co2 rising the world s greatest environmental challenge mit press

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Co2 Rising

Author : Tyler Volk
ISBN : 9780262265010
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 36 MB
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The most colossal environmental disturbance in human history is under way. Ever-rising levels of the potent greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) are altering the cycles of matter and life and interfering with the Earth's natural cooling process. Melting Arctic ice and mountain glaciers are just the first relatively mild symptoms of what will result from this disruption of the planetary energy balance. In CO2 Rising, scientist Tyler Volk explains the process at the heart of global warming and climate change: the global carbon cycle. Vividly and concisely, Volk describes what happens when CO2 is released by the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), letting loose carbon atoms once trapped deep underground into the interwoven web of air, water, and soil. To demonstrate how the carbon cycle works, Volk traces the paths that carbon atoms take during their global circuits. Showing us the carbon cycle from a carbon atom's viewpoint, he follows one carbon atom into a leaf of barley and then into an alcohol molecule in a glass of beer, through the human bloodstream, and then back into the air. He also compares the fluxes of carbon brought into the biosphere naturally against those created by the combustion of fossil fuels and explains why the latter are responsible for rising temperatures. Knowledge about the global carbon cycle and the huge disturbances that human activity produces in it will equip us to consider the hard questions that Volk raises in the second half of CO2 Rising: projections of future levels of CO2; which energy systems and processes (solar, wind, nuclear, carbon sequestration?) will power civilization in the future; the relationships among the wealth of nations, energy use, and CO2 emissions; and global equity in per capita emissions. Answering these questions will indeed be our greatest environmental challenge.

Climate Justice

Author : Henry Shue
ISBN : 9780198713708
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51. 38 MB
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Climate change is the most difficult threat facing humanity in the 21st century, and negotiations to reach international agreement on how to control climate change have so far foundered on deep issues of justice. Henry Shue, a practical philosopher who has been analysing the moral and political issues confronting all attempts at multilateral cooperation in tackling climate change as they have evolved over the last twenty years since negotiations began, offershere seventeen careful, lucid and highly accessible essays on the central questions. Policy-makers as well as students of moral philosophy and political theory will find provocative and imaginativeproposed answers to key questions of justice that are based in moral reasons informed by political insight and scientific understanding and that offer a way forward.

Environment And Climate Change In Asia

Author : Victor R. Savage
ISBN : 9780133412277
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 6 MB
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This collection of essays on environment and climate change within Asia is written by faculty members to mark the celebration of the 10th Anniversary (2001–2011) of the National University of Singapore’s Masters in Environmental Management (MEM) program. These essays reflect the multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary pedagogical nature of the MEM program with academic contributions from the Arts, Architecture, Building and Real Estate, Business, Economics, Law, Medicine, and Sciences as well as inputs from industry and non-government organizations. The papers provide a mix of field-study research, grounded conceptual distillations, policy and applied eco-developmental suggestions, critical reviews of government programs, and comparisons of local and global environment and climate change interventions. This is a must-read book for any academic researcher, government official, corporate decision-maker and the informed public about the ecological impacts and outcomes, social and economic implications, and the political ramifications and state policy options in the defining 21st century of global climate change. Read it to become an informed and active participant in environmental debates and dialogues.

Climate Change Science A Modern Synthesis

Author : G. Thomas Farmer
ISBN : 9789400757578
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 16 MB
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An introduction to the principles of climate change science with an emphasis on the empirical evidence for climate change and a warming world. Additional readings are given at the end of each chapter. A list of "Things to Know" opens each chapter. Chapters are arranged so that the student is first introduced to the scientific method(s), examples of the use of the scientific method from other sciences drawn from the history of science with an emphasis on climate science. Climate science is treated in each chapter based on the premise of global warming. Chapter treatments on the atmosphere. biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and anthroposphere and their inter-relationships are given.

Earth Magazine

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132729091
Genre : Geology
File Size : 79. 77 MB
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The Shadows Of Consumption

Author : Peter Dauvergne
ISBN : 9780262260572
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 1 MB
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The Shadows of Consumption gives a hard-hitting diagnosis: many of the earth's ecosystems and billions of its people are at risk from the consequences of rising consumption. Products ranging from cars to hamburgers offer conveniences and pleasures; but, as Peter Dauvergne makes clear, global political and economic processes displace the real costs of consumer goods into distant ecosystems, communities, and timelines, tipping into crisis people and places without the power to resist. In The Shadows of Consumption, Peter Dauvergne maps the costs of consumption that remain hidden in the shadows cast by globalized corporations, trade, and finance. Dauvergne traces the environmental consequences of five commodities: automobiles, gasoline, refrigerators, beef, and harp seals. In these fascinating histories we learn, for example, that American officials ignored warnings about the dangers of lead in gasoline in the 1920s; why China is now a leading producer of CFC-free refrigerators; and how activists were able to stop Canada's commercial seal hunt in the 1980s (but are unable to do so now). Dauvergne's innovative analysis allows us to see why so many efforts to manage the global environment are failing even as environmentalism is slowly strengthening. He proposes a guiding principle of "balanced consumption" for both consumers and corporations. We know that we can make things better by driving a high-mileage car, eating locally grown food, and buying energy-efficient appliances; but these improvements are incremental, local, and insufficient. More crucial than our individual efforts to reuse and recycle will be reforms in the global political economy to reduce the inequalities of consumption and correct the imbalance between growing economies and environmental sustainability.

Feeding The World

Author : Vaclav Smil
ISBN : 0262692716
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 21 MB
Format : PDF
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This book addresses the question of how we can best feed the ten billion or so people who will likely inhabit the Earth by the middle of the twenty-first century. He asks whether human ingenuity can produce enough food to support healthy and vigorous lives for all these people without irreparably damaging the integrity of the biosphere. What makes this book different from other books on the world food situation is its consideration of the complete food cycle, from agriculture to post-harvest losses and processing to eating and discarding. Taking a scientific approach, Smil espouses neither the catastrophic view that widespread starvation is imminent nor the cornucopian view that welcomes large population increases as the source of endless human inventiveness. He shows how we can make more effective use of current resources and suggests that if we increase farming efficiency, reduce waste, and transform our diets, future needs may not be as great as we anticipate. Smil's message is that the prospects may not be as bright as we would like, but the outlook is hardly disheartening. Although inaction, late action, or misplaced emphasis may bring future troubles, we have the tools to steer a more efficient course. There are no insurmountable biophysical reasons we cannot feed humanity in the decades to come while easing the burden that modern agriculture puts on the biosphere.

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