comparative criminal procedure history processes and case studies second edition

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Comparative Criminal Procedure

Author : Raneta Lawson Mack
ISBN : 0837740339
Genre : Criminal procedure
File Size : 52. 71 MB
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"The current globalization of informational access, criminal activity and terrorist interdiction highlights the criminal justice processes in countries around the world. In this emerging global community, comparative analysis of criminal justice is important for gaining an understanding of the complex values that define conceptions of justice across the globe. This book takes a holistic approach to comparative analyses by examining individual processes as a means to highlight differences among systems, while simultaneously exploring and illustrating the historical and procedural contexts that explain why those differences occur."--Résumé de l'éditeur.

Legal Dissonance

Author : Shaun Larcom
ISBN : 9781782386490
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56. 27 MB
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Papua New Guinea’s two most powerful legal orders — customary law and state law —undermine one another in criminal matters. This phenomenon, called legal dissonance, partly explains the low level of personal security found in many parts of the country. This book demonstrates that a lack of coordination in the punishing of wrong behavior is both problematic for legal orders themselves and for those who are subject to such legal phenomena Legal dissonance can lead to behavior being simultaneously promoted by one legal order and punished by the other, leading to injustice, and, perhaps more importantly, undermining the ability of both legal orders to deter wrongdoing.

Plea Bargaining In National And International Law

Author : Regina Rauxloh
ISBN : 9780415597869
Genre : Law
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Plea bargaining is one of the most important and most discussed issues in modern criminal procedure law. Based on historical and comparative legal research, the author has analysed the wide-spread use of plea bargaining in different criminal justice systems. The book sets out in-depth studies of consensual case dispositions in the UK, examining how plea bargaining has developed and spread in England and Wales. It also goes on to discusses in detail the problems that this practise poses for the rule of law by avoiding procedural safe-guards. The book draws on empirical research in its examination of the absence of informal settlements in the former GDR, offering a unique insight into criminal procedure in a socialist legal system that has been little studied. Drawing on her research findings, the author goes on to discuss the extent to which plea bargaining should be developed in the International Criminal Court in The Hague, as the question of this practise is set to be one of the seminal debates in the development of international criminal procedures in the new International Criminal Court. Plea Bargaining in National and International Law will be of particular interest to academics and students of international criminal law, criminal procedures and comparative law.

Victims Rights In Flux Criminal Justice Reform In Colombia

Author : Astrid Liliana Sánchez-Mejía
ISBN : 9783319598529
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 76 MB
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Contributing to the literature on comparative criminal procedure and Latin American law, this book examines the effects of adversarial criminal justice reforms on victim’s rights by specifically analyzing the Colombian criminal justice reform of the early 2000s. This research focuses on the production, interpretation, and implementation of rules and institutions by exploring how different actors have employed the concept of victims and victims’ rights to promote their agendas in the context of criminal justice reforms. It also analyzes how the goals of these agendas have interplayed in practice. By the early 2000s, it seemed that the Colombian criminal justice system was headed towards a process characterized by broader victim participation, primarily because of the doctrine of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. But in 2002, the Colombian Attorney General promoted a more adversarial criminal justice reform. This book argues that this reform represented a sudden and unpredicted reversal of the Constitutional Court’s doctrine on victim participation, even though one of the central justifications for the reform was the need to satisfy human rights standards and adhere to the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court on victims’ rights. In the criminal justice reform of the early 2000s and its subsequent modifications, the promotion of a dichotomous interpretation of the adversarial model—which conceived the criminal process as a competition between prosecution and defense—served to limit victim participation. This study examines how conceptions of victims’ rights emerged out of the struggles between different and at times competing agendas. In the Colombian process of reform, victims’ rights have been invoked both as a justification for criminal sanctions and as an explanation for crime prevention and restorative justice. After assessing quantitative and qualitative data, this book concludes that punitive approaches to victims’ rights have prevailed over restorative justice perspectives. Furthermore, it argues that punitiveness in the criminal justice system has not resulted in more protection for victims. Ultimately, this research reveals that the adversarial criminal justice reform of the early 2000s has not substantially improved the protection of victims’ rights in Colombia.

