compendium of bioenergy plants sugarcane

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Compendium Of Bioenergy Plants

Author : Eric Lam
ISBN : 9781498743396
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 86 MB
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This volume of the Bioenergy Plants compendium contains a collection of chapters that focus on the history, economics, and practical sciences related to sugarcane. As one of the key biofuel crops in the world that is under large-scale cultivation, sugarcane is attracting interests for its adoption and emulation worldwide. With a high ratio of energy output to input for its production, sugarcane-derived bioethanol currently has the lowest carbon footprint as a renewable fuel product. Comprehensive chapters explore all the essential aspects of sugarcane's origin as a crop, its limitations, and current efforts for its improvement through traditional breeding, and biochemical and molecular approaches. Importantly, experts in the economic and social science areas also provide key insights as to how forces in the policy and human dimensions intimately interact with geographic factors to help shape the sugarcane crop's potential for deployment as well as its future impact on the energy sector.

Advances Of Basic Science For Second Generation Bioethanol From Sugarcane

Author : Marcos S. Buckeridge
ISBN : 9783319498263
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 57 MB
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This book focuses on the basic science recently produced in Brazil for the improvement of sugarcane as a bioenergy crop and as a raw material for 2nd generation bioethanol production. It reports achievements that have been advancing the science of cell walls, enzymes, genetics, and sustainability related to sugarcane technologies and give continuity to the research reported in the “Routes to Cellulosic Ethanol”, from Springer. The Introduction (Chapter I) explains how the National Institute of Science and Technology of Bioethanol, founded in 2008 in Brazil, became part of the main international initiatives that started to search for forms to use biomass for bioethanol production in Brazil, US and Europe. Part I reports the advances in plant cell wall composition, structure and architecture, and physical characteristics of sugarcane biomass. These discoveries are opening the way to increased efficiency of pretreatments and hydrolysis, being therefore important information for 2nd generation processes as well as for biorefinery initiatives. Part II focuses on the discovery and characterization of hydrolases from microorganisms that could be used in industrial processes. Recent advances in the search for hydrolases using metagenomics is reported. A great number of genes and enzymes from microorganisms have been discovered, affording improvement of enzyme cocktails better adapted to sugarcane biomass. Part III reports two key issues in the process of 2G ethanol, pentose fermentation and sugarcane genetics. These are the discoveries of new yeast species capable of producing ethanol more efficiently from xylose and the advances made on the sugarcane genetics, a key issue to design varieties adapted to 2G ethanol production. Part IV approaches sustainability through two chapters, one discussing the sustainability of the sugarcane agricultural and environmental system and another discussing how national and mainly international policies of Brazil regarding 2G ethanol production affected the country’s strategies to establish itself as an international player in renewable energy area.

Compendium Of Bioenergy Plants

Author : Hong Luo
ISBN : 9781466596375
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 70 MB
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This book contains the most comprehensive reviews on the latest development of switchgrass research including the agronomy of the plant, the use of endophytes and mycorrhizae for biomass production, genetics and breeding of bioenergy related traits, molecular genetics and molecular breeding, genomics, transgenics, processing, bioconversion, biosystem and chemical engineering, biomass production modeling, economics of switchgrass feedstock production etc. The book will be of interest and great value to the switchgrass research communities in both academia and industry and a handbook for agronomists, geneticists, breeders, molecular biologists, physiologists, biosystems engineers and chemical engineers.

Plant Bioproducts

Author : Guanqun Chen
ISBN : 9781493986163
Genre :
File Size : 51. 73 MB
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Compendium Of Bioenergy Plants

Author : Stephen L. Goldman
ISBN : 9781482210590
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 59 MB
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This book evaluates maize as a bioenergy fuel source from two perspectives. It explores whether the input energy needed to generate fuel significantly exceeded by the energy harvested. In examining this issue, the chapters provide assessments of the social, economic, and political impact on fuel pricing, food costs, and the environmental challenge with corn biomass the engine of change. It then examines whether corn be genetically improved so that its biomass is significantly increased, its cellulose-lignin complex made more amenable to harvesting and to processing, and grown in regions not normally associated with its cultivation of food.

