drinking water disinfection techniques

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Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques

Author : Jyoti Kishen Kumar
ISBN : 9781439877401
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 19 MB
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Water is our natural heritage, our miracle of life. However, our increasingly technological society has become indifferent to water. Far from being pure, modern drinking water around the world contains many undesirable chemical and bacterial contaminants. The existing techniques employed for the disinfection of water are either energy-intensive or have by-products harmful to human health. Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques reviews these processes and explores novel technologies for water disinfection synergistic with existing techniques. The book covers a wide audience and gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques commonly used for the disinfection of water as well as newer emerging technologies in terms of their mode of action, scale of operation, efficacy, merits, and demerits. It broadly addresses the issues related to water disinfection in three sections: Disinfection techniques—chemical, physical, and hybrid (combination)—and their likely scale of operation efficacy Disinfection by-product as a function of water source and the type of treatment Emerging and novel techniques, including new work on cavitation, an economical, energy-efficient, and simple alternative to the conventional methods of disinfection Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques effectively combines the chemical, physical, biological, and engineering principles of water disinfection in one text. Discussing both conventional and novel techniques used for disinfection and the economics involved, the book gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques used for disinfection to create potable water.

Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques

Author : Jyoti Kishen Kumar
ISBN : 9781439877418
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 21 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Water is our natural heritage, our miracle of life. However, our increasingly technological society has become indifferent to water. Far from being pure, modern drinking water around the world contains many undesirable chemical and bacterial contaminants. The existing techniques employed for the disinfection of water are either energy-intensive or have by-products harmful to human health. Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques reviews these processes and explores novel technologies for water disinfection synergistic with existing techniques. The book covers a wide audience and gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques commonly used for the disinfection of water as well as newer emerging technologies in terms of their mode of action, scale of operation, efficacy, merits, and demerits. It broadly addresses the issues related to water disinfection in three sections: Disinfection techniques—chemical, physical, and hybrid (combination)—and their likely scale of operation efficacy Disinfection by-product as a function of water source and the type of treatment Emerging and novel techniques, including new work on cavitation, an economical, energy-efficient, and simple alternative to the conventional methods of disinfection Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques effectively combines the chemical, physical, biological, and engineering principles of water disinfection in one text. Discussing both conventional and novel techniques used for disinfection and the economics involved, the book gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques used for disinfection to create potable water.

Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques

Author : Jyoti Kishen Kumar
ISBN : 1138073873
Genre :
File Size : 48. 27 MB
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Water is our natural heritage, our miracle of life. However, our increasingly technological society has become indifferent to water. Far from being pure, modern drinking water around the world contains many undesirable chemical and bacterial contaminants. The existing techniques employed for the disinfection of water are either energy-intensive or have by-products harmful to human health. Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques reviews these processes and explores novel technologies for water disinfection synergistic with existing techniques. The book covers a wide audience and gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques commonly used for the disinfection of water as well as newer emerging technologies in terms of their mode of action, scale of operation, efficacy, merits, and demerits. It broadly addresses the issues related to water disinfection in three sections: Disinfection techniques--chemical, physical, and hybrid (combination)--and their likely scale of operation efficacy Disinfection by-product as a function of water source and the type of treatment Emerging and novel techniques, including new work on cavitation, an economical, energy-efficient, and simple alternative to the conventional methods of disinfection Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques effectively combines the chemical, physical, biological, and engineering principles of water disinfection in one text. Discussing both conventional and novel techniques used for disinfection and the economics involved, the book gives a comprehensive review of various physical, chemical, and hybrid techniques used for disinfection to create potable water.

Drinking Water And Health

Author : Safe Drinking Water Committee
ISBN : 9780309554923
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 95 MB
Format : PDF
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The most recent volume in the Drinking Water and Health series contains the results of a two-part study on the toxicity of drinking water contaminants. The first part examines current practices in risk assessment, identifies new noncancerous toxic responses to chemicals found in drinking water, and discusses the use of pharmacokinetic data to estimate the delivered dose and response. The second part of the book provides risk assessments for 14 specific compounds, 9 presented here for the first time.

