# data analysis and statistics for geography environmental science and engineering

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## Data Analysis And Statistics For Geography Environmental Science And Engineering

Author : Miguel F. Acevedo
ISBN : 9781466592216
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 45 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle

Providing a solid foundation for twenty-first-century scientists and engineers, Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography, Environmental Science, and Engineering guides readers in learning quantitative methodology, including how to implement data analysis methods using open-source software. Given the importance of interdisciplinary work in sustainability, the book brings together principles of statistics and probability, multivariate analysis, and spatial analysis methods applicable across a variety of science and engineering disciplines. Learn How to Use a Variety of Data Analysis and Statistics Methods Based on the author’s many years of teaching graduate and undergraduate students, this textbook emphasizes hands-on learning. Organized into two parts, it allows greater flexibility using the material in various countries and types of curricula. The first part covers probability, random variables and inferential statistics, applications of regression, time series analysis, and analysis of spatial point patterns. The second part uses matrix algebra to address multidimensional problems. After a review of matrices, it delves into multiple regression, dependent random processes and autoregressive time series, spatial analysis using geostatistics and spatial regression, discriminant analysis, and a variety of multivariate analyses based on eigenvector methods. Build from Fundamental Concepts to Effective Problem Solving Each chapter starts with conceptual and theoretical material to give a firm foundation in how the methods work. Examples and exercises illustrate the applications and demonstrate how to go from concepts to problem solving. Hands-on computer sessions allow students to grasp the practical implications and learn by doing. Throughout, the computer examples and exercises use seeg and RcmdrPlugin.seeg, open-source R packages developed by the author, which help students acquire the skills to implement and conduct analysis and to analyze the results. This self-contained book offers a unified presentation of data analysis methods for more effective problem solving. With clear, easy-to-follow explanations, the book helps students to develop a solid understanding of basic statistical analysis and prepares them for learning the more advanced and specialized methods they will need in their work.

## Spatial Data Analysis In The Social And Environmental Sciences

Author : Robert Haining
ISBN : 0521448662
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 19 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle

Within both the social and environmental sciences, much of the data collected is within a spatial context and requires statistical analysis for interpretation. The purpose of this book is to describe current methods for the analysis of spatial data. Methods described include data description, map interpolation, and exploratory and explanatory analyses. The book also examines spatial referencing, and methods for detecting problems, assessing their seriousness and taking appropriate action are discussed. This is an important text for any discipline requiring a broad overview of current theoretical and applied work for the analysis of spatial data sets. It will be of particular use to research workers and final year undergraduates in the fields of geography, environmental sciences and social sciences.

## Spatial Data Analysis For Geographic Information Science

ISBN : 9835204233
Genre : Geographic information systems
File Size : 38. 20 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

## Geographical Data Analysis

Author : Nigel Walford
ISBN : UOM:39015033263073
File Size : 55. 70 MB
Format : PDF, ePub

It is increasingly important for the earth science student to appreciate that the acquisition of skills in statistics and computerised data analysis is as much part of modern geography as work in the field, laboratory or library. In this respect, Geographical Data Analysis aims to link the use of statistical techniques by means of computer software, to the acquisition of geographical-knowledge and the scientific method of enquiry. The book has three objectives: to explain basic statistical techniques and demonstrate their application to quantitative geography; to equip students with the knowledge and skills necessary for carrying out research projects; and to make the link between statistical analysis and the substantive topics taught as part of a geography course. An important innovative feature of the book is its project-orientated approach, which utilises exemplar projects drawn from human and physical geography. Each exemplar project shows the progress from the conception of the initial research through to the formulation of tentative hypotheses and the subsequent statistical analysis. The projects exemplify both primary and secondary methods for collecting geographical data, with the computer-based application of a wide range of statistical techniques. Thus, these projects allow discussion of sample design, data collection and computerisation, and a selection of appropriate statistical techniques. As such, Geographical Data Analysis integrates quantitative and geographical methodologies and provides a thorough understanding of basic statistical techniques for the undergraduate geography student; it will be of use from first year through to final degree dissertations.

