earth magnetism a guided tour through magnetic fields complementary science

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Earth Magnetism

Author : Wallace Hall Campbell
ISBN : 0121581640
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 30 MB
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An introductory guide to global magnetic field properties, Earth Magnetism addresses, in non-technical prose, many of the frequently asked questions about Earth's magnetic field. Magnetism surrounds and penetrates our Earth in ways basic science courses can rarely address. It affects navigation, communication, and even the growth of crystals. As we observe and experience an 11-year solar maximum, we may witness spectacular satellite-destroying solar storms as they interact with our magnetic field. Written by an acknowledged expert in the field, this book will enrich courses in earth science, atmospheric science, geology, meteorology, geomagnetism, and geophysics. Contains nearly 200 original illustrations and eight pages of full-color plates. * Largely mathematics-free and with a wide breadth of material suitable for general readers * Integrates material from geomagnetism, paleomagnetism, and solar-terrestrial space physics. * Features nearly 200 original illustrations and 4 pages of colour plates

Guide To Essential Math

Author : Sy M. Blinder
ISBN : 9780080559674
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 26 MB
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This book reminds students in junior, senior and graduate level courses in physics, chemistry and engineering of the math they may have forgotten (or learned imperfectly) which is needed to succeed in science courses. The focus is on math actually used in physics, chemistry and engineering, and the approach to mathematics begins with 12 examples of increasing complexity, designed to hone the student's ability to think in mathematical terms and to apply quantitative methods to scientific problems. By the author's design, no problems are included in the text, to allow the students to focus on their science course assignments. - Highly accessible presentation of fundamental mathematical techniques needed in science and engineering courses - Use of proven pedagogical techniques develolped during the author’s 40 years of teaching experience - illustrations and links to reference material on World-Wide-Web - Coverage of fairly advanced topics, including vector and matrix algebra, partial differential equations, special functions and complex variables

Introduction To Quantum Mechanics

Author : S. M. Blinder
ISBN : 9780121060510
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 28 MB
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This book provides a lucid, up-to-date introduction to the principles of quantum mechanics at the level of undergraduates and first-year graduate students in chemistry, materials science, biology and related fields. It shows how the fundamental concepts of quantum theory arose from classic experiments in physics and chemistry, and presents the quantum-mechanical foundations of modern techniques including molecular spectroscopy, lasers and NMR. Blinder also discusses recent conceptual developments in quantum theory, including Schrödinger's Cat, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment, Bell's theorem and quantum computing. * Clearly presents the basics of quantum mechanics and modern developments in the field * Explains applications to molecular spectroscopy, lasers, NMR, and MRI * Introduces new concepts such as Schrödinger's Cat, Bell's Theorem, and quantum computing * Includes full-color illustrations, proven pedagogical features, and links to online materials

Earth S Magnetic Field Secrets

Author : Dennis Brooks
ISBN : 9781681274850
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 74 MB
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The Old Theory Until now, there was only one theory regarding the source of Earth's magnetic field, which is the internal dynamo theory. This theory was accepted because it offered the best explanation at the time. Also, much research has been done to support the theory. According to the internal dynamo theory, a dynamo near the center of the planet generates the current that produces the magnetic field. This dynamo would be in the liquid outer core of the planet. It would produce the magnetic axis and project it from the planet. The axis would expand and spread the magnetic field around the planet. This theory also suggests that the internal dynamo is sustaining itself by using fuel from Earth's core. The internal dynamo theory has changed over the years. At first scientists thought that a bar magnet was in the center of the planet and the compass needle pointed to the poles of that magnet. This made perfect sense at the time because we can see that the same thing happens when we put a compass near a bar magnet. The Bar Magnet In The Sun image demonstrates the idea of the bar magnet theory. However, this example shows the bar magnet imbedded within the sun because just like the planets, the sun also has a magnetic field, which is more complex than Earth's magnetic field. Scientists have tried to use the internal dynamo theory to explain the magnetic fields of all the planets, some moons, and the sun. However, the old model does not work for the sun, moon, and other planets. The bar magnet concept lasted a long time as the main theory regarding the source of Earth's magnetic field. However, while trying to apply it to other cases, scientists found problems with the theory. Over the years, they discovered that a bar magnet could not hold magnetism above the temperature of 770 degrees centigrade because high heat destroys magnetism. This caused the theory to gradually evolve over time.

Plasma Science And The Environment

Author : Wallace Manheimer
ISBN : 1563963779
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 76 MB
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"Written by some of the world's foremost experts, the articles in this book show how plasma science can be applied to environmental problems, including atmospheric sensing and modification, energy conservation, reduction of air pollution, and processing of ordinary and radioactive wastes. Atmospheric CFC's might be zapped with big lasers. Urban air pollution could be removed by large convection towers built in or near cities. And weapons-grade plutonium can be destroyed with specially designed particle accelerators. Some of the technologies described here are in use already, while others are in the prototype stage, or are speculative approaches deserving of further study." "Contents" Written by some of the world's foremost experts, the articles in this book show how plasma science can be applied to environmental problems, including atmospheric sensing and modification, energy conservation, reduction of air pollution, and processing of ordinary and radioactive wastes. Atmospheric CFC's might be zapped with big lasers. Urban air pollution could be removed by large convection towers built in or near cities. And weapons-grade plutonium can be destroyed with specially designed particle accelerators. Some of the technologies described here are in use already, while others are in the prototype stage, or are speculative approaches deserving of further study.

