earth science and human history 101 science 101

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Earth Science And Human History 101

Author : John J.W. Rogers
ISBN : 9780313355592
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 96 MB
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How much has human history been influenced by the earth and its processes? This volume in the Science 101 series describes how both slow changes and rapid, violent, ones have impacted the development of civilizations throughout history. Slow changes include variations in climate, progressive development of types of tools and sources of energy, and changes in the types of food that people consume. Violent changes include volcanic eruptions such as the one at Toba 75,000 years ago, which may have caused diversification of people into different races, and the eruption of Santorini in 1640 BC, which may have destroyed Minoan civilization. Other disasters are Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004.

Phytoliths Applications In Earth Science And Human History

Author : Jean Dominique Meunier
ISBN : 0415889456
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 21 MB
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This impeccably-researched volume skillfully reports and discusses advances in phytolith research, addressing in particular the use of phytoliths for deciphering fundamental issues in earth science and human history. Comprising thirty reviews and original papers, findings are presented in the following five sections: · phytoliths in palaeoclimatology and palaeoecology · phytoliths, diet and health · archaeological structures, ancient agricultures and palaeoethnobotany · methodology, taxonomy and taphonomy · soil-plant interaction.

Creation Evolution 101

Author : Bruce Bickel
ISBN : 9780736910606
Genre : Religion
File Size : 89. 90 MB
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Simple yet comprehensive, this guide offers a witty discussion of the scientific difficulties with the theory of evolution, evidence pointing to creation and intelligent design, the Christian approach to science, and how Genesis relates to the latest findings, while challenging the reader to think clearly and critically about the facts and opinions of science and their impact on our understanding of the Bible. Original.

101 Amazing Facts About Volcanoes

Author : Jack Goldstein
ISBN : 9781783338085
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 62. 30 MB
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Did you know that animals can often sense when a volcano is going to erupt? Or that the force of an eruption is measured on the VEI, or Volcanic Explosivity Index? What is the difference between a shield volcano and a stratovolcano? And what were the largest eruptions in human history? All of these facts and more can be found in this fantastic guide to volcanoes, separated into sections for easy reading. This book is perfect for those studying volcanoes at school, or even if you are just interested in finding out more about this fascinating topic.

Dogs

Author : Xiaoming Wang
ISBN : 9780231509435
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 69 MB
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Xiaoming Wang and Richard H. Tedford have spent the past 20 years studying the evolutionary history of the family Canidae. Both are well known for having established the modern framework for the evolutionary relationship of canids. Combining their research with Mauricio Antón's impeccable reconstructions of both extinct and extant species, Wang and Tedford present a remarkably detailed and nuanced portrait of the origin and evolution of canids over the past 40 million years. The authors cull their history from the most recent scientific research conducted on the vast collections of the American Museum of Natural History and other leading institutions. The fossil record of the Canidae, particularly those from their birth place in North America, are the strongest of their kind among known groups of carnivorans. Such a wonderfully detailed evolutionary history provides access to a natural history that is not possible with many other groups of carnivorans. With their rich fossil record, diverse adaptations to various environments, and different predatory specializations, canids are an ideal model organism for the mapping of predator behavior and morphological specializations. They also offer an excellent contrast to felids, which remain entrenched in extreme predatory specializations. The innovative illustrated approach in this book is the perfect accompaniment to an extremely important branch of animal and fossil study. It transforms the science of paleontology into a thrilling visual experience and provides an unprecedented reference for anyone fascinated by dogs.

Evolution 101

Author : Janice Moore
ISBN : 0313332924
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 85 MB
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An introduction to evolution covers the history of evolutionary thought, an elaboration of Darwin's basic theories, the evidence for evolution in nature, and how evolution works.

Explaining The History Of American Foreign Relations

Author : Frank Costigliola
ISBN : 9781107054189
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 80 MB
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This volume presents substantially revised and new essays on methodology and approaches in foreign and international relations history.

Understanding Climate S Influence On Human Evolution

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309152399
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 40 MB
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The hominin fossil record documents a history of critical evolutionary events that have ultimately shaped and defined what it means to be human, including the origins of bipedalism; the emergence of our genus Homo; the first use of stone tools; increases in brain size; and the emergence of Homo sapiens, tools, and culture. The Earth's geological record suggests that some evolutionary events were coincident with substantial changes in African and Eurasian climate, raising the possibility that critical junctures in human evolution and behavioral development may have been affected by the environmental characteristics of the areas where hominins evolved. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution explores the opportunities of using scientific research to improve our understanding of how climate may have helped shape our species. Improved climate records for specific regions will be required before it is possible to evaluate how critical resources for hominins, especially water and vegetation, would have been distributed on the landscape during key intervals of hominin history. Existing records contain substantial temporal gaps. The book's initiatives are presented in two major research themes: first, determining the impacts of climate change and climate variability on human evolution and dispersal; and second, integrating climate modeling, environmental records, and biotic responses. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution suggests a new scientific program for international climate and human evolution studies that involve an exploration initiative to locate new fossil sites and to broaden the geographic and temporal sampling of the fossil and archeological record; a comprehensive and integrative scientific drilling program in lakes, lake bed outcrops, and ocean basins surrounding the regions where hominins evolved and a major investment in climate modeling experiments for key time intervals and regions that are critical to understanding human evolution.

Coral Reef Science

Author : Hajime Kayanne
ISBN : 9784431543640
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 44 MB
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This book aims to illuminate coral reefs which comprise a symbiotic system coexisting among ecosystems, landforms, and humans at various levels and to provide a scientific basis for its reconstruction. The authors conducted an interdisciplinary project called “Coral Reef Science” from 2008 to 2012 and obtained novel results and clues to unite different disciplines for a coral reef as a key ecosystem.

Cosmology 101

Author : Kristine M. Larsen
ISBN : 0313337314
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 20 MB
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An introduction to cosmology includes coverage of myths about cosmic bodies, insights gained from technology, and current speculation about the origin and nature of the universe.

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