## Environmental Data Analysis

Author : Zhihua Zhang
ISBN : 9783110424904
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub

Most environmental data involve a large degree of complexity and uncertainty. Environmental Data Analysis is created to provide modern quantitative tools and techniques designed specifically to meet the needs of environmental sciences and related fields. This book has an impressive coverage of the scope. Main techniques described in this book are models for linear and nonlinear environmental systems, statistical & numerical methods, data envelopment analysis, risk assessments and life cycle assessments. These state-of-the-art techniques have attracted significant attention over the past decades in environmental monitoring, modeling and decision making. Environmental Data Analysis explains carefully various data analysis procedures and techniques in a clear, concise, and straightforward language and is written in a self-contained way that is accessible to researchers and advanced students in science and engineering. This is an excellent reference for scientists and engineers who wish to analyze, interpret and model data from various sources, and is also an ideal graduate-level textbook for courses in environmental sciences and related fields. Contents: Preface Time series analysis Chaos and dynamical systems Approximation Interpolation Statistical methods Numerical methods Optimization Data envelopment analysis Risk assessments Life cycle assessments Index

## Using Statistics To Understand The Environment

Author : C. Philip Wheater
ISBN : 9780415198875
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 30 MB
Format : PDF, Docs

Using Statistics to Understand the Environment covers all the basic tests required for environmental practicals and projects and points the way to the more advanced techniques that may be needed in more complex research designs. Following an introduction to project design, the book covers methods to describe data, to examine differences between samples, and to identify relationships and associations between variables. Featuring: worked examples covering a wide range of environmental topics, drawings and icons, chapter summaries, a glossary of statistical terms and a further reading section, this book focuses on the needs of the researcher rather than on the mathematics behind the tests.

## Uncertainty In Remote Sensing And Gis

Author : Giles M. Foody
ISBN : 9780470859247
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub

Remote sensing and geographical information science (GIS) have advanced considerably in recent years. However, the potential of remote sensing and GIS within the environmental sciences is limited by uncertainty, especially in connection with the data sets and methods used. In many studies, the issue of uncertainty has been incompletely addressed. The situation has arisen in part from a lack of appreciation of uncertainty and the problems it can cause as well as of the techniques that may be used to accommodate it. This book provides general overviews on uncertainty in remote sensing and GIS that illustrate the range of uncertainties that may occur, in addition to describing the means of measuring uncertainty and the impacts of uncertainty on analyses and interpretations made. Uncertainty in Remote Sensing and GIS provides readers with comprehensive coverage of this largely undocumented subject: * Relevant to a broad variety of disciplines including geography, environmental science, electrical engineering and statistics * Covers range of material from base overviews to specific applications * Focuses on issues connected with uncertainty at various points along typical data analysis chains used in remote sensing and GIS Written by an international team of researchers drawn from a variety of disciplines, Uncertainty in Remote Sensing and GIS provides focussed discussions on topics of considerable importance to a broad research and user community. The book is invaluable reading for researchers, advanced students and practitioners who want to understand the nature of uncertainty in remote sensing and GIS, its limitations and methods of accommodating it.

## Applied Spatial Data Analysis With R

Author : Roger S. Bivand
ISBN : 9781461476184
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 22 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, second edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to access and visualise spatial data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second part showcases more specialised kinds of spatial data analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges from standard techniques to new developments, and the examples used are largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additional data sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edition covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that have appeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to handle, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who are interested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatial data, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. The book has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-book.org. The authors have taken part in writing and maintaining software for spatial data handling and analysis with R in concert since 2003.

## Exploring Spatial Scale In Geography

Author : Christopher D. Lloyd
ISBN : 9781119971351
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 48 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi

This book offers alternative definitions of spatial scale, presents approaches for exploring spatial scale, and makes use of a wide variety of case studies in the physical and social sciences to demonstrate key concepts. It consists of three integrated strands. The first is conceptual, outlining some definitions of spatial scale and debating the meaning and value of concepts of scale. The second strand outlines methods for exploration of spatial scale including standard measures of spatial autocorrelation, fractals, wavelets, multilevel models and geostatistical measures. The third and final strand demonstrates the application of these concepts and methods to real world case studies. --

## Spatial Data Analysis

Author : Robert P. Haining
ISBN : 0521774373
Genre : Nature
File Size : 80. 4 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi