combustion science and engineering computational mechanics and applied analysis

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Combustion Science And Engineering

Author : Kalyan Annamalai
ISBN : 0849320712
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 9 MB
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Students embarking on their studies in chemical, mechanical, aerospace, energy, and environmental engineering will face continually changing combustion problems, such as pollution control and energy efficiency, throughout their careers. Approaching these challenges requires a deep familiarity with the fundamental theory, mathematics, and physical concepts of combustion. Based on more than two decades of teaching experience, Combustion Science and Engineering lays the necessary groundwork while using an illustrative, hands-on approach. Taking a down-to-earth perspective, the book avoids heavy mathematics in the first seven chapters and in Chapter 17 (pollutants formation and destruction), but considers molecular concepts and delves into engineering details. It begins with an outline of thermodynamics; basics of thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium; descriptions of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels; chemical kinetics and mass transfer; and applications of theory to practical systems. Beginning in chapter 8, the authors provide a detailed treatment of differential forms of conservation equations; analyses of fuel combustion including jet combustion and boundary layer problems; ignition; flame propagation; interactive and group combustion; pollutant formation and control; and turbulent combustion. In addition, this textbook includes abundant examples, illustrations, and exercises, as well as spreadsheet software in combustion available for download. This software allows students to work out the examples found in the text. Combustion Science and Engineering imparts the skills and foundational knowledge necessary for students to successfully approach and solve new problems.

Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering Second Edition

Author : Kalyan Annamalai
ISBN : 9781439805725
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 47 MB
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Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering, Second Edition is designed for readers who need to understand and apply the engineering physics of thermodynamic concepts. It employs a self-teaching format that reinforces presentation of critical concepts, mathematical relationships, and equations with concrete physical examples and explanations of applications—to help readers apply principles to their own real-world problems. Less Mathematical/Theoretical Derivations—More Focus on Practical Application Because both students and professionals must grasp theory almost immediately in this ever-changing electronic era, this book—now completely in decimal outline format—uses a phenomenological approach to problems, making advanced concepts easier to understand. After a decade teaching advanced thermodynamics, the authors infuse their own style and tailor content based on their observations as professional engineers, as well as feedback from their students. Condensing more esoteric material to focus on practical uses for this continuously evolving area of science, this book is filled with revised problems and extensive tables on thermodynamic properties and other useful information. The authors include an abundance of examples, figures, and illustrations to clarify presented ideas, and additional material and software tools are available for download. The result is a powerful, practical instructional tool that gives readers a strong conceptual foundation on which to build a solid, functional understanding of thermodynamics engineering.

Research Directions In Computational Mechanics

Author :
ISBN : NAP:14786
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79. 36 MB
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Computational mechanics is a scientific discipline that marries physics, computers, and mathematics to emulate natural physical phenomena. It is a technology that allows scientists to study and predict the performance of various products--important for research and development in the industrialized world. This book describes current trends and future research directions in computational mechanics in areas where gaps exist in current knowledge and where major advances are crucial to continued technological developments in the United States.

Numerical And Analytical Methods With Matlab

Author : William Bober
ISBN : 9781420093575
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 86 MB
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Numerical and Analytical Methods with MATLAB® presents extensive coverage of the MATLAB programming language for engineers. It demonstrates how the built-in functions of MATLAB can be used to solve systems of linear equations, ODEs, roots of transcendental equations, statistical problems, optimization problems, control systems problems, and stress analysis problems. These built-in functions are essentially black boxes to students. By combining MATLAB with basic numerical and analytical techniques, the mystery of what these black boxes might contain is somewhat alleviated. This classroom-tested text first reviews the essentials involved in writing computer programs as well as fundamental aspects of MATLAB. It next explains how matrices can solve problems of linear equations, how to obtain the roots of algebraic and transcendental equations, how to evaluate integrals, and how to solve various ODEs. After exploring the features of Simulink, the book discusses curve fitting, optimization problems, and PDE problems, such as the vibrating string, unsteady heat conduction, and sound waves. The focus then shifts to the solution of engineering problems via iteration procedures, differential equations via Laplace transforms, and stress analysis problems via the finite element method. The final chapter examines control systems theory, including the design of single-input single-output (SISO) systems. Two Courses in One Textbook The first six chapters are appropriate for a lower level course at the sophomore level. The remaining chapters are ideal for a course at the senior undergraduate or first-year graduate level. Most of the chapters contain projects that require students to write a computer program in MATLAB that produces tables, graphs, or both. Many sample MATLAB programs (scripts) in the text provide guidance on completing these projects.

