comparative studies and educational decision routledge library editions education

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Comparative Studies And Educational Decision

Author : Edmund J. King
ISBN : 9780415668347
Genre : Education
File Size : 87. 11 MB
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This volume offers a conceptual justification and methodology for comparative studies of education matching developments in the social sciences and other comparative disciplines. It also relates comparative studies of education to the practical business of policy formulation at all levels. Thus it bridges the widening gap between the purely academic world and the world of decision for development. The author draws illustrations from educational reforms, but goes further in suggesting suitable procedures or institutions which might achieve soundly based policies and secure their implementation. He takes account of the planning techniques and achievements of UNESCO, OECD and other international organizations, and examines the activities and aims of national planning for education in a wider perspective of world re-orientation.

Politics Of Quality In Education

Author : Jaakko Kauko
ISBN : 9781351362511
Genre : Education
File Size : 65. 90 MB
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The question of quality has become one of the most important framing factors in education and has been of growing interest to international organisations and national policymakers for decades. Politics of Quality in Education focuses on Brazil, China, and Russia, part of the so-called emerging nations’ BRICS block, and draws on a four-year project to develop a new theoretical and methodological approach. The book builds a comparative, sociohistorical, and transnational understanding of political relations in education, with a particular focus on the policies and practices of Quality Assurance and Evaluation (QAE). Tracking QAE processes from international organisations to individual schools, contributors analyse how QAE changes the dynamics in the roles of state, expertise, and governance. The book demonstrates how national and sub-national actors play a central role in the adaptation, modification or rejection of transnational policies. Politics of Quality in Education will be of great interest to academics, researchers and postgraduate students engaged in the study of comparative and international education, as well as educational policy and politics. It should also be essential reading for practitioners and policymakers.

The Global Student Experience

Author : Camille B. Kandiko
ISBN : 9781135069537
Genre : Education
File Size : 60. 27 MB
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There are 100 million students in higher education throughout the world today. This collection provides some indication of what are they are learning and of their wider experiences. It also outlines the changing global context of provision for undergraduate students as countries and universities respond to what they anticipate will be new demands for virtual and more traditional learning in and across subjects of study. It brings together contributions from a range of authors to focus on common themes combined with descriptions of the student experience in national higher education systems. This affords insight into what students can expect from emerging patterns of provision worldwide. It also informs institutional decision makers as they attempt to meet changing international student demand within their own national circumstances of retrenchment or expansion in competition with private, public, and for-profit rivals at home and abroad. The editors present this panorama of provision through a team of expert contributors who relate their experience and knowledge to shared global concerns. Thus, they combine the big picture of economic and political globalisation with examination of its various aspects, such as cultural differences in learning, distance provision quality in the context of competition the globally connected undergraduate curriculum the predominance of business amongst other subjects of study, and the assessment and ‘employability’ of graduates. At the same time, in an increasingly open market there are also restrictions upon student travel and residence in many polities, and increasingly variable fees for home and international students. These pan-global themes are combined with an overview of ‘Western’ higher education, including the US, English and UK, and Australian systems of higher education contrasted with systems in different cultural contexts, such as the Middle East, Africa and South America, as well as the new giants China and India.

On Education

Author : Harry Brighouse
ISBN : 9781134336456
Genre : Education
File Size : 70. 35 MB
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What is education for? Should it produce workers or educate future citizens? Is there a place for faith schools - and should patriotism be taught? In this compelling and controversial book, Harry Brighouse takes on all these urgent questions and more. He argues that children share four fundamental interests: the ability to make their own judgements about what values to adopt; acquiring the skills that will enable them to become economically self-sufficient as adults; being exposed to a range of activities and experiences that will enable them to flourish in their personal lives; and developing a sense of justice. He criticises sharply those who place the interests of the economy before those of children, and assesses the arguments for and against the controversial issues of faith schools and the teaching of patriotism. Clearly argued but provocative, On Education draws on recent examples from Britain and North America as well as famous thinkers on education such as Aristotle and John Locke. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the present state of education and its future.

The Politics Of Structural Education Reform

Author : Keith A. Nitta
ISBN : 9781135896157
Genre : Education
File Size : 33. 26 MB
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Education policymaking is traditionally seen as a domestic political process. The job of deciding where students will be educated, what they will be taught, who will teach them, and how it will be paid for clearly rests with some mix of district, state, and national policymakers. This book seeks to show how global trends have produced similar changes to very different educational systems in the United States and Japan. Despite different historical development, social norms, and institutional structures, the U.S. and Japanese education systems have been restructured over the past dozen years, not just incrementally but in ways that have transformed traditional power arrangements. Based on 124 interviews, this book examines two restructuring episodes in U.S. education and two restructuring episodes in Japanese education. The four episodes reveal a similar politics of structural education reform that is driven by symbolic action and bureaucratic turf wars, which has ultimately hindered educational improvement in both countries.

