counterterrorism reassessing the policy response

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Counterterrorism

Author : Benoît Gomis
ISBN : 9781482237160
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 20 MB
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Counterterrorism: Reassessing the Policy Response promotes a more nuanced understanding of the effectiveness of current counterterrorism practices and the need for reform. It challenges government, media, and academic accounts that exaggerate terrorist threats, particularly in comparison to other threats such as organized crime. Author Benoît Gomis responds to the problem of overreaction with guidelines that address terrorism as a problem to be managed rather than as an existential threat that can be eradicated. He proposes a more realistic assessment of the threat from terrorism, domestic or international, by relating terrorism to broader security, social, and political contexts. The book examines current issues in counterterrorism, including the opportunity costs of counterterrorism policies, their psychological impact, the role of the media and experts, and the risks associated with oversimplifying the challenges posed by terrorism. It also explores less prominent areas of terrorism studies such as right-wing extremism, links between terrorism and organized crime, and citizen privacy. Case studies illustrate each chapter, with some detailing differences in counterterrorist policy between countries. The studies focus on Western countries, particularly the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. The book also highlights the responsibility of nongovernmental actors in analyzing the threat and informing policies. Counterterrorism: Reassessing the Policy Response is a timely commentary on contemporary developments in counterterrorist policy and practice, including drones, social media, and recent revelations on intelligence programs. It identifies potential dangers in technology and measures that can be taken to minimize them. More importantly, it provides guidance on how current policy can be reformed to assume a more objective, measured, and effective approach against terrorism.

Counterterrorism

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:905897392
Genre :
File Size : 21. 94 MB
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Contemporary Debates On Terrorism

Author : Richard Jackson
ISBN : 9781317395218
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 23 MB
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Contemporary Debates on Terrorism is an innovative textbook, addressing a number of key issues in terrorism studies from both traditional and 'critical' perspectives. This second edition has been revised and updated to cover contemporary issues such as the rise of ISIL and cyberterrorism. In recent years, the terrorism studies field has grown in quantity and quality, with a growing number of scholars rooted in various professional disciplines beginning to debate the complex dynamics underlying this category of violence. Within the broader field, there are a number of identifiable controversies and questions which divide scholarly opinion and generate opposing arguments. These relate to theoretical issues, such as the definition of terrorism and state terrorism, substantive issues like the threat posed by al Qaeda/ISIL and the utility of different responses to terrorism, different pathways leading people to engage in terrorist tactics and ethical issues such as the use of drones. This new edition brings together in one place many of the field’s leading scholars to debate the key issues relating to a set of 16 important controversies and questions. The format of the volume involves a leading scholar taking a particular position on the controversy, followed by an opposing or alternative viewpoint written by another scholar. In addition to the pedagogic value of allowing students to read opposing arguments in one place, the volume will also be important for providing an overview of the state of the field and its key lines of debate. This book will be essential reading for students of terrorism studies and political violence, critical terrorism studies, security studies and IR in general.

The Common Security And Defence Policy National Perspectives

Author : Daniel Fiott
ISBN : 9789038225241
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 86 MB
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Given the Ukraine crisis, Russia’s resurgence and the burning crises in the South there has never been a better time to discuss European defence. From November 2014 to March 2015, the online magazine European Geostrategy published a number of excellent essays on the European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), all from a national perspective. You can now read all of the essays in this one neat publication. Indeed, in this essay collection jointly published by European Geostrategy, the Egmont Institute and the Institute for European Studies, a host of leading experts give their national perspectives on the present state and future of the EU’s CSDP. Each of the thirty-four essays focuses on the continued relevance of the CSDP when compared to the security challenges facing Europe today. Some essays give a bleak picture of the future, whereas others see grounds for optimism. Either way the essays are bound to provoke reactions of all kinds.

What Is A Refugee

Author : William Maley
ISBN : 9780190652388
Genre : Globalization
File Size : 24. 75 MB
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"With the recent arrival in Europe of over a million refugees and asylum-seekers, a sense of panic has spread across the continent and beyond. William Maley's illuminating introduction offers a guide to the complex idea of "the refugee" and sets the current crisis within the wider history of human exile, injecting much-needed objectivity and nuance into the debate. Arguing that Western states are now reaping the consequences of policies aimed at blocking safe and "legal" access to asylum, 'What is a refugee?' shows why many proposed solutions to the refugee "problem" will exacerbate tension and risk fueling the growth of extremism among people who have been denied all hope. This lucid book also tells of the families and individuals who have sought refuge, highlighting the suffering, separation and dislocation on their perilous journeys to safety. Only through such stories can we properly begin to understand what it is to be a refugee."--Book jacket.