Micromechanical Analysis And Multi Scale Modeling Using The Voronoi Cell Finite Element Method

Author : Somnath Ghosh
ISBN : 9781420094381
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55. 62 MB
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As multi-phase metal/alloy systems and polymer, ceramic, or metal matrix composite materials are increasingly being used in industry, the science and technology for these heterogeneous materials has advanced rapidly. By extending analytical and numerical models, engineers can analyze failure characteristics of the materials before they are integrated into the design process. Micromechanical Analysis and Multi-Scale Modeling Using the Voronoi Cell Finite Element Method addresses the key problem of multi-scale failure and deformation of materials that have complex microstructures. The book presents a comprehensive computational mechanics and materials science–based framework for multi-scale analysis. The focus is on micromechanical analysis using the Voronoi cell finite element method (VCFEM) developed by the author and his research group for the efficient and accurate modeling of materials with non-uniform heterogeneous microstructures. While the topics covered in the book encompass the macroscopic scale of structural components and the microscopic scale of constituent heterogeneities like inclusions or voids, the general framework may be extended to other scales as well. The book presents the major components of the multi-scale analysis framework in three parts. Dealing with multi-scale image analysis and characterization, the first part of the book covers 2D and 3D image-based microstructure generation and tessellation into Voronoi cells. The second part develops VCFEM for micromechanical stress and failure analysis, as well as thermal analysis, of extended microstructural regions. It examines a range of problems solved by VCFEM, from heat transfer and stress-strain analysis of elastic, elastic-plastic, and viscoplastic material microstructures to microstructural damage models including interfacial debonding and ductile failure. Establishing the multi-scale framework for heterogeneous materials with and without damage, the third part of the book discusses adaptive concurrent multi-scale analysis incorporating bottom-up and top-down modeling. Including numerical examples and a CD-ROM with VCFEM source codes and input/output files, this book is a valuable reference for researchers, engineers, and professionals involved with predicting the performance and failure of materials in structure-materials interactions.

Combustion Engineering Second Edition

Author : Kenneth W. Ragland
ISBN : 9781420092516
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 80 MB
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Combustion Engineering, Second Edition maintains the same goal as the original: to present the fundamentals of combustion science with application to today’s energy challenges. Using combustion applications to reinforce the fundamentals of combustion science, this text provides a uniquely accessible introduction to combustion for undergraduate students, first-year graduate students, and professionals in the workplace. Combustion is a critical issue impacting energy utilization, sustainability, and climate change. The challenge is to design safe and efficient combustion systems for many types of fuels in a way that protects the environment and enables sustainable lifestyles. Emphasizing the use of combustion fundamentals in the engineering and design of combustion systems, this text provides detailed coverage of gaseous, liquid and solid fuel combustion, including focused coverage of biomass combustion, which will be invaluable to new entrants to the field. Eight chapters address the fundamentals of combustion, including fuels, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, flames, detonations, sprays, and solid fuel combustion mechanisms. Eight additional chapters apply these fundamentals to furnaces, spark ignition and diesel engines, gas turbines, and suspension burning, fixed bed combustion, and fluidized bed combustion of solid fuels. Presenting a renewed emphasis on fundamentals and updated applications to illustrate the latest trends relevant to combustion engineering, the authors provide a number of pedagogic features, including: Numerous tables with practical data and formulae that link combustion fundamentals to engineering practice Concise presentation of mathematical methods with qualitative descriptions of their use Coverage of alternative and renewable fuel topics throughout the text Extensive example problems, chapter-end problems, and references These features and the overall fundamentals-to-practice nature of this book make it an ideal resource for undergraduate, first level graduate, or professional training classes. Students and practitioners will find that it is an excellent introduction to meeting the crucial challenge of engineering sustainable combustion systems in a cost-effective manner. A solutions manual and additional teaching resources are available with qualifying course adoption.

Combustion Thermodynamics And Dynamics

Author : Joseph M. Powers
ISBN : 9781107067455
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 73 MB
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Combustion Thermodynamics and Dynamics builds on a foundation of thermal science, chemistry, and applied mathematics that will be familiar to most undergraduate aerospace, mechanical, and chemical engineers to give a first-year graduate-level exposition of the thermodynamics, physical chemistry, and dynamics of advection-reaction-diffusion. Special effort is made to link notions of time-independent classical thermodynamics with time-dependent reactive fluid dynamics. In particular, concepts of classical thermochemical equilibrium and stability are discussed in the context of modern nonlinear dynamical systems theory. The first half focuses on time-dependent spatially homogeneous reaction, while the second half considers effects of spatially inhomogeneous advection and diffusion on the reaction dynamics. Attention is focused on systems with realistic detailed chemical kinetics as well as simplified kinetics. Many mathematical details are presented, and several quantitative examples given. Topics include foundations of thermochemistry, reduced kinetics, reactive Navier-Stokes equations, reaction-diffusion systems, laminar flame, oscillatory combustion, and detonation.

Advanced Thermodynamics

Author : Scott Post
ISBN : 1936420279
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 10 MB
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Designed for the course in thermodynamics or for use as a reference for practicing engineers, this book includes the theoretical underpinnings and derivations necessary for advanced study. The book focuses on the mechanical and power engineering applications of thermodynamics. Mathematics is utilized as required, serving as a tool to formulate the concepts, solve problems and applications. Furthermore, numerous examples are provided to demonstrate the applications of thermodynamics for engineering problems and to enhance the use of concepts. It also includes statistical thermodynamic examples when relevant and pertinent. These examples are shown either conceptually or numerically. Features: +Numerous examples are provided to demonstrate the applications of thermodynamics for engineering problems +Includes a comprehensive and generalist view of thermodynamics, along with historical developments in the field +Presents mathematical tools such as the Legendre transformation, the Euler chain rule, the Jacobian methodology and applications for thermodynamic derivatives.

Computational Mathematics In Engineering And Applied Science

Author : W.E. Schiesser
ISBN : 9781498710664
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 61. 30 MB
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Computational Mathematics in Engineering and Applied Science provides numerical algorithms and associated software for solving a spectrum of problems in ordinary differential equations (ODEs), differential algebraic equations (DAEs), and partial differential equations (PDEs) that occur in science and engineering. It presents detailed examples, each including a complete analysis of a computer code written in transportable Fortran 77. Each example also includes a discussion of the problem equations, the coding of the equations, and the computed numerical solution. The benefits of using quality general-purpose library routines to solve ODE/DAE/PDE problems are illustrated as well. This popular, classic book is a valuable reference for methodologies in numerical mathematics applicable to a broad spectrum of problems encountered across many disciplines- virtually all fields of science and engineering. It also serves as an excellent text for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students in computational science.

Numerical Modeling Of Coupled Phenomena In Science And Engineering

Author : Mario César Suárez Arriaga
ISBN : 0203886224
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60. 80 MB
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Mathematics is a universal language. Differential equations, mathematical modeling, numerical methods and computation form the underlying infrastructure of engineering and the sciences. In this context mathematical modeling is a very powerful tool for studying engineering problems, natural systems and human society. This interdisciplinary book contains a comprehensive overview, including practical examples, of the progress achieved to date in the modeling of coupled phenomena, computational mathematics and mechanics, heat transfer, fluid-structure interactions, biomechanics, and the flow of mass and energy in porous media. Numerical subjects such as grid generation, optimization, finite elements, finite differences, spectral methods, boundary elements, finite volumes and meshless methods are also discussed in detail using real examples. The book provides a thorough presentation of the existing numerical techniques with specific applications to concrete, practical topics. The models and solutions presented here describe various systems: mechanical, biological, geophysical, technical, ecological, etc. The book is organized in thirty six chapters, each written by distinguished experts in their respective fields. The topics presented cover the current state of knowledge in numerical engineering practice including recent and ongoing developments and the presentation of new ideas for future research on applied computational engineering mathematics. The book will be of interest to scientists working in engineering (structural, civil, mechanical), geology, geophysics, aquifer research, petroleum engineering, applied mathematics, and physics, as well as students in any of these areas.

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