crime modeling and mapping using geospatial technologies 8 geotechnologies and the environment

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Crime Modeling And Mapping Using Geospatial Technologies

Author : Michael Leitner
ISBN : 9789400749979
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 98 MB
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Recent years in North America have seen a rapid development in the area of crime analysis and mapping using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology. In 1996, the US National Institute of Justice (NIJ) established the crime mapping research center (CMRC), to promote research, evaluation, development, and dissemination of GIS technology. The long-term goal is to develop a fully functional Crime Analysis System (CAS) with standardized data collection and reporting mechanisms, tools for spatial and temporal analysis, visualization of data and much more. Among the drawbacks of current crime analysis systems is their lack of tools for spatial analysis. For this reason, spatial analysts should research which current analysis techniques (or variations of such techniques) that have been already successfully applied to other areas (e.g., epidemiology, location-allocation analysis, etc.) can also be employed to the spatial analysis of crime data. This book presents a few of those cases.

Environmental Criminology And Crime Analysis

Author : Richard Wortley
ISBN : 9781317487098
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 53 MB
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Environmental criminology is a term that encompasses a range of overlapping perspectives. At its core, the many strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control, and prevention of crime. This new edition brings together leading theorists and practitioners in the field to provide a comprehensive, integrative coverage of the field of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book is divided into three sequential parts: • Understanding the crime event explores routine activity approach, crime pattern theory, the rational choice perspective, and situational precipitators of crime. • Analysing crime patterns discusses crime mapping, offender mobility, repeat victimisation, geographic profiling, and crime scripts. • Preventing and controlling crime covers topics including problem oriented policing, situational crime prevention, and environmental design. Fully updated and including new chapters on crime scripts and offender mobility, a scene-setting introductory overview, and critical thinking questions at the end of each chapter, this text is an essential and comprehensive resource for practitioners and students taking courses on environmental criminology, crime analysis, and crime prevention.

The Oxford Handbook Of Offender Decision Making

Author : Wim Bernasco
ISBN : 9780199338818
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 40 MB
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Although the issue of offender decision-making pervades almost every discussion of crime and law enforcement, only a few comprehensive texts cover and integrate information about the role of decision-making in crime. The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making provide high-quality reviews of the main paradigms in offender decision-making, such as rational choice theory and dual-process theory. It contains up-to-date reviews of empirical research on decision-making in a wide range of decision types including not only criminal initiation and desistance, but also choice of locations, times, targets, victims, methods as well as large variety crimes including homicide, robbery, domestic violence, burglary, street crime, sexual crimes, and cybercrime. Lastly, it provides in-depth treatments of the major methods used to study offender decision-making, including experiments, observation studies, surveys, offender interviews, and simulations. Comprehensive and authoritative, the Handbook will quickly become the primary source of theoretical, methodological, and empirical knowledge about decision-making as it relates to criminal behavior.

Gis Technology Applications In Environmental And Earth Sciences

Author : Bai Tian
ISBN : 9781498776059
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 43 MB
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This book starts with an overview of GIS technology, what GIS technology is, what it can do, what software products are available, etc. Then, throughout the book, the author explains with many case studies, programs, maps, graphics, and 3D models how GIS and other related technologies can be used to automate mapping processes, collect, process, edit, store, manage, and share datasets, statistically analyze data, model, and visualize large datasets to understand patterns, trends, and relationships to make educated decisions. This book is an excellent resource for anyone who is interested in GIS and related technologies, geology, natural resource, and environmental science.

Association Of American Geographers Handbook And Directory Of Geographers

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015057968045
Genre : Geography
File Size : 59. 93 MB
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Guide And Directory

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123901014
Genre : Geography
File Size : 72. 90 MB
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Dynamik Der Gewalt

Author : Randall Collins
ISBN : 9783868546705
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 78 MB
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Obwohl es Zeiten gibt, in denen uns Gewalt allgegenwärtig erscheint, hält Randall Collins den tatsächlichen Ausbruch von gewalttätigen Handlungen für eine Ausnahme. In seiner Analyse der Dynamik der Gewalt legt der renommierte amerikanische Soziologe den Fokus auf die situative Interaktion zwischen den Kontrahenten. Ob eine spannungsgeladene Situation zu gewalttätigen Handlungen führt, hängt seiner Untersuchung zufolge nicht in erster Linie von der sozialen Herkunft, der Ethnie oder dem kulturellen Hintergrund der Beteiligten ab, sondern häufig von der Situation, in der sie stattfindet.

Guide To Geography Programs In The Americas

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066259600
Genre : Geography
File Size : 39. 84 MB
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Consultants And Consulting Organizations Directory

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ISBN : 0787679453
Genre : Business consultants
File Size : 63. 59 MB
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Association Of American Geographers Directory Of Geographers

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015046435478
Genre : Geography
File Size : 88. 18 MB
Format : PDF
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