dynamics of the earth s evolution physics and evolution of the earth s interior

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Dynamics Of The Earth S Evolution

Author : Roman Teisseyre
ISBN : 9781483291598
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 24 MB
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This sixth volume in the monograph series Physics and Evolution of the Earth's Interior presents the problems of the mature evolution of the Earth's interior. It provides comprehensive coverage of the present state of the mantle convection theory. The relations between paleomagnetism, plate tectonics and mantle convection theory are discussed. A more general view of the evolution based on the thermodynamics of irreversible processes is also given. This book will interest geophysicists, geologists, geodesists and planetologists.

Earthquake Thermodynamics And Phase Transformation In The Earth S Interior

Author : Roman Teisseyre
ISBN : 0080530656
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 88 MB
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A group of distinguished scientists contributes to the foundations of a new discipline in Earth sciences: earthquake thermodynamics and thermodynamics of formation of the Earth's interior structures. The predictive powers of thermodynamics are so great that those aspiring to model earthquake and the Earth's interior will certainly wish to be able to use the theory. Thermodynamics is our only method of understanding and predicting the behavior of many environmental, atmospheric, and geological processes. The need for Earth scientists to develop a functional knowledge of thermodynamic concepts and methodology is therefore urgent. Sources of an entropy increase the dissipative and self-organizing systems driving the evolution and dynamics of the Universe and Earth through irreversible processes. The non-linear interactions lead to the formation of fractal structures. From the structural phase transformations the important interior boundaries emerge. Non-linear interactions between the defects in solids lead the authors to develop the physics of continua with a dense distribution of defects. Disclinations and dislocations interact during a slow evolution as well as during rapid dynamic events, like earthquakes. Splitting the dynamic processes into the 2D fault done and 3D surrounding space brings a new tool for describing the slip nucleation and propagation along the earthquake faults. Seismic efficiency, rupture velocity, and complexity of seismic source zone are considered from different points of view, fracture band earthquake model is developed on the basis of thermodynamics of line defects, like dislocations. Earthquake thermodynamics offers us a microscopic model of earthquake sources. Physics of defects helps the authors decscribe and explain a number of precursory phenomena caused by the buildup of stresses. Anomalies in electric polarization and electromagnetic radiation prior to earthquakes are considered from this point of view. Through the thermodynamic approach, the authors arrive at the fascinating question of posssibility of earthquake prediction. In general, the Earth is considered here as a multicomponent system. Transport phenomena as well as wave propagation and shock waves are considered in this system subjected also to chemical and phase transformations.

Constitution Of The Earth S Interior

Author : J. Leliwa-Kopystynski
ISBN : 9781483291857
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 27 MB
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Constitution of the Earth's Interior discusses the physical and evolutionary principles connecting various elements of the knowledge about structure and dynamics of the Earth's interior. This work is divided into eight chapters that primarily focus on the physical, chemical, and petrological state. This text contains general data on a general stationary model, which is described by equations of state combining the basic parameters, including pressure, temperature, density, gravity acceleration, and mineral composition within the Earth's interior. Considerable chapters concern the chemical and petrological composition of the matter in the Earth's interior. The remaining chapters describe models containing inhomogeneities used to illustrate processes connected with phase transitions. This book will be of great value to geologists, physicists, and researchers.

Structure And Dynamics Of Earth S Deep Interior

Author : D. E. Smylie
ISBN : 9780875904504
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 19 MB
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Papers from: All Union Symposium U2 on 'Instability within the Earth and core Dynamics' held on August 20-21 1987 in Vancouver.

Physics And Chemistry Of The Deep Earth

Author : Shun-ichiro Karato
ISBN : 9781118529515
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 35 MB
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Though the deep interior of the Earth (and other terrestrial planets) is inaccessible to humans, we are able to combine observational, experimental and computational (theoretical) studies to begin to understand the role of the deep Earth in the dynamics and evolution of the planet. This book brings together a series of reviews of key areas in this important and vibrant field of studies. A range of material properties, including phase transformations and rheological properties, influences the way in which material is circulated within the planet. This circulation re-distributes key materials such as volatiles that affect the pattern of materials circulation. The understanding of deep Earth structure and dynamics is a key to the understanding of evolution and dynamics of terrestrial planets, including planets orbiting other stars. This book contains chapters on deep Earth materials, compositional models, and geophysical studies of material circulation which together provide an invaluable synthesis of deep Earth research. Readership: advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers in geophysics, mineral physics and geochemistry.

Gravity And Low Frequency Geodynamics

Author : Roman Teisseyre
ISBN : 9781483291802
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 82 MB
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This fourth volume in the series Physics and Evolution of the Earth's Interior, provides a comprehensive review of the geophysical and geodetical aspects related to gravity and low-frequency geodynamics. Such aspects include the Earth's gravity field, geoid shape theory, and low-frequency phenomena like rotation, oscillations and tides. Global-scale phenomena are treated as a response to source excitation in spherical Earth models consisting of several shells: lithosphere, mantle, core and sometimes also the inner solid core. The effect of gravitation and rotation on the Earth's shape is analysed. The satellite approach to studies of the gravity field and the geoid shape is discussed in some detail. Discussions of recent findings and developments are accompanied by a brief historical background.

Seismic Wave Propagation In The Earth

Author : A. Hanyga
ISBN : 9781483291840
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 7 MB
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This volume contains an extensive presentation of the theory, phenomenology and interpretation of seismic waves produced by natural and artificial sources. Each theoretical topic discussed in the book is presented in a self-contained and mathematically rigorous form, yet without excessive demands on the reader's mathematical background. It is the only book to include such a complete presentation of the mathematical background and modern developments of the WKBJ theory of seismic waves, and detailed discussions of its wide ranging applications. The book will therefore be useful to postgraduate students and research workers specialising in seismic wave theory, theoretical seismology, electromagnetic wave theory and other fields of wave propagation theory.

Thermodynamic Model Of The Core Mantle Boundary

Author : Eugeniusz Majewski
ISBN : 8385173447
Genre : Earth
File Size : 27. 84 MB
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Mineralogy And Geology Of Rare Earths In China

Author : Zhang Peishan
ISBN : 9067642207
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 98 MB
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The aim of this book is to present recent achievements of in rare earth elements geology and mineralogy studies in China. The authors systematically describe all rare earth minerals and rare earth ore deposits discovered in China and their geological features. These rare earth minerals include huanghoite and baotite from China, as well as rare earth minerals from other parts of the world and new species and varieties discovered in China. For each mineral a systematic description of classification is given, such as chemical composition, crystallography and crystal structure, physical properties, X-ray powder data.

Theory Of Earthquake Premonitory And Fracture Processes

Author : W. Bielski
ISBN : 8301117710
Genre : Earthquake prediction
File Size : 57. 68 MB
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