computer aided applications in pharmaceutical technology woodhead publishing series in biomedicine

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Computer Aided Applications In Pharmaceutical Technology

Author : Jelena Djuris
ISBN : 9781908818324
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 61 MB
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Research and development in the pharmaceutical industry is a time-consuming and expensive process, making it difficult for newly developed drugs to be formulated into commercially available products. Both formulation and process development can be optimized by means of statistically organized experiments, artificial intelligence and other computational methods. Simultaneous development and investigation of pharmaceutical products and processes enables application of quality by design concept that is being promoted by the regulatory authorities worldwide. Computer-aided applications in pharmaceutical technology covers the fundamentals of experimental design application and interpretation in pharmaceutical technology, chemometric methods with emphasis of their application in process control, neural computing (artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic and decision trees, evolutionary computing and genetic algorithms, self-organizing maps), computer-aided biopharmaceutical characterization as well as application of computational fluid dynamics in pharmaceutical technology. All of these techniques are essential tools for successful building of quality into pharmaceutical products and processes from the early stage of their development to selection of the optimal ones. In addition to theoretical aspects of various methods, the book provides numerous examples of their application in the field of pharmaceutical technology. A comprehensive review of the current state of the art on various computer aided applications in pharmaceutical technology Case studies are presented in order to facilitate understanding of various concepts in computer-aided applications

Computer Aided Applications In Pharmaceutical Technology

Author : Sandra Grbic
ISBN : 9780128091920
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 96 MB
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This chapter introduces the concept of gastrointestinal absorption simulation using in silico methodology. Parameters used for model construction and the sensitivity predicted pharmacokinetic responses to various input parameters are described. Virtual trials for in silico modeling of drug absorption are presented. The influence of food on drug absorption, as well as correlation between the in vitro and in vivo results, are also addressed, followed by biowaiver considerations. Numerous examples are provided throughout the chapter.

Computer Aided Applications In Pharmaceutical Technology

Author : Ljiljana Djekic
ISBN : 9780128091883
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 1 MB
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This chapter introduces the concept of formulation development assisted by computer applications. Development and optimization of various types of pharmaceutical emulsions microemulsions, self-microemulsifying systems, and double emulsions are presented. Illustrative examples are presented to demonstrate the ability of computer-aided tools to facilitate formulation development. Various techniques, such as design of experiments and artificial neural networks, are implemented for optimization of the formulation and/or processing parameters. Furthermore, some of the critical quality attributes and processing parameters are optimized simultaneously. The examples presented should serve as the foundation for the future quality-by-design development of pharmaceutical emulsion and (self) microemulsion formulations.

Computer Aided Vaccine Design

Author : Joo Chuan Tong
ISBN : 9781908818416
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59. 32 MB
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Computational pre-screening of antigens is now routinely applied to the discovery of vaccine candidates. Computer-aided vaccine design is a comprehensive introduction to this exciting field of study. The book is intended to be a textbook for researchers and for courses in bioinformatics, as well as a laboratory reference guide. It is written mainly for biologists who want to understand the current methods of computer-aided vaccine design. The contents are designed to help biologists appreciate the underlying concepts and algorithms used, as well as limitations of the methods and strategies for their use. Chapters include: MHC and T cell responses; Immunoglobulins and B cell responses; Scientific publications and databases; Database design; Computational T cell vaccine design; Computational B cell vaccine design; infectious disease informatics; Vaccine safety and quality assessments; and Vaccine adjuvant informatics. Essential reading for any biologist who wants to understand methods of computer-aided vaccine design Description of available data sources and publicly available software, with detailed analysis of strengths and weaknesses Theoretical concepts and practical examples of database design and development for a virtual screening campaign

Open Source Software In Life Science Research

Author : Lee Harland
ISBN : 9781908818249
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 17 MB
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The free/open source approach has grown from a minor activity to become a significant producer of robust, task-orientated software for a wide variety of situations and applications. To life science informatics groups, these systems present an appealing proposition - high quality software at a very attractive price. Open source software in life science research considers how industry and applied research groups have embraced these resources, discussing practical implementations that address real-world business problems. The book is divided into four parts. Part one looks at laboratory data management and chemical informatics, covering software such as Bioclipse, OpenTox, ImageJ and KNIME. In part two, the focus turns to genomics and bioinformatics tools, with chapters examining GenomicsTools and EBI Atlas software, as well as the practicalities of setting up an ‘omics’ platform and managing large volumes of data. Chapters in part three examine information and knowledge management, covering a range of topics including software for web-based collaboration, open source search and visualisation technologies for scientific business applications, and specific software such as DesignTracker and Utopia Documents. Part four looks at semantic technologies such as Semantic MediaWiki, TripleMap and Chem2Bio2RDF, before part five examines clinical analytics, and validation and regulatory compliance of free/open source software. Finally, the book concludes by looking at future perspectives and the economics and free/open source software in industry. Discusses a broad range of applications from a variety of sectors Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed behind closed doors Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems

Formulation Tools For Pharmaceutical Development

Author : J. E. Aguilar
ISBN : 0081015844
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 47 MB
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A range of new and innovative tools used for preformulation and formulation of medicines help optimize pharmaceutical development projects. Such tools also assist with the performance evaluation of the pharmaceutical process, allowing any potential gaps to be identified. These tools can be applied in both basic research and industrial environment. Formulation tools for pharmaceutical development considers these key research and industrial tools. Nine chapters by leading contributors cover: Artificial neural networks technology to model, understand, and optimize drug formulations; ME_expert 2.0: a heuristic decision support system for microemulsions formulation development; Expert system for the development and formulation of push-pull osmotic pump tablets containing poorly water-soluble drugs; SeDeM Diagram: an expert system for preformulation, characterization and optimization of tables obtained by direct compression; New SeDeM-ODT expert system: an expert system for formulation of orodispersible tablets obtained by direct compression; and 3D-cellular automata in computer-aided design of pharmaceutical formulations: mathematical concept and F-CAD software. Coverage of artificial intelligence tools, new expert systems, understanding of pharmaceutical processes, robust development of medicines, and new ways to develop medicinesDevelopment of drugs and medicines using mathematical toolsCompilation of expert system developed around the world

