cognitive foundations of natural history

Download Book Cognitive Foundations Of Natural History in PDF format. You can Read Online Cognitive Foundations Of Natural History here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Cognitive Foundations Of Natural History

Author : Scott Atran
ISBN : 0521438713
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 77 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 930
Read : 591

Get This Book


Inspired by a debate between Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, this work traces the development of natural history from Aristotle to Darwin, and demonstrates how the science of plants and animals has emerged from the common conceptions of folkbiology.

A Natural History Of Natural Theology

Author : Helen De Cruz
ISBN : 9780262028547
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 35. 35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 942
Read : 1239

Get This Book


Questions about the existence and attributes of God form the subject matter of natural theology, which seeks to gain knowledge of the divine by relying on reason and experience of the world. Arguments in natural theology rely largely on intuitions and inferences that seem natural to us, occurring spontaneously -- at the sight of a beautiful landscape, perhaps, or in wonderment at the complexity of the cosmos -- even to a nonphilosopher. In this book, Helen De Cruz and Johan De Smedt examine the cognitive origins of arguments in natural theology. They find that although natural theological arguments can be very sophisticated, they are rooted in everyday intuitions about purpose, causation, agency, and morality. Using evidence and theories from disciplines including the cognitive science of religion, evolutionary ethics, evolutionary aesthetics, and the cognitive science of testimony, they show that these intuitions emerge early in development and are a stable part of human cognition.De Cruz and De Smedt analyze the cognitive underpinnings of five well-known arguments for the existence of God: the argument from design, the cosmological argument, the moral argument, the argument from beauty, and the argument from miracles. Finally, they consider whether the cognitive origins of these natural theological arguments should affect their rationality.

Minds And Gods

Author : Todd Tremlin
ISBN : 0198041551
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 41. 62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 904
Read : 404

Get This Book


Around the world and throughout history, in cultures as diverse as ancient Mesopotamia and modern America, human beings have been compelled by belief in gods and developed complex religions around them. But why? What makes belief in supernatural beings so widespread? And why are the gods of so many different people so similar in nature? This provocative book explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas by looking through the lens of science at the common structures and functions of human thought. The first general introduction to the "cognitive science of religion," Minds and Gods presents the major themes, theories, and thinkers involved in this revolutionary new approach to human religiosity. Arguing that we cannot understand what we think until we first understand how we think, the book sets out to study the evolutionary forces that modeled the modern human mind and continue to shape our ideas and actions today. Todd Tremlin details many of the adapted features of the brain -- illustrating their operation with examples of everyday human behavior -- and shows how mental endowments inherited from our ancestral past lead many people to naturally entertain religious ideas. In short, belief in gods and the social formation of religion have their genesis in biology, in powerful cognitive processes that all humans share. In the course of illuminating the nature of religion, this book also sheds light on human nature: why we think we do the things we do and how the reasons for these things are so often hidden from view. This discussion ranges broadly across recent scientific findings in areas such as paleoanthropology, primate studies, evolutionary psychology, early brain development, and cultural transmission. While these subjects are complex, the story is told here in a conversational style that is engaging, jargon free, and accessible to all readers. With Minds and Gods , Tremlin offers a roadmap to a fascinating and growing field of study, one that is sure to generate interest and debate and provide readers with a better understanding of themselves and their beliefs.

Connecting Science And Knowledge

Author : Kaspar von Greyerz
ISBN : 9783847101710
Genre : Education
File Size : 46. 10 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 916
Read : 838

