cognitive science a developmental approach to the simulation of the mind volume 1 psychology library editions cognitive science

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Cognitive Science

Author : Bruno G. Bara
ISBN : 9781317277569
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 89 MB
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Originally published in 1995, this book is about the conduct of cognitive science rather than what cognitive science is. It has three main objectives. First, it describes the birth of cognitive science. Second, it outlines the method of enquiry which characterises and defines cognitive science. This method uses the techniques of artificial intelligence based on the assumption that mental activity can, in principle, be reproduced by a computer program. Third, the book describes the state of the art in relevant areas, with particular attention to application fields such as pedagogics, human–machine interaction, and psychotherapy. The developmental approach is emphasised and highlights the fact that developmental aspects are essential in order to comprehend the steady mode of functioning achieved once a person has reached total maturity. Cognitive science is not presented as a definitive method for the analysis of the mind, though the author’s conclusion is that it is the best of all possible methods today. At the time of publication this book would have been useful as an advanced textbook for students on courses specialising in cognitive science, and as a source of further information for those working in related areas such as cognitive psychology, linguistics, and computer science. It will still be of interest to experts and students in the field of cognitive science.

Mind As Machine

Author : Margaret Ann Boden
ISBN : 9780199543168
Genre :
File Size : 33. 64 MB
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Ontology Epistemology And Teleology For Modeling And Simulation

Author : Andreas Tolk
ISBN : 9783642311406
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51. 29 MB
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In this book, internationally recognized experts in philosophy of science, computer science, and modeling and simulation are contributing to the discussion on how ontology, epistemology, and teleology will contribute to enable the next generation of intelligent modeling and simulation applications. It is well understood that a simulation can provide the technical means to display the behavior of a system over time, including following observed trends to predict future possible states, but how reliable and trustworthy are such predictions? The questions about what we can know (ontology), how we gain new knowledge (epistemology), and what we do with this knowledge (teleology) are therefore illuminated from these very different perspectives, as each experts uses a different facet to look at these challenges. The result of bringing these perspectives into one book is a challenging compendium that gives room for a spectrum of challenges: from general philosophy questions, such as can we use modeling and simulation and other computational means at all to discover new knowledge, down to computational methods to improve semantic interoperability between systems or methods addressing how to apply the recent insights of service oriented approaches to support distributed artificial intelligence. As such, this book has been compiled as an entry point to new domains for students, scholars, and practitioners and to raise the curiosity in them to learn more to fully address the topics of ontology, epistemology, and teleology from philosophical, computational, and conceptual viewpoints.

The Shared Mind

Author : Jordan Zlatev
ISBN : 9789027291011
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90. 54 MB
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The cognitive and language sciences are increasingly oriented towards the social dimension of human cognition and communication. The hitherto dominant approach in modern cognitive science has viewed “social cognition” through the prism of the traditional philosophical puzzle of how individuals solve the problem of understanding Other Minds. The Shared Mind challenges the conventional “theory of mind” approach, proposing that the human mind is fundamentally based on intersubjectivity: the sharing of affective, conative, intentional and cognitive states and processes between a plurality of subjects. The socially shared, intersubjective foundation of the human mind is manifest in the structure of early interaction and communication, imitation, gestural communication and the normative and argumentative nature of language. In this path breaking volume, leading researchers from psychology, linguistics, philosophy and primatology offer complementary perspectives on the role of intersubjectivity in the context of human development, comparative cognition and evolution, and language and linguistic theory.

The Neurocognition Of Dance

Author : Bettina Bläsing
ISBN : 9781136978005
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 41 MB
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Dance has always been an important aspect of all human cultures, and the study of human movement and action has become a topic of increasing relevance over the last decade, bringing dance into the focus of the cognitive sciences. This book discusses the wide range of interrelations between body postures and body movements as conceptualised in dance with perception, mental processing and action planning. The volume brings together cognitive scientists, psychologists, neuroscientists, choreographers, and ballet teachers, to discuss important issues regarding dance and cognition. First, scientists introduce ideas that offer different perspectives on human movement and therefore can be applied to dance. Secondly, professionals from the world of dance have their say, reporting on how their creative and pedagogical work relates to cognition and learning. Finally, researchers with personal links to the dance world demonstrate how neurocognitive methods are applied to studying different aspects related to dance. This book is suitable for students and professionals from the fields of psychology, neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, sport psychology and sport science, movement science, motor control, motor development, kinesiology, dance, choreography, dance education and dance therapy; to teachers who want to teach dance to students of any age.

