confucianism a very short introduction very short introductions

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Confucianism

Author : Daniel K. Gardner
ISBN : 9780195398915
Genre : Religion
File Size : 77. 69 MB
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To understand China, it is essential to understand Confucianism. First formulated in the sixth century BCE, the teachings of Confucius would come to dominate Chinese society, politics, economics, and ethics. In this Very Short Introduction, Daniel K. Gardner explores the major philosophical ideas of the Confucian tradition, showing their profound impact on state ideology and imperial government, the civil service examination system, domestic life, and social relations over the course of twenty-six centuries. Gardner focuses on two of the Sage's most crucial philosophical problems-what makes for a good person, and what constitutes good government-and demonstrates the enduring significance of these questions today. This volume shows the influence of the Sage's teachings over the course of Chinese history--on state ideology, the civil service examination system, imperial government, the family, and social relations--and the fate of Confucianism in China in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as China developed alongside a modernizing West and Japan. Some Chinese intellectuals attempted to reform the Confucian tradition to address new needs; others argued for jettisoning it altogether in favor of Western ideas and technology; still others condemned it angrily, arguing that Confucius and his legacy were responsible for China's feudal, ''backward'' conditions in the twentieth century and launching campaigns to eradicate its influences. Yet Chinese continue to turn to the teachings of Confucianism for guidance in their daily lives. In addition to a survey of the philosophy and history of Confucianism, Gardner offers an examination of the resurgence of Confucianism in China today, and explores what such a revival means for the Chinese government and the Chinese people. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

Modern China

Author : Rana Mitter
ISBN : 9780198753704
Genre :
File Size : 73. 4 MB
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China today is never out of the news: from international finance to human rights controversies, global coverage of its rising international presence, and the Chinese 'economic miracle'. It seems to be a country of contradictions: a peasant society with some of the world's most futuristic cities, heir to an ancient civilization that is still trying to find a modern identity. This Very Short Introduction offers the reader an entry to understanding the world's most populous nation, giving an integrated picture of modern Chinese society, culture, economy, politics, and art. In this new edition, Rana Mitter addresses China's current global position, accounting for the country's growth in global significance over the past decade. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Chinese Literature A Very Short Introduction

Author : Sabina Knight
ISBN : 9780199913138
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 28 MB
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Perhaps nowhere else has literature been as conscious a collective endeavor as in China, and China's survival over three thousand years may owe more to its literary traditions than to its political history. This Very Short Introduction tells the story of Chinese literature from antiquity to the present, focusing on the key role literary culture played in supporting social and political concerns. Embracing traditional Chinese understandings of literature as encompassing history and philosophy as well as poetry and poetics, storytelling, drama, and the novel, Sabina Knight discusses the philosophical foundations of literary culture as well as literature's power to address historical trauma and cultivate moral and sensual passions. From ancient historical records through the modernization and globalization of Chinese literature, Knight draws on lively examples to underscore the close relationship between ethics and aesthetics, as well as the diversity of Chinese thought. Knight also illuminates the role of elite patronage; the ways literature has served the interests of specific groups; and questions of canonization, language, nationalism, and cross-cultural understanding. The book includes Chinese characters for names, titles, and key terms.

Modern China A Very Short Introduction

Author : Rana Mitter
ISBN : 9780191578793
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 62 MB
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China today is never out of the news: from human rights controversies and the continued legacy of Tiananmen Square, to global coverage of the Beijing Olympics, and the Chinese 'economic miracle'. It seems a country of contradictions: a peasant society with some of the world's most futuristic cities, heir to an ancient civilization that is still trying to find a modern identity. This Very Short Introduction offers the reader with no previous knowledge of China a variety of ways to understand the world's most populous nation, giving a short, integrated picture of modern Chinese society, culture, economy, politics and art. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Four Wise Men

Author : Mark W. Muesse
ISBN : 9781498232227
Genre : Religion
File Size : 83. 26 MB
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Confucius, the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad are among the most thoughtful and influential people in history. By their words and examples, they have inspired countless individuals to live better and more meaningful lives and have shaped the institutions and worldviews we live in today. Four Wise Men is an accessible introduction to each of these sages in his historical context and a provocative comparison of their lives and teachings. Through careful study, this book examines the ways these fascinating figures speak as one and the ways they differ. Although their voices come from the distant past, they still have wise words to say to us today.

Author : جبران خليل جبران
ISBN : 9796500263588
Genre :
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كتبه جبران بالعربية، وفيه مجموعة قصائده النثرية، وهي تعبر عما في فكر جبران، ونفسه من خلجات وتأملات في الحياة، طافحة بالإيمان والحب والأمل. يدور الكتاب حول موضوعات أربعة: المجتمع- والطبيعة والحب والوجود، يبين فيه جبران فساد المجتمع وما فيه من ظلم واستغلال وطمع وفقر، ويرى أن الطبيعة تمثل الخير والطهر والكمال.

