drugs oil and war the united states in afghanistan colombia and indochina war and peace library

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Drugs Oil And War

Author : Peter Dale Scott
ISBN : 9780585459738
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 40 MB
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Peter Dale Scott's brilliantly researched tour de force illuminates the underlying forces that drive U.S. global policy from Vietnam to Colombia and now to Afghanistan and Iraq. He brings to light the intertwined patterns of drugs, oil politics, and intelligence networks that have been so central to the larger workings of U.S. intervention and escalation in Third World countries through alliances with drug-trafficking proxies. This strategy was originally developed in the late 1940s to contain communist China; it has since been used to secure control over foreign petroleum resources. The result has been a staggering increase in the global drug traffic and the mafias associated with it_a problem that will worsen until there is a change in policy. Scott argues that covert operations almost always outlast the specific purpose for which they were designed. Instead, they grow and become part of a hostile constellation of forces. The author terms this phenomenon parapolitics_the exercise of power by covert means_which tends to metastasize into deep politics_the interplay of unacknowledged forces that spin out of the control of the original policy initiators. We must recognize that U.S. influence is grounded not just in military and economic superiority, Scott contends, but also in so-called soft power. We need a 'soft politics' of persuasion and nonviolence, especially as America is embroiled in yet another disastrous intervention, this time in Iraq.

The Feathers Of Condor

Author : Fernando López
ISBN : 9781443898980
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 40 MB
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On 25 November 1975, representatives of five South American intelligence services held a secret meeting in the city of Santiago, Chile. At the end of the gathering, the participating delegations agreed to launch Operation Condor under the pretext of coordinating counterinsurgency activities, sharing information to combat leftist guerrillas and stopping an alleged advance of Marxism in the region. Condor, however, went much further than mere exchanges of information between neighbours. It was a plan to transnationalize state terrorism beyond South America. This book identifies the reasons why the South American military regimes chose this strategic path at a time when most revolutionary movements in the region were defeated, in the process of leaving behind armed struggle and resuming the political path. One of Condor’s most intriguing features was the level of cooperation achieved by these governments considering the distrust, animosity and historical rivalries between these countries’ armed forces. This book explores these differences and goes further than previous lines of inquiry, which have focused predominantly on the conflict between Latin American leftist guerrillas and the armed forces, to study the contribution made by other actors such as civilian anticommunist figures and organizations, and the activities conducted by politically active exiles and their supporters in numerous countries. This broader approach confirms that the South American dictatorships launched the Condor Plan to systematically eliminate any kind of opposition, especially key figures and groups involved in the denunciation of the regimes’ human rights violations.

