die kraft der naturgesetze emergenz und kollektive fahigkeiten von den elementarteilchen bis zur menschlichen gesellschaft german edition

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An Inquiry Into The Nature And Causes Of The Wealth Of Nations

Author : Adam Smith
ISBN : NYPL:33433009013495
Genre : Economics
File Size : 49. 49 MB
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Varieties Of Multiple Modernities

Author :
ISBN : 9789004306714
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 70 MB
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This volume collects new research about multiple modernities and globalization. It shows the new turn of sociological theory in the contemporary scene with respect to multiple modernities, multi-centrism, transglobality, hybridization and multiculturalism, comparative cultures, and explores it as a new area of societal communication.

Complex Organizations

Author : Charles Perrow
ISBN : 1626549028
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44. 76 MB
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A classic text in sociology, "Complex Organizations" provides a succinct overview of the principal schools of thought of organizational theories, placing each into critical, historical, and cultural context. Vividly written, with many specific, student-oriented examples, "Complex Organizations" offers a critical perspective on organizations, analyzing their impact on individuals, groups, and society as a whole. Charles Perrow's cogent examination of organizational theory has bridged the gap between two academic disciplines, sociology and business administration, and has won over readers (including many students) with its enthusiasm for the subject. Charles Perrow is professor emeritus of sociology at Yale University and visiting professor at Stanford University. His interests include the development of bureaucracy in the 19th century, protecting the nation's critical infrastructure, the prospects for democratic work organizations, and the origins of American capitalism. "In a very real sense, this book is in a class by itself. . . . It has achieved the status of a 'classic.' . . . There is no other single volume which provides such a thoughtful and incisive critique of organizational theory." -Robert Rothman, Professor Department of SociologyUniversity of Delaware "As a work that has influenced the field, "Complex Organizations" is in a sparse, distinguished company. It is widely known and cited and is taken seriously as an articulate critique of much of its field. Its strength lies in its intelligence, its irreverence, and its author's reputation. There is much here, by way of analysis and critique that simply cannot be found in other texts." -Steven Kerr, Associate DeanSchool of Business AdministrationUniversity of Southern California

Oxygen

Author : Donald E. Canfield
ISBN : 9781400849888
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 5 MB
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The air we breathe is twenty-one percent oxygen, an amount higher than on any other known world. While we may take our air for granted, Earth was not always an oxygenated planet. How did it become this way? Donald Canfield—one of the world's leading authorities on geochemistry, earth history, and the early oceans—covers this vast history, emphasizing its relationship to the evolution of life and the evolving chemistry of the Earth. Canfield guides readers through the various lines of scientific evidence, considers some of the wrong turns and dead ends along the way, and highlights the scientists and researchers who have made key discoveries in the field. Showing how Earth’s atmosphere developed over time, Oxygen takes readers on a remarkable journey through the history of the oxygenation of our planet. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Emergence

Author : Steven Johnson
ISBN : 9780743218269
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 23 MB
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In the tradition of Being Digital and The Tipping Point, Steven Johnson, acclaimed as a "cultural critic with a poet's heart" (The Village Voice), takes readers on an eye-opening journey through emergence theory and its applications. A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK A VOICE LITERARY SUPPLEMENT TOP 25 FAVORITE BOOKS OF THE YEAR AN ESQUIRE MAGAZINE BEST BOOK OF THE YEAR Explaining why the whole is sometimes smarter than the sum of its parts, Johnson presents surprising examples of feedback, self-organization, and adaptive learning. How does a lively neighborhood evolve out of a disconnected group of shopkeepers, bartenders, and real estate developers? How does a media event take on a life of its own? How will new software programs create an intelligent World Wide Web? In the coming years, the power of self-organization -- coupled with the connective technology of the Internet -- will usher in a revolution every bit as significant as the introduction of electricity. Provocative and engaging, Emergence puts you on the front lines of this exciting upheaval in science and thought.

The Collapse Of Complex Societies

Author : Joseph Tainter
ISBN : 052138673X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 58 MB
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Dr Tainter describes nearly two dozen cases of collapse and reviews more than 2000 years of explanations. He then develops a new and far-reaching theory.

The Nsa Report

Author : The President's Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies
ISBN : 9781400851270
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 65 MB
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"We cannot discount the risk, in light of the lessons of our own history, that at some point in the future, high-level government officials will decide that this massive database of extraordinarily sensitive private information is there for the plucking. Americans must never make the mistake of wholly 'trusting' our public officials."--The NSA Report This is the official report that is helping shape the international debate about the unprecedented surveillance activities of the National Security Agency. Commissioned by President Obama following disclosures by former NSA contractor Edward J. Snowden, and written by a preeminent group of intelligence and legal experts, the report examines the extent of NSA programs and calls for dozens of urgent and practical reforms. The result is a blueprint showing how the government can reaffirm its commitment to privacy and civil liberties--without compromising national security.

Constitution 3 0

Author : Jeffrey Rosen
ISBN : 9780815724506
Genre : Law
File Size : 23. 58 MB
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"Explores the challenges to constitutional values posed by sweeping technological changes such as social networks, brain scans, and genetic selection and suggests ways of preserving rights, including privacy, free speech, and dignity in the age of Facebook and Google"--

The Mangle Of Practice

Author : Andrew Pickering
ISBN : 9780226668253
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 41 MB
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This ambitious book by one of the most original and provocative thinkers in science studies offers a sophisticated new understanding of the nature of scientific, mathematical, and engineering practice and the production of scientific knowledge. Andrew Pickering offers a new approach to the unpredictable nature of change in science, taking into account the extraordinary number of factors—social, technological, conceptual, and natural—that interact to affect the creation of scientific knowledge. In his view, machines, instruments, facts, theories, conceptual and mathematical structures, disciplined practices, and human beings are in constantly shifting relationships with one another—"mangled" together in unforeseeable ways that are shaped by the contingencies of culture, time, and place. Situating material as well as human agency in their larger cultural context, Pickering uses case studies to show how this picture of the open, changeable nature of science advances a richer understanding of scientific work both past and present. Pickering examines in detail the building of the bubble chamber in particle physics, the search for the quark, the construction of the quarternion system in mathematics, and the introduction of computer-controlled machine tools in industry. He uses these examples to address the most basic elements of scientific practice—the development of experimental apparatus, the production of facts, the development of theory, and the interrelation of machines and social organization.

Normal Accidents

Author : Charles Perrow
ISBN : 140082849X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 7 MB
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Normal Accidents analyzes the social side of technological risk. Charles Perrow argues that the conventional engineering approach to ensuring safety--building in more warnings and safeguards--fails because systems complexity makes failures inevitable. He asserts that typical precautions, by adding to complexity, may help create new categories of accidents. (At Chernobyl, tests of a new safety system helped produce the meltdown and subsequent fire.) By recognizing two dimensions of risk--complex versus linear interactions, and tight versus loose coupling--this book provides a powerful framework for analyzing risks and the organizations that insist we run them. The first edition fulfilled one reviewer's prediction that it "may mark the beginning of accident research." In the new afterword to this edition Perrow reviews the extensive work on the major accidents of the last fifteen years, including Bhopal, Chernobyl, and the Challenger disaster. The new postscript probes what the author considers to be the "quintessential 'Normal Accident'" of our time: the Y2K computer problem.

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