Guidebook For Drug Regulatory Submissions

Author : Sandy Weinberg
ISBN : 9780470371381
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 90 MB
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Destined to become every regulatory director's essential desktop companion Professionals working to submit major documents to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are guaranteed to encounter numerous unexpected and daunting hurdles. Guidebook for Drug Regulatory Submissions offers a readable and clearly written road map for effective submission of documents for required regulatory reviews during drug development. Demystifying this complex, high-stakes process, author and nationally recognized drug regulation expert Sandy Weinberg presents professionals with authoritative tips, tools, and advice including suggestions for preparation, checklists for submission, an FDA evaluation tool for review, and copies of relevant FDA guidelines. As well, vital information is provided on the most common types of submissions, including: Meeting Requests Orphan Drug Applications Investigatory New Drug Applications (INDAs) New Drug Applications (NDAs) 505(b)2 NDAs Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs) Annual Report This reference also explores the pressures affecting the industry and the general public, as well as how these pressures will change the general nature and specific aspects of the submissions process over the near future. In addition, retired Canadian trade consul and regulatory consultant Carl Rockburne guest-authors a chapter comparing the FDA process to the four other major regulatory environments of Canada, the European Union, Japan, and Australia. Guidebook for Drug Regulatory Submissions is more than a useful guide—it is an essential tool to be kept on the desk of every regulatory director, submissions manager, vice president of Regulatory Affairs, and Food and Drug Administration reviewer responsible for the process of drug regulatory submissions.

Microfluidic Devices For Biomedical Applications

Author : Xiujun James Li
ISBN : 9780857097040
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 71 MB
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Microfluidics or lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is an important technology suitable for numerous applications from drug delivery to tissue engineering. Microfluidic devices for biomedical applications discusses the fundamentals of microfluidics and explores in detail a wide range of medical applications. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of microfluidic technologies for biomedical applications with chapters focussing on the materials and methods for microfabrication, microfluidic actuation mechanisms and digital microfluidic technologies. Chapters in part two examine applications in drug discovery and controlled-delivery including micro needles. Part three considers applications of microfluidic devices in cellular analysis and manipulation, tissue engineering and their role in developing tissue scaffolds and stem cell engineering. The final part of the book covers the applications of microfluidic devices in diagnostic sensing, including genetic analysis, low-cost bioassays, viral detection, and radio chemical synthesis. Microfluidic devices for biomedical applications is an essential reference for medical device manufacturers, scientists and researchers concerned with microfluidics in the field of biomedical applications and life-science industries. Discusses the fundamentals of microfluidics or lab-on-a-chip (LOC) and explores in detail a wide range of medical applications Considers materials and methods for microfabrication, microfluidic actuation mechanisms and digital microfluidic technologies Considers applications of microfluidic devices in cellular analysis and manipulation, tissue engineering and their role in developing tissue scaffolds and stem cell engineering

Natural Based Polymers For Biomedical Applications

Author : Rui L. Reis
ISBN : 9781845694814
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 56 MB
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Polymers from natural sources are particularly useful as biomaterials and in regenerative medicine, given their similarity to the extracellular matrix and other polymers in the human body. This important book reviews the wealth of research on both tried and promising new natural-based biomedical polymers, together with their applications as implantable biomaterials, controlled-release carriers or scaffolds for tissue engineering. The first part of the book reviews the sources, processing and properties of natural-based polymers for biomedical applications. Part two describes how the surfaces of polymer-based biomaterials can be modified to improve their functionality. The third part of the book discusses the use of natural-based polymers for biodegradable scaffolds and hydrogels in tissue engineering. Building on this foundation, Part four looks at the particular use of natural-gelling polymers for encapsulation, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The penultimate group of chapters reviews the use of natural-based polymers as delivery systems for drugs, hormones, enzymes and growth factors. The final part of the book summarises research on the key issue of biocompatibility. Natural-based polymers for biomedical applications is a standard reference for biomedical engineers, those studying and researching in this important area, and the medical community. Examines the sources, processing and properties of natural based polymers for biomedical applications Explains how the surfaces of polymer based biomaterials can be modified to improve their functionality Discusses the use of natural based polymers for hydrogels in tissue engineering, and in particular natural gelling polymers for encapsulation and regenerative medicine

Bioinformatics For Biomedical Science And Clinical Applications

Author : K-H Liang
ISBN : 9781908818232
Genre : Computers
File Size : 84. 2 MB
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Contemporary biomedical and clinical research is undergoing constant development thanks to the rapid advancement of various high throughput technologies at the DNA, RNA and protein levels. These technologies can generate vast amounts of raw data, making bioinformatics methodologies essential in their use for basic biomedical and clinical applications. Bioinformatics for biomedical science and clinical applications demonstrates what these cutting-edge technologies can do and examines how to design an appropriate study, including how to deal with data and address specific clinical questions. The first two chapters consider Bioinformatics and analysis of the human genome. The subsequent three chapters cover the introduction of Transcriptomics, Proteomics and Systems biomedical science. The remaining chapters move on to critical developments, clinical information and conclude with domain knowledge and adaptivity. A coherent presentation of concepts, methodologies and practical tools that systematically lead to significant discoveries in the biomedical and clinical area Real examples of cutting edge discoveries The introduction of study types and technologies for all the DNA, RNA and protein levels

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