Plant Based Genetic Tools For Biofuels Production

Author : Daniela Defavari do Nascimento and William A. Pickering
ISBN : 9781681084619
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 8 MB
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Biofuels are currently used as a viable alternative energy source in several countries. Plant-Based Genetic Tools for Biofuels Production explains biotechnological techniques and concepts that are applied to increase biofuel yield from plants and algae. Chapters of the book cover a variety of topics: the basic research techniques (cell suspension, embryogenesis, protoplast fusion), plant genetics (plant DNA mutations, new plant breeding techniques, viral genetic vectors for heterologous gene expression, sub cellular proteomes), genomic resources and bioinformatics tools, plant species with bioenergy and biofuel potential, factors influencing biomass yield, advances in cultivation technologies, fermentation of different substrates for ethanol production, and microalgae biomass technologies. Readers will gain a thorough understanding of modern biofuel production. Plant-Based Genetic Tools for Biofuels Production is a suitable reference for students in biotechnology and bioinformatics programs as well as researchers interested in information about the basics of biofuel production.

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production And Industrial Applications

Author : Arindam Kuila
ISBN : 9781119323877
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 32 MB
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Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications describes the utilization of lignocellulosic biomass for various applications. Although there have been numerous reports on lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel application, there have been very few other applications reported for lignocellulosic biomass-based chemicals and polymers. Therefore, this book covers all of the possible lignocellulosic biomass applications. Besides describing the different types of biofuel production, such as bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel and biogas from lignocellulosic biomass, it also presents various other lignocellulosic biomass biorefinery applications for the production of chemicals, polymers, paper and bioplastics. In addition, there are chapters on valorization of lignocellulosic materials, alkali treatment to improve the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of lignocellulosic natural fibers, and a discussion of the major benefits, limitations and future prospects of the use of lignocellulosic biomass.

A Compilation Of Ligno Cellulose Feedstock And Related Research For Feed Food And Energy

Author : D. A. Flores
ISBN : 9781479765379
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 3 MB
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A monograph collection on various topics with implications on new or possible advances with ligno-cellulose research in regards to animal feeding and also lending itself to bioenergy feedstock. It is an informative discussion for the research scientist, and in particular, the specialist in ruminant nutrition covering such topics as follows. Enzyme technology, applied to crop post-harvest technology, with novel microbial anaerobic lignases, aerobic lignases and other extracellular fibrolytic enzymes (EFEs), boosting water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) content in new tropical forage-type feeds, action of proteases in plant feed material and digestion, lowering lignin content and use of lacasse for bio-bleaching lignocellulose. Feed resources discussed, in particular in Asia, including sugarcane and use of bagasse and tops, grasses and legumes, with resources for food and feed farming systems and legume browse tree and shrubs for feed. The issues of various pre-treatments and crop improvements with biotechnology and digestion are discussed.

Soils Plant Growth And Crop Production Volume Ii

Author : Willy H. Verheye
ISBN : 9781848263680
Genre :
File Size : 74. 54 MB
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Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Plants, and crops in particular, grow and develop through the uptake of water and nutrients by the root system in soils and their transformation into biomass through processes governed by photosynthesis. The quality and amount of products harvested from this biomass depend largely on the intrinsic properties of the soil, i.e. the moisture and nutrients made available for uptake by the roots. These volumes describe in a synthetic form the impact of the most important soil properties on general agronomy, crop production, cultivation methods, and yields, including the specific management aspects which take away some production constraints. Changes in general agronomy as a result of plant breeding, climatic change and competition between newly introduced crops are discussed. The three volumes with contributions from distinguished experts in the field discusses about soils, plant growth and crop production in several related topics. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Compilation Of The Energy Security Act Of 1980 And 1980 Amendments To The Defense Production Act Of 1950

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015082326524
Genre : Synthetic fuels
File Size : 35. 29 MB
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