Physics In Biology And Medicine

Author : Paul Davidovits
ISBN : 9780123865144
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 6 MB
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Physics in Biology and Medicine, Fourth Edition, covers topics in physics as they apply to the life sciences, specifically medicine, physiology, nursing and other applied health fields. This is a concise introductory paperback that provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems and presents material in a straightforward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology. Applicable courses are Biophysics and Applied Physics. This new edition discusses biological systems that can be analyzed quantitatively, and how advances in the life sciences have been aided by the knowledge of physical or engineering analysis techniques. The volume is organized into 18 chapters encompassing thermodynamics, electricity, optics, sound, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and atomic and nuclear physics. Each chapter provides a brief review of the background physics before focusing on the applications of physics to biology and medicine. Topics range from the role of diffusion in the functioning of cells to the effect of surface tension on the growth of plants in soil and the conduction of impulses along the nervous system. Each section contains problems that explore and expand some of the concepts. The text includes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body. Physics in Biology and Medicine will be a valuable resource for students and professors of physics, biology, and medicine, as well as for applied health workers. Provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems Presents material in a straight forward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology Includes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body

Conversations On Electric And Magnetic Fields In The Cosmos

Author : Eugene N. Parker
ISBN : 9781400847433
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 15 MB
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Today's standard textbooks treat the theoretical structure of electric and magnetic fields, but their emphasis is on electromagnetic radiation and static-electric and magnetic fields. In this book, Eugene Parker provides advanced graduate students and researchers with a much-needed complement to existing texts, one that discusses the dynamic electromagnetism of the cosmos--that is, the vast magnetic fields that are carried bodily in the swirling ionized gases of stars and galaxies and throughout intergalactic space. Parker is arguably the world's leading authority on solar wind and the effects of magnetic fields in the heliosphere, and his originality of thought and distinctive approach to physics are very much in evidence here. Seeking to enrich discussions in standard texts and correct misconceptions about the dynamics of these large-scale fields, Parker engages readers in a series of "conversations" that are at times anecdotal and even entertaining without ever sacrificing theoretical rigor. The dynamics he describes represents the Maxwell stresses of the magnetic field working against the pressure and inertia of the bulk motion of ionized gases, characterized in terms of the magnetic field and gas velocity. Parker shows how this dynamic interaction cannot be fully expressed in terms of the electric current and electric field. Conversations on Electric and Magnetic Fields in the Cosmos goes back to basics to explain why classical hydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics are inescapable, even in the deepest reaches of space.

Our Magnetic Earth

Author : Ronald T. Merrill
ISBN : 9780226520506
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 1 MB
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For the general public, magnetism often seems more the province of new age quacks, movie mad scientists, and grade-school teachers than an area of actual, ongoing scientific inquiry. But as Ronald T. Merrill reveals in Our Magnetic Earth, geomagnetism really is an enduring, vibrant area of science, one that offers answers to some of the biggest questions about our planet’s past—and maybe even its future.

A Z Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine E Book

Author : Fiona Mantle
ISBN : 9780702049996
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 68 MB
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A-Z of Complementary and Alternative Medicine provides a pocket-size quick reference of CAM, allowing conventional and complementary health practitioners to ascertain: - what the CAM intervention is - what it does - contraindications, precautions and interactions. With entries grouped under therapies, the guide provides easy access to many unfamiliar terms therefore providing an excellent resource for improving communication about CAM with patients. Contains approximately 3500 entries Grouped by therapy Includes information on contraindications, precautions and interactions Pocket size for convenience and portability Attractive design and durable flexi cover

Encyclopedia Of Imaging Science And Technology 2 Volume Set

Author : Joseph P. Hornak
ISBN : 0471332763
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 26 MB
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This encyclopedia is the first to offer in-depth coverage of imaging science and technology from a diverse range of applications, techniques and fields of study. Today imaging is used by astronomers to map distant galaxies, oceanographers to map the sea floor, chemists to map the distribution of atoms on a surface, physicians to map the functionality of the brain and electrical engineers to map electromagnetic fields around power lines. With this encyclopedia, scientists, engineers and physicians can understand more about the science and technology behind the imaging techniques they are currently using and learn the latest technologies. Diverse coverage offers the ability to learn from applications in archeology, aviation, astronomy, chemistry, forensics, geography, mathematics, medicine, meteorology, microscopy, oceanography, surveillance and more....and how to apply those imaging solutions to many different problems. Also available in a user-friendly, online edition The new electronic version of the Encyclopedia, accessible through Wiley InterScience, offers enhanced browsing, searching and cross-referencing capabilities. Visit www.interscience.wiley.com/eist

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