conservation biological control neural network systems techniques and applications

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Neural Network Systems Techniques And Applications

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ISBN : 0080553907
Genre : Computers
File Size : 48. 62 MB
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The book emphasizes neural network structures for achieving practical and effective systems, and provides many examples. Practitioners, researchers, and students in industrial, manufacturing, electrical, mechanical,and production engineering will find this volume a unique and comprehensive reference source for diverse application methodologies. Control and Dynamic Systems covers the important topics of highly effective Orthogonal Activation Function Based Neural Network System Architecture, multi-layer recurrent neural networks for synthesizing and implementing real-time linear control,adaptive control of unknown nonlinear dynamical systems, Optimal Tracking Neural Controller techniques, a consideration of unified approximation theory and applications, techniques for the determination of multi-variable nonlinear model structures for dynamic systems with a detailed treatment of relevant system model input determination, High Order Neural Networks and Recurrent High Order Neural Networks, High Order Moment Neural Array Systems, Online Learning Neural Network controllers, and Radial Bias Function techniques. Coverage includes: Orthogonal Activation Function Based Neural Network System Architecture (OAFNN) Multilayer recurrent neural networks for synthesizing and implementing real-time linear control Adaptive control of unknown nonlinear dynamical systems Optimal Tracking Neural Controller techniques Consideration of unified approximation theory and applications Techniques for determining multivariable nonlinear model structures for dynamic systems, with a detailed treatment of relevant system model input determination

