 4. From Symbolic Gestures to Implementation Guidelines: The Saga of Section 504 -- 5. A Conservative Reaction to Section 504 Regulations: The Politics of Rollback -- 6. Barrier Removal and Facility Access for Disabled Persons -- 7. Access, Mobility, and Public Transportation -- 8. Access to Public and Higher Education -- 9. Employment Rights and Opportunities for Disabled Persons -- 10. Implementing Disability Rights Policies: Comparisons, Contrasts, and Dilemmas -- Abbreviations -- Notes -- Select Bibliography -- Index

Government S Greatest Achievements

Author : Paul Charles Light
ISBN : 0815706049
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28. 83 MB
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In Governments Greatest Achievements, Paul C. Light explores the federal governments most successful accomplishments over the previous five decades and anticipates the most significant challenges of the next half century.

Civil Rights In The Shadow Of Slavery

Author : George Rutherglen
ISBN : 9780199739707
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 82 MB
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The author begins with the birth of civil rights - the circumstances, acts and legacy of the 39th Congress, constitutional origins, passage and structure of the Act, moves through the Fourteenth Amendment and into restrictive interpretations and quiescent years, and finishes with a chapter on discerning the future from the past and the contemporary significance of the Act.

Civil Rights And The Making Of The Modern American State

Author : Megan Ming Francis
ISBN : 9781107037106
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 86 MB
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This book extends what we know about the development of civil rights and the role of the NAACP in American politics. Through a sweeping archival analysis of the NAACP's battle against lynching and mob violence from 1909 to 1923, this book examines how the NAACP raised public awareness, won over American presidents, secured the support of Congress, and won a landmark criminal procedure case in front of the Supreme Court.

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