The New Global Order

Author : Naveen Tomar
ISBN : 9781543900804
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41. 45 MB
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We are living in times of unprecedented globalisation. Instead of making the world multipolar, history is being repeated as corporates blur the sovereign boundaries and indulge in the cartelization of resources. The world has always been at war over resources behind the façade of trade, politics, religion and ideology. Though the global order has evolved, the key has always been geography for “he who controls the geography, controls the resources and has the power to dictate both war and peace”. History is testament that whenever new borders are drawn, the seeds for future conflict are sown. Hence while globalisation has brought a high degree of connectivity between polarised countries, communities etc.; the revenge of geography has ensured kingdoms being ground to dust, empires dismantled, democracies overthrown and communist movements created etc.; evolving the global order to where we are today. This theory of territorial reminiscence and its impact on countries, communities and ideologies is at the core of The New Global Order authored by Naveen Tomar, Navroop Singh and Himja Parekh, which attempts a global mapping from the 12th century Ottoman Empire (the key to chaos in Middle East and the world today); 14th century Eurasia through the European and Russian Orders; to China (as the challenger to the United States) and India’s rise in the 20th and 21st century respectively against an order led by Great Britain and currently the United States. As geopolitics is the sum total of state actions that affect the entire world, the book also draws parallels between it and international security. The book is divided into 6 parts - The Ascendance of Chaos (Middle East), War on Terror (USA), Eurasia, The Rise of The Chinese Dragon, The Indian Subcontinent and the last discussing the tools shaping The New Global Order. The key in shaping The New Global Order lies in creating two contrasting poles and bringing them into conflict. The thirst for power and ego will do the rest. The book explains how these poles were created and analyses the current global order, the contrasts in the emerging Beijing Consensus vs. the Washington Consensus and then discusses the tools of transition. They are Narco-Terror, Petrodollar, Climate Change, Water Wars including Virtual Water, The Surveillance State, The Military-Industrial Complex and Communism. Narco-terror cripples countries, the Petrodollar maintains the US Dollar as the global reserve currency, Climate Change and Water Wars help in carrying out political and economic warfare while The Surveillance State enables PsyOps, propaganda and cyber warfare. The Military-Industrial Complex shapes foreign policy by creating chaos; and the secrets of technology transfer between warring nations to ensure its relevance as a powerbroker are also elaborated. Lastly, the book discusses Communism, the most important tool of the future beyond a form of governance and ideology that will gradually erase the geographical boundaries and lead towards the creation of a Godless Society. The result will be The New Global Order or The Global Corporate State that has already begun via the mega trade deals/economic unions. The book further explores the trends in this transition by region and also highlights Next Generation Warfare, Islamic Communism, Transnationality of Communist International and the rise of Christian Terror in an emerging bipolar world with new players. It concludes with discussing the evolution of The New Global Order through the three founding pillars of Global Geopolitical Order, Global Geoeconomic Order and Cartelization of Resources. Martin Luther King said, “We are not makers of history, we are made by history”. With the current churning in geopolitics that is shaking the Peace of Westphalia, The New Global Order provides an in-depth view of what lies ahead and how nations can prepare themselves for a world that will be highly globalised yet exclusive.

The American Deep State

Author : Peter Dale Scott
ISBN : 9781538100257
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 23 MB
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Now in a new edition updated through the unprecedented 2016 presidential election, this provocative book makes a compelling case for a hidden “deep state” that influences and often opposes official U.S. policies. Prominent political analyst Peter Dale Scott begins by tracing America’s increasing militarization, restrictions on constitutional rights, and income disparity since World War II. With the start of the Cold War, he argues, the U.S. government changed immensely in both function and scope, from protecting and nurturing a relatively isolated country to assuming ever-greater responsibility for controlling world politics in the name of freedom and democracy. This has resulted in both secretive new institutions and a slow but radical change in the American state itself. He argues that central to this historic reversal were seismic national events, ranging from the assassination of President Kennedy to 9/11. Scott marshals compelling evidence that the deep state is now partly institutionalized in non-accountable intelligence agencies like the CIA and NSA, but it also extends its reach to private corporations like Booz Allen Hamilton and SAIC, to which 70 percent of intelligence budgets are outsourced. Behind these public and private institutions is the influence of Wall Street bankers and lawyers, allied with international oil companies beyond the reach of domestic law. Undoubtedly the political consensus about America’s global role has evolved, but if we want to restore the country’s traditional constitutional framework, it is important to see the role of particular cabals—such as the Project for the New American Century—and how they have repeatedly used the secret powers and network of Continuity of Government (COG) planning to implement change. Yet the author sees the deep state polarized between an establishment and a counter-establishment in a chaotic situation that may actually prove more hopeful for U.S. democracy.

American War Machine

Author : Peter Dale Scott
ISBN : 9781442205895
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 52 MB
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This provocative, thoroughly researched book explores the covert aspects of U.S. foreign policy. Prominent political analyst Peter Dale Scott marshals compelling evidence to expose the extensive growth of sanctioned but illicit violence in politics and state affairs, especially when related to America's long-standing involvement with the global drug traffic. Beginning with Thailand in the 1950s, Americans have become inured to the CIA's alliances with drug traffickers (and their bankers) to install and sustain right-wing governments. The pattern has repeated itself in Laos, Vietnam, Italy, Mexico, Thailand, Nigeria, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Panama, Honduras, Turkey, Pakistan, and now Afghanistan—to name only those countries dealt with in this book. Scott shows that the relationship of U.S. intelligence operators and agencies to the global drug traffic, and to other international criminal networks, deserves greater attention in the debate over the U.S. presence in Afghanistan. To date, America's government and policies have done more to foster than to curtail the drug trade. The so-called war on terror, and in particular the war in Afghanistan, constitutes only the latest chapter in this disturbing story.

