creating market socialism how ordinary people are shaping class and status in china politics history and culture

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Creating Market Socialism

Author : Carolyn L. Hsu
ISBN : 9780822390428
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84. 73 MB
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In the midst of China’s post-Mao market reforms, the old status hierarchy is collapsing. Who will determine what will take its place? In Creating Market Socialism, the sociologist Carolyn L. Hsu demonstrates the central role of ordinary people—rather than state or market elites—in creating new institutions for determining status in China. Hsu explores the emerging hierarchy, which is based on the concept of suzhi, or quality. In suzhi ideology, human capital and educational credentials are the most important measures of status and class position. Hsu reveals how, through their words and actions, ordinary citizens decide what jobs or roles within society mark individuals with suzhi, designating them “quality people.” Hsu’s ethnographic research, conducted in the city of Harbin in northwestern China, included participant observation at twenty workplaces and interviews with working adults from a range of professions. By analyzing the shared stories about status and class, jobs and careers, and aspirations and hopes that circulate among Harbiners from all walks of life, Hsu reveals the logic underlying the emerging stratification system. In the post-socialist era, Harbiners must confront a fast-changing and bewildering institutional landscape. Their collective narratives serve to create meaning and order in the midst of this confusion. Harbiners collectively agree that “intellectuals” (scientists, educators, and professionals) are the most respected within the new social order, because they contribute the most to Chinese society, whether that contribution is understood in terms of traditional morality, socialist service, or technological and economic progress. Harbiners understand human capital as an accurate measure of a person’s status. Their collective narratives about suzhi shape their career choices, judgments, and child-rearing practices, and therefore the new practices and institutions developing in post-socialist China.

Polarized Cities

Author : Dorothy J. Solinger
ISBN : 9781538116494
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 78 MB
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This powerful book brings to life the human dimension of the vast social and economic divides in urban China. Leading scholars explore the increasing rigidity of class and social boundaries and analyze of the process of polarization and its outcomes by focusing on two new “castes” in contemporary China—the extravagantly wealthy and the profoundly poor.

Fabricating Transnational Capitalism

Author : Lisa Rofel
ISBN : 9781478002178
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79. 98 MB
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In this innovative collaborative ethnography of Italian-Chinese ventures in the fashion industry, Lisa Rofel and Sylvia J. Yanagisako offer a new methodology for studying transnational capitalism. Drawing on their respective linguistic and regional areas of expertise, Rofel and Yanagisako show how different historical legacies of capital, labor, nation, and kinship are crucial in the formation of global capitalism. Focusing on how Italian fashion is manufactured, distributed, and marketed by Italian-Chinese ventures and how their relationships have been complicated by China's emergence as a market for luxury goods, the authors illuminate the often-overlooked processes that produce transnational capitalism—including privatization, negotiation of labor value, rearrangement of accumulation, reconfiguration of kinship, and outsourcing of inequality. In so doing, Fabricating Transnational Capitalism reveals the crucial role of the state and the shifting power relations between nations in shaping the ideas and practices of the Italian and Chinese partners.

The Making Of The Chinese Middle Class

Author : Jean-Louis Rocca
ISBN : 9781137393395
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85. 98 MB
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This book analyses the making of the Chinese middle class that started in the 1990s using a constructivist approach. With the development of the Chinese economy, a new group of middle wage earners appeared. Chinese social scientists and state institutions promoted the idea that China needs a middle class to achieve modernization. Middle class members are defined—and define themselves—as good consumers, educated people, politically engaged but reasonable citizens. As such, the making of the middle class is the result of three convergent phenomena: an attempt to define the middle class, a process of civilization, and the development of protest movements. The making of the Chinese middle class, Rocca argues, is a way to end the stalemate that modern Chinese society is facing, in particular the necessity to democratize without introducing an election system.

Journal Of Asian History

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105213167104
Genre : Asia
File Size : 41. 15 MB
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China Perspectives

Author : Centre d'études français sur la Chine contemporaine (Hong Kong)
ISBN : UCSD:31822036742781
Genre : China
File Size : 69. 94 MB
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Choice

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ISBN : UCSC:32106017987782
Genre : Academic libraries
File Size : 84. 78 MB
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Cornell University Announcements Courses Of Study

Author : Cornell University
ISBN : CORNELL:31924063095438
Genre : Education
File Size : 29. 33 MB
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Abstracts Of The Annual Meeting

Author : American Anthropological Association
ISBN : UCSC:32106019431284
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 39. 30 MB
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Daily Report

Author : United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
ISBN : UOM:39015033804975
Genre : China
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