distillers grains production properties and utilization

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Distillers Grains

Author : KeShun Liu
ISBN : 9781439817261
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 7 MB
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In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in grain-based fuel ethanol production in North America and around the world. Whether such production will result in a net energy gain or whether this is sustainable in the long term is under debate, but undoubtedly millions of tons of non-fermented residues are now produced annually for global trade in the form of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). Consequently, in a short period of time a tremendous amount of research has been conducted to determine the suitability of ethanol coproducts for various end uses. Distillers Grains: Production, Properties and Utilization is the first book of its kind to provide in-depth, and up-to-date coverage of Historical and current status of the fuel ethanol industry in the U.S. Processing methods, scientific principles, and innovations for making fuel ethanol using grains as feedstock Physical and chemical properties of DDGS, assay methodologies for compositional analyses, and mycotoxin occurrence in DDGS Changes during processing (from grains to DDGS) and analysis of factors causing variations in compositional, nutritional, and physical values Various traditional, new, and emerging uses for DDGS (including feed for cattle, swine, poultry, fish, and other animals, feedstocks for cellulosic ethanol, biodiesel, and other bioenergy production, and substrates for food and industrial uses) Appealing to all who have an interest in fuel ethanol production, distillers grains, and their uses, this comprehensive reference sharpens the readers’ understanding of distillers grains and will promote better utilization of ethanol coproducts. Animal and food scientists, feed and food technologists, ethanol plant managers and technicians, nutritionists, academic and governmental professionals, and college students will find the book most useful.

Nutrient Requirements Of Swine

Author : Committee on Animal Nutrition
ISBN : 9780309224239
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 79 MB
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Since 1944, the National Research Council has published 10 editions of the Nutrient Requirements of Swine. This reference has guided nutritionists and other professionals in academia and the swine and feed industries in developing and implementing nutritional and feeding programs for swine. The swine industry has undergone considerable changes since the tenth edition was published in 1998 and some of the requirements and recommendations set forth at that time are no longer relevant or appropriate. The eleventh revised edition of the Nutrient Requirements of Swine builds on the previous editions published by the National Research Council. A great deal of new research has been published during the last 15 years and there is a large amount of new information for many nutrients. In addition to a thorough and current evaluation of the literature on the energy and nutrient requirements of swine in all stages of life, this volume includes information about feed ingredients from the biofuels industry and other new ingredients, requirements for digestible phosphorus and concentrations of it in feed ingredients, a review of the effects of feed additives and feed processing, and strategies to increase nutrient retention and thus reduce fecal and urinary excretions that could contribute to environmental pollution. The tables of feed ingredient composition are significantly updated. Nutrient Requirements of Swine represents a comprehensive review of the most recent information available on swine nutrition and ingredient composition that will allow efficient, profitable, and environmentally conscious swine production.

Amino Acid Chelation In Human And Animal Nutrition

Author : H. DeWayne Ashmead
ISBN : 9781439897683
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 97 MB
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Although introduction of amino acid chelates in mineral nutrition initially met considerable skepticism and controversy, the greater absorption and bioavailability of amino acid chelated minerals compared to nonchelated minerals have been well-documented for decades. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compiles published chemical, nutritional, and clinical studies with new unpublished research. It interprets the combined data for the first time to explain why the body responds to an amino acid chelate differently than it does to inorganic metal salts. Focusing on digestion, the book follows how chelates are absorbed from the stomach and intestines into the mucosal tissue, their movement from the mucosal tissue into the blood, and uptake into tissue and organ cells. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compares amino acid chelate absorption and metabolism and that of inorganic salts of the same minerals. This book mainly focuses on the ingestion of amino acid metal chelates as a way to optimize mineral absorption, but it also provides a fundamental discussion of chelation chemistry. The author includes his own results, as well as alternate interpretations of the results of numerous studies of animal and human amino acid mineral chelate digestion and absorption. The views published in this book are solely the author’s views and do not reflect the views of his company, Albion Laboratories.

The Pellet Handbook

Author : Gerold Thek
ISBN : 9781136539916
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 31 MB
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Biomass pellets are a suitable fuel type for a wide range of applications, from stoves and central heating systems up to large-scale plants, and with practically complete automation in all these capacities. This handbook, written and edited by experienced professionals from IEA Bioenergy Task 32 in cooperation with Bios Bioenergiesysteme GmbH, Graz, Austria, other IEA Tasks and external experts, is the first comprehensive guide in English language covering all pellet related issues, as illustrated by the following list of topics covered by the book: international overview of standards for pellets evaluation of raw materials and raw material potentials quality and properties of pellets technical evaluation of the pellet production process and logistic aspects of pellet supply safety and health aspects for pellets during storage, handling and transportation technological evaluation of pellet furnace technologies and future developments economic and ecological evaluation of the pellet production process economic and ecological evaluation of pellet use in small-scale furnaces in the residential sector overview of international pellet markets and market developments international case studies for the use of pellets for energy generation latest trends concerning research and development in the pellet sector. Extensively illustrated and packed with practical knowledge, this is the ultimate reference for anyone involved in or affected by this burgeoning industry. It addresses all the players of the pellet market, ranging from raw material producers or suppliers, pellet producers and traders, manufacturers of pellet furnaces and pelletization systems, installers, engineering companies, energy consultants and end users.

Nutrition And Utilization Technology In Aquaculture

Author : Chhorn Lim
ISBN : 0935315543
Genre : Aquaculture
File Size : 31. 15 MB
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In this monograph, experts provide current knowledge on nutrient requirements and effects of deficiencies on commercially important aquaculture species. The information presented affects the development of more cost-effective feeds, the increased use of and market demand for agricultural and aqua-cultural products and by-products, and the potential for decreased pollution. This monograph is useful to students, nutritionists, food technologists, feed formulators and manufacturers, oilseed producers, and aquaculturists.

Biofuel Co Products As Livestock Feed

Author : Harinder P. S. Makkar
ISBN : 925107299X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 34 MB
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This publication presents current state-of-the-art knowledge on the use of co-products from the biofuel industry as livestock feed. At present, biofuel production makes use of agricultural crops grown primarily on arable land, in particular maize and wheat, and sugar cane used for the production of ethanol. This publication examines the future availability of co-products in the context of climate change and predicted shortages of fossil fuel, and emphasizes the need to ensure economic sustainability and avoid conflict with tradition usage of arable land to produce food and animal feed.

Advances In Biorefineries

Author : Keith Waldron
ISBN : 0857095218
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 53 MB
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Annotation Professor Keith Waldron is Senior Scientist at the Institute of Food Research, UK where he is head of the "Sustainability of the Food Chain Exploitation Platform". His current research interests include the development of biofuels and platform chemicals from agri-food chain waste biomass. He is also the Editor of "Handbook of waste management and co-product recovery in food processing, Volumes 1 and 2" (Woodhead, 2007 and 2009) and "Bioalcohol production: Biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass" (Woodhead, 2010).

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