Conservation Biological Control

Author : Pedro Barbosa
ISBN : 0120781476
Genre : Nature
File Size : 52. 18 MB
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Chapter 1: Conservation Biological Control: Past, Present, and Future. Introduction. Historical Development. Current Situationin. Challenges for the Future. Concluding Remarks. Chapter 2: Conservation Biology: Lessons for Conserving Natural Enemies. Introduction. Lessons from Conservation Biology. a) Habitat Loss, Fragmentation, Isoiation, and Degradation and Species Extinction. b) Locally and Ecologically Extinct Species. c) Disturbance and Biodiversity: Influence of Scale, Intensity, and the Frequency of Disturbance Regimes. d) Spatiai Fragmentation, Species Richness, and the Fate of Species in a Habitat. e) Functional Populations and Communities: Maintenance of Subpopulations and Habitat Patches as Source Pools for Recolonization. f) Conservation by Preservation and Enhancement of Biodiversity: Active Pograms of Ecological Restoration of Habitat Quality. Conclusion: Conservation Biological Control, Policy, and Changing Perspectives. Chapter 3: Agroecosystems and Conservation Biological Control. Introduction. The Nature of Managed Habitats and its Impact on Conservation Biological Control. The Nature of the Herbivore Communities and its Impact on Conservation Biological Control. The Nature of the Natural Enemy Community and its Impact on Conservation Biological Control Chapter 4: The Influence of Plants on Insect Parasitoids: Implications for Conservation Biological Control. Introduction. Influence of Plant Patch Structure and Diversity (inter- and intrapatch traits). a) Influences of the Size, Number, and Shape of Plant Patches. b) Size and Shape of Plants in Patches. c) Plant Taxonomic Diversity. d) Physical Plant and Chemical Signals with in Patches. Influence of Single Plants on with in Plant Parasitoid Responses and Survival. a) Sources of Food. b) Chemical Cues and Barriers to Searching Parasitoids. c) Chemical Cues and Barriers to Developing Parasitoids. d) Indirect Effects of Plant Quality. e) Physical Features of Plants. f) Morphology of Plants and Microclimate. Conclusions: Constraints and Opportunities. Chapter 5: Influence of Plants on Invertebrate Predators: Implications to Conservation Biological Control. Introduction. Plant Morphology and Chemistry a) Plant Chemical Cues. b) Influence of Plant Morphology. Plant Species Diversity in and Around Agroecosystems a) Consequences of Plant Species Diversity. b) Consequences of Differences in Plant Quality. Conclusions. Chapter 6: Ecologlcal Considerations in the Conservation of Effective Parasitoid Communities in Agricultural Systems. Introduction. Disturbance Regimes in Unmanaged and Agricultural Systems. a) Crop Scale Disturbance Regimes and Parasitoids. b) Farm-level Disturbance Regimes and Parasitoids. c) Landscape-level Disturbance Regimes and Parasitoids. Parasitoid Metapopulations in Agricultural Systems. Parasitoid Community Dynamics in Agricultural Systems. Conclusions. Chapter 7: Habitat Enhancement and Conservation of Natural Enemies of Insects. Introduction. Agricultural Landscape Mosaics. Identifying Essential Resources: Bases for Habitat Modification. Conclusions . a) Landscape Perspective. b) Actions with in an IPM Context: Benefits and Constraints. Chapter 8: Sown weed strips: Artificial Ecologlcal Compensation. Areas as an Important tool in Conservation Biological Control. Introduction. How to Create Sown Weed Strips. Enhancing Diversity of Beneficials. a) Spiders. b) Ground Beetles. Herbivores: Promoting Biodiversity, but not of Pests. a) Aphids. b) Phytophagous Beetles. c)other herbivores. mechanisms. a) additional hibemation sites. b) increased Perforrnance and Fitness of Predators and Parasitoids. Conclusions. Chapter 9: Habitat Manipulation and Natural Enemy Efficiency: Implications for the Control of Pests. Introduction. Ecological Principles Gulding Habitat Manipulation. A) Diversity and Stability B) The "Enemies Hypothesis" . C) Bionomic Strategies. Practical Considerations in Habitat Manipulation. A) Choice of Crap Systems for Habitat Manipulation . b) Choice of Habitat Manipulation Strategy. C) Spatial Considerations in Habitat Manipulation . Integration of Habitat Manipulation with other Pest Management Techniques. Conclusions. Chapter 10: Naturally Occurring Biological Controls in Genetically Engineered Crops. Introduction and Overview. Genetic Engineering for Insect Resistance. A) Direct Effects on Biological Control Agents. B) Indirect Effects on Biological Control Agents. C) Impact on Population-Level Food Web Interactions. D) Conservation of Biological Control Agents and Resistance Management. Genetic Engineering for Improved Horticultural Characteristics. A) Impraved Tolerance of Pest Damage. B) Altered Plant Architecture. C) Altered Plant Surfaces. D)Expanded Range of Growing Conditions. Conservation Biological Control and Marketing Genetically Engineered Crops. Chapter 11: Pesticides and Conservation of Natural Enemies. Introduction. Effects of Pesticides on Natural Enemies. A) Evaluating the Effects of Pesticides on Natural Enemies. B) Pesticide Selectivity. Relative Roles of Pesticides and Natural Enemies in IPM. A) Integrating Pesticides and Natural Enemies Conclusion. Chapter 12: Conservation Biological Control of Mobile Pests: Problems and Tactics. Introduction. Effective Natural Enemies of Mobile Pests. A) Mobile Natural Enemies.B) Habitat Shifts by Natural Enemies of Mobile Pests. Conserving Natural Enemies of Mobile Pests. Conclusions. Chapter 15: Deployment of the Predaceous ants and their Conservation in Agroecosystems. Introduction. Examples of the Deployment of Ants for Biologlcal Control. A) Ants for the Control of Cocoa (theobroma cacao l.) Pests. B) Oecophylla Species for the Control of Tree Crop Pests in Asia and Africa.. C) Conservation and Deployment of Pheidole megacephala in Cuba. The Role of Ants as Natural Biologlcal Control Agents. A)"Milpas" in Central America. B) Ants as Natural Biological Controls of Cotton Pests. Drawing Generalizations from the Examples. A) Perennial Versus Annual Cropping Systems. B) Ant-Homopteran Mutualism. C) Good Versus Bad Ants. D) The Ant Community. E) Habitat Manipulation for the Conservation of Ants. The Interface Between Agroecology and Conservation Biology. Chapter 16: Conservation of Aphidophaga in Pecan Orchards. Introduction. A) Pecan Culture. B)Pecan Insect Control. Pecan Aphid Biology and Control. Natural Enemies of Pecan Aphids. Conserving Natural Enemies of Pecan Insects. Enhancement Techniques in Pecan Orchards. Discussion. Chapter 17: Conservation Biological Control of Spider Mites in Perennial Cropping Systems. Introduction. Successful Mite Biological Control in Perennial Cropping Systems. Patterns of Mite Predator-prey Dynamics in Newyorkapples. Generalizations and Future Research. A) Characteristics that may Enhance Persistence traits of Phytoseiids. B) Characteristics That May Enhance Persistence traits of the Host Plant. C) Establishing and Fostering Phytoseiid Mites in Perennial Systems. Summary. Chapter 18: Conserving Epiphytic Microorganisms on Fruits and Vegetables for Biological Control. Introduction. Defining Biological Control Systems. The Postharvest Environment: Opportunities for Biological Control. Multifaceted Biological Control. Conserving and Promoting Naturally. Occurring Epiphytic Antagonists: An IPM Perspective. A) Pesticides. B) Cultural Practices. Environmental Effects on Epiphytic Microorganisms. Genetic Control of the Antagonists Environment. The Road not Traveled: Epilogue. Chapter 19: Biological Control of Soil-Borne Pathogens with Resident Versus Introduced Antagonists: Should Diverging Approaches Become Strategic Convergence? Introduction. The Bases of Biological Control of Soil-Borne Pathogens. A) The Nature of Current Practices in the Bioliogical Control of Soil-Borne Pathogens. B) The Nature of Current Agents used in the Bioliogical Control of Soil-Borne Pathogens. c) The Mode of Action of Bioliogical Control Agents of Soil-Borne Pathogens. The Complexity of the Environment and Interactions Therein. A Way to Sort out and Understand Multivariate Complexity: the use of Mathematical Models. Fluorescent Pseudomonads and Biological Control; Inunda tive Release or Manipulation of the Environment: the different Approaches. A) Inundative Release: use of Single Antagonistic Strains. B) Manipulating the Environment: Pseudomonads as a Population and Multifactorial Analiysis. conclusion . Chapter 20: Conservation Strategies for the Biological Control of Weeds. Introduction. Factors that Limit the Success of Weed Biological Control Agents.A) Factors that Regulate Control Agent Populations. B) Factors that Determine Effectiveness of Agent Populations. Conservation and use of Native Biological Control Agents. Conclusions and Recommendations.

Adaptation In Natural And Artificial Systems

Author : John Henry Holland
ISBN : 0262581116
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 20. 80 MB
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List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

Neural Network Applications In Control

Author : George William Irwin
ISBN : 0852968523
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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Introducing a wide variety of network types, including Kohenen nets, n-tuple nets and radial basis function networks as well as the more useful multilayer perception back-propagation networks, this book aims to give a detailed appreciation of the use of neural nets in these applications.

Engineering Applications Of Bio Inspired Artificial Neural Networks

Author : Jose Mira
ISBN : 3540660682
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66. 47 MB
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This book constitutes, together with its compagnion LNCS 1606, the refereed proceedings of the International Work-Conference on Artificial and Neural Networks, IWANN'99, held in Alicante, Spain in June 1999. The 91 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. This volume is devoted to applications of biologically inspired artificial neural networks in various engineering disciplines. The papers are organized in parts on artificial neural nets simulation and implementation, image processing, and engineering applications.

Computational Ecology

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ISBN : 9789814466899
Genre :
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Intelligent Information Systems And Knowledge Management For Energy Applications For Decision Support Usage And Environmental Protection

Author : Metaxiotis, Kostas
ISBN : 9781605667386
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 45 MB
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"This book analyzes the need for a holistic approach for the construction and engineering of cities and societies"--Provided by publisher.

