dynamics among nations the evolution of legitimacy and development in modern states mit press

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Dynamics Among Nations

Author : Hilton L. Root
ISBN : 9780262019705
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80. 79 MB
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Liberal internationalism has been the West's foreign policy agenda since the Cold War, and the West has long occupied the top rung of a hierarchical system. In this book, Hilton Root argues that international relations, like other complex ecosystems, exists in a constantly shifting landscape, in which hierarchical structures are giving way to systems of networked interdependence, changing every facet of global interaction. Accordingly, policymakers will need a new way to understand the process of change. Root suggests that the science of complex systems offers an analytical framework to explain the unforeseen development failures, governance trends, and alliance shifts in today's global political economy. Root examines both the networked systems that make up modern states and the larger, interdependent landscapes they share. Using systems analysis -- in which institutional change and economic development are understood as self-organizing complexities -- he offers an alternative view of institutional resilience and persistence. From this perspective, Root considers the divergence of East and West; the emergence of the European state, its contrast with the rise of China, and the network properties of their respective innovation systems; the trajectory of democracy in developing regions; and the systemic impact of China on the liberal world order. Complexity science, Root argues, will not explain historical change processes with algorithmic precision, but it may offer explanations that match the messy richness of those processes.

Non Equilibrium Social Science And Policy

Author : Jeffrey Johnson
ISBN : 9783319424248
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 77 MB
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The overall aim of this book, an outcome of the European FP7 FET Open NESS project, is to contribute to the ongoing effort to put the quantitative social sciences on a proper footing for the 21st century. A key focus is economics, and its implications on policy making, where the still dominant traditional approach increasingly struggles to capture the economic realities we observe in the world today - with vested interests getting too often in the way of real advances. Insights into behavioral economics and modern computing techniques have made possible both the integration of larger information sets and the exploration of disequilibrium behavior. The domain-based chapters of this work illustrate how economic theory is the only branch of social sciences which still holds to its old paradigm of an equilibrium science - an assumption that has already been relaxed in all related fields of research in the light of recent advances in complex and dynamical systems theory and related data mining. The other chapters give various takes on policy and decision making in this context. Written in nontechnical style throughout, with a mix of tutorial and essay-like contributions, this book will benefit all researchers, scientists, professionals and practitioners interested in learning about the 'thinking in complexity' to understand how socio-economic systems really work.

Social Emergence In International Relations

Author : Maren Wagner
ISBN : 9783319335513
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 48. 36 MB
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This book presents a conceptualization of social emergence in international relations as a novel angle to analyse institutional dynamics in East Asia, introducing the concept of emergence from a critical realist perspective. The author examines East Asia’s characteristic mesh work of regional institutions that affect integrative processes and regional policies, exploring how such institutions emerge and acquire their own nature and why this pattern persists over time, an unresolved and contested subject in the field of International Relations. This book suggests that regional institutions are emergent entities of the international system that arise as forms of self-organization by states to achieve certain emergent properties and powers. The author’s approach sheds light on the particular emergent properties and powers of regional institutions and identifies discourse as a key mechanism of social emergence. Besides engaging in relevant questions of the philosophy of science and its methodological implications for studying social emergence in world politics, the book also analyses the concrete case of two East Asian regional institutions: ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asia Summit. This book will engage scholars and postgraduate students of Asian Studies and International Relations.

Theories Of The Policy Process

Author : Paul A. Sabatier
ISBN : 9780813349275
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 50 MB
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Theories of the Policy Process provides a forum for experts in the most established and widely used theoretical frameworks in policy process research to present the basic propositions, empirical evidence, latest updates, and promising future research opportunities of each framework. This well-regarded volume covers such enduring classics as Multiple Streams (Herweg et al.), Punctuated Equilibrium (Baumgartner et al.), Advocacy Coalition Framework (Jenkins-Smith et al.), Institutional Analysis and Development Framework (Schlager and Cox), and Policy Diffusion (Berry and Berry), as well as two newer theories-Policy Feedback (Mettler and SoRelle) and Narrative Policy Framework (Shanahan et al.). The fourth edition includes discussion of global and comparative perspectives in each theoretical chapter plus a brand-new chapter that explores how these theories have been adapted for, and employed in, non-American and non-Western contexts. An expanded introduction and revised conclusion fully examines and contextualizes the history, trajectories, and functions of public policy research. Since its first publication in 1999, Theories of the Policy Process has been, and remains, the quintessential gateway to the field of policy process research for students, scholars, and practitioners.

Rural Sustainability

Author : Qing Tian
ISBN : 9783319526850
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 99 MB
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This volume applies the science of complexity to study coupled human-environment systems (CHES) and integrates ideas from the social sciences of climate change into a study of rural development amid flooding and urbanization in the Poyang Lake Region (PLR) of China. Author Qing Tian operationalizes the concept of sustainability and provides useful scientific analyses for sustainable development in less developed rural areas that are vulnerable to climatic hazards. The book uses a new sustainability framework that is centered on the concept of well-being to study rural development in PLR. The PLR study includes three major analyses: (1) a regional assessment of human well-being; (2) an empirical analysis of rural livelihoods; and (3) an agent-based computer model used to explore future rural development. These analyses provide a meaningful view of human development in the Poyang Lake Region and illustrate some of the complex local- and macro-level processes that shape the livelihoods of rural households in the dynamic process of urbanization. They generate useful insights about how government policy might effectively improve the well-being of rural households and promote sustainable development amid social, economic, and environmental changes. This case study has broader implications. Rural populations in the developing world are disproportionally affected by extreme climate events and climate change. Furthermore, the livelihoods of rural households in the developing world are increasingly under the influences of macro-level forces amid urbanization and globalization. This case study demonstrates that rural development policies must consider broader development dynamics at the national (and even global) level, as well as specific local social and environmental contexts. By treating climate as one of many factors that affect development in such places, we can provide policy recommendations that synergistically promote development and reduce climatic impacts and therefore facilitate mainstreaming climate adaptation into development.