Comparative Criminal Justice

Author : Francis Pakes
ISBN : 9781351708265
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49. 23 MB
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This book offers a scholarly introduction to comparative criminal justice. It examines and reflects on the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages in the criminal justice process, from policing, to systems of trial, to sentencing, and punishment. This popular bestseller has been fully updated and expanded for the fourth edition. This textbook provides the reader with: a comparative perspective on criminal justice and its main components a knowledge of methodology for comparative research and analysis a discussion of global trends such as the global drop in crime, the punitive turn, penal populism, privatization, international policing and international criminal tribunals an understanding of the emerging concepts in comparative criminal justice, such as security, surveillance, crimmigration and penal exceptionalism a global and historical consideration of the death penalty and international criminal justice increased attention to environmental crime, genocide and policy brutality. The new edition has been fully updated to keep abreast with this growing field of study and research, to include a broader coverage of judicial decision makers; a new chapter on the death penalty in comparative perspective; and further coverage of key topics such as global policing and electronic monitoring, and new insights into measuring and understanding crime and punishment globally. In this book, lists of further reading, study questions and boxed case studies help bring comparative criminal justice alive for students and instructors alike. This book is perfect reading for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in comparative criminal justice and those who are engaged in the study of global responses to crime.

The Place Of The Explained Verdict In The English Criminal Justice System Decision Making And Criminal Trials

Author : Bethel G. A. Erastus-Obilo
ISBN : 9781599426891
Genre :
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Lay participation in the criminal justice process in the form of a jury is a celebrated phenomenon throughout the common law jurisdictions. While not claiming credit for its origin, England, as the latent cradle of the modern jury, disseminated this mode

Criminal Procedures

Author : Marc L. Miller
ISBN : 9781454897941
Genre : Law
File Size : 46. 7 MB
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Criminal Procedures: Cases, Statutes, and Executive Materials, Sixth Edition is noted for its comprehensive coverage and excellent selection and editing of cases and materials. The book is known for its special focus on a rich selection of materials from multiple institutions, including primary materials from U.S. Supreme Court cases, state high court cases, state and federal statutes, rules of procedure, and police and prosecutorial policies, along with materials from social science studies. The new Sixth Edition retains the casebook’s engaging writing style and division of materials into “teachable chunks.” Updated cases are chosen for their contemporary accuracy and feel to complement essential cases of historical value. Taken together, the principal materials highlight procedural variety, focus on real process topics, provide the political context, and consider the impact of procedures on the various parties involved. The scholarly expertise and experience of the authors is especially reflected in the Criminal Procedure II materials, which includes coverage of prosecutorial charging, plea bargaining, and sentencing. Their frequent use of Problems gives instructors options for applying concepts and doctrines in realistic practice settings. New to the Sixth Edition: Two new authors join the editorial team: Jenia Iontcheva Turner of SMU Dedman School of Law and Kay L. Levine of Emory University School of Law. With her doctoral training in Socio-Legal Studies and her balanced experience as a prosecutor and a defense attorney in state court, Professor Levine sharpens the focus of the book on the real-world operation of courtroom actors in high-volume state systems. With her background in international criminal tribunals and comparative criminal procedure, Professor Turner strengthens the comparisons between court systems in the U.S. and those around the world. As experienced and celebrated classroom teachers, both Professors Turner and Levine bring closer attention to student learning needs in every chapter of the book. More examples and discussion demonstrate the effects of new technologies on criminal procedure. A revamped Chapter 1 offers a deeper exploration of competing models of policing and useful background about policing organizations. Reorganized Chapters 2 and 7 introduce students to the shifting analytical frameworks that the U.S. Supreme Court now employs to evaluate searches in the context of technological devices that store and collect large amounts of data. Chapter 6 relies on current newsworthy debates about police use of force to explore the alternatives and supplements to the exclusionary rule remedy. A revamped Chapter 12 surveys the major changes in the use of money bail and risk assessment algorithms, previewing the prospects for further system reforms. Chapter 13 covers newsworthy recent changes in the charging policies and diversion practices of prosecutors’ offices, especially those in urban areas such as Philadelphia. Chapter 17 expands its coverage of the tensions between fair trials and public trials, including new materials on public access to court files and statistics. A refocused Chapter 19 provides a more detailed and vivid portrait of sentencing hearings and the use of risk assessment instruments. Professors and students will benefit from: Materials that support class discussion, including criminal court actors beyond the Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court: the vision is “street level federalism” Materials that portray for students the range of current practices in criminal justice rather than a rushed historical narrative about doctrinal trends A supporting website that offers exemplar documents from legal practice, recent news with relevance for criminal procedure, and brief video lectures to introduce each major unit Emphasis on high-volume practical issues in criminal procedure instead of intricate but rarely-encountered questions Intuitive organization—tracking the typical sequence of events in criminal investigations and in the criminal courts—that makes it easy to see connections among different areas of the law

