collective action rff press

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Collective Action

Author : Russell Hardin
ISBN : 0801828198
Genre : Nature
File Size : 41. 81 MB
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Public choice, an important subdiscipline in the field of political theory, seeks to understand how people and societies make decisions affecting their collective lives. Relying heavily on theoretical models of decision making, public choice postulates that people act in their individual interests in making collective decisions. As it happens, however, reality does not mirror theory, and people often act contrary to what the principal public choice models suggest. In this book, Russell Hardin looks beyond the models to find out why people choose to act together in situations that the models find quite hopeless. He uses three constructs of modern political economy--public goods, the Prisoner's Dilemma, and game theory--to test public choice theories against real world examples of collective action. These include movements important in American society in the past few decades--civil rights, the Vietnam War, women's rights, and environmental concerns. This classic work on public choice will be of interest to theoreticians and graduate students in the fields of public choice, political economy, or political theory--and to those in other disciplines who are concerned with the problem of collective action in social contexts.

Small Firms And The Environment In Developing Countries

Author : Allen Blackman
ISBN : 9781136525919
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 89 MB
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Small firms - including 'microenterprises' and 'small and medium enterprises' (SMEs) - play a vital economic role in developing countries. They typically provide half of all jobs. In addition, they foster entrepreneurship and help key sectors adapt to changing market conditions. In light of these benefits, programs promoting small firms have become a cornerstone of economic development policy. Increasingly, however, scholars and policymakers are also exploring the link between small firms and the environment. The first compendium of research and policy analysis on this topic, this book is organized around three questions: How important is small firm pollution? Will forcing small firms to comply with environmental regulations exacerbate unemployment and poverty? And what policy options are available to control small firm pollution? Eleven case studies from China, Ecuador, Honduras, India, Malaysia, and Mexico address these questions. They compare the environmental damages caused by small firms and large ones. They explore the positive and negative economic consequences of pollution control strategies focusing on small firms, the administrative challenges of regulating thousands of firms which are often unregistered and unknown to the government, and they describe innovative approaches for persuading small firms to implement effective pollution controls. The case studies cover a variety of industrial sectors including ceramics, leather tanning, textiles, and agro-industry, and evaluate a wide range of environmental management strategies that include encouraging collective action among small firms, creating economic incentives for pollution control, and helping small firms adopt clean technologies and environmental management systems. Many of the chapters are groundbreaking, addressing topics new to the literature?for example, the role of international trade in greening small firms, and funding small firm pollution control projects by linking them to efforts to stem global warming. Highly readable, Small Firms and the Environment in Developing Countries is a valuable text for courses in development policy and economics that have an environmental component or focus. It will also prove of interest to development workers, policymakers in developing countries, and students and scholars of environmental policy and law.

Die Verantwortung Des Wirtschaftsakteurs

Author : Natascha Hebestreit
ISBN : 9783658105488
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 37 MB
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Natascha Hebestreit begründet hier die These: Für einen Wirtschaftsakteur besteht Verantwortung darin, berechtigte Vertragsansprüche zu erfüllen. Wenn nämlich derzeit in der Wirtschaft von „Verantwortung“ gesprochen wird, verbirgt sich dahinter eine höchst individuelle Interpretation. Es scheint, als könne eine Vielzahl unterschiedlichster Handlungen in diesen positiv besetzten Mantelbegriff gehüllt werden. Tatsächlich handelt es sich bei der Verantwortung aber um ein ganz konkretes Konzept, das wenig Spielraum für persönliche Auslegung lässt. Die Wirtschaftswissenschaften haben es allerdings bisher versäumt, die Verantwortung auf einen Begriff zu bringen, der es erlaubt, verantwortungsvolle Handlungen klar von Verantwortungslosigkeit zu unterscheiden. Das wird hier von der Autorin eindrucksvoll nachgeholt.