Author : توماس هوبز
ISBN : 9796500033068
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77. 39 MB
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إنّ كتاب اللوياثان الذي وضعه (سنة 1651)، من الكتب المؤسِّسة لنظرية الفلسفة، وهو يبتكر أسطورة السلطة المطلقة فيضع ركائز التقليد السياسي الحديث.. فقد قرّر البشر، استناداً إلى قُدرتهم الخاصّة على العزم والتفكير، أن يُزوّدوا أنفُسَهُم بقانون مُشترَك ومُصطَنَع، وعندها لم يعد القانون يرتكز على العالم الإلهي، بل على العالم الإنساني. واللفياثان هو كائن بحري خرافي له رأس تنين وجسد وأفعى ويرد ذكره مرات عدة في الكتاب المقدس، أما هوبز فيستعمله ليصور سلطة الحاكم أو الدولة التي يستبدل بها الناس ضمن عقد اجتماعي جديد سلطة الدين أو اللاهوت.

Author : George Packer
ISBN : 9789960549903
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53. 74 MB
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كتاب حاصل على جائزة كورنيليوس رايان لنادي الصحافة عبر البحار؛ لكونه أفضل كتاب تدور أحداثه حول الشؤون الدولية، وحاصل على جائزة كتب مكتبة نيويورك العامة هيلين بيرنستاين للتميز في الصحافة. يروي كتاب (بوابة الحشاشين) كيف أن الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية شرعت تغير تاريخ الشرق الأوسط، فإذا بها قد وقعت في شرك حرب عصابات في العراق، إنه كتاب يبعث الحياة في الناس والأفكار التي أوجدت سياسة الحرب في إدارة بوش، وذهبت بأمريكا إلى بوابة الحشاشين التي تعدُّ نقطة العبور الرئيسة إلى المنطقة الأمريكية في بغداد، كما أن الكتاب يبين موقع الحرب في الحياة الأمريكية: إذ المعركة الأيديولوجية في واشنطن أدّت إلى فوضى في العراق، وأفرزت مصائب لعوائل جراء أبنائها المقتولين هناك، وكشفت البيئة السياسية لبلد ذي أقطاب متعددة، لدرجة يصعب معها أن يفهم المشروع الأمريكي المعقد. إن سرد باكر (الموثوق والواقعي) بصيغة المتكلم يجمع ما بين التاريخ الملحمي وعمق الرواية وحميميتها، كما أنه يقدم وصفاً بارعاً لأكثر مغامرات أمريكة الخارجية إثارة للجدل منذ حرب فيتنام. الكتاب رواية لحرب العراق تقف في مصاف الروايات التاريخية العالمية، مثل: «A Bright Shining Lie ،«Fire in the Lake و«Hell in a Very Small Place»... إن كتاب (بوابة الحشاشين) يحتاج أن يقرأه كل أمريكي. توم بيسل، The New York Observer «إنه كتاب متألق». ريتشارد هولبروك، The Washington Post «إنه كتاب بارع... فتصوير باكر للمناقشات قبل الحرب متقن وجذاب ومؤثر... فهو يضع القارئ في جانب وولتر بنجامين من التاريخ، حيث يكتفي بالمشاهدة، دون أدنى حيلة له، بينما ينتشر الحطام من حوله». غيديون روز، The Washington Post Book World اختير كتاب (بوابة الحشاشين) بوصفه أحد أفضل عشرة كتب لعام 2005 من قبل: The New York Times Book Review, Time Slate, USA Today The Washington Post Book World, The Economist, The Boston Globe, the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times Book Review, New York, the San Francisco Chronicle العبيكان للنشر

Jami Bain Al Ilm Wa L Amal An Nafi Fi Sina At Al Hiyal

Author : Ismāʻīl ibn al-Razzāz Jazarī
ISBN : UOM:39015081842737
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 44 MB
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This book is an ancient publication written in the 13th century by an Islamic inventor and engineer, al-Jazari. By reading this book we explore hereinafter thoroughly the origin and genius of the inventor, al-Jazari, with in-depth research and discussion from the evolution of inventions to the rudimentary components and techniques used.

Author :
ISBN : 9953011397
Genre : Civil society
File Size : 73. 81 MB
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Author :
ISBN : 9789772937554
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33. 59 MB
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أجل إننا لسنا نوافق أفلاطون في كل نظرياته, وقد نشرناها على مسؤوليته، ولكننا معجبون وأكثر من معجبين, بنظام تفكيره, ورحابة صدره, وضبطه في الإحكام, وفيض بلاغته وبيانه. ونشاركه في غرض التأليف العام وهو((السعادة)) وفي الوسيلة الخاصة المؤدية إلى ذلك الغرض وهي ((الفضيلة)) ونافقه في أن الفضيلة تراد لذاتها ونتائجها. وفي أن الفرد دولة مصغرة والدولة جسـم كبير, وأن ما يسعد الدولة يسـعد الفرد، وأن الرجل الكـامل – المثـل الأعلى – هو الذي تحكم عقله في شهواته, وانقادت حماسته إلى حكمته, وعاش ومات في خدمة المجموع. body,div,table,thead,tbody,tfoot,tr,th,td,p { font-family:"Calibri"; font-size:x-small } a.comment-indicator:hover + comment { background:#ffd; position:absolute; display:block; border:1px solid black; padding:0.5em; } a.comment-indicator { background:red; display:inline-block; border:1px solid black; width:0.5em; height:0.5em; } comment { display:none; }

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