defining darwin essays on the history and philosophy of evolutionary biology

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Defining Darwin

Author : Michael Ruse
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124181079
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 33 MB
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Discusses the influence of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution on the field of science as well as its cultural influences, and challenges the origins and methods of Darwin's research.

The Nature Of Nature

Author : Bruce Gordon
ISBN : 9781497644373
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 71. 79 MB
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The intellectual and cultural battles now raging over theism and atheism, conservatism and secular progressivism, dualism and monism, realism and antirealism, and transcendent reality versus material reality extend even into the scientific disciplines. This stunning new volume captures this titanic clash of worldviews among those who have thought most deeply about the nature of science and of the universe itself. Unmatched in its breadth and scope, The Nature of Nature brings together some of the most influential scientists, scholars, and public intellectuals—including three Nobel laureates—across a wide spectrum of disciplines and schools of thought. Here they grapple with a perennial question that has been made all the more pressing by recent advances in the natural sciences: Is the fundamental explanatory principle of the universe, life, and self-conscious awareness to be found in inanimate matter or immaterial mind? The answers found in this book have profound implications for what it means to do science, what it means to be human, and what the future holds for all of us.

Defining Species

Author : John S. Wilkins
ISBN : 1433102161
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29. 92 MB
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This book was listed as a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title in 2011. Defining Species: A Sourcebook from Antiquity to Today provides excerpts and commentary on the definition of «species» from source material ranging from the Greeks, through the middle ages, to the modern era. It demonstrates that the logical meaning of species is in direct contrast to the use of kind terms and concepts in natural history and biology, and that the myth that biologists or natural historians were ever essentialists about kinds is mistaken.

Conceptual Issues In Modern Human Origins Research

Author : Geoffrey A. Clark
ISBN : 0202365026
Genre : Social Science
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While those who study human origins now agree that the evolution of modern human form extends back much further in time than the evolution of modern human behavior, they disagree sharply as to how to interpret the substantive data. Two fundamentally incommensurate interpretations of our origins, the "Replacement" camp and the "Continuity" camp, have now emerged out of pre-existing models and theories that go back to the last quarter of the 19th century. This book contends that these positions are based on radically different biases and assumptions about what the remote human past was like. The purpose of this volume is to examine those conceptual differences, not to arrive at a consensus, but rather to explore the reasons why a consensus might never be possible.

Evolution And The Diversity Of Life

Author : Ernst Mayr
ISBN : 067427105X
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 11 MB
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The diversity of living forms and the unity of evolutionary processes are themes that have permeated the research and writing of Ernst Mayr, a Grand Master of evolutionary biology. The essays collected here are among his most valuable and durable: contributions that form the basis for much of the contemporary understanding of evolutionary biology.

Philosophy Of Biology

Author :
ISBN : 0080471242
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 68. 75 MB
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Philosophy of Biology is a rapidly expanding field. It is concerned with explanatory concepts in evolution, genetics, and ecology. This collection of 25 essays by leading researchers provides an overview of the state of the field. These essays are wholly new; none of them could have been written even ten years ago. They demonstrate how philosophical analysis has been able to contribute to sometimes contested areas of scientific theory making. -Written by internationally acknowledged leaders in the field - Entries make original contributions as well as summarizing state of the art discoveries in the field - Easy to read and understand

Wegbereitung Oder Widerspruch Kants Transzendentalphilosophie Und Die Heutige Evolutionstheorie

Author : Stefan Schütze
ISBN : 9783958508057
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 66. 69 MB
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Dieses Buch untersucht das Verhältnis von „Kantischem“ Denken und einer evolutionären Perspektive auf die Welt. Kann man „transzendentalphilosophisches“ und evolutionäres Denken sinnvoll aufeinander beziehen oder bilden sie von Haus aus einen unüberbrückbaren Gegensatz? War Kant sogar, wie manchmal behauptet wird, ein „Vorläufer Darwins“, oder eher ein „unbelehrbarer“ Verfechter einer an der starren Unveränderlichkeit biologischer Arten orientierten und damit antievolutionären Naturphilosophie? Ist insbesondere Kants „teleologische“ Deutung von Organismen mit evolutionär-biologischem Denken prinzipiell unvereinbar oder sogar ein Wegbereiter heutiger systembiologischer Ansätze? Lässt sich Kants transzendentaler Idealismus mit einer evolutionären Erkenntnistheorie vereinbaren? Inwiefern ist gerade Kants Geschichtsphilosophie geprägt von einem durch evolutionäre Dynamik bestimmten Bild geschichtlicher Prozesse? Diesen Fragen geht Stefan Schütze in seiner neuesten Veröffentlichung nach und führt die Ergebnisse und Perspektiven der verschiedenen, teils sehr widersprüchlichen Veröffentlichungen, die er zu diesem Themenbereich gefunden hat, zu einem komplexen und differenzierten Gesamtbild zusammen.

The Units Of Evolution

Author : Marc Ereshefsky
ISBN : 0262050447
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 12 MB
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The Units of Evolution is the first anthology devoted solely to the nature ofspecies, one of the most hotly debated issues in biology and the philosophy of biology. Theanthology is evenly balanced between biological and philosophical issues, making it equally usefulfor workers in both fields.In his general introduction, Marc Ereshefsky sketches the framework forthe debate, explaining how biologists disagree over the definition of the term species, andphilosophers struggle to evaluate the scientific utility of a categorization device that might lacka single defining characteristic.Essays in the first section offer various definitions of thespecies category, starting with Ernst Mayr's seminal work on species and including essays by RobertSokal and Theodore Crovello, Paul Ehrlich and Peter Raven, Leigh Van Valen, Edward Wiley, JoelCracraft, Brent Mishler and Michael Donoghue, Hugh Paterson, and Alan Templeton.The essays in thesecond section focus on such philosophical issues as whether species taxa are individuals or naturalkinds, whether a monistic or pluralistic approach to systematics should be adopted, and thedistinction between species and higher taxa. Contributors to this section include Michael Ghiselin,David Hull, John Beatty, Michael Ruse, Elliott Sober, Philip Kircher, and Marc Ereshefsky.MarcEreshefsky is Assistant Professor in Philosophy at the University of Calgary.

Nature Animated

Author : M. Ruse
ISBN : 9789400969605
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 15 MB
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These remarks preface two volumes consisting of the proceedings of the Third International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science. The conference was held under the auspices of the Union, The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, and the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science. The meetings took place in Montreal, Canada, 25-29 August 1980, with Concordia University as host institution. The program of the conference was arranged by a Joint Commission of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science consisting of Robert E. Butts (Canada), John Murdoch (U. S. A. ), Vladimir Kirsanov (U. S. S. R. ), and Paul Weingartner (Austria). The Local Arrangements Committee consisted of Stanley G. French, Chair (Concordia), Michel Paradis, treasurer (McGill), Fran~ois Duchesneau (Universite de Montreal), Robert Nadeau (Universite du Quebec it Montreal), and William Shea (McGill University). Both committees are indebted to Dr. G. R. Paterson, then President of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, who shared his expertise in many ways. Dr. French and his staff worked diligently and efficiently on behalf of all participants. The city of Montreal was, as always, the subtle mixture of extravagance, charm, warmth and excitement that retains her status as the jewel of Canadian cities. The funding of major international conferences is always a problem.

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Biology

Author : Sahotra Sarkar
ISBN : 9781444337853
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 52 MB
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Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field

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