continuous time markov chains and applications 37 stochastic modelling and applied probability

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Continuous Time Markov Chains And Applications

Author : G. George Yin
ISBN : 9781461443469
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 81. 45 MB
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This book gives a systematic treatment of singularly perturbed systems that naturally arise in control and optimization, queueing networks, manufacturing systems, and financial engineering. It presents results on asymptotic expansions of solutions of Komogorov forward and backward equations, properties of functional occupation measures, exponential upper bounds, and functional limit results for Markov chains with weak and strong interactions. To bridge the gap between theory and applications, a large portion of the book is devoted to applications in controlled dynamic systems, production planning, and numerical methods for controlled Markovian systems with large-scale and complex structures in the real-world problems. This second edition has been updated throughout and includes two new chapters on asymptotic expansions of solutions for backward equations and hybrid LQG problems. The chapters on analytic and probabilistic properties of two-time-scale Markov chains have been almost completely rewritten and the notation has been streamlined and simplified. This book is written for applied mathematicians, engineers, operations researchers, and applied scientists. Selected material from the book can also be used for a one semester advanced graduate-level course in applied probability and stochastic processes.

Engineering Mathematics Ii

Author : Sergei Silvestrov
ISBN : 9783319421056
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39. 83 MB
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This book highlights the latest advances in engineering mathematics with a main focus on the mathematical models, structures, concepts, problems and computational methods and algorithms most relevant for applications in modern technologies and engineering. It addresses mathematical methods of algebra, applied matrix analysis, operator analysis, probability theory and stochastic processes, geometry and computational methods in network analysis, data classification, ranking and optimisation. The individual chapters cover both theory and applications, and include a wealth of figures, schemes, algorithms, tables and results of data analysis and simulation. Presenting new methods and results, reviews of cutting-edge research, and open problems for future research, they equip readers to develop new mathematical methods and concepts of their own, and to further compare and analyse the methods and results discussed. The book consists of contributed chapters covering research developed as a result of a focused international seminar series on mathematics and applied mathematics and a series of three focused international research workshops on engineering mathematics organised by the Research Environment in Mathematics and Applied Mathematics at Mälardalen University from autumn 2014 to autumn 2015: the International Workshop on Engineering Mathematics for Electromagnetics and Health Technology; the International Workshop on Engineering Mathematics, Algebra, Analysis and Electromagnetics; and the 1st Swedish-Estonian International Workshop on Engineering Mathematics, Algebra, Analysis and Applications. It serves as a source of inspiration for a broad spectrum of researchers and research students in applied mathematics, as well as in the areas of applications of mathematics considered in the book.

Nonlinearly Perturbed Semi Markov Processes

Author : Dmitrii Silvestrov
ISBN : 9783319609881
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76. 46 MB
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The book presents new methods of asymptotic analysis for nonlinearly perturbed semi-Markov processes with a finite phase space. These methods are based on special time-space screening procedures for sequential phase space reduction of semi-Markov processes combined with the systematical use of operational calculus for Laurent asymptotic expansions. Effective recurrent algorithms are composed for getting asymptotic expansions, without and with explicit upper bounds for remainders, for power moments of hitting times, stationary and conditional quasi-stationary distributions for nonlinearly perturbed semi-Markov processes. These results are illustrated by asymptotic expansions for birth-death-type semi-Markov processes, which play an important role in various applications. The book will be a useful contribution to the continuing intensive studies in the area. It is an essential reference for theoretical and applied researchers in the field of stochastic processes and their applications that will contribute to continuing extensive studies in the area and remain relevant for years to come.

Applied Probability And Queues

Author : Søren Asmussen
ISBN : 0387002111
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 25 MB
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This updated new edition introduces the reader to the fundamentals of queueing theory, including Markov processes and random walks. It contains an extended treatment of queueing networks and matrix analytic methods as well as additional topics like Poisson's equation, Palm theory and heavy tails.

