dynamics among nations the evolution of legitimacy and development in modern states mit press

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Dynamics Among Nations

Author : Hilton L. Root
ISBN : 9780262019705
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40. 68 MB
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Liberal internationalism has been the West's foreign policy agenda since the Cold War, and the West has long occupied the top rung of a hierarchical system. In this book, Hilton Root argues that international relations, like other complex ecosystems, exists in a constantly shifting landscape, in which hierarchical structures are giving way to systems of networked interdependence, changing every facet of global interaction. Accordingly, policymakers will need a new way to understand the process of change. Root suggests that the science of complex systems offers an analytical framework to explain the unforeseen development failures, governance trends, and alliance shifts in today's global political economy. Root examines both the networked systems that make up modern states and the larger, interdependent landscapes they share. Using systems analysis -- in which institutional change and economic development are understood as self-organizing complexities -- he offers an alternative view of institutional resilience and persistence. From this perspective, Root considers the divergence of East and West; the emergence of the European state, its contrast with the rise of China, and the network properties of their respective innovation systems; the trajectory of democracy in developing regions; and the systemic impact of China on the liberal world order. Complexity science, Root argues, will not explain historical change processes with algorithmic precision, but it may offer explanations that match the messy richness of those processes.

Non Equilibrium Social Science And Policy

Author : Jeffrey Johnson
ISBN : 9783319424248
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 76 MB
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The overall aim of this book, an outcome of the European FP7 FET Open NESS project, is to contribute to the ongoing effort to put the quantitative social sciences on a proper footing for the 21st century. A key focus is economics, and its implications on policy making, where the still dominant traditional approach increasingly struggles to capture the economic realities we observe in the world today - with vested interests getting too often in the way of real advances. Insights into behavioral economics and modern computing techniques have made possible both the integration of larger information sets and the exploration of disequilibrium behavior. The domain-based chapters of this work illustrate how economic theory is the only branch of social sciences which still holds to its old paradigm of an equilibrium science - an assumption that has already been relaxed in all related fields of research in the light of recent advances in complex and dynamical systems theory and related data mining. The other chapters give various takes on policy and decision making in this context. Written in nontechnical style throughout, with a mix of tutorial and essay-like contributions, this book will benefit all researchers, scientists, professionals and practitioners interested in learning about the 'thinking in complexity' to understand how socio-economic systems really work.

Social Emergence In International Relations

Author : Maren Wagner
ISBN : 9783319335513
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 48 MB
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This book presents a conceptualization of social emergence in international relations as a novel angle to analyse institutional dynamics in East Asia, introducing the concept of emergence from a critical realist perspective. The author examines East Asia’s characteristic mesh work of regional institutions that affect integrative processes and regional policies, exploring how such institutions emerge and acquire their own nature and why this pattern persists over time, an unresolved and contested subject in the field of International Relations. This book suggests that regional institutions are emergent entities of the international system that arise as forms of self-organization by states to achieve certain emergent properties and powers. The author’s approach sheds light on the particular emergent properties and powers of regional institutions and identifies discourse as a key mechanism of social emergence. Besides engaging in relevant questions of the philosophy of science and its methodological implications for studying social emergence in world politics, the book also analyses the concrete case of two East Asian regional institutions: ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asia Summit. This book will engage scholars and postgraduate students of Asian Studies and International Relations.

Theories Of The Policy Process

Author : Paul A. Sabatier
ISBN : 9780813349275
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36. 27 MB
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Theories of the Policy Process provides a forum for experts in the most established and widely used theoretical frameworks in policy process research to present the basic propositions, empirical evidence, latest updates, and promising future research opportunities of each framework. This well-regarded volume covers such enduring classics as Multiple Streams (Herweg et al.), Punctuated Equilibrium (Baumgartner et al.), Advocacy Coalition Framework (Jenkins-Smith et al.), Institutional Analysis and Development Framework (Schlager and Cox), and Policy Diffusion (Berry and Berry), as well as two newer theories-Policy Feedback (Mettler and SoRelle) and Narrative Policy Framework (Shanahan et al.). The fourth edition includes discussion of global and comparative perspectives in each theoretical chapter plus a brand-new chapter that explores how these theories have been adapted for, and employed in, non-American and non-Western contexts. An expanded introduction and revised conclusion fully examines and contextualizes the history, trajectories, and functions of public policy research. Since its first publication in 1999, Theories of the Policy Process has been, and remains, the quintessential gateway to the field of policy process research for students, scholars, and practitioners.

A Theory Of World Politics

Author : Mathias Albert
ISBN : 9781107146532
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89. 54 MB
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In this book, Mathias Albert develops an ambitious theoretical framework that describes world politics as a specific social system set within the wider political system of world society. Albert's analysis of the historical evolution and contemporary form of world politics takes the theory of social differentiation as its starting point. World politics is a specific, relatively recent form of politics and Albert shows how the development of a distinct system of world politics first began during the long nineteenth century. The book goes on to identify the different forms of social differentiation that underlie the variety of contemporary forms of organizing political authority in world politics. Employing sociological and historical perspectives, A Theory of World Politics also reflects critically on its relation to accounts of world politics in the field of international relations and will appeal to a wide readership in a range of fields.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 2 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Was Modelle K Nnen

Author : Museum für Gegenwartskunst Siegen
ISBN : 3864420954
Genre : Architectural models
File Size : 50. 67 MB
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Die Erfindung Der Nation

Author : Benedict R. O'G. Anderson
ISBN : 3593377292
Genre :
File Size : 35. 11 MB
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Nach Benedict Anderson gibt es keine Nationen, die "Nation" ist eine Erfindung, ein Modell, das nur in bestimmten historischen Konstellationen möglich war. Er löste damit Debatten aus, die bis heute nicht abgeschlossen sind. Beim ersten Erscheinen der deutschen Ausgabe 1988 wurde Anderson vorgeworfen, dass seine Perspektive außereuropäisch und kulturanthropologisch sei. Heute macht gerade das den Reiz des Buches aus.

The Foundations Of Modern Terrorism

Author : Martin A. Miller
ISBN : 9781107025301
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 49 MB
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A groundbreaking history of the roots of modern terrorism, ranging from early modern Europe to the contemporary Middle East.

Was Mehr Wird Wenn Wir Teilen

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 3865812511
Genre : Commons
File Size : 68. 81 MB
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Was haben Wasser und Wissen, die Atmosphäre und der öffentliche Raum gemeinsam? Sie gehören zu den für selbstverständlich gehaltenen Voraussetzungen des wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Lebens. Doch so wichtig diese sogenannten Gemeingüter für unser aller Wohlergehen sind, so gering wird ihr Wert geschätzt: Sie werden privatisiert oder zerstört und gehen der Gesellschaft immer mehr verloren. Elinor Ostrom, Trägerin des Wirtschaftsnobelpreises und eine der bedeutendsten Gemeingüter-Forscherinnen, geht dieser Entwicklung am Beispiel der Wälder, der Meere und der Atmosphäre auf den Grund. Dabei begnügt sie sich nicht mit einer Problembeschreibung. Auf Basis jahrzehntelanger Forschung zeigt sie vielmehr auf, wie es gelingen kann, mit gemeinsam genutzten Dingen so umzugehen, dass alle Menschen ihre Bedürfnisse langfristig befriedigen können. Dazu gilt es vor allem, Kreativität zu wecken und Kommunikation zu fördern. Wenn man die Menschen an der Lösung der Probleme beteiligt, die ihr unmittel bares Leben betreffen, wird beides gelingen.

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