crime and punishment in latin america

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Crime And Punishment In Latin America

Author : Ricardo D. Salvatore
ISBN : 0822327449
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 79 MB
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Representing a new wave of legal history that has emerged in recent years, Crime and Punishment in Latin America presents unique essays about the relationship between ordinary people and the law. While applying disparate methodological, theoretical, and disciplinary traditions, the contributors share the conviction that law and legal phenomena are crucial elements in the formation and functioning of modern Latin American societies. Influenced by various theoretical developments, including the rise of cultural, subaltern, and postcolonial studies, the new brand of legal history found in this volume rejects assumptions about the normativity of elite privilege and the law's straightforward application of "justice." While disassociating law from a strict and reductionist legalist approach, the volume showcases discussions of a range of cultures by scholars from both North and Latin America who consider, among other topics, the role of law in mediating social conflict and participating in state building. Treating law as an ambiguous and malleable realm of struggle, the contributors demonstrate that law not only produces and reformulates culture but shapes and is shaped by larger processes of political, social, economic, and cultural change. Other topics discussed include the need for more studies on women's shifting legal status and the ways in which legal systems in England, Western Europe, and the United States compares to those in Latin American countries. This volume will appeal to scholars in Latin American studies and to those interested in the social and cultural history of law. Contributors. Carlos Aguirre, Dain Borges, Lila Caimari, Arlene J. Diaz, Luis A. Gonzalez, Donna Guy, Douglas Hay, Gilbert M. Joseph, Juan Manuel Palacio, Diana Paton, Pablo Piccato, Cristina Rivera-Garza, Kristin Ruggiero, Ricardo D. Salvatore, Charles Walker

The Economics Of Crime

Author : Rafael Di Tella
ISBN : 9780226791852
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83. 90 MB
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This title presents a survey of the crime problem in Latin America, which takes a very broad and appropriately reductionist approach to analyse the determinants of the high crime levels, focusing on the negative social conditions in the region, including inequality and poverty, and poor policy design, such as relatively low police presence. The chapters illustrate three channels through which crime might generate poverty, that is, by reducing investment, by introducing assets losses, and by reducing the value of assets remaining in the control of households.

Gendered Crime And Punishment

Author : Stacey Schlau
ISBN : 9789004235878
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 64 MB
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In Gendered Crime and Punishment, Stacey Schlau examines the trial records of several women accused before the Hispanic Inquisitions, in order to shed light not only on their words and actions, but also on the ideological underpinnings and mechanisms of the societies in which they lived.

The Birth Of The Penitentiary In Latin America

Author : Ricardo D. Salvatore
ISBN : 9780292787636
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42. 8 MB
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Opening a new area in Latin American studies, The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America showcases the most recent historical outlooks on prison reform and criminology in the Latin American context. The essays in this collection shed new light on the discourse and practice of prison reform, the interpretive shifts induced by the spread of criminological science, and the links between them and competing discourses about class, race, nation, and gender. The book shows how the seemingly clear redemptive purpose of the penitentiary project was eventually contradicted by conflicting views about imprisonment, the pervasiveness of traditional forms of repression and control, and resistance from the lower classes. The essays are unified by their attempt to view the penitentiary (as well as the variety of representations conveyed by the different reform movements favoring its adoption) as an interpretive moment, revealing of the ideology, class fractures, and contradictory nature of modernity in Latin America. As such, the book should be of interest not only to scholars concerned with criminal justice history, but also to a wide range of readers interested in modernization, social identities, and the discursive articulation of social conflict. The collection also offers an up-to-date sampling of new historical approaches to the study of criminal justice history, illuminates crucial aspects of the Latin American modernization process, and contrasts the Latin American cases with the better known European and North American experiences with prison reform.

The Rule Of Law In Central America

Author : Mary Fran T. Malone
ISBN : 9781441140661
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 22 MB
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The book is a thorough study that focuses on the impact of the current crime wave on citizens' respect for the law in countries such as Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. The work opens with a brief review of the literature on the rule of law and legal socialization, followed by an historical overview of the democratization and justice reform in Central America from the 1990s to the present. Set as a comparative, micro-level study, the work then looks at an array of measures from citizens' toleration of government abuses of power to vigilante justice and the reporting of crime to police. Lastly, an empirical model is developed to predict citizens' attitudes, combining both these micro-level individual attributes with macro-level measures of institutional performance. A unique look at the process of democratization from a comparative perspective, Citizens' Support for the Rule of Law in Central America it will appeal to faculty, researchers, and students interested in Latin American politics, comparative politics, and democratic transition.

