differential equations i essentials vol 1

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Essential Mathematics For The Physical Sciences Volume 1

Author : Brett Borden
ISBN : 9781681744865
Genre :
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Physics is expressed in the language of mathematics; it is deeply ingrained in how physics is taught and how it's practiced. A study of the mathematics used in science is thus asound intellectual investment for training as scientists and engineers. This first volume of two is centered on methods of solving partial differential equations (PDEs) and the special functions introduced. Solving PDEs can't be done, however, outside of the context in which they apply to physical systems. The solutions to PDEs must conform to boundary conditions, a set of additional constraints in space or time to be satisfied at the boundaries of the system, that small part of the universe under study. The first volume is devoted to homogeneous boundary-value problems (BVPs), homogeneous implying a system lacking a forcing function, or source function. The second volume takes up (in addition to other topics) inhomogeneous problems where, in addition to the intrinsic PDE governing a physical field, source functions are an essential part of the system. This text is based on a course offered at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) and while produced for NPS needs, it will serve other universities well. It is based on the assumption that it follows a math review course, and was designed to coincide with the second quarter of student study, which is dominated by BVPs but also requires an understanding of special functions and Fourier analysis.

Control Theory For Partial Differential Equations Volume 1 Abstract Parabolic Systems

Author : Irena Lasiecka
ISBN : 0521434084
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 94 MB
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Originally published in 2000, this is the first volume of a comprehensive two-volume treatment of quadratic optimal control theory for partial differential equations over a finite or infinite time horizon, and related differential (integral) and algebraic Riccati equations. Both continuous theory and numerical approximation theory are included. The authors use an abstract space, operator theoretic approach, which is based on semigroups methods, and which is unifying across a few basic classes of evolution. The various abstract frameworks are motivated by, and ultimately directed to, partial differential equations with boundary/point control. Volume 1 includes the abstract parabolic theory for the finite and infinite cases and corresponding PDE illustrations as well as various abstract hyperbolic settings in the finite case. It presents numerous fascinating results. These volumes will appeal to graduate students and researchers in pure and applied mathematics and theoretical engineering with an interest in optimal control problems.

Elliptic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Vitaly Volpert
ISBN : 3034605374
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 35 MB
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The theory of elliptic partial differential equations has undergone an important development over the last two centuries. Together with electrostatics, heat and mass diffusion, hydrodynamics and many other applications, it has become one of the most richly enhanced fields of mathematics. This monograph undertakes a systematic presentation of the theory of general elliptic operators. The author discusses a priori estimates, normal solvability, the Fredholm property, the index of an elliptic operator, operators with a parameter, and nonlinear Fredholm operators. Particular attention is paid to elliptic problems in unbounded domains which have not yet been sufficiently treated in the literature and which require some special approaches. The book also contains an analysis of non-Fredholm operators and discrete operators as well as extensive historical and bibliographical comments . The selected topics and the author's level of discourse will make this book a most useful resource for researchers and graduate students working in the broad field of partial differential equations and applications.

Essential Readings In Light Metals Volume 1 Alumina And Bauxite

Author : Don Donaldson
ISBN : 9783319481760
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 78 MB
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ONE OF A FOUR-BOOK COLLECTION SPOTLIGHTING CLASSIC ARTICLES Five decades of landmark original research findings and reviews Highlighting some of the most important findings reported over the past five decades, this volume features some of the best technical papers published on alumina and bauxite from 1963 to 2011. Papers have been divided into thirteen subject sections for ease of access. Each section has a brief introduction and a list of recommended articles for researchers interested in exploring each subject in greater depth. Only about fifteen percent of the alumina and bauxite papers ever published in Light Metals were chosen for this volume. Selection was based on a rigorous review process. Among the papers, readers will find landmark original research findings and expert reviews summarizing current thinking on key topics at the time of publication. From basic research to advanced applications, the articles published in this volume collectively represent our body of knowledge in alumina and bauxite. Students, scientists, and engineers should turn to this volume to discover the historical development of alumina and bauxite research as well as the current state of the science and the technology. Moreover, the papers published in this volume will serve as a springboard for future research and discoveries.