Stochastic Control Of Hereditary Systems And Applications

Author : Mou-Hsiung Chang
ISBN : 038775816X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53. 62 MB
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This monograph develops the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory via dynamic programming principle for a class of optimal control problems for stochastic hereditary differential equations (SHDEs) driven by a standard Brownian motion and with a bounded or an infinite but fading memory. These equations represent a class of stochastic infinite-dimensional systems that become increasingly important and have wide range of applications in physics, chemistry, biology, engineering and economics/finance. This monograph can be used as a reference for those who have special interest in optimal control theory and applications of stochastic hereditary systems.

Average Cost Control Of Stochastic Manufacturing Systems

Author : Suresh P. Sethi
ISBN : 0387219471
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46. 78 MB
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"The material covered in this book cuts across the disciplines of Applied Mathematics, Operations Management, Operations Research, and System and Control Theory. It is written for operations researchers, system and control theorists, applied mathematicians, operations management specialists, and industrial engineers."--Jacket.

Discrete Time Markov Chains

Author : George Yin
ISBN : 038721948X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 81. 97 MB
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Focusing on discrete-time-scale Markov chains, the contents of this book are an outgrowth of some of the authors' recent research. The motivation stems from existing and emerging applications in optimization and control of complex hybrid Markovian systems in manufacturing, wireless communication, and financial engineering. Much effort in this book is devoted to designing system models arising from these applications, analyzing them via analytic and probabilistic techniques, and developing feasible computational algorithms so as to reduce the inherent complexity. This book presents results including asymptotic expansions of probability vectors, structural properties of occupation measures, exponential bounds, aggregation and decomposition and associated limit processes, and interface of discrete-time and continuous-time systems. One of the salient features is that it contains a diverse range of applications on filtering, estimation, control, optimization, and Markov decision processes, and financial engineering. This book will be an important reference for researchers in the areas of applied probability, control theory, operations research, as well as for practitioners who use optimization techniques. Part of the book can also be used in a graduate course of applied probability, stochastic processes, and applications.

Continuous Time Markov Decision Processes

Author : Xianping Guo
ISBN : 9783642025471
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 44 MB
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Continuous-time Markov decision processes (MDPs), also known as controlled Markov chains, are used for modeling decision-making problems that arise in operations research (for instance, inventory, manufacturing, and queueing systems), computer science, communications engineering, control of populations (such as fisheries and epidemics), and management science, among many other fields. This volume provides a unified, systematic, self-contained presentation of recent developments on the theory and applications of continuous-time MDPs. The MDPs in this volume include most of the cases that arise in applications, because they allow unbounded transition and reward/cost rates. Much of the material appears for the first time in book form.

Constructive Computation In Stochastic Models With Applications

Author : Quan-Lin Li
ISBN : 364211492X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78. 49 MB
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"Constructive Computation in Stochastic Models with Applications: The RG-Factorizations" provides a unified, constructive and algorithmic framework for numerical computation of many practical stochastic systems. It summarizes recent important advances in computational study of stochastic models from several crucial directions, such as stationary computation, transient solution, asymptotic analysis, reward processes, decision processes, sensitivity analysis as well as game theory. Graduate students, researchers and practicing engineers in the field of operations research, management sciences, applied probability, computer networks, manufacturing systems, transportation systems, insurance and finance, risk management and biological sciences will find this book valuable. Dr. Quan-Lin Li is an Associate Professor at the Department of Industrial Engineering of Tsinghua University, China.

Stochastic Portfolio Theory

Author : E. Robert Fernholz
ISBN : 9781475736991
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 25. 26 MB
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Stochastic portfolio theory is a mathematical methodology for constructing stock portfolios and for analyzing the effects induced on the behavior of these portfolios by changes in the distribution of capital in the market. Stochastic portfolio theory has both theoretical and practical applications: as a theoretical tool it can be used to construct examples of theoretical portfolios with specified characteristics and to determine the distributional component of portfolio return. This book is an introduction to stochastic portfolio theory for investment professionals and for students of mathematical finance. Each chapter includes a number of problems of varying levels of difficulty and a brief summary of the principal results of the chapter, without proofs.

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