criminal justice theory explaining the nature and behavior of criminal justice criminology and justice studies

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Criminal Justice Theory

Author : Edward R. Maguire
ISBN : 9781134706181
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64. 31 MB
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Criminal Justice Theory, Second Edition is the first and only text, edited by U.S. criminal justice educators, on the theoretical foundations of criminal justice, not criminological theory. This new edition includes entirely new chapters as well as revisions to all others, with an eye to accessibility and coherence for upper division undergraduate and beginning graduate students in the field.

Criminal Justice Theory

Author : David Duffee
ISBN : 9780203941201
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77. 54 MB
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Criminal Justice Theory is the first comprehensive volume on the theoretical foundations of criminal justice. The authors argue that theory in criminal justice is currently underdeveloped and inconsistently applied, especially in comparison to the role of theory in the study of crime itself. In the diverse range of essays included here, the authors and contributors integrate examples from the study of criminal justice systems, judicial decision-making, courtroom communities, and correctional systems, building the argument that students of criminal justice must not evaluate their discipline solely on the basis of the effectiveness of specific measures in reducing the crime rate. Rather, if they hope to improve the system, they must acquire a systematic knowledge of the causes behind the structures, policies, and practices of criminal justice.

Great Debates In Criminology

Author : Chad Posick
ISBN : 9781315403847
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 37 MB
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This book explores the role of theory and research in criminology. Adopting a unique and refreshing approach to criminological theory, this book focuses on the great debates in criminology from its inception as a field to the present day. It explores the debates that have motivated criminological thought, that have represented turning points in theoretical and empirical trajectories, that have offered mini-paradigm shifts, and that have moved the field forward. Coverage includes: Classical Debates, including the work of Lombroso, Durkheim and Sutherland, Sociological vs. psychological debates in criminology, Control theory and cultural deviance theory, Criminal career and trait-based theory, Theory testing in criminology, Critical theories in criminology, Debates on the state of criminology and criminal justice, Policy issues in criminology. Each chapter explores several key debates, summarizes key points, and offers a discussion of its current empirical status. This book is novel in emphasising the role of debate in criminology and offering an enlightening synthesis of theorists and their perspectives. It is essential reading for students taking courses on criminological theory and teachers of those theories. A companion website will include a sample syllabus, PowerPoint lecture slides, examples of assignments, and a test bank with sample exams for instructors, and video and website links, a glossary of important terms, audio content, and study guides for students.

Critical Issues In Crime And Justice

Author : Mary Maguire
ISBN : 9781483350615
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 97 MB
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A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

Explaining Crime

Author : Hugh D. Barlow
ISBN : 0742565106
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 30 MB
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This book provides a concise but comprehensive review of the full range of classic and contemporary theories of crime. With separate chapters on the nature and use of criminological theory as well as theoretical application, the authors render the difficult task of explaining crime more understandable to the introductory student. All of the main theories in criminology are reviewed including classical and rational choice, biological, psychological, and evolutionary, social structural, social process, critical, general, and integrated approaches. Copious examples of the spirit of the theories are supplied, many with a popular culture (e.g., film and music) connection. The highly original final chapter, titled 'Putting Criminological Theory to Work, ' provides readers with an integrated theoretical model that students can apply to virtually any type of crime. The book is well suited for use in undergraduate and graduate courses in criminology, criminal justice, and deviance

An Introduction To Crime And Crime Causation

Author : Robert C. Winters
ISBN : 9781466597105
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 54 MB
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An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation is a student-friendly textbook that defines and explains the concepts of crime, criminal law, and criminology. Ideal for a one-semester course, the book compares and contrasts early criminal behavior and today’s modern forms of crime. It also explores society’s responses to criminal behavior in the past and in the present day. It covers both major and lesser-known crime causation theories and their impact on society. Topics covered include: The importance of understanding crime data The goals of punishment The history of criminology, including the influence of social Darwinism on early trait theorists Crime causation theories, including a comparison of mainstream and critical theories The relationship between crime and biology, including the influence of genetics, substance use, and mental illness The social structural approach to crime, including a consideration of the changing contexts of urban criminality The nature and function of the justice system at the local, state, and federal levels, and basic categories of crimes Drug trafficking crimes, drug court efforts, and perceived weaknesses in current antidrug efforts Each chapter begins with a set of objectives and concludes with a summary. Interactive questions promote classroom discussion and practicum sections facilitate contextual learning. Drawn from different and distinct backgrounds, the authors each have unique perspectives on crime, making for a particularly well-rounded text that explores crime from several angles. The book attempts to educate readers in the development of new insights on crime and crime causation and provides a greater understanding of the steps that need to be taken before a significant reduction in crime can occur.

Criminal Behavior

Author : Jacqueline B. Helfgott
ISBN : 9781412904872
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 45 MB
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Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instructor Resources on CD include test questions, PowerPoint slides, and in-class exercises. Contact Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy. Intended Audience This core text offers contemporary insight on criminal behavior for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology and criminal justice, psychology, and related fields.

Discretion In Criminal Justice

Author : Lloyd E. Ohlin
ISBN : 0791415635
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30. 15 MB
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A retrospective account of the research done in the 1950s by the American Bar Foundation which conducted a pilot survey of the processing of offenders from arrest to prison--to observe what actually happened at each decision point, instead of assuming that doctrinal legal analyses were sufficient. Many of the chief participants in the Survey of Criminal Justice write here about the consequences of the earlier research for subsequent scholarship, teaching, and policy, and reflect on the problem of discretion in criminal justice.

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Crime And Criminal Justice

Author : Paul Knepper
ISBN : 9780199352333
Genre : Crime
File Size : 90. 61 MB
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The historical study of crime has expanded in criminology during the past few decades, forming an active niche area in social history. Indeed, the history of crime is more relevant than ever as scholars seek to address contemporary issues in criminology and criminal justice. Thus, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice provides a systematic and comprehensive examination of recent developments across both fields. Chapters examine existing research, explain on-going debates and controversies, and point to new areas of interest, covering topics such as criminal law and courts, police and policing, and the rise of criminology as a field. This Handbook also analyzes some of the most pressing criminological issues of our time, including drug trafficking, terrorism, and the intersections of gender, race, and class in the context of crime and punishment. The definitive volume on the history of crime, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of criminology, criminal justice, and legal history.

The American Prison

Author : Lynne Goodstein
ISBN : 9781468456523
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 86. 97 MB
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Despite the dire forecasts of others who had themselves edited books, we proceeded with the project of an edited volume on the American prison, although with more than a little trepidation. We had heard the horror stories of authors turning in their chapters months or years late or never at all, of publishers delaying publication dates, of volumes that read more like patchwork quilts than finely loomed cloth. As if to prove the others wrong, our experience in editing this volume has been mar velous, and we think the volume reflects this. Most likely, the success of our experience and of the volume stems from two elements: first, the professionalism and commitment of the authors themselves; and second, the fact that early in the life of this volume, most of the authors convened for a conference to critique and coordinate the chapters. This book brings together an illustrious group of criminologists and correctional scholars who wrote chapters explicitly for this volume. Co hesiveness was furthered by the charge we gave to each author to (1) present the major issues, (2) review the empirical research, and (3) dis cuss the implications of this work for present and future correctional policy. The goal of this project was to examine the major correctional issues facing prison systems. The chapters scrutinize the issues from the perspective of the system and the individual, from theory to practical and daily management problems, from legal to psychological concerns.

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