cognitive impairment in schizophrenia

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Cognitive Impairment In Schizophrenia

Author : Philip D. Harvey
ISBN : 9781107013209
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 5 MB
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Provides state-of-the-art information about cognition in schizophrenia with a wide ranging focus on measuring and treating cognitive deficits.

Cognition In Schizophrenia

Author : Tonmoy Sharma
ISBN : UOM:39015050012973
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 7 MB
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Although it has been known for 100 years that cognitive functioning is impaired in schizophrenia, the implications of this impairment have only recently been clearly understood. While in the past, cognitive deficits were thought to be the result of other aspects of the illness, such as poorco- operation, or as a result of the treatment of the illness, it is now known that these factors exert only a very minor influence on cognitive deficit. This book, with contributions from the major international names in the field, reviews the most recent research on the impairment of cognitivefunctioning in schizophrenia, covering: what it is, how wide-ranging it can be, what the clinical implications are, and how it can be treated? The book is divided into three sections. The first section provides background information on the important aspects of cognitive functioning inschizophrenia. The second section provides information on the correlates of cognitive functioning, examining classical symptoms of the illness, as well as social and adaptive functional deficits. The final section provides information on the treatment of cognitive functioning in schizophrenia,from the older less effective treatments with conventional antipsychotics, to the developing treatment strategies using experimental compounds. A clear insight into cognitive deficit is the key to understanding why previous treatments have failed, and the key by which new treatments may change thisterrible illness, treatments significantly more effective than earlier interventions.

Cognitive Deficits In Schizophrenia And Other Neuropsychiatric Disorders Convergence Of Preclinical And Clinical Evidence

Author : Ales Stuchlik
ISBN : 9782889196791
Genre :
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Neuropsychiatric diseases, such as schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and etc., represent a serious medical and socioeconomic problems. These diseases are often accompanied by impairments of cognitive function, e.g., abstract thinking, decision-making, attention, and several types of memory. Such deficits significantly disrupt quality of life and daily functioning of patients. Cognitive deficits in neuropsychiatric diseases are associated with alterations of brain morphology and function, and are often resistant to therapeutic interventions. In schizophrenia and related disorders, cognitive deficits are also defined as endophenotypes, i.e. measurable phenotypes linking these disaeses with discrete heritable and reproducible traits. This points to the importance of elucidating these endophenotypes in translational studies. Animal models may not mimic the full spectrum of clinical symptoms, but may act as analogies of particular behaviors or other pathological outcomes. They are useful to search for the etiology of particular psychiatric illnesses and novel therapeutics. Moreover, several behavioral tests to measure cognitive performance in rodents and other species have been implemented. The primary focus of the present topic is to provide up-to-date information on cognitive deficits of neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia. This Research Topic also delineates future directions for translational studies aimed at developing novel treatments/interventions of cognitive disturbances.

Social Cognition And Metacognition In Schizophrenia

Author : Paul Lysaker
ISBN : 9780124051744
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73. 9 MB
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Deficits in social cognition and metacognition in schizophrenics makes it difficult for them to understand the speech, facial expressions and hence emotion and intention of others, as well as allowing little insight into their own mental state. These deficits are associated with poor social skills, fewer social relationships, and are predictive of poorer performance in a work setting. Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia reviews recent research advances focusing on the precise nature of these deficits, when and how they manifest themselves, what their effect is on the course of schizophrenia, and how each can be treated. These deficits may themselves be why schizophrenia is so difficult to resolve; by focusing on the deficits, recovery may be quicker and long lasting. This book discusses such deficits in early onset, first episode, and prolonged schizophrenia; how the deficits relate to each other and to other forms of psychopathology; how the deficits affect social, psychological, and vocational functioning; and how best to treat the deficits in either individual or group settings. Summarizes the types of social cognitive and metacognitive deficits present in schizophrenia Discusses how deficits are related to each other and to other forms of psychopathology Describes how deficits impact function and affect the recovery process Provides treatment approaches for these deficits

Cognitive Remediation For Psychological Disorders

Author : Alice Medalia
ISBN : 9780195383713
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37. 71 MB
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Individuals who suffer from chronic mental disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, often experience cognitive deficits. For example, they may have difficulty with attention, memory, processing speed, abstract reasoning, and problem solving, among others. Cognitive remediation is an evidence-based behavioral treatment for people who are experiencing cognitive impairments that interfere with daily functioning. This volume contains all the information you need to set up a cognitive remediation program or "Learning Center" where clients can strengthen their cognitive skills. The program described is a group-based treatment that provides highly individualized learning, by allowing group members to work at their own pace on cognitive tasks carefully chosen to be both engaging and remedial. The goals of the Neuropsychological and Educational Approach to Cognitive Remediation (NEAR) are to provide a positive learning experience to each and every client, to promote independent learning, and to promote optimal cognitive functioning in daily life. Clients come to the Learning Center for 60 - 90 minute sessions at least twice a week. Sessions are structured to enhance motivation and learning through a set of instructional techniques that are carefully implemented as outlined in this manual. Guidelines for effectively administering therapy and running a successful program as a cognitive remediation specialist are set forth in the chapters of this book. You will learn how to choose appropriate software, recruit clients, perform intakes and assessments, and create treatment plans. Strategies for dealing with difficult clinical situations are also provided. This guide comes complete with all the tools necessary for facilitating treatment, including program evaluation forms and client handouts. Remediation (NEAR) Model is an evidence-based approach to cognitive remediation that utilizes a set of carefully crafted instructional techniques that reflect an understanding of how people learn best. This therapist guide provides a step-by-step instruction on how to implement NEAR techniques with patients to improve their cognitive functioning and quality of life.

The Cognitive Neuropsychology Of Schizophrenia Classic Edition

Author : Christopher Donald Frith
ISBN : 9781317608301
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72. 56 MB
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This is a classic edition of Christopher Frith’s award winning book on cognitive neuropsychology and schizophrenia, which now includes a new introduction from the author. The book explores the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia using the framework of cognitive neuropsychology, looking specifically at the cognitive abnormalities that underlie these symptoms. The book won the British Psychological Society book award in 1996, and is now widely seen as a classic in the field of brain disorders. The new introduction sees the author reflect on the influence of his research and the subsequent developments in the field, more than 20 years since the book was first published.

The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook Of Schizophrenia

Author : Jeffrey A. Lieberman
ISBN : 9781585626465
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 80 MB
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Although there are many books that consider aspects of schizophrenia such as research or clinical care, now there is a single resource that puts the many facets of this widely misunderstood disorder in perspective. The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Schizophrenia offers broad coverage that encompasses the current state of knowledge the cause, nature, and treatment of schizophrenia. Experts in a wide range of disciplines from North America and Europe have contributed chapters that address the complexity of schizophrenia in a comprehensive volume on this singularly perplexing mental illness. No disorder is more challenging to psychiatrists and mental health care providers than schizophrenia, a condition that robs people of their personality and intellect and leaves them permanently disabled. This book leads readers through the maze of questions surrounding the disorder, from historical overview and epidemiology to consideration of comorbid conditions. It covers both genetic and environmental causes, describes all of the leading theories of schizophrenia -- neurodevelopmental, neurochemical, phospholipid, and neuroprogressive -- and explores the involvement of abnormal brain circuitry and the results of the latest neuroimaging studies. For practicing clinicians, the topics covered represent the most essential, timely, and informative insights for treating this most prototypic of mental illnesses: Approaching cognitive impairment as a potential psychopharmacological target for treatment, plus treatment strategies for improving functioning in individuals with social or vocational impairment. An overview of selected antipsychotic drugs -- including common side effects -- as well as antianxiety/hypnotics, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and dopamine agonists. A review of current proven psychosocial interventions designed to augment and complement drug therapy, highlighting the trend toward optimizing patient preference in the choice of treatment modality. Keys to early identification of individuals vulnerable to psychoses and to assessing the potential for intervention with the promise of treatment earlier in life. Optimal treatment approaches for first episodes -- including individual, group, and family therapies -- to increase the likelihood of full recovery. Special considerations for treatment of chronic schizophrenia, addressing frequently asked questions faced by psychiatrists in their daily encounters with patients. While its causes and cure remain elusive, schizophrenia can be better understood with the help of the authoritative knowledge collected in these pages. Squarely confronting a disease that has long afflicted and baffled human society, this textbook will serve as a dependable source of knowledge for a generation of students, scientists, and clinicians to come.

Guide To Assessment Scales In Schizophrenia

Author : Richard Keefe
ISBN : 9781908517715
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 71 MB
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This book provides a wealth of assessment instruments from the world’s experts to help clinicians gather the most important information from their patients. This is the 3rd edition of our highly successful guides to Rating Scales in Schizophrenia, it is a practical and quick reference publication for psychiatrists.

Novel Antischizophrenia Treatments

Author : Mark A. Geyer
ISBN : 9783642257582
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 11 MB
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This volume tries to put current therapy - achievements, shortcomings, remaining medical needs - and emerging new targets into the context of increasing knowledge regarding the genetic and neurodevelopmental contributions to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Some of the chapters also deal with respective experimental and clinical methodology, biomarkers, and translational aspects of drug development. The volume concentrates on reviewing the ongoing research attempting to identify novel treatments for the cognitive deficits and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which are not treated adequately by current antipsychotic medications.

What Is Schizophrenia

Author : William F. Jr. Flack
ISBN : 9781461391579
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 68. 32 MB
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William F. Flack, Jr., Daniel R. Miller, and Morton Wiener What is schizophrenia?l This was the seemingly simple question posed to a diverse group of investigators asked to present their views at a conference sponsored by the Frances L. Hiatt School of Psychology at Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts, in June, 1990. The plan was to have a small group of theoretically minded clinicians and investigators from different professions and orientations convene to discuss and debate conceptual and metatheoretical issues surrounding "schizophrenia." Instead of concentrating on the latest empirical findings, we were primarily interested in having a series of exchanges 2 about the very different meanings and uses of this concept. In our review of the literature on schizophrenia, we uncovered what seemed to us to be multiple, non-overlapping uses of the term. For some investigators, it appears to be used to specify certain kinds of people; for others, it is employed to refer to certain kinds of behaviors. For still others, the term is grounded in biochemical events, or in socioculturally specific actions. A number of alternatives are explored in the contributors' papers in this volume.

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