The State Of Global Education

Author : Brad Maguth
ISBN : 9781317950301
Genre : Education
File Size : 85. 75 MB
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A battle is being waged in classrooms and capitals around the world over the goals and objectives of the future of global education. While there is growing research in the area of global education, much remains to be uncovered, challenged, and learned through sound empirical research and conceptual explorations.?What type of global citizens will schools promote??What types of policies, programs and instructional practices best promote effective global citizenship??Will global education curricula advance an unwavering loyalty to neoliberal ideologies and interests over the strengthening of human rights and the environmental health of our planet??This volume presents a series of research studies and innovative instructional practices centered on advancing global learning opportunities and literacies. The authors in this volume initiate a much needed conversation on ways students in multiple contexts can and should learn with the world and its people. Part I addresses global education in theory, with a particular focus on development, intercultural competence, and global citizenship. Part II addresses educational programs and practices that foster global learning and action to help build a better future for all citizens of our planet – including experiential education, university initiatives, and conceptual approaches to teaching and learning. This scholarship spans four continents in a multitude of educational contexts – primary, secondary, and tertiary - each with a focus on a different dimension of the possibilities and pitfalls in teaching about and with the world and its people.

Seven Myths About Education

Author : Daisy Christodoulou
ISBN : 9781317753414
Genre : Education
File Size : 61. 64 MB
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In this controversial new book, Daisy Christodoulou offers a thought-provoking critique of educational orthodoxy. Drawing on her recent experience of teaching in challenging schools, she shows through a wide range of examples and case studies just how much classroom practice contradicts basic scientific principles. She examines seven widely-held beliefs which are holding back pupils and teachers: - Facts prevent understanding - Teacher-led instruction is passive - The 21st century fundamentally changes everything - You can always just look it up -We should teach transferable skills - Projects and activities are the best way to learn - Teaching knowledge is indoctrination. In each accessible and engaging chapter, Christodoulou sets out the theory of each myth, considers its practical implications and shows the worrying prevalence of such practice. Then, she explains exactly why it is a myth, with reference to the principles of modern cognitive science. She builds a powerful case explaining how governments and educational organisations around the world have let down teachers and pupils by promoting and even mandating evidence-less theory and bad practice. This blisteringly incisive and urgent text is essential reading for all teachers, teacher training students, policy makers, head teachers, researchers and academics around the world.

Framing War

Author : Francesco Olmastroni
ISBN : 9781317932635
Genre : Political Science
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Most research on framing has focused on media and elite frames: the ways that the mass media and politicians present information about issues and events to the public. Until now, the process by which citizens’ opinions may affect the initial frame-building process has been largely ignored. The two-way flow of influence between public opinion and decision-makers has been analyzed more from a top-down than a bottom-up perspective. Olmastroni addresses this issue by introducing a cyclical model of framing. Additionally, most empirical studies on media framing have centered on the United States. Olmastroni’s text seeks to overcome this limitation of prior research by examining different types of framing in three different countries. Framing War uses the recent war on Iraq as a case study, focusing on the elite and media framing of this event in order to examine the interaction between the political elite and the mass public in three Western democracies—France, Italy, and the US—during the early and on-going stages of the military crisis. The book analyzes whether and, potentially, the extent to which decision-makers tracked and responded to public opinion in presenting their foreign policy choices. It examines the strategies and approaches that governments potentially adopted to influence public opinion towards either the need for or the lack of need for a military intervention. By representing the framing paradigm as a cycle, Olmastroni shows how each actor within the system (i.e., government and other elites, news media, and public opinion) is linked to the others and contributes to the final representation of an issue. In contrast with other theoretical perspectives of framing, this book states that the framing influence does not only proceed from the government to the public, but it often moves at the same level of the system, with each actor playing different roles. Olmastroni’s insights on framing are significant for researchers in international relations, political communication, public opinion, comparative politics, and political psychology, as well as policy analysts, journalists, and commentators.

Elites In Education

Author : Agnes Van Zanten
ISBN : 1138827215
Genre : Education
File Size : 75. 64 MB
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The sociopolitical, and cultural, implications of the provision and consumption of elite education are dizzyingly complex and controversial. Perhaps unsurprisingly, then, one of the most publicized and contested areas of research focuses on the education of elites, and the institutional and power structures which such groups reinforce and reproduce. Now, answering the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of this disputatious body of thought, Routledge announces a new title Elites in Education which brings together in one easy-to-use 'mini library' foundational major works and the very best cutting-edge contributions.

Towards Successful Schooling Rle Edu L Sociology Of Education

Author : Hugh Lauder
ISBN : 9781136469992
Genre : Education
File Size : 43. 20 MB
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The editors have compiled this critical and comparative study of changes which took place in the New Zealand education system in the second half of the twentieth century. For other Western societies who have felt the impact of New Right policies the New Zealand case is interesting because it provides some indication of how policies of decentralization in education might be used to develop egalitarian and democratic educational policies. In recent years there have been major changes to educational systems in the Western world. Often these changes have been justified by reference to successful educational practices in other countries. However, it is not always possible simply to abstract educational practices from one context and apply them in another successfully. Moreover claims that policies in one country are more successful than those in another have to be treated cautiously: there are always problems in making valid comparisons between the educational performances of different countries. It is important, therefore, that critical and comparative studies are made of educational systems which take full account of the contexts in which they are embedded.

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