The Criminals Of Lima And Their Worlds

Author : Carlos Aguirre
ISBN : 0822334690
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 3 MB
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DIVThe first major study of prison reform and the prison system in Peru and one of the few social histories of criminals and their world in Latin America./div

Locking Up Our Own

Author : James Forman, Jr.
ISBN : 9780374712907
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34. 62 MB
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In recent years, America’s criminal justice system has become the subject of an increasingly urgent debate. Critics have assailed the rise of mass incarceration, emphasizing its disproportionate impact on people of color. As James Forman, Jr., points out, however, the war on crime that began in the 1970s was supported by many African American leaders in the nation’s urban centers. In Locking Up Our Own, he seeks to understand why. Forman shows us that the first substantial cohort of black mayors, judges, and police chiefs took office amid a surge in crime and drug addiction. Many prominent black officials, including Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry and federal prosecutor Eric Holder, feared that the gains of the civil rights movement were being undermined by lawlessness—and thus embraced tough-on-crime measures, including longer sentences and aggressive police tactics. In the face of skyrocketing murder rates and the proliferation of open-air drug markets, they believed they had no choice. But the policies they adopted would have devastating consequences for residents of poor black neighborhoods. A former D.C. public defender, Forman tells riveting stories of politicians, community activists, police officers, defendants, and crime victims. He writes with compassion about individuals trapped in terrible dilemmas—from the men and women he represented in court to officials struggling to respond to a public safety emergency. Locking Up Our Own enriches our understanding of why our society became so punitive and offers important lessons to anyone concerned about the future of race and the criminal justice system in this country.

A History Of Infamy

Author : Pablo Piccato
ISBN : 9780520966079
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 40 MB
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A History of Infamy explores the broken nexus between crime, justice, and truth in mid-twentieth-century Mexico. Faced with the violence and impunity that defined politics, policing, and the judicial system in post-revolutionary times, Mexicans sought truth and justice outside state institutions. During this period, criminal news and crime fiction flourished. Civil society’s search for truth and justice led, paradoxically, to the normalization of extrajudicial violence and neglect of the rights of victims. As Pablo Piccato demonstrates, ordinary people in Mexico have made crime and punishment central concerns of the public sphere during the last century, and in doing so have shaped crime and violence in our times.

Murder And Violence In Modern Latin America

Author : Eric A. Johnson
ISBN : 1118657357
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38. 74 MB
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Written by leading scholars from the Americas and Europe, this is a thorough assessment of state-supported murder and violence in Latin America. Examines the trajectory of murder and violence in the region over the past two centuries and elucidates theories and trends regarding violence since the end of colonial rule Covers topics such as “the disappeared,” the rise of drug cartels and narco-violence, physical violence against wives, the judging and sentencing of violent crimes, genocide, and state terrorism Explains and applies macro-level theories regarding the rise of civilization, state building, and violence to contemporary Latin America Demonstrates the complexity of an issue at the forefront of life and politics in the region today

Crime And Punishment In Russia

Author : Jonathan Daly
ISBN : 9781474224383
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 81 MB
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Crime and Punishment in Russia surveys the evolution of criminal justice in Russia during a span of more than 300 years, from the early modern era to the present day. Maps, organizational charts, a list of important dates, and a glossary help the reader to navigate key institutional, legal, political, and cultural developments in this evolution. The book approaches Russia both on its own terms and in light of changes in Europe and the wider West, to which Russia's rulers and educated elites continuously looked for legal models and inspiration. It examines the weak advancement of the rule of the law over the period and analyzes the contrasts and seeming contradictions of a society in which capital punishment was sharply restricted in the mid-1700s, while penal and administrative exile remained heavily applied until 1917 and even beyond. Daly also provides concise political, social, and economic contextual detail, showing how the story of crime and punishment fits into the broader narrative of modern Russian history. This is an important and useful book for all students of modern Russian history as well as of the history of crime and punishment in modern Europe.

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