Differential Equations Problem Solver

Author : David R. Arterburn
ISBN : 9780738668307
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90. 47 MB
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Each Problem Solver is an insightful and essential study and solution guide chock-full of clear, concise problem-solving gems. All your questions can be found in one convenient source from one of the most trusted names in reference solution guides. More useful, more practical, and more informative, these study aids are the best review books and textbook companions available. Nothing remotely as comprehensive or as helpful exists in their subject anywhere. Perfect for undergraduate and graduate studies. Here in this highly useful reference is the finest overview of differential equations currently available, with hundreds of differential equations problems that cover everything from integrating factors and Bernoulli's equation to variation of parameters and undetermined coefficients. Each problem is clearly solved with step-by-step detailed solutions. DETAILS - The PROBLEM SOLVERS are unique - the ultimate in study guides. - They are ideal for helping students cope with the toughest subjects. - They greatly simplify study and learning tasks. - They enable students to come to grips with difficult problems by showing them the way, step-by-step, toward solving problems. As a result, they save hours of frustration and time spent on groping for answers and understanding. - They cover material ranging from the elementary to the advanced in each subject. - They work exceptionally well with any text in its field. - PROBLEM SOLVERS are available in 41 subjects. - Each PROBLEM SOLVER is prepared by supremely knowledgeable experts. - Most are over 1000 pages. - PROBLEM SOLVERS are not meant to be read cover to cover. They offer whatever may be needed at a given time. An excellent index helps to locate specific problems rapidly. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction Units Conversion Factors Chapter 1: Classification of Differential Equations Chapter 2: Separable Differential Equations Variable Transformation u = ax + by Variable Transformation y = vx Chapter 3: Exact Differential Equations Definitions and Examples Solving Exact Differential Equations Making a Non-exact Differential Equation Exact Chapter 4: Homogenous Differential Equations Identifying Homogenous Differential Equations Solving Homogenous Differential Equations by Substitution and Separation Chapter 5: Integrating Factors General Theory of Integrating Factors Equations of Form dy/dx + p(x)y = q(x) Grouping to Simplify Solutions Solution Directly From M(x, y)dx + N(x, y)dy = 0 Chapter 6: Method of Grouping Chapter 7: Linear Differential Equations Integrating Factors Bernoulli's Equation Chapter 8: Riccati's Equation Chapter 9: Clairaut's Equation Geometrical Construction Problems Chapter 10: Orthogonal Trajectories Elimination of Constants Orthogonal Trajectories Differential Equations Derived from Considerations of Analytical Geometry Chapter 11: First Order Differential Equations: Applications I Gravity and Projectile Hooke's Law, Springs Angular Motion Over-hanging Chain Chapter 12: First Order Differential Equations: Applications II Absorption of Radiation Population Dynamics Radioactive Decay Temperature Flow from an Orifice Mixing Solutions Chemical Reactions Economics One-Dimensional Neutron Transport Suspended Cable Chapter 13: The Wronskian and Linear Independence Determining Linear Independence of a Set of Functions Using the Wronskian in Solving Differential Equations Chapter 14: Second Order Homogenous Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients Roots of Auxiliary Equations: Real Roots of Auxiliary: Complex Initial Value Higher Order Differential Equations Chapter 15: Method of Undetermined Coefficients First Order Differential Equations Second Order Differential Equations Higher Order Differential Equations Chapter 16: Variation of Parameters Solution of Second Order Constant Coefficient Differential Equations Solution of Higher Order Constant Coefficient Differential Equations Solution of Variable Coefficient Differential Equations Chapter 17: Reduction of Order Chapter 18: Differential Operators Algebra of Differential Operators Properties of Differential Operators Simple Solutions Solutions Using Exponential Shift Solutions by Inverse Method Solution of a System of Differential Equations Chapter 19: Change of Variables Equation of Type (ax + by + c)dx + (dx + ey + f)dy = 0 Substitutions for Euler Type Differential Equations Trigonometric Substitutions Other Useful Substitutions Chapter 20: Adjoint of a Differential Equation Chapter 21: Applications of Second Order Differential Equations Harmonic Oscillator Simple Pendulum Coupled Oscillator and Pendulum Motion Beam and Cantilever Hanging Cable Rotational Motion Chemistry Population Dynamics Curve of Pursuit Chapter 22: Electrical Circuits Simple Circuits RL Circuits RC Circuits LC Circuits Complex Networks Chapter 23: Power Series Some Simple Power Series Solutions May Be Expanded Finding Power Series Solutions Power Series Solutions for Initial Value Problems Chapter 24: Power Series about an Ordinary Point Initial Value Problems Special Equations Taylor Series Solution to Initial Value Problem Chapter 25: Power Series about a Singular Point Singular Points and Indicial Equations Frobenius Method Modified Frobenius Method Indicial Roots: Equal Special Equations Chapter 26: Laplace Transforms Exponential Order Simple Functions Combination of Simple Functions Definite Integral Step Functions Periodic Functions Chapter 27: Inverse Laplace Transforms Partial Fractions Completing the Square Infinite Series Convolution Chapter 28: Solving Initial Value Problems by Laplace Transforms Solutions of First Order Initial Value Problems Solutions of Second Order Initial Value Problems Solutions of Initial Value Problems Involving Step Functions Solutions of Third Order Initial Value Problems Solutions of Systems of Simultaneous Equations Chapter 29: Second Order Boundary Value Problems Eigenfunctions and Eigenvalues of Boundary Value Problem Chapter 30: Sturm-Liouville Problems Definitions Some Simple Solutions Properties of Sturm-Liouville Equations Orthonormal Sets of Functions Properties of the Eigenvalues Properties of the Eigenfunctions Eigenfunction Expansion of Functions Chapter 31: Fourier Series Properties of the Fourier Series Fourier Series Exppansions Sine and Cosine Expansions Chapter 32: Bessel and Gamma Functions Properties of the Gamma Function Solutions to Bessel's Equation Chapter 33: Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations Converting Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equation Systems Matrix Mathematics Finding Eigenvalues of a Matrix Converting Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations into Matrix Form Calculating the Exponential of a Matrix Solving Systems by Matrix Methods Chapter 34: Simultaneous Linear Differential Equations Definitions Solutions of 2 x 2 Systems Checking Solution and Linear Independence in Matrix Form Solution of 3 x 3 Homogenous System Solution of Non-homogenous System Chapter 35: Method of Perturbation Chapter 36: Non-Linear Differential Equations Reduction of Order Dependent Variable Missing Independent Variable Missing Dependent and Independent Variable Missing Factorization Critical Points Linear Systems Non-Linear Systems Liapunov Function Analysis Second Order Equation Perturbation Series Chapter 37: Approximation Techniques Graphical Methods Successive Approximation Euler's Method Modified Euler's Method Chapter 38: Partial Differential Equations Solutions of General Partial Differential Equations Heat Equation Laplace's Equation One-Dimensional Wave Equation Chapter 39: Calculus of Variations Index WHAT THIS BOOK IS FOR Students have generally found differential equations a difficult subject to understand and learn. Despite the pub.