The Long Shadow Of 9 11

Author : Brian Michael Jenkins
ISBN : 9780833058386
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 87. 32 MB
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This book provides a multifaceted array of answers to the question, In the ten years since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, how has America responded? In a series of essays, RAND authors lend a farsighted perspective to the national dialogue on 9/11's legacy. The essays assess the military, political, fiscal, social, cultural, psychological, and even moral implications of U.S. policymaking since 9/11. Part One of the book addresses the lessons learned from America's accomplishments and mistakes in its responses to the 9/11 attacks and the ongoing terrorist threat. Part Two explores reactions to the extreme ideologies of the terrorists and to the fears they have generated. Part Three presents the dilemmas of asymmetrical warfare and suggests ways to resolve them. Part Four cautions against sacrificing a long-term strategy by imposing short-term solutions, particularly with respect to air passenger security and counterterrorism intelligence. Finally, Part Five looks at the effects of the terrorist attacks on the U.S. public health system, at the potential role of compensation policy for losses incurred by terrorism, and at the possible long-term effects of terrorism and counterterrorism on American values, laws, and society.--Publisher description.

Queer International Relations

Author : Cynthia Weber
ISBN : 9780199795864
Genre : Human rights
File Size : 62. 76 MB
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"This book puts International Relations scholarship and Queer Studies scholarship in conversation to tell a story about how sovereignty and sexuality are entangled in international relations theory and policy through numerous figurations of 'the homosexual' - as 'the underdeveloped', 'the un-developable', 'the unwanted im/migrant', 'the terrorist', 'the gay rights holder', 'the gay patriot' and Eurovision-winner Conchita Wurst's 'bearded lady'"--

The Politics Of Islamophobia

Author : David Tyrer
ISBN : 1849648743
Genre : Islam
File Size : 48. 38 MB
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"Despite its emblematic place within contemporary racism and its increasingly important position in defining relations between states and ethnicised minorities, Islamophobia remains a contested, frequently unrecognised and largely under-theorised form of racism. The Politics of Islamophobia provides a definitive contribution to these debates, offering a theoretically sophisticated account which draws upon a series of substantive case studies to position Islamophobia as an expression of racialised governmentality"--Provided by publisher.

Attacking Terrorism

Author : Audrey Kurth Cronin
ISBN : 1589012445
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85. 14 MB
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The definition and understanding of "terrorism" is in a state of unprecedented evolution. No longer are acts of terrorism rare and far-flung. Following the horrendous attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, U.S. citizens have had their eyes opened to a new world where this nightmare stalks the daily news and is never far from consciousness. Attacking Terrorism brings together some of the world's finest experts, people who have made the study of this rising menace their life's work, to provide a comprehensive picture of the challenges and opportunities of the campaign against international terrorism. Part one, "The Nature of Terrorism," provides an overview and foundation for the current campaign, placing it within the political and historical context of previous threats and responses. Part two, "The Responses to Terrorism," looks at the range of policy instruments required in an effective strategy against terrorism. The contributors to this volume bring finely honed analyses and nuanced perspectives to the terrorist realities of the twenty-first century—history, analyses, and perspectives that have been too often oversimplified or myopic. They bring a new depth of understanding and myriad new dimensions to the crisis of terrorism. And they reach into aspects of counterterrorism that broaden our grasp on such important tools as diplomacy, intelligence and counterintelligence, psycho-political means, international law, criminal law enforcement, military force, foreign aid, and homeland security, showing not only how these tools are currently being employed but how often they are being underutilized as well. Attacking Terrorism demonstrates that there are no easy answers—and that the road toward victory will be long and arduous, frightening and dangerous—but as Audrey Kurth Cronin states in her introduction, "As the campaign against international terrorism unfolds, a crucial forward-looking process of strategic reassessment is under way in the United States, and this book is intended to be a part of it."