The History Of Childhood A Very Short Introduction

Author : James Marten
ISBN : 9780190681401
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 34 MB
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While children are a relatively unchanging fact of life, childhood is a constantly shifting concept. Throughout the millennia, the age at which a child becomes a youth and a youth becomes an adult has varied by gender, class, religion, ethnicity, place, and economic need. As author James Marten explores in this Very Short Introduction, so too have the realities of childhood, each life shaped by factors such as education, expectation, and conflict (or lack thereof). Indeed, ancient Roman children lived very differently than those born of today's Generation Z. Experiences of childhood have been shaped in classrooms and on factory floors, in family homes and orphanages, and on battlefields and in front of television sets. In addressing this diversity, The History of Childhood: A Very Short Introduction takes a global, expansive view of the features of childhood that have shaped childhood throughout history and continue to shape it now. From the rules of Confucian childrearing in twelfth-century China to the struggles of children living as slaves in the Americas or as cotton mill workers in Industrial Age Britain, Marten takes his inspiration from the idea that the lives of children reveal important and sometimes uncomfortable truths about civilization. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

This I Believe

Author : Jay Allison
ISBN : 1523607572
Genre :
File Size : 75. 25 MB
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This I Believe: The Personal Philosophies of Remarkable Men and Women,by Jay Allison

Author : Rob Gifford
ISBN : 9786035030618
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 7 MB
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الطريق 312 هو الطريق الصيني 66. وهو ينساب ممتداً مسافة ثلاثة آلاف ميل من الشرق إلى الغرب، ماراً عبر مدن المصانع من المناطق الساحلية، وعبر القلب الريفي للصين، ثم صعوداً إلى داخل صحراء غوبي، حيث يندمج هناك مع طريق الحرير القديم. ويشهد هذا الطريق العام كل جزء من الثورة الاجتماعية والاقتصادية التي تقلب الصين عاليها سافلها. وفي هذا الكتاب المدهش على نحو كامل، والشخصي على نحو عميق، يرتحل مراسل الراديو الوطني العام روب غيفورد الجدير بالثناء، والمتحدث بطلاقة بلغة الماندرين، في هذه الرحلة المؤثرة على طول الطريق 312 من بدايته في مدينة الازدهار شنغهاي إلى نهايته على الحدود من كازاخستان. ويكشف غيفورد الفسيفساء الغنية للحياة الصينية الحديثة في كل تناقضاتها، وهو يطرح الأسئلة الحرجة التي نسألها جميعنا عن الصين: هل ستكون فعلاً القوة العظمى الكونية التالية؟ هل هي صلبة وقوية مثلما تبدو من الخارج؟ ومن هم الشعب الصيني العادي، الذين يفترض أن ينتمي إليهم القرن الحادي والعشرون؟ وغيفورد ليس وحيداً في رحلته، فإن أضخم هجرة في التاريخ الإنساني تحدث الآن على طول الطرق العامة مثل الطريق 312، وعشرات الملايين من الناس يغادرون بيوتهم بحثاً عن العمل. وهو يرى علامات ازدهار الاقتصاد الحضري في كل مكان، ولكنه يكشف الغطاء أيضاً عن الكثير من مواطن الضعف في البلاد، وعن بعض المشكلات المستحكمة التي يمكنها أن تُخرِج صعود الصين عن مساره. والمغامرة الآسرة للانتباه مرويَّة كلها من خلال جماعة من أصحاب الشخصيات الفياضة بالألوان الذين يقابلهم غيفورد: من مذيعين ثرثارين ناجحين من شباب حضر ممتهنين طموحين من مقدمي برامج المقابلات، ومن فلاحين مفقَّرين ونساء ساقطات مأساويات، ومن باعة أجهزة الهاتف الجوال، ومن مرضى الإيدز، ومن رهبان التيبت. وهو يركب مع أعضاء من نادي سيارات الجيب في شنغهاي، ويركب مجاناً بإيقاف السيارات عبر صحراء غوبي، ويغني الكارايوكي وهي أغان شعبية وفق موسيقى مسجلة مع العمال المهاجرين في شاحنات تتوقف على طول الطريق. وروب غيفورد، وهو يروي رحلاته على طول الطريق 312، يعطي وجهاً لبلاد كانت تاريخياً، بالنسبة إلى الغربيين، بلاداً بلا وجه، وينفخ الحياة في أمة أحيلت في الكثير من الأحيان إلى إحصاءات اقتصادية. وأخيراً، فهو يصدر الصوت بالتحذير من أن الأمور ليست كلها على ما يرام في قلب الأرض الصينية، وأن مشكلات جدية تنتظر أمامها، وأن مستقبل الغرب قد صار مستقبلا مرتبطاً ارتباطاً لا يمكن فكاكه مع مصير 1.3 بليون نسمة من الشعب الصيني. العبيكان للنشر

Forthcoming Books

Author : Rose Arny
ISBN : UOM:39015054030385
Genre : American literature
File Size : 86. 60 MB
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