Corporate Social Responsibility In Industriellen Clustern

Author : Carsten Kortum
ISBN : 9783643126849
Genre :
File Size : 21. 67 MB
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The Yearbook Of European Environmental Law

Author : Thijs Etty
ISBN : 9780199545261
Genre : Law
File Size : 79. 19 MB
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Academics and students will find a wealth of information in the stimulating and clearly written articles. The well-structured and reliable annual surveys are specifically designed to provide easy access to the very latest developments in EU environmental law.

Corporate Social Responsibility In India

Author : Bidyut Chakrabarty
ISBN : 9781136647420
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 90 MB
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Presenting an analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in India, this book looks at the unique roots of the concept in India. It examines Gandhi’s philosophical moorings that inform India’s approach to CSR, and the role of civil society in setting an agenda for championing the rights of the stakeholders. The book goes on to focus on the role of the government in grooming the Indian business to be sensitive of its social concerns. Drawing on rich empirical data, the book shows that CSR in India cannot be conceptualized in ethnocentric terms. Arguing that it is not about ‘the typical Indianness’ of the articulation, it emphasizes the point that CSR in India needs to be conceptualized in a wider perspective by taking into account its philosophical roots with reference to the prevalent socio-economic and political context. The book is a valuable contribution to the literature on CSR, and is of interest to scholars of Asian Studies, business and development studies.

Encyclopedia Of Global Justice

Author : Deen K. Chatterjee
ISBN : 9781402091605
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 75. 87 MB
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This two-volume Encyclopedia of Global Justice, published by Springer, along with Springer's book series, Studies in Global Justice, is a major publication venture toward a comprehensive coverage of this timely topic. The Encyclopedia is an international, interdisciplinary, and collaborative project, spanning all the relevant areas of scholarship related to issues of global justice, and edited and advised by leading scholars from around the world. The wide-ranging entries present the latest ideas on this complex subject by authors who are at the cutting edge of inquiry. The Encyclopedia sets the tone and direction of this increasingly important area of scholarship for years to come. The entries number around 500 and consist of essays of 300 to 5000 words. The inclusion and length of entries are based on their significance to the topic of global justice, regardless of their importance in other areas.

Community At Risk

Author : Thomas D. Beamish
ISBN : 9780804794657
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29. 41 MB
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In 2001, following the events of September 11 and the Anthrax attacks, the United States government began an aggressive campaign to secure the nation against biological catastrophe. Its agenda included building National Biocontainment Laboratories (NBLs), secure facilities intended for research on biodefense applications, at participating universities around the country. In Community at Risk, Thomas D. Beamish examines the civic response to local universities' plans to develop NBLs in three communities: Roxbury, MA; Davis, CA; and Galveston, TX. At a time when the country's anxiety over its security had peaked, reactions to the biolabs ranged from vocal public opposition to acceptance and embrace. He argues that these divergent responses can be accounted for by the civic conventions, relations, and virtues specific to each locale. Together, these elements clustered, providing a foundation for public dialogue. In contrast to conventional micro- and macro-level accounts of how risk is perceived and managed, Beamish's analysis of each case reveals the pivotal role played by meso-level contexts and political dynamics. Community at Risk provides a new framework for understanding risk disputes and their prevalence in American civic life.

Yearbook Of European Environmental Law

Author : Thijs F.M. Etty
ISBN : 0199289271
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72. 86 MB
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The Yearbook of European Environmental Law is a joint venture between leading academics, practitioners, and Community officials. Academics and students will find a wealth of information in the stimulating and clearly written articles. The well-structured and reliable Annual Survey is specifically designed to provide easy access to the very latest developments in environmental law at the European level. Separate parts of the Yearbook are devoted to important policy documents and reviews of books.

Social Capital And Urban Networks Of Trust

Author : Jouni H?kli
ISBN : 0754673197
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 64 MB
Format : PDF
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This is the first book on social capital and trust informed by a critical geographical perspective. The authors examine the role of social capital in the constitution and reproduction of urban networks of trust in different places and contexts.

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