ecosystem services in agricultural and urban landscapes

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Ecosystem Services In Agricultural And Urban Landscapes

Author : Stephen Wratten
ISBN : 9781118506240
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 94 MB
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Ecosystem services are the resources and processes supplied by natural ecosystems which benefit humankind (for example, pollination of crops by insects, or water filtration by wetlands). They underpin life on earth, provide major inputs to many economic sectors and support our lifestyles. Agricultural and urban areas are by far the largest users of ecosystems and their services and (for the first time) this book explores the role that ecosystem services play in these managed environments. The book also explores methods of evaluating ecosystem services, and discusses how these services can be maintained and enhanced in our farmlands and cities. This book will be useful to students and researchers from a variety of fields, including applied ecology, environmental economics, agriculture and forestry, and also to local and regional planners and policy makers.

Ecosystem Services In Agricultural And Urban Landscapes Edited By Stevewratten Harpindersandhu Rosscullen And Robertcostanza Published By Wiley Blackwell Queensland Australia 2013 Pp 200 Isbn 978 1 4051 7008 6 Au 124 95 Hardcover Au 99 99 E Book

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ISBN : OCLC:1053745466
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File Size : 77. 38 MB
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Ecosystem Services From Forest Landscapes

Author : Ajith H. Perera
ISBN : 9783319745152
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 56 MB
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Over the last two decades, the topic of forest ecosystem services has attracted the attention of researchers, land managers, and policy makers around the globe. The services rendered by forest ecosystems range from intrinsic to anthropocentric benefits that are typically grouped as provisioning, regulating, supporting, and cultural. The research efforts, assessments, and attempts to manage forest ecosystems for their sustained services are now widely published in scientific literature. This volume focuses on broad-scale aspects of forest ecosystem services, beyond individual stands to large landscapes. In doing so, it illustrates the conceptual and practical opportunities as well as challenges involved with planning for forest ecosystem services across landscapes, regions, and nations. The goal here is to broaden the scope of land use planning through the adoption of a landscape-scale approach. Even though this approach is complex and involves multiple ecological, social, cultural, economic, and political dimensions, the landscape perspective appears to offer the best opportunity for a sustained provision of forest ecosystem services.

Human Environmental Interactions In Cities

Author : Nadja Kabisch
ISBN : 9781443861595
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 50 MB
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This book addresses international research communities concerned with conceptual, scientific, and design approaches to urban land developments and biodiversity. The main focus is on the understanding of human-environment interactions analysed by multi-disciplinary approaches. The articles in this important collection include new concepts and challenges for sustainable green space development emerging from the pressure caused by urbanisation. The concept of biophilic urbanism and the framework of urban ecosystem services are introduced and referred to by applications in different case studies in Europe. Case studies also refer to the current challenges for biodiversity in different urban spaces. These spaces include the urban garden and school environments. Important human-species interactions are identified by analysing the allergenic potential of urban trees in a US city. Anthropogenic influences on the survival or local extinction of species are examined in a Mediterranean urban area. In all articles, the importance of urban planning on green infrastructure development, biodiversity conservation and management within the urban ecosystem is highlighted, and planning recommendations are given.

Encyclopedia Of Agriculture And Food Systems

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ISBN : 9780080931395
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 76 MB
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Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face. Questions it addresses include: Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by 2050? Will we be able to meet the need for so much more food while simultaneously reducing adverse environmental effects of today’s agriculture practices? Will we be able to produce the additional food using less land and water than we use now? These are among the most important challenges that face our planet in the coming decades. The broad themes of food systems and people, agriculture and the environment, the science of agriculture, agricultural products, and agricultural production systems are covered in more than 200 separate chapters of this work. The book provides information that serves as the foundation for discussion of the food and environment challenges of the world. An international group of highly respected authors addresses these issues from a global perspective and provides the background, references, and linkages for further exploration of each of topics of this comprehensive work. Addresses important challenges of sustainability and efficiency from a global perspective. Takes a detailed look at the important issues affecting the agricultural and food industries today. Full colour throughout.

Ecosystem Service Supply In An Urban Landscape

Author : Carly Ziter
ISBN : OCLC:1037099716
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Unprecedented urban growth has markedly changed ecosystem structure, function, and biodiversity, and consequently the ecosystem services our health and wellbeing depend on. To improve urban sustainability, it is important to identify opportunities to manage cities for increased ecosystem service provision. This requires understanding urban areas as spatially heterogeneous and temporally dynamic ecosystems. This dissertation combines synthesis, observational, and experimental approaches to ask how landscape structure, historical land-use, and biodiversity impact multiple ecosystem services in urban landscapes. In chapter 1, I conducted a global meta-analysis focused explicitly on the underlying ecology of urban ecosystem services, centered on the role of biodiversity in service provision. The remaining chapters focus on Madison, WI, and consider how landscape context (Chapter 2, 4) and biological invasion (Chapter 3) may influence ecosystem services in a temperate, mid-size city. Through meta-analysis, I showed that urban biodiversity-ecosystem service research would benefit from increasing the number and types of services assessed, broadening its geographical scope, and expanding types of biodiversity measured - including consideration of non-native species. Using empirical data, I assessed the effect of spatial and temporal context on ecosystem services in Madison, a historically agricultural urban landscape. By measuring biophysical indicators of three services (carbon storage, water quality regulation, runoff regulation), I showed that considering the full mosaic of urban greenspace and its history is needed to estimate the kinds and magnitude of ecosystem services in cities, and to augment regional assessments that may underestimate urban ecosystem service supply. Using a bicycle- mounted temperature sensor, I showed that impervious surfaces and canopy cover interact to affect summer air temperature, and that urban forest management provides a powerful lever to increase temperature regulation services. Understanding invasion-ecosystem service linkages is also important in urban ecosystems - where non-native species are common. I conducted reciprocal field experiments to test whether an incipient urban invader, the Asian jumping worm, might interact with an established invasive, common buckthorn, with consequences for ecosystem services. Contrary to the "invasional meltdown" hypothesis, I found no evidence of co-facilitation, with positive conservation implications. Overall, this research has implications for using urban landscape management to enhance ecosystem service provision.

Handbuch Der Geod Sie

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ISBN : 9783662469002
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Urbanization Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services Challenges And Opportunities

Author : Thomas Elmqvist
ISBN : 9789400770881
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 13 MB
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Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature, and where cities also are dependent on, and have impacts on, the biosphere at different scales from local to global. The book is a global assessment and delivers four main conclusions: Urban areas are expanding faster than urban populations. Half the increase in urban land across the world over the next 20 years will occur in Asia, with the most extensive change expected to take place in India and China Urban areas modify their local and regional climate through the urban heat island effect and by altering precipitation patterns, which together will have significant impacts