Computational Intelligence And Its Applications

Author : H K Lam
ISBN : 9781908977076
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34. 8 MB
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This book focuses on computational intelligence techniques and their applications — fast-growing and promising research topics that have drawn a great deal of attention from researchers over the years. It brings together many different aspects of the current research on intelligence technologies such as neural networks, support vector machines, fuzzy logic and evolutionary computation, and covers a wide range of applications from pattern recognition and system modeling, to intelligent control problems and biomedical applications. Fundamental concepts and essential analysis of various computational techniques are presented to offer a systematic and effective tool for better treatment of different applications, and simulation and experimental results are included to illustrate the design procedure and the effectiveness of the approaches. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Maximal Margin Algorithms for Pose Estimation (658 KB) Contents:Evolutionary Computation and Its Applications:Maximal Margin Algorithms for Pose Estimation (Ying Guo and Jiaming Li)Polynomial Modeling in a Dynamic Environment Based on a Particle Swarm Optimization (Kit Yan Chan and Tharam S Dillon)Restoration of Half-toned Color-quantized Images Using Particle Swarm Optimization with Multi-wavelet Mutation (Frank H F Leung, Benny C W Yeung and Y H Chan)Fuzzy Logics and Their Applications:Hypoglycemia Detection for Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus: Evolved Fuzzy Inference System Approach (S H Ling, P P San and H T Nguyen)Neural Networks and Their Applications:Study of Limit Cycle Behavior of Weights of Perceptron (C Y F Ho and B W K Ling)Artificial Neural Network Modeling with Application to Nonlinear Dynamics (Yi Zhao)Solving Eigen-problems of Matrices by Neural Networks (Yiguang Liu, Zhisheng You, Bingbing Liu and Jiliu Zhou)Automated Screw Insertion Monitoring Using Neural Networks: A Computational Intelligence Approach to Assembly in Manufacturing (Bruno Lara, Lakmal D Seneviratne and Kaspar Althoefer)Support Vector Machines and Their Applications:On the Applications of Heart Disease Risk Classification and Hand-written Character Recognition Using Support Vector Machines (S R Alty, H K Lam and J Prada)Nonlinear Modeling Using Support Vector Machine for Heart Rate Response to Exercise (Weidong Chen, Steven W Su, Yi Zhang, Ying Guo, Nghir Nguyen, Branko G Celler and Hung T Nguyen)Machine Learning-based Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for Heart Rate Response to Exercise (Yi Zhang, Steven W Su, Branko G Celler and Hung T Nguyen)Intelligent Fault Detection and Isolation of HVAC System Based on Online Support Vector Machine (Davood Dehestani, Ying Guo, Sai Ho Ling, Steven W Su and Hung T Nguyen) Readership: Graduates and researchers in computer science, especially those specialising in artificial intelligence, neural networks, fuzzy logic and pattern recognition. Keywords:Evolutionary Computation;Fuzzy Logic;Neural Networks;Support Vector MachineKey Features:Covers wide-ranging applications from pattern recognition, control systems to biomedical applications. Various computational techniques are proposed and presented in detail for the treatment of various problemsMost of the applications in this book are real and high impact, such as hypoglycaemia, detection for diabetes patients, cardio respiratory response estimation, pattern recognition and pose estimationAddresses important related problems and difficulties using the collective experiences and knowledge from the contributors, who are each prominent in their own area of research

Handbook Of Research On Novel Soft Computing Intelligent Algorithms

Author : Pandian Vasant
ISBN : 9781466644519
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"This book explores emerging technologies and best practices designed to effectively address concerns inherent in properly optimizing advanced systems, demonstrating applications in areas such as bio-engineering, space exploration, industrial informatics, information security, and nuclear and renewable energies"--Provided by publisher.

Encyclopedia Of Agrophysics

Author : Jan Gliński
ISBN : 9789048135844
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 17 MB
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This Encyclopedia of Agrophysics will provide up-to-date information on the physical properties and processes affecting the quality of the environment and plant production. It will be a "first-up" volume which will nicely complement the recently published Encyclopedia of Soil Science, (November 2007) which was published in the same series. In a single authoritative volume a collection of about 250 informative articles and ca 400 glossary terms covering all aspects of agrophysics will be presented. The authors will be renowned specialists in various aspects in agrophysics from a wide variety of countries. Agrophysics is important both for research and practical use not only in agriculture, but also in areas like environmental science, land reclamation, food processing etc. Agrophysics is a relatively new interdisciplinary field closely related to Agrochemistry, Agrobiology, Agroclimatology and Agroecology. Nowadays it has been fully accepted as an agricultural and environmental discipline. As such this Encyclopedia volume will be an indispensable working tool for scientists and practitioners from different disciplines, like agriculture, soil science, geosciences, environmental science, geography, and engineering.

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