Criminal Evidence And Human Rights

Author : Paul Roberts
ISBN : 9781847319463
Genre : Law
File Size : 75. 71 MB
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Criminal procedure in the common law world is being recast in the image of human rights. The cumulative impact of human rights laws, both international and domestic, presages a revolution in common law procedural traditions. Comprising 16 essays plus the editors' thematic introduction, this volume explores various aspects of the 'human rights revolution' in criminal evidence and procedure in Australia, Canada, England and Wales, Hong Kong, Malaysia, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, Singapore, Scotland, South Africa and the USA. The contributors provide expert evaluations of their own domestic law and practice with frequent reference to comparative experiences in other jurisdictions. Some essays focus on specific topics, such as evidence obtained by torture, the presumption of innocence, hearsay, the privilege against self-incrimination, and 'rape shield' laws. Others seek to draw more general lessons about the context of law reform, the epistemic demands of the right to a fair trial, the domestic impact of supra-national legal standards (especially the ECHR), and the scope for reimagining common law procedures through the medium of human rights. This edited collection showcases the latest theoretically informed, methodologically astute and doctrinally rigorous scholarship in criminal procedure and evidence, human rights and comparative law, and will be a major addition to the literature in all of these fields.

The Routledge Handbook Of Irish Criminology

Author : Deirdre Healy
ISBN : 9781317698166
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89. 76 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology is the first edited collection of its kind to bring together the work of leading Irish criminologists in a single volume. While Irish criminology can be characterised as a nascent but dynamic discipline, it has much to offer the Irish and international reader due to the unique historical, cultural, political, social and economic arrangements that exist on the island of Ireland. The Handbook consists of 30 chapters, which offer original, comprehensive and critical reviews of theory, research, policy and practice in a wide range of subject areas. The chapters are divided into four thematic sections: Understanding crime examines specific offence types, including homicide, gangland crime and white-collar crime, and the theoretical perspectives used to explain them. Responding to crime explores criminal justice responses to crime, including crime prevention, restorative justice, approaches to policing and trial as well as post-conviction issues such as imprisonment, community sanctions and rehabilitation. Contexts of crime investigates the social, political and cultural contexts of the policymaking process, including media representations, politics, the role of the victim and the impact of gender. Emerging ideas focuses on innovative ideas that prompt a reconsideration of received wisdom on particular topics, including sexual violence and ethnicity. Charting the key contours of the criminological enterprise on the island of Ireland and placing the Irish material in the context of the wider European and international literature, this book is essential reading for those involved in the study of Irish criminology and international and comparative criminal justice.

International And Comparative Criminal Justice

Author : Mark J. Findlay
ISBN : 9781136184154
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64. 26 MB
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International criminal justice is in transition. This book explores the growing internationalisation of criminal justice as a phenomenon of global governance. It provides students with a critical understanding of the international institutions for regulating transnational crime, the development of alternative justice processes across the globe, and international and supra-national co-operation criminal justice policies and practices. Key topics covered include: The historical development of International Criminal Justice institutions and traditions International Restorative Justice Victim communities and collaborative justice The relationship between crime and war International Human Rights The ‘War on Terror’ The globalisation of crime and control Developments in global governance, communitarian justice and accountability This text will familiarize students with the literature and debates surrounding international criminal justice and enable them to critically appreciate their theoretical and policy context. In doing so, it encourages students to assess the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to the study of global justice and the analysis of comparative policy convergence and research. It will also help students to reflect on, and communicate in an informed and critical way theoretical accounts and empirical studies within the field of international criminal justice. This book will be essential reading for upper level undergraduates taking courses in criminal law, international relations and governance and postgraduates engaged in international criminal justice, international law, regulation and governance and human rights.

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