creating language

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Creating Language

Author : Morten H. Christiansen
ISBN : 9780262334785
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 53 MB
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Language is a hallmark of the human species; the flexibility and unbounded expressivity of our linguistic abilities is unique in the biological world. In this book, Morten Christiansen and Nick Chater argue that to understand this astonishing phenomenon, we must consider how language is created: moment by moment, in the generation and understanding of individual utterances; year by year, as new language learners acquire language skills; and generation by generation, as languages change, split, and fuse through the processes of cultural evolution. Christiansen and Chater propose a revolutionary new framework for understanding the evolution, acquisition, and processing of language, offering an integrated theory of how language creation is intertwined across these multiple timescales.Christiansen and Chater argue that mainstream generative approaches to language do not provide compelling accounts of language evolution, acquisition, and processing. Their own account draws on important developments from across the language sciences, including statistical natural language processing, learnability theory, computational modeling, and psycholinguistic experiments with children and adults. Christiansen and Chater also consider some of the major implications of their theoretical approach for our understanding of how language works, offering alternative accounts of specific aspects of language, including the structure of the vocabulary, the importance of experience in language processing, and the nature of recursive linguistic structure.

Software Language Engineering

Author : Anneke Kleppe
ISBN : 0321606469
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 17 MB
Format : PDF
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Software practitioners are rapidly discovering the immense value of Domain-Specific Languages (DSLs) in solving problems within clearly definable problem domains. Developers are applying DSLs to improve productivity and quality in a wide range of areas, such as finance, combat simulation, macro scripting, image generation, and more. But until now, there have been few practical resources that explain how DSLs work and how to construct them for optimal use. Software Language Engineering fills that need. Written by expert DSL consultant Anneke Kleppe, this is the first comprehensive guide to successful DSL design. Kleppe systematically introduces and explains every ingredient of an effective language specification, including its description of concepts, how those concepts are denoted, and what those concepts mean in relation to the problem domain. Kleppe carefully illuminates good design strategy, showing how to maximize the flexibility of the languages you create. She also demonstrates powerful techniques for creating new DSLs that cooperate well with general-purpose languages and leverage their power. Completely tool-independent, this book can serve as the primary resource for readers using Microsoft DSL tools, the Eclipse Modeling Framework, openArchitectureWare, or any other DSL toolset. It contains multiple examples, an illustrative running case study, and insights and background information drawn from Kleppe’s leading-edge work as a DSL researcher. Specific topics covered include Discovering the types of problems that DSLs can solve, and when to use them Comparing DSLs with general-purpose languages, frameworks, APIs, and other approaches Understanding the roles and tools available to language users and engineers Creating each component of a DSL specification Modeling both concrete and abstract syntax Understanding and describing language semantics Defining textual and visual languages based on object-oriented metamodeling and graph transformations Using metamodels and associated tools to generate grammars Integrating object-oriented modeling with graph theory Building code generators for new languages Supporting multilanguage models and programs This book provides software engineers with all the guidance they need to create DSLs that solve real problems more rapidly, and with higher-quality code.

Creating Language Crimes

Author : Roger W. Shuy
ISBN : 9780190292805
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 42. 7 MB
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This book by Roger W. Shuy, the senior figure in forensic linguistics, is the first to explain in an accessible way the vital role that linguistic evidence and its proper analysis play in criminal investigations. Shuy provides compelling case studies of how language functions in investigations involving, among others, wired undercover operatives, and the interrogation of suspects. He makes the point that language evidence can be as important as physical evidence, but yet does not enjoy the same degree of scrutiny by investigators, attorneys, and the courts. Beyond this, however, his more controversial thesis is that police frequently misuse or manipulate language, using various powerful controversial strategies, in order to intentionally create an impression of the targets' guilt or even to get them to confess. This book makes its case by analyzing a dozen criminal cases involving a variety of crimes, such as fraud, bribery, stolen property, murder, and others. About half involve co-operating witnesses who do the tape recording, and the other half undercover police officers. These cases demonstrate how undercover operatives use different conversational strategies, such as overlapping conversation, ambiguity, interruption, refusing to take "no" for an answer, and others to create a negative impression of the targets on later listeners. Creating Language Crimes provides a fascinating window into a little-known and discussed facet of law enforcement. It will appeal to anyone concerned with language (particularly sociolinguists and discourse analysts), as well as to those involved in law enforcement and criminal cases.