Cocaine Politics

Author : Peter Dale Scott
ISBN : 0520921283
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 26 MB
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When the "San Jose Mercury News" ran a controversial series of stories in 1996 on the relationship between the CIA, the Contras, and crack, they reignited the issue of the intelligence agency's connections to drug trafficking, initially brought to light during the Vietnam War and then again by the Iran-Contra affair. Broad in scope and extensively documented, "Cocaine Politics" shows that under the cover of national security and covert operations, the U.S. government has repeatedly collaborated with and protected major international drug traffickers. A new preface discusses developments of the last six years, including the "Mercury News" stories and the public reaction they provoked.

Latin America

Author : Juan Manuel Pérez
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173019112514
Genre : Reference
File Size : 55. 48 MB
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This is a general bibliography on Latin America, covering a wide variety of subjects, from pre-Columbian civilizations, to Columbus, to Castro, to the foreign debt, to pollution, ect. This work will not only be of use to the general, casual reader on Latin America, but also to the more specialized researcher. The book contains over 800 topics, with over 8,000 titles identified.

Zen At War

Author : Daizen Victoria
ISBN : UVA:X004897948
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 41 MB
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A compelling history of the contradictory, often militaristic, role of Zen Buddhism, this book meticulously documents the close and previously unknown support of a supposedly peaceful religion for Japanese militarism throughout World War II. Drawing on the writings and speeches of leading Zen masters and scholars, Brian Victoria shows that Zen served as a powerful foundation for the fanatical and suicidal spirit displayed by the imperial Japanese military. At the same time, the author recounts the dramatic and tragic stories of the handful of Buddhist organizations and individuals that dared to oppose Japan's march to war. He follows this history up through recent apologies by several Zen sects for their support of the war and the way support for militarism was transformed into corporate Zen in postwar Japan. The second edition includes a substantive new chapter on the roots of Zen militarism and an epilogue that explores the potentially volatile mix of religion and war. With the increasing interest in Buddhism in the West, this book is as timely as it is certain to be controversial.

The Road To 9 11

Author : Peter Dale Scott
ISBN : 0520929942
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 66 MB
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This is an ambitious, meticulous examination of how U.S. foreign policy since the 1960s has led to partial or total cover-ups of past domestic criminal acts, including, perhaps, the catastrophe of 9/11. Peter Dale Scott, whose previous books have investigated CIA involvement in southeast Asia, the drug wars, and the Kennedy assassination, here probes how the policies of presidents since Nixon have augmented the tangled bases for the 2001 terrorist attack. Scott shows how America's expansion into the world since World War II has led to momentous secret decision making at high levels. He demonstrates how these decisions by small cliques are responsive to the agendas of private wealth at the expense of the public, of the democratic state, and of civil society. He shows how, in implementing these agendas, U.S. intelligence agencies have become involved with terrorist groups they once backed and helped create, including al Qaeda.

Protesting Power

Author : Francis Anthony Boyle
ISBN : 0742538915
Genre : Law
File Size : 71. 25 MB
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In this compelling book, distinguished activist lawyer Francis Boyle sounds an impassioned clarion call to citizen action against Bush administration policies both domestically and overseas. Boyle, who has spent his career defending civil resisters, offers the only guide available on how to use international law, constitutional law, and the laws of war to defend peaceful non-violent protestors against governmental policies that are illegal and criminal. He focuses especially on the aftermath of 9/11 and the implications of the war on Afghanistan, the war on terrorism, the war on Iraq, the doctrine of preventive warfare, and the domestic abridgement of civil rights. Including a number of compelling excerpts from his own trial appearances as an expert witness and as counsel, the author offers a how-to manual for protesters who find themselves in court.

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