classical mathematical logic the semantic foundations of logic

Download Book Classical Mathematical Logic The Semantic Foundations Of Logic in PDF format. You can Read Online Classical Mathematical Logic The Semantic Foundations Of Logic here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Classical Mathematical Logic

Author : Richard L. Epstein
ISBN : 9781400841554
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76. 68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 162
Read : 816

Get This Book


In Classical Mathematical Logic, Richard L. Epstein relates the systems of mathematical logic to their original motivations to formalize reasoning in mathematics. The book also shows how mathematical logic can be used to formalize particular systems of mathematics. It sets out the formalization not only of arithmetic, but also of group theory, field theory, and linear orderings. These lead to the formalization of the real numbers and Euclidean plane geometry. The scope and limitations of modern logic are made clear in these formalizations. The book provides detailed explanations of all proofs and the insights behind the proofs, as well as detailed and nontrivial examples and problems. The book has more than 550 exercises. It can be used in advanced undergraduate or graduate courses and for self-study and reference. Classical Mathematical Logic presents a unified treatment of material that until now has been available only by consulting many different books and research articles, written with various notation systems and axiomatizations.

Predicate Logic

Author : Richard L. Epstein
ISBN : UCSC:32106016862713
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40. 42 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 324
Read : 689

Get This Book


A presentation of the fundamental ideas that generate the formal systems of predicate logic. This text clearly relates predicate logic to reasoning in ordinary language, with hundreds of examples of formalization, with a clear theory of how to formalize ordinary arguments. The writing is exceptionally clear and easy to read.

The Semantic Foundations Of Logic

Author : Richard L. Epstein
ISBN : 0792306228
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 711
Read : 310

Get This Book



The Semantic Foundations Of Logic Volume 1 Propositional Logics

Author : R.L. Epstein
ISBN : 9789400905252
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 47. 98 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 581
Read : 808

Get This Book


This book grew out of my confusion. If logic is objective how can there be so many logics? Is there one right logic, or many right ones? Is there some underlying unity that connects them? What is the significance of the mathematical theorems about logic which I've learned if they have no connection to our everyday reasoning? The answers I propose revolve around the perception that what one pays attention to in reasoning determines which logic is appropriate. The act of abstracting from our reasoning in our usual language is the stepping stone from reasoned argument to logic. We cannot take this step alone, for we reason together: logic is reasoning which has some objective value. For you to understand my answers, or perhaps better, conjectures, I have retraced my steps: from the concrete to the abstract, from examples, to general theory, to further confirming examples, to reflections on the significance of the work.

The Semantic Foundations Of Logic Predicate Logic

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556025290578
Genre : Logic
File Size : 73. 82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 600
Read : 258

Get This Book



Mathematical Logic

Author : Wei Li
ISBN : 9783764399771
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 99
Read : 206

Get This Book


Mathematical logic is a branch of mathematics that takes axiom systems and mathematical proofs as its objects of study. This book shows how it can also provide a foundation for the development of information science and technology. The first five chapters systematically present the core topics of classical mathematical logic, including the syntax and models of first-order languages, formal inference systems, computability and representability, and Gödel’s theorems. The last five chapters present extensions and developments of classical mathematical logic, particularly the concepts of version sequences of formal theories and their limits, the system of revision calculus, proschemes (formal descriptions of proof methods and strategies) and their properties, and the theory of inductive inference. All of these themes contribute to a formal theory of axiomatization and its application to the process of developing information technology and scientific theories. The book also describes the paradigm of three kinds of language environments for theories and it presents the basic properties required of a meta-language environment. Finally, the book brings these themes together by describing a workflow for scientific research in the information era in which formal methods, interactive software and human invention are all used to their advantage. This book represents a valuable reference for graduate and undergraduate students and researchers in mathematics, information science and technology, and other relevant areas of natural sciences. Its first five chapters serve as an undergraduate text in mathematical logic and the last five chapters are addressed to graduate students in relevant disciplines.

Three Views Of Logic

Author : Donald W. Loveland
ISBN : 9781400848751
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45. 6 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 475
Read : 292

Get This Book


Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and first-order logic using a computer-oriented (resolution) formal system. Linear resolution and its connection to the programming language Prolog are also treated. The computability component offers a machine model and mathematical model for computation, proves the equivalence of the two approaches, and includes famous decision problems unsolvable by an algorithm. The section on nonclassical logic discusses the shortcomings of classical logic in its treatment of implication and an alternate approach that improves upon it: Anderson and Belnap's relevance logic. Applications are included in each section. The material on a four-valued semantics for relevance logic is presented in textbook form for the first time. Aimed at upper-level undergraduates of moderate analytical background, Three Views of Logic will be useful in a variety of classroom settings. Gives an exceptionally broad view of logic Treats traditional logic in a modern format Presents relevance logic with applications Provides an ideal text for a variety of one-semester upper-level undergraduate courses

Classical And Nonclassical Logics

Author : Eric Schechter
ISBN : 0691122792
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 95 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 195
Read : 1255

Get This Book


Classical logic is traditionally introduced by itself, but that makes it seem arbitrary and unnatural. This text introduces classical alongside several nonclassical logics (relevant, constructive, quantative, paraconsistent).

Philosophy Of Logic

Author :
ISBN : 008046663X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 20 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 416
Read : 1157

Get This Book


The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting metatheorems, modal logic, many-valued logic, relevance and paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilbert’s program and logicism. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter

Philosophical Logic

Author : John P. Burgess
ISBN : 0691137897
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29. 40 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 729
Read : 888

Get This Book


Philosophical Logic is a clear and concise critical survey of nonclassical logics of philosophical interest written by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject. After giving an overview of classical logic, John Burgess introduces five central branches of nonclassical logic (temporal, modal, conditional, relevantistic, and intuitionistic), focusing on the sometimes problematic relationship between formal apparatus and intuitive motivation. Requiring minimal background and arranged to make the more technical material optional, the book offers a choice between an overview and in-depth study, and it balances the philosophical and technical aspects of the subject. The book emphasizes the relationship between models and the traditional goal of logic, the evaluation of arguments, and critically examines apparatus and assumptions that often are taken for granted. Philosophical Logic provides an unusually thorough treatment of conditional logic, unifying probabilistic and model-theoretic approaches. It underscores the variety of approaches that have been taken to relevantistic and related logics, and it stresses the problem of connecting formal systems to the motivating ideas behind intuitionistic mathematics. Each chapter ends with a brief guide to further reading. Philosophical Logic addresses students new to logic, philosophers working in other areas, and specialists in logic, providing both a sophisticated introduction and a new synthesis.

Top Download:

Best Books