Unbounded Linear Operators

Author : Seymour Goldberg
ISBN : 9780486453316
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 48 MB
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This volume presents a systematic treatment of the theory of unbounded linear operators in normed linear spaces with applications to differential equations. Largely self-contained, it is suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, and it only requires a familiarity with metric spaces and real variable theory. After introducing the elementary theory of normed linear spaces--particularly Hilbert space, which is used throughout the book--the author develops the basic theory of unbounded linear operators with normed linear spaces assumed complete, employing operators assumed closed only when needed. Other topics include strictly singular operators; operators with closed range; perturbation theory, including some of the main theorems that are later applied to ordinary differential operators; and the Dirichlet operator, in which the author outlines the interplay between functional analysis and "hard" classical analysis in the study of elliptic partial differential equations. In addition to its readable style, this book's appeal includes numerous examples and motivations for certain definitions and proofs. Moreover, it employs simple notation, eliminating the need to refer to a list of symbols.

Differential And Integral Calculus

Author : Richard Courant
ISBN : 9781118031490
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48. 8 MB
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The classic introduction to the fundamentals of calculus Richard Courant's classic text Differential and Integral Calculus is an essential text for those preparing for a career in physics or applied math. Volume 1 introduces the foundational concepts of "function" and "limit", and offers detailed explanations that illustrate the "why" as well as the "how". Comprehensive coverage of the basics of integrals and differentials includes their applications as well as clearly-defined techniques and essential theorems. Multiple appendices provide supplementary explanation and author notes, as well as solutions and hints for all in-text problems.

Partial Differential Equations Of Mathematical Physics And Integral Equations

Author : Ronald B. Guenther
ISBN : 9780486137629
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 11 MB
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Superb treatment for math and physical science students discusses modern mathematical techniques for setting up and analyzing problems. Discusses partial differential equations of the 1st order, elementary modeling, potential theory, parabolic equations, more. 1988 edition.

Elementary Differential Equations

Author : William E. Boyce
ISBN : 0471089532
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33. 46 MB
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This book covers all the essential topics on differential equations, including series solutions, Laplace transforms, systems of equations, numerical methods and phase plane methods. Clear explanations are detailed with many current examples.

Discovering Evolution Equations With Applications

Author : Mark McKibben
ISBN : 9781420092073
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45. 92 MB
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Discovering Evolution Equations with Applications: Volume 1-Deterministic Equations provides an engaging, accessible account of core theoretical results of evolution equations in a way that gradually builds intuition and culminates in exploring active research. It gives nonspecialists, even those with minimal prior exposure to analysis, the foundation to understand what evolution equations are and how to work with them in various areas of practice. After presenting the essentials of analysis, the book discusses homogenous finite-dimensional ordinary differential equations. Subsequent chapters then focus on linear homogenous abstract, nonhomogenous linear, semi-linear, functional, Sobolev-type, neutral, delay, and nonlinear evolution equations. The final two chapters explore research topics, including nonlocal evolution equations. For each class of equations, the author develops a core of theoretical results concerning the existence and uniqueness of solutions under various growth and compactness assumptions, continuous dependence upon initial data and parameters, convergence results regarding the initial data, and elementary stability results. By taking an applications-oriented approach, this self-contained, conversational-style book motivates readers to fully grasp the mathematical details of studying evolution equations. It prepares newcomers to successfully navigate further research in the field.

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