Threats To Homeland Security

Author : Richard J. Kilroy, Jr.
ISBN : 9781119251811
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51. 10 MB
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Notes on Contributors xiii Preface xvi Acknowledgments xxiii 1. THe Changing Nature of National Security 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Foundations of American Security Policy 2 1.1.1 Geopolitics at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century 3 1.1.2 National Security and World War II 6 Self-Check 8 1.2 Security in the Cold War Era 8 1.2.1 Bipolarity versus Multipolarity 10 1.2.2 Containing Communism 12 1.2.3 Non-Communist Threats 16 Self-Check 17 1.3 Security in the Post-Cold War Era: Pre-9/11 17 1.3.1 Changing Threats 18 1.3.2 New Conflicts, New Responses 18 1.3.3 Reorganization of National Security Policy 20 Self-Check 21 1.4 National Security and Terrorism: Post-9/11 21 1.4.1 Globalization and Geopolitics 22 1.4.2 The Bush Administration's Global War on Terrorism 24 1.4.3 The Obama Administration's New National Security Strategy 26 1.4.4 Homeland Security and National Security 27 Self-Check 28 Summary 29 Key Terms 30 Assess Your Understanding 35 Summary Questions 35 Applying This Chapter 36 You Try It 37 2. REassessing the All-Hazards Perspective 38 Introduction 39 2.1 Natural Disasters: Things We Can Expect to Happen 39 2.1.1 The History of Natural Disasters in the United States 40 2.1.2 Natural Disaster Response 41 2.1.3 Natural Disasters in a Post-9/11 World 44 Self-Check 46 2.2 Accidental Hazards: Things We Can Try to Prevent 46 2.2.1 History of Accidental Hazards in the United States 46 2.2.2 Accidental Hazard Prevention and Response 48 2.2.3 Accidental Hazards in a Post-9/11 World 50 Self-Check 51 2.3 Man-Made Hazards: Things We Hope Don't Happen 51 2.3.1 History of Man-Made Disasters Caused by Human Error in the United States 52 2.3.2 Man-Made Disaster Mitigation and Response 53 2.3.3 Man-Made Disasters in a Post-9/11 World 55 Self-Check 56 2.4 Reassessing the All-Hazards Perspective and Disasters 56 Self-Check 59 Summary 59 Key Terms 60 Assess Your Understanding 62 Summary Questions 62 Applying This Chapter 63 You Try It 64 3. US Homeland Security Interests 65 Introduction 66 3.1 What Is Homeland Security? 66 3.1.1 The Merging of Traditions 67 3.1.2 Prevailing Homeland Security Theories 71 Self-Check 76 3.2 Additional Context for Homeland Security 77 3.2.1 Urban Versus Rural 77 3.2.2 Technologies 78 3.2.3 Political and Economic Factors 79 3.2.4 Security Versus Civil Liberties 81 Self-Check 84 3.3 Homeland Security Enterprise 84 3.3.1 Federal Partners 85 3.3.2 State and Local Partners 90 3.3.3 Whole Community Partners 91 Self-Check 97 3.4 Revisiting the All-Hazards Approach 98 Self-Check 100 Summary 101 Key Terms 101 Assess Your Understanding 105 Summary Questions 105 Applying This Chapter 106 You Try It 108 4. UNderstanding Threat Assessments 109 Introduction 110 4.1 Background on Threat Assessments and Risk Management 111 4.1.1 Risk Management and Threat Assessment from the All-Hazards Perspective 111 4.1.2 Assessing Threats and Civil Liberties 113 4.1.3 Homeland Security Risk Management Doctrine 114 Self-Check 116 4.2 A General Framework of Analysis: What to Assess 116 4.2.1 The Disaster Impact Process 117 4.2.2 Pre-Impact Conditions 117 4.2.3 Event-Specific Conditions 120 4.2.4 Final Thoughts on What to Assess 122 Self-Check 122 4.3 A Matrix Approach: How to Assess 123 4.3.1 Risk Matrices 124 4.3.2 Composite Exposure Indicator 127 4.3.3 HAZUS 128 4.3.4 Vulnerability Assessments 128 4.3.5 Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment 129 4.3.6 Final Thoughts on How to Assess 130 Self-Check 133 4.4 The Whole-Community Approach of the National Preparedness System 133 4.4.1 Prevention 136 4.4.2 Protection 137 4.4.3 Mitigation 137 4.4.4 Response 139 4.4.5 Recovery 140 Self-Check 143 Summary 144 Key Terms 144 Assess Your Understanding 148 Summary Questions 148 Applying This Chapter 148 You Try It 150 5. CRitical Infrastructure Security, Emergency Preparedness, and Operational Continuity .151 Introduction 15

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