Control Of Disinfection By Products In Drinking Water Systems

Author : Anastasia Nikolau
ISBN : 1600213227
Genre : Nature
File Size : 64. 31 MB
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The occurrence of disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking water has been an issue of major concern during several decades. The formation of many DBPs species during water disinfection has been documented, while new by-products are still being detected, as the analytical instrumentation available becomes more accurate and sensitive. Most of the DBPs have been proven to have toxic effects on living organisms; therefore they pose risks to human health during drinking water consumption. The factors affecting their formation have been extensively investigated, their transport and fate have been studied, modelling efforts for several of them have been performed, in order to understand better their behaviour and therefore try to minimise their occurrence in waters. Techniques for their removal from water have also been applied, and a variety of disinfection methods or combinations of disinfecting agents have been investigated with the aim to produce safe drinking water containing the minimum possible concentrations of DBPs. This book deals with the advances in control of DBPs in drinking water systems. Further than an providing an overview of existing disinfection techniques and by-products, up-to-date information on the parameters affecting the procedures of DBPs formation, analytical methods for their determination, toxicity, regulation, it pays special emphasis on the advanced treatment methods applied recently for DBPs control and presents recent promising findings as well as case studies in this field, as the relevant research is proceeding, producing more knowledge and practical solutions in regard to the disinfected drinking water quality.

Disinfection Byproducts In Drinking Water

Author : Yuefeng Xie
ISBN : 0203486919
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 2 MB
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The EPA has established regulations which classify four types of disinfection byproducts - TTHMs, haloacetic acids, bromate, and chlorite - and requires public water systems limit these byproducts to specific levels. Most of the information required to comply with these standards is either scattered throughout the literature or derived from conferences or symposiums. Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water: Formation, Analysis, and Control pulls all the information together to provide a needed organized presentation of disinfection byproduct analysis, formation, and control. The author begins with an introduction to all disinfection byproducts (DBPs), including their nomenclatures, molecular structures, and formation. He discusses the effects of various water quality parameters on the formation and stability of DBPs in drinking water. He further examines DBP degradation reactions, the effects of various water treatment processes on the formation and removal of DBPs, various technologies for DBP removal and control in drinking water, and the formation and control of inorganic DBPs. The text also reviews past, current, and future regulations, as well as current analytical methods and data evaluation for disinfection byproducts monitoring. Bringing together the findings of many notable researchers in the field, Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water serves as a practical guide to understanding the formation of disinfection byproducts and explaining how they are analyzed and controlled. Chemists in plants and laboratories will value the analytical techniques offered in the book, and plant engineers will benefit from the formation and control information.

The Chlorine Revolution

Author : Michael J. McGuire
ISBN : 158321920X
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 46 MB
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From its 1908 beginnings, the history of drinking water chlorination is a compelling subject with controversy that surprises the modern reader. This thorough but accessible science-history book provides the dramatic details on the reduction of waterborne illness and how “the most significant public health advance of the millennium” came to pass.

Drinking Water Management

Author : Jebagnanam Cyril Kanmony
ISBN : 8183243460
Genre : Drinking water
File Size : 90. 72 MB
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Study with special reference to Kanyakumari District of Tamil Nadu, India.

Low Cost Emergency Water Purification Technologies

Author : Chittaranjan Ray
ISBN : 9780124115316
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 77 MB
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Natural disasters, tornadoes, hurricanes, and floods are occurring with increasing frequency. In emergencies, pure drinking water is quickly the most important item. Low Cost Emergency Water Purification Technologies provides the tips and techniques for supplying potable drinking water at low cost in the direst circumstances. Succinct and readable, this manual describes the various options for correcting unsanitary or unsatisfactory drinking water. Several treatment methods for contaminated water are reviewed and the pros and cons of each are discussed. Covers long-term technologies including sand filtration, packaged filtration units, pressurized filtration systems and natural filtration Addresses short-term strategies such as reverse osmosis-based filtration, cartridge filtration systems, and solar pasteurizations systems Describes disinfection systems, energy-saving applications, cost considerations and HA/DR applications

Water Purification

Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
ISBN : 9780128043714
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 38 MB
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Water Purification, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Food Industry series, provides an in-depth review of the current technologies and emerging application of nanotechnology in drinking water purification, also presenting an overview of the common drinking water contaminants, such as heavy metals, organics, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, and their occurrences in drinking water sources. As the global water crisis has motivated the industry to look for alternative water supplies, nanotechnology presents significant potential for utilizing previously unacceptable water sources. This books explores the practical methodologies for transforming water using nanotechnologies, and is a comprehensive reference to a wide audience of food science research professionals, professors, and students who are doing research in this field. Includes the most up-to-date information on nanotechnology applications and research methods for water purification and treatment Presents applications of nanotechnology and engineered nanomaterials in drinking water purification to improve efficiency and reduce cost Provides water purification research methods that are important to water quality, including precipitation, adsorption, membrane separation, and ion exchange Covers the potential risks of nanotechnology, such as the toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials in water and how to minimize risks based on research studies

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