commonsense reasoning an event calculus based approach

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Commonsense Reasoning

Author : Erik T. Mueller
ISBN : 9780128016473
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88. 25 MB
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To endow computers with common sense is one of the major long-term goals of artificial intelligence research. One approach to this problem is to formalize commonsense reasoning using mathematical logic. Commonsense Reasoning: An Event Calculus Based Approach is a detailed, high-level reference on logic-based commonsense reasoning. It uses the event calculus, a highly powerful and usable tool for commonsense reasoning, which Erik Mueller demonstrates as the most effective tool for the broadest range of applications. He provides an up-to-date work promoting the use of the event calculus for commonsense reasoning, and bringing into one place information scattered across many books and papers. Mueller shares the knowledge gained in using the event calculus and extends the literature with detailed event calculus solutions that span many areas of the commonsense world. The Second Edition features new chapters on commonsense reasoning using unstructured information including the Watson system, commonsense reasoning using answer set programming, and techniques for acquisition of commonsense knowledge including crowdsourcing. Drawing upon years of practical experience and using numerous examples and illustrative applications Erik Mueller shows you the keys to mastering commonsense reasoning. You’ll be able to: Understand techniques for automated commonsense reasoning Incorporate commonsense reasoning into software solutions Acquire a broad understanding of the field of commonsense reasoning. Gain comprehensive knowledge of the human capacity for commonsense reasoning

Agents And Multi Agent Systems For Health Care

Author : Sara Montagna
ISBN : 9783319708874
Genre : Computers
File Size : 38. 87 MB
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This book contains revised and extended selected papers from two workshops: the 10th International Workshop on Agents Applied in Health Care, A2HC 2017, held at the 16th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, AAMAS 2017, held in São Paulo, Brazil, in May 2017, and the International Workshop on Agents and Multi-Agent Systems for AAL and e-Health, A-HEALTH 2017, held at the 15th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, PAAMS 2017, in Porto, Portugal, in June 2017. The 9 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 16 submissions. They feature current research topics such as personalised health systems for remote and autonomous tele-assistance, communication and co-operation between distributed intelligent agents to manage patient care, information agents that retrieve medical information from distributed repositories, intelligent and distributed data mining, and multi-agent systems that assist the doctors in the tasks of monitoring, decision support and diagnosis.

Autonomous Agents And Multiagent Systems

Author : Gita Sukthankar
ISBN : 9783319716824
Genre : Computers
File Size : 42. 77 MB
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This book features a selection of best papers from 13 workshops held at the International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, AAMAS 2017, held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in May 2017. The 17 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this volume. They cover specific topics, both theoretical and applied, in the general area of autonomous agents and multiagent systems.

Qualitative Spatio Temporal Representation And Reasoning Trends And Future Directions

Author : Hazarika, Shyamanta M.
ISBN : 9781616928704
Genre : Computers
File Size : 48. 11 MB
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Space and time are inextricably linked. Reasoning about space often involves reasoning about change in spatial configurations. Qualitative spatial information theory encompasses spatial as well as temporal representation and reasoning. Qualitative Spatio-Temporal Representation and Reasoning: Trends and Future Directions is a contribution to the emerging discipline of qualitative spatial information theory within artificial intelligence. This collection of research covers both theory and application-centric research and provides a comprehensive perspective on the emerging area of qualitative spatio-temporal representation and reasoning. This revolutionary new field is increasingly becoming a core issue within mobile computing, GIS/spatial information systems, databases, computer vision as well as knowledge discovery and data mining.

Solving The Frame Problem

Author : Murray Shanahan
ISBN : 0262193841
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34. 24 MB
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"Shanahan gives a clear exposition of the AI problem in general and logical AI in particular. He goes on to a clear exposition of the frame problem and many approaches to its solution. Much of this will become accepted as authoritative." -- John McCarthy, Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University "The frame problem is one of the central theoretical issues of artificial intelligence, and considerable progress in the study of this problem has been made over the last years. Shanahan's book provides a clear and comprehensive treatment of this work. It will be appreciated by everyone interested in the logical foundations of artificial intelligence." -- Vladimir Lifschitz, Gottesman Family Centennial Professor in Computer Sciences, University of Texas at Austin In 1969, John McCarthy and Pat Hayes uncovered a problem that has haunted the field of artificial intelligence ever since--the frame problem. The problem arises when logic is used to describe the effects of actions and events. Put simply, it is the problem of representing what remains unchanged as a result of an action or event. Many researchers in artificial intelligence believe that its solution is vital to the realization of the field's goals. "Solving the Frame Problem" presents the various approaches to the frame problem that have been proposed over the years. The author presents the material chronologically--as an unfolding story rather than as a body of theory to be learned by rote. There are lessons to be learned even from the dead ends researchers have pursued, for they deepen our understanding of the issues surrounding the frame problem. In the book'sconcluding chapters, the author offers his own work on event calculus, which he claims comes very close to a complete solution to the frame problem. "Artificial Intelligence series"

Mathematical Reviews

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015059777675
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33. 38 MB
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Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015049127577
Genre : Artificial intelligence
File Size : 73. 10 MB
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Spatial And Temporal Reasoning

Author : Oliviero Stock
ISBN : 0792347161
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 48. 62 MB
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Qualitative reasoning about space and time - a reasoning at the human level - promises to become a fundamental aspect of future systems that will accompany us in daily activity. The aim of Spatial and Temporal Reasoning is to give a picture of current research in this area focusing on both representational and computational issues. The picture emphasizes some major lines of development in this multifaceted, constantly growing area. The material in the book also shows some common ground and a novel combination of spatial and temporal aspects of qualitative reasoning. Part I presents the overall scene. The chapter by Laure Vieu is on the state of the art in spatial representation and reasoning, and that by Alfonso Gerevini gives a similar survey on research in temporal reasoning. The specific contributions to these areas are then grouped in the two main parts. In Part II, Roberto Casati and Achille Varzi examine the ontological status of spatial entities; Anthony Cohn, Brandon Bennett, John Gooday, and Nicholas Gotts present a detailed theory of reasoning with qualitative relations about regions; Andrew Frank discusses the spatial needs of geographical information systems; and Annette Herskovits focuses on the linguistic expression of spatial relations. In Part III, James Allen and George Ferguson describe an interval temporal logic for the representation of actions and events; Drew McDermott presents an efficient way of predicting the outcome of plan execution; and Erik Sandewall introduces a semantics based on transitions for assessing theories of action and change. In Part IV, Antony Galton's chapter stands clearly between the two areas of space and time and outlines the main coordinates of an integrated approach.

Epia 89

Author : Joao P. Martins
ISBN : 3540516654
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57. 47 MB
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Logic Programming And Nonmonotonic Reasoning

Author : Vladimir Lifschitz
ISBN : UOM:39015047965663
Genre : Logic programming
File Size : 84. 51 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2004, held in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA in January 2004. The 24 revised full papers presented together with 8 system descriptions were carefully reviewed and selected for presentation. Among the topics addressed are declarative logic programming, nonmonotonic reasoning, knowledge representation, combinatorial search, answer set programming, constraint programming, deduction in ontologies, and planning.

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