degraded forests in eastern africa management and restoration the earthscan forest library

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Degraded Forests In Eastern Africa

Author : Frans Bongers
ISBN : 9781136532351
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 68 MB
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Forest degradation as a result of logging, shifting cultivation, agriculture and urban development is a major issue throughout the tropics. It leads to loss in soil fertility, water resources and biodiversity, as well as contributes to climate change. Efforts are therefore required to try to minimize further degradation and restore tropical forests in a sustainable way. This is the first research-based book to examine this problem in East Africa. The specific focus is on the forests of Ethiopia, Tanzania and Uganda, but the lessons learned are shown to be applicable to neighbouring countries and others in the tropics. A wide range of forest types are covered, from dry Miombo forest and afromontane forests, to forest-savannah mosaics and wet forest types. Current management practices are assessed and examples of good practice presented. The role of local people is also emphasized. The authors describe improved management and restoration through silviculture, plantation forestry and agroforestry, leading to improvements in timber production, biodiversity conservation and the livelihoods of local people.

Dryland Forests

Author : Purabi Bose
ISBN : 9783319194059
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79. 39 MB
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This volume provides new insights and conceptual understandings of the human and gender dimension of vulnerability in relation to the dynamics of tenure reforms in the dryland forests of Asia and Africa. The book analyzes the interaction between biophysical factors such as climate variability (e.g. droughts) with socio-political processes (e.g. new institutions and authority) and gender dimensions at various temporal and spatial scales. The book presents a number of case studies based on empirical research on forest tenure reform and it consequences on forest-dependent people. In particular, it highlights the interaction between legal, policy and institutional reform and the inclusion and/or exclusion of local people from deriving benefits from forest resources in the drylands. The book focuses on the questions how land tenure reform and natural resource governance impacts upon marginal groups (along individual, collective and gender dimensions); how do forest-dependent people prepare for and respond to vulnerability; and what is the effect of forest tenure policy reform on the human rights, gender and citizenship issues in relation to the use and management of forest resources and on conflict in forest zones. These issues are approached from the perspective of marginalized groups (gender and social diversity such as indigenous peoples and herders) in vulnerable dryland forests with a high risk of being exposed to climate variability.

The Context Of Redd In Ethiopia

Author : Melaku Bekele
ISBN : 9786023870035
Genre :
File Size : 90. 9 MB
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Specifically, the paper identifies and analyzes several direct drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in Ethiopia including: forest clearance for both subsistence and large-scale agriculture; illegal and unsustainable extraction of wood mainly for charcoal and firewood; overgrazing; and recurrent forest fires. It also reviews underlying drivers including: rapid population increase and the associated growing demand for land and energy; extensive legal and institutional gaps including lack of stable and equitable forest tenure; lack of stakeholder participation in forest management and benefit-sharing schemes; and weak law enforcement. These drivers and the dominant actors behind them – ranging from small-scale subsistence farmers to national and global investors – are discussed in the context of the political economy, including the policy and institutional framework of the country. The implications of the overall forest condition to the objectives and requirements of REDD+ are evaluated, and key issues that need to be addressed for efficient, effective and equitable implementation of REDD+ are discussed. These key issues include: reconciling the apparently contradictory policies and programs, particularly those that negatively affect the forestry sector; improving the forest tenure and governance system; augmenting economic return from forests to communities and individuals; creating more efficient and effective forest institutions at all levels; and enhancing sectoral and regional coordination among implementing agencies.

Governing The Provision Of Ecosystem Services

Author : Roldan Muradian
ISBN : 9789400751767
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 92 MB
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Founded on the core notion that we have reached a turning point in the governance, and thus the conservation, of ecosystems and the environment, this edited volume features more than 20 original chapters, each informed by the paradigm shift in the sector over the last decade. Where once the emphasis was on strategies for conservation, enacted through instruments of control such as planning and ‘polluter pays’ legislation, more recent developments have shown a shift towards incentive-based arrangements aimed at those responsible for providing the environmental services enabled by such ecosystems. Encouraging shared responsibility for watershed management, developed in Costa Rica, is a prime example, and the various interests involved in its instauration in Java are one of the subjects examined here.

The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
ISBN : UOM:39015079755826
Genre : English literature
File Size : 29. 5 MB
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Genug Holz F R Stadt Und Fluss Wiens Holzressourcen In Dynamischen Donau Auen

Author : Severin Hohensinner
ISBN : 9783900782740
Genre :
File Size : 42. 6 MB
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Was wissen wir heute über die natürliche Produktivität der Auwälder an großen Flüssen vor der Regulierung und über deren ehemalige Funktion als Rohstoffquelle für erneuerbare Energie? Können wir aus einer historischen Rekonstruktion der ehemals verfügbaren Holzressourcen Rückschlüsse für ein nachhaltiges Ressourcenmanagement ziehen? Die Beantwortung dieser Fragen war Ziel des Forschungsprojekts „Genug Holz für Stadt und Fluss? - Wiens Holzressourcen in dynamischen Donau-Auen“. Am Beispiel der Wiener Donau-Flusslandschaft vor der Regulierung 1820 - 1830 untersuchte ein interdisziplinäres Team bestehend aus Flussmorphologen, Gewässer-, Vegetations- und Forstökologen sowie Umwelthistorikerinnen drei zentrale Themenkreise: (1) Flussmorphologisch-forstökologische Standortsbedingungen und natürliches Potenzial der dynamischen Donau-Auen vor der Regulierung Holzressourcen zu produzieren, (2) Historischer Umgang einer ehemals biomassebasierten Gesellschaft mit lokal verfügbaren Holzressourcen in Wien, (3) Zukünftige Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten von Donau-Auwäldern unter Berücksichtigung ökologisch-naturschutzfachlicher Ziele und forstwirtschaftlicher Anforderungen für die Produktion erneuerbarer Energieressourcen. Neben naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen für eine nachhaltige Nutzung naturnaher, teilweise „redynamisierter“ Auwälder lieferte das Forschungsprojekt auch neue Beiträge zur Wiener Stadtgeschichte und zur historischen Veränderung der Donau-Flusslandschaft.

Encyclopedia Of World Problems And Human Potential Actions Strategies Solutions

Author : Union of International Associations
ISBN : 3598112270
Genre : Civilization, Modern
File Size : 22. 57 MB
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The destruction of wildlife habitats ... organized crime ... AIDS ... illiteracy ... acid rain -- these are among the 130,000 topics documented and discussed in the new edition of the Encyclopedia. But its truly unique goal is to present this complex set of issues in ways that facilitate an organized response. To this end, the book also focuses on the complex relationship between problems and society's own ideological relationship with these problems. How do human priorities and perceptions aggravate or enable problems? What are the established and alternative responses? The Encyclopedia contains over 158,000 cross-references between entries, an extensive 91,000 practical key term index, bibliographies, and full cross-referencing to the Yearbook of International Organizations. For anyone concerned with the world community, here are the means to explore and participate in today's most crucial endeavors. A new addition to the work, Volume 3, Action -- Strategies -- Solutions, presents strategies for coping with world problems, with an emphasis on vicious self-sustaining cycles of problems.

Forst Sthetik

Author : Heinrich von Salisch
ISBN : 9783642944932
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 45. 16 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Forstgeschichte

Author : Karl Hasel
ISBN : STANFORD:36105040149457
Genre : Forests and forestry
File Size : 53. 52 MB
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The Environment Index

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015048704236
Genre : Conservation of natural resources
File Size : 30. 1 MB
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