Cognitive Models Of Science

Author : Ronald N. Giere
ISBN : 0816619794
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 86 MB
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Cognitive Models of Science resulted from a workshop on the implications of the cognitive sciences for the philosophy of science held in October 1989 under the auspices of the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science.

Model Based Reasoning In Scientific Discovery

Author : L. Magnani
ISBN : 0306462923
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49. 49 MB
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The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the Interna tional Conference Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery (MBR'98), held at the Collegio Ghislieri, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy, in December 1998. The papers explore how scientific thinking uses models and explanatory reasoning to produce creative changes in theories and concepts. The study of diagnostic, visual, spatial, analogical, and temporal rea soning has demonstrated that there are many ways of performing intelligent and creative reasoning that cannot be described with the help only of tradi tional notions of reasoning such as classical logic. Traditional accounts of scientific reasoning have restricted the notion of reasoning primarily to de ductive and inductive arguments. Understanding the contribution of model ing practices to discovery and conceptual change in science requires ex panding scientific reasoning to include complex forms of creative reasoning that are not always successful and can lead to incorrect solutions. The study of these heuristic ways of reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philoso phy, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and logic; that is, at the heart of cognitive science. There are several key ingredients common to the various forms of model based reasoning to be considered in this book. The models are intended as in terpretations of target physical systems, processes, phenomena, or situations. The models are retrieved or constructed on the basis of potentially satisfying salient constraints of the target domain.

Die Natur Der Sprache

Author : Dieter Hillert
ISBN : 9783658201135
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45. 64 MB
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Dieter Hillert untersucht, wie Bausteine der sprachlichen Evolution diskutiert werden können und wie sich diese in Bezug auf den modernen Menschen entwickelt haben. Insbesondere die hier vorgestellten neuronalen Kartierungsmethoden ermöglichen, wichtige Ergebnisse über die neuronalen Schaltkreise zu gewinnen, die an der Sprachverarbeitung beteiligt sind. Der Autor verdeutlich zudem kortikale Kartierungen sowohl bei typischem und als auch bei atypischem Sprachverhalten. Entsprechend wird aus diesen angesprochenen Perspektiven besprochen, wie sich unser Sprachvermögen evolutionär entwickelten hat, um beispielsweise Ideen, Gefühle, Ziele und Humor lautsprachlich vermitteln zu können. Das vorgestellte evolutionäre Sprachmodell beruht auf den kognitiven Fähigkeiten unserer biologischen Vorahnen.

Perspectives On Imitation Mechanisms Of Imitation And Imitation In Animals

Author : Susan L. Hurley
ISBN : 0262582503
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 62 MB
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A state-of-the-art view of imitation from leading researchers in neuroscience and brain imaging, animal and developmental psychology, primatology, ethology, philosophy, anthropology, media studies, economics, sociology, education, and law.

Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft

Author : Achim Stephan
ISBN : 9783476052889
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85. 95 MB
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Wann finden geistige Prozesse statt? Zum Beispiel, wenn wir emotional sind, uns erinnern oder träumen. Mit innovativen Beiträgen stellt das Handbuch kognitive Leistungen wie Erinnerung, Lernen, Planen, Wahrnehmung oder Sprache vor beim Menschen, aber auch im Hinblick auf künstliche Systeme wie Computer oder Roboter. Es beleuchtet die verschiedenen Modelle kognitiver Systeme, darunter das Computermodell des Geistes, neuronale Netze oder dynamische Systeme. Mit den Fächern Anthropologie, Informatik, Linguistik, Neurowissenschaft, Psychologie und Philosophie führt es in die Teildisziplinen der Kognitionswissenschaft ein.

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