Self Creating Language

Author : Aleksander Marcisz
ISBN : 9781553692485
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 46. 65 MB
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Full book description: What is consciousness? What is matter? What is the connection between them? From where do the laws of nature derive? I feel that I exist, but what does it mean? Where is the limit between imagination and reality? the book tries to help the reader to find satisf

Creating And Using English Language Corpora

Author : Udo Fries
ISBN : 9051836295
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 36. 10 MB
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The Power Of Framing

Author : Gail T. Fairhurst
ISBN : 0470901322
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 45 MB
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Praise for The Power of Framing "The primary work of leadership involves managing meaning through framing. Fairhurst shows that the way leaders use language to frame people, situations, and events has important consequences for the way individuals make sense of the world and their actions. The Power of Framing is an accessible and inspirational read for leaders who want to shape their organizations in ethically responsible ways." —J. KEVIN BARGE, professor, Texas A&M University "An ideal book for MBA students and business professionals who are interested in specific tools for constructing leadership in their professional worlds. By focusing on the language toolbox of leadership, the book empowers anyone to construct leadership through talk and interaction." —JOLANTA ARITZ, associate professor, Center for Management Communication, USC Marshall School of Business "Building on her earlier acclaimed work, and written in a highly accessible style, Fairhurst's thoughtful study provides us with a practical and highly relevant analysis of the power of framing language from a leadership perspective. This is a must-have book." —DAVID GRANT, professor of organizational studies, University of Sydney "Communication is the most important element of leadership, and framing of the subject and situation is one of the most powerful tools available to leaders. Gail Fairhurst has created the handbook to help leaders do this right. A must-read for anyone in a leadership capacity." —RICH KILEY, venture capitalist, and retired Procter & Gamble marketing and HR executive "To be an effective global manager, there is nothing more critical than understanding how to frame an issue so that you are effectively communicating and motivating in a culturally sensitive manner. This book will tune you into these issues and show you how to make certain your communication is properly interpreted by your audience." —OLGA JACOB, general sales manager (Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg), American Airlines

Creating Worldviews

Author : James W Underhill
ISBN : 9780748688678
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 26. 68 MB
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Reflecting upon language and the role metaphor plays in patterning ideas and thought, Underhill analyses the discourse of several languages in recent history.

Eft Language Creating It And Going With The Flow Book One

Author : Sophia Cayer
ISBN : 9781430323846
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36. 19 MB
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Inside "EFT Language: Book 1," you'll learn how to: Create and more fully understand the language of EFT - Sharpen & trust your intuitive abilities - Build your self-confidence - Enhance the Art of Delivery - Avoid Common Mistakes - Deepen your EFT experience - Maximize your results - - Learn how to use EFT in more effective ways! You can look forward to learning beneficial strategies from Sophia's own experience: How to expand your language skills, get out of your own way, and truly tune in and connect with your client. --Who might benefit from this book? -- Beginner, Intermediate or Advanced Practitioners - Anyone working through his or her own issues - Aspiring Practitioners - Workshop Providers - Medical Professionals - (in other words - anyone interested in EFT!)

Technology For The Language Classroom

Author : Leo Mercado
ISBN : 9781137497857
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 61. 36 MB
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This volume in the ALLC series offers current and soon-to-be professionals in the ESL / EFL field a comprehensive guide to how to make the best use of technology to enhance the English language learning experience. The book has a predominant focus on practical insights that are based on successful real-life experiences at the classroom and study program level, including contributions from teachers in various countries. Nevertheless, there is also a strong foundation in existing research and literature as they relate to the needs of English language teachers. To promote reflective and exploratory practice, there is plenty of 'food-for-thought' for the reader. Although pre-service and in-service teachers represent the primary audience, the book is likely to be just as useful for language program administrators, researchers, curriculum and materials writers, and e-learning developers.

Creating Languages In Central Europe During The Last Millennium

Author : T. Kamusella
ISBN : 9781137507846
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 18 MB
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After 1918 Central Europe's multiethnic empires were replaced by nation-states, which gave rise to an unusual ethnolinguistic kind of nationalism. This book provides a detailed history and linguistic analysis of how the many languages of Central Europe have developed from the 10th century to the present day.

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