# convergence foundations of topology

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## Convergence Foundations Of Topology

**Author :**Szymon Dolecki

**ISBN :**9789814571548

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**40. 71 MB

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This textbook is an alternative to a classical introductory book in point-set topology. The approach, however, is radically different from the classical one. It is based on convergence rather than on open and closed sets. Convergence of filters is a natural generalization of the basic and well-known concept of convergence of sequences, so that convergence theory is more natural and intuitive to many, perhaps most, students than classical topology. On the other hand, the framework of convergence is easier, more powerful and far-reaching which highlights a need for a theory of convergence in various branches of analysis. Convergence theory for filters is gradually introduced and systematically developed. Topological spaces are presented as a special subclass of convergence spaces of particular interest, but a large part of the material usually developed in a topology textbook is treated in the larger realm of convergence spaces.

## Foundations Of Topology

**Author :**Gerhard Preuß

**ISBN :**9789401004893

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**49. 26 MB

**Format :**PDF

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A new foundation of Topology, summarized under the name Convenient Topology, is considered such that several deficiencies of topological and uniform spaces are remedied. This does not mean that these spaces are superfluous. It means exactly that a better framework for handling problems of a topological nature is used. In this setting semiuniform convergence spaces play an essential role. They include not only convergence structures such as topological structures and limit space structures, but also uniform convergence structures such as uniform structures and uniform limit space structures, and they are suitable for studying continuity, Cauchy continuity and uniform continuity as well as convergence structures in function spaces, e.g. simple convergence, continuous convergence and uniform convergence. Various interesting results are presented which cannot be obtained by using topological or uniform spaces in the usual context. The text is self-contained with the exception of the last chapter, where the intuitive concept of nearness is incorporated in Convenient Topology (there exist already excellent expositions on nearness spaces).

## Foundations Of Topology

**Author :**C. Wayne Patty

**ISBN :**9781449668655

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**87. 41 MB

**Format :**PDF, Docs

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Topology is a branch of pure mathematics that deals with the abstract relationships found in geometry and analysis. Written with the mature student in mind, Foundations of Topology, Second Edition, provides a user-friendly, clear, and concise introduction to this fascinating area of mathematics. The author introduces topics that are well motivated with thorough proofs that make them easy to follow. Historical comments are dispersed throughout the text, and exercises, varying in degree of difficulty, are found at the end of each chapter. Foundations of Topology is an excellent text for teaching students how to develop the skill to write clear and precise proofs.

## Foundations Of General Topology

**Author :**William J. Pervin

**ISBN :**9781483225159

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**26. 77 MB

**Format :**PDF, Kindle

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Foundations of General Topology presents the value of careful presentations of proofs and shows the power of abstraction. This book provides a careful treatment of general topology. Organized into 11 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the important notions about cardinal and ordinal numbers. This text then presents the fundamentals of general topology in logical order processing from the most general case of a topological space to the restrictive case of a complete metric space. Other chapters consider a general method for completing a metric space that is applicable to the rationals and present the sufficient conditions for metrizability. This book discusses as well the study of spaces of real-valued continuous functions. The final chapter deals with uniform continuity of functions, which involves finding a distance that satisfies certain requirements for all points of the space simultaneously. This book is a valuable resource for students and research workers.

## Beyond Topology

**Author :**Frdric Mynard

**ISBN :**9780821842799

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**43. 66 MB

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The purpose of this collection is to guide the non-specialist through the basic theory of various generalizations of topology, starting with clear motivations for their introduction. Structures considered include closure spaces, convergence spaces, proximity spaces, quasi-uniform spaces, merotopic spaces, nearness and filter spaces, semi-uniform convergence spaces, and approach spaces. Each chapter is self-contained and accessible to the graduate student, and focuses on motivations to introduce the generalization of topologies considered, presenting examples where desirable properties are not present in the realm of topologies and the problem is remedied in the more general context. Then, enough material will be covered to prepare the reader for more advanced papers on the topic. While category theory is not the focus of the book, it is a convenient language to study these structures and, while kept as a tool rather than an object of study, will be used throughout the book. For this reason, the book contains an introductory chapter on categorical topology.

## Handbook Of Analysis And Its Foundations

**Author :**Eric Schechter

**ISBN :**0080532993

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**52. 49 MB

**Format :**PDF, Kindle

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Handbook of Analysis and Its Foundations is a self-contained and unified handbook on mathematical analysis and its foundations. Intended as a self-study guide for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduatestudents in mathematics and a reference for more advanced mathematicians, this highly readable book provides broader coverage than competing texts in the area. Handbook of Analysis and Its Foundations provides an introduction to a wide range of topics, including: algebra; topology; normed spaces; integration theory; topological vector spaces; and differential equations. The author effectively demonstrates the relationships between these topics and includes a few chapters on set theory and logic to explain the lack of examples for classical pathological objects whose existence proofs are not constructive. More complete than any other book on the subject, students will find this to be an invaluable handbook. Covers some hard-to-find results including: Bessagas and Meyers converses of the Contraction Fixed Point Theorem Redefinition of subnets by Aarnes and Andenaes Ghermans characterization of topological convergences Neumanns nonlinear Closed Graph Theorem van Maarens geometry-free version of Sperners Lemma Includes a few advanced topics in functional analysis Features all areas of the foundations of analysis except geometry Combines material usually found in many different sources, making this unified treatment more convenient for the user Has its own webpage: http://math.vanderbilt.edu/

## Foundations Of General Topology

**Author :**William J. Pervin

**ISBN :**9781483225159

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**40. 97 MB

**Format :**PDF, Docs

**Download :**787

**Read :**1331

Foundations of General Topology presents the value of careful presentations of proofs and shows the power of abstraction. This book provides a careful treatment of general topology. Organized into 11 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the important notions about cardinal and ordinal numbers. This text then presents the fundamentals of general topology in logical order processing from the most general case of a topological space to the restrictive case of a complete metric space. Other chapters consider a general method for completing a metric space that is applicable to the rationals and present the sufficient conditions for metrizability. This book discusses as well the study of spaces of real-valued continuous functions. The final chapter deals with uniform continuity of functions, which involves finding a distance that satisfies certain requirements for all points of the space simultaneously. This book is a valuable resource for students and research workers.