Get This Book


English summary: The volume presents a collection of revised and updated contributions to an international conference held in October 2011 on current issues in historical research on early modern knowledge and science and their connections. It looks at the various ways, in which the 'new science' was embedded in traditions, on the on the hand, and concentrates on the joint role of experts and lay persons in its making, on the other. It highlights in particular the various forms of early modern natural history, scientific treatises in a narrower sense of the term, tradiions going back to antiquity, travel accounts, chronicles, correspondences, naturalia, oral accounts and personal observations, which mirror the dialectic relationship between learned and popular knowledge. The relationship of knowledge and science is investigated in particular in connection with early modern balneology and attempts at systematizing knowledge about animals. German description: Dieser Band widmet sich aktuellen Forschungsaspekten von Wissens- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, insbesondere den inneren Zusammenhangen von popularem Wissen und Wissenschaft. Einerseits werden Anbindungen der Neuen Wissenschaft an Traditionen in den Blick genommen, andererseits die Teilhabe von Experten und Laien an deren Herausbildung. Die verschiedenen Formate fruhneuzeitlicher Naturgeschichtsschreibung - wissenschaftliche Traktate, antike Uberlieferungen, Reisebeschreibungen, Chroniken, Korrespondenzen, Naturalien, mundliche Erzahlungen oder eigene Beobachtungen - vermitteln einen Eindruck der wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen gelehrtem und popularem Wissen. Das Verhaltnis von Wissen und Wissenschaft wird insbesondere an den Beispielen balneologischer und tierkundlicher Wissensbestande genauer analysiert.

In Gods We Trust

Author : Scott Atran
ISBN : 0198034059
Genre : Religion
File Size : 84. 71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 833
Read : 710

Get This Book


This ambitious, interdisciplinary book seeks to explain the origins of religion using our knowledge of the evolution of cognition. A cognitive anthropologist and psychologist, Scott Atran argues that religion is a by-product of human evolution just as the cognitive intervention, cultural selection, and historical survival of religion is an accommodation of certain existential and moral elements that have evolved in the human condition.

Mind And Religion

Author : Harvey Whitehouse
ISBN : 0759106193
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 4 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 349
Read : 601

Get This Book


This collection examines new psychological evidence for the modal theory and attempts to synthesize this theory with other theories of cognition and religion.

Cognitive Foundations Of Musical Pitch

Author : Carol L. Krumhansl
ISBN : 9780190287443
Genre : Music
File Size : 28. 92 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 269
Read : 1120

Get This Book


This book addresses the central problem of music cognition: how listeners' responses move beyond mere registration of auditory events to include the organization, interpretation, and remembrance of these events in terms of their function in a musical context of pitch and rhythm. Equally important, the work offers an analysis of the relationship between the psychological organization of music and its internal structure. Combining over a decade of original research on music cognition with an overview of the available literature, the work will be of interest to cognitive and physiological psychologists, psychobiologists, musicians, music researchers, and music educators. The author provides the necessary background in experimental methodology and music theory so that no specialized knowledge is required for following her major arguments.

Cognitive Foundations For Improving Mathematical Learning

Author : David C. Geary
ISBN : 9780128159538
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 56 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 747
Read : 1130

Get This Book


Cognitive Foundations for Improving Mathematical Learning, Volume 5, the latest release in the Mathematical Cognition and Learning series, focuses on informal learning environments and other parental influences on numerical cognitive development and formal instructional interventions for improving mathematics learning and performance. Chapters cover the use of numerical play and games for improving foundational number knowledge, school math performance, the link between early math abilities and the approximate number system, and how families can help improve the early development of math skills. In addition, the book examines learning trajectories in early mathematics, the role of mathematical language in acquiring numeracy skills, evidence-based assessments of early math skills, approaches for intensifying early mathematics interventions, the use of analogies in mathematics instruction, schema-based diagrams for teaching ratios and proportions, the role of cognitive processes in treating mathematical learning difficulties, and more. Identifies the relative influence of school and family on math learning Discusses the efficacy of numerical play for improvement in math Features learning trajectories in math Examines the role of math language in numeracy skills Includes assessments of math skills Explores the role of cognition in treating math-based learning difficulties

Environment Ethics And Behavior

Author : Max H. Bazerman
ISBN : 0787908185
Genre : Nature
File Size : 62. 63 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 234
Read : 369

Get This Book


In this collection of essays, leading social, cognitive and decision psychologists offer psychological theory and contemporary environmental and ethical issues.

Menschenarten

Author : Ian Hacking
ISBN : 9783905933024
Genre :
File Size : 59. 72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 130
Read : 790

Get This Book



Top Download:

Best Books