developments in fiber reinforced polymer frp composites for civil engineering woodhead publishing series in civil and structural engineering

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Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : D. Lau
ISBN : 9780128087718
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 91 MB
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Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has been a practical alternative construction material for replacing steel in the construction industry for several decades. However, some mechanical weaknesses of FRP are still unresolved, which limit the extensive use of this material in civil infrastructure. In order to mitigate the disadvantage of using FRP, the concept of hybridization is delivered here. The advantages of hybrid structural systems include the cost effectiveness and the ability to optimize the cross section based on material properties of each constituent material. In this chapter, two major applications of hybrid FRP composites are discussed: (1) the internal reinforcement in reinforced concrete (RC) structures, and (2) the cables in long-span cable-stayed bridges. In order to improve the flexural ductility of FRP-reinforced concrete (FRPRC) beam, the additional steel longitudinal reinforcement is proposed such that the hybrid FRPRC beams contain both FRP and steel reinforcement. In order to improve the vibrational problem in pure FRP cables used in bridge construction, an innovative hybrid FRP cable which can inherently incorporate a smart damper is proposed. The objective of this chapter is to deliver an up-to-date review of hybrid FRP composite structures, including both the industrial practice and the research in academia. The advantages of using hybrid FRP composites for construction will also be described with experimental support. It is hoped that the reader will appreciate the concept of hybridization, which leads to the efficient utilization of all constituent materials in a bonded system.

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : O. Gunes
ISBN : 9780128087688
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67. 91 MB
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Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials have been increasingly used in civil engineering applications in the past two decades. Their wide ranging use, however, is still not realized due to a few fundamental issues including high material costs, relatively short history of applications and the gaps in the development of established standards. Design safety requires that all possible modes and mechanisms of failure are identified, characterized, and accounted for in the design procedures. This chapter provides a review of the failure types encountered in structural engineering applications of FRP and the preventive methods and strategies that have been developed to eliminate or delay such failures. As part of preventive measures, various non-destructive testing (NDT) and structural health monitoring (SHM) methods used for monitoring FRP applications are discussed with illustrative examples.

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : M. Dawood
ISBN : 9780128087787
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 66 MB
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This chapter summarizes the recent advances in the use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) materials for repair, rehabilitation, and strengthening of steel structures. Conventional methods of strengthening and repairing steel structures are presented. The advantages and limitations of using FRP materials are summarized. Topics presented include strengthening of flexural members, strengthening with prestressed FRP materials, stress-based and fracture mechanics-based approaches to evaluating bond behavior, repair of cracked steel members, and strengthening of slender members subjected to compression forces. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of future trends in this field and a summary of other resources for further information.

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : P. Qiao
ISBN : 9780128087800
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 46 MB
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This chapter presents a systematic approach for material characterization, analysis, and design of all-fiber-reinforced polymer or plastic (FRP) composite structures. The suggested ‘bottom-up’ analysis concept is applied throughout the procedure, from materials/microstructures, to macro components, to structural members, and finally to structural systems, thus providing a systematic analysis methodology for all-FRP composite structures. The systematic approach described in this chapter can be used efficiently to analyze and design FRP shapes and bridge systems and also develop new design concepts for all composite structures.

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : Y. Kitane
ISBN : 9780128087770
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 46 MB
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This chapter first reviews current structural applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in bridge structures, and describes advantages of FRP in bridge applications. This chapter then introduces the design of a hybrid FRP-concrete bridge superstructure, which has been developed at The University at Buffalo for the past ten years, and discusses structural performance of the superstructure based on extensive experimental and analytical studies.

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : R. Liang
ISBN : 9780128087794
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 60 MB
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This chapter presents dozens of select environmental engineering applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials with emphasis on their environmental benefits, followed by discussions on durability of composites. Significance of design codes and specifications in promoting and advancing the applications of FRP composites is addressed. With ever increasing attention toward a sustainable built environment, FRP composites have potential to be selected as a material of choice because of the performance and design advantages of FRPs.

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : Nasim Uddin
ISBN : 9780857098955
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 29 MB
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The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials has had a dramatic impact on civil engineering techniques over the past three decades. FRPs are an ideal material for structural applications where high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios are required. Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and their applications in civil engineering. Part one outlines the general developments of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) use, reviewing recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials. Part two outlines particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers and covers their use in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications, including their use in disaster-resistant buildings, strengthening steel structures and bridge superstructures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of civil engineering and industries such as bridge and building construction. Outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their applications in civil engineering Reviews recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials Covers the use of particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : N.U. Uddin
ISBN : 9780128087749
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 63 MB
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The chapter begins by discussing a new type of sandwich panel called composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs) intended to replace the traditional SIPs that are made of wood-based materials. A detailed analytical modeling procedure is presented in order to determine the global buckling, interfacial tensile stress at facesheet/core debonding, critical wrinkling stress at facesheet/core debonding, equivalent stiffness, and deflection for CSIPs. The proposed models were validated using experimental results that have been conducted on full-scale CSIP walls and floor panels. In order to be used as a hazard-resistant material, a detailed section was presented to show the resistance of CSIP elements to the different types of hazard effects, including impact loading, floodwater effect, fire effect, and windstorm loading.

Developments In Fiber Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Civil Engineering

Author : N. Uddin
ISBN : 9780128087732
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 46 MB
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The low velocity impact response of plain autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) and FRP/AAC sandwich panels has been investigated. The structural sandwich panels composed of a FRP/AAC combination have shown excellent characteristics in terms of high strength and high stiffness-to-weight ratios. In addition to having adequate flexural and shear properties, the behavior of FRP/AAC sandwich panels needs to be investigated when subjected to impact loading. During service, the structural members in the building structures are subjected to impact loading that varies from object-caused impact, blast due to explosions, to high velocity impact of debris during tornados, hurricanes, or storms. Low velocity impact (LVI) testing serves as a means to quantify the allowable impact energy that the structure is able to withstand and to assess the typical failure modes encountered during this type of loading. The objectives of this chapter are: to study the response of plain AAC and CFRP/AAC sandwich structures to low velocity impact and to assess the damage performance of the panels; to study the effect of FRP laminates on the impact response of CFRP/AAC panels; to study the effect of the processing method (hand layup versus VARTM) and panel stiffness on the impact response of the hybrid panels. Impact testing was conducted using an Instron drop-tower testing machine. Experimental results showed a significant influence of CFRPs laminates on the energy absorbed and peak load of the CFRP/AAC panels. Further, a theoretical analysis was conducted to predict the energy absorbed by the CFRP/AAC sandwich panel using the energy balance model, and the results found were in good accordance with the experimental ones.

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer Frp Composites For Structural Applications

Author : J. Ramôa Correia
ISBN : 9780128088395
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 3 MB
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This chapter focuses on the properties, manufacturing processes and quality control of pultruded advanced composites used in civil engineering applications. Pultrusion technology is first briefly explained, with the main features of the raw materials used being introduced, and the philosophy underlying the development of pultruded advanced composites discussed. A detailed description of the pultrusion process then follows, covering the equipment and procedure, technical specifications and quality control. Subsequently, the types, properties, applications and sustainability of pultruded profiles, reinforcing bars and strengthening strips are described. The final part of the chapter discusses future trends for the pultrusion of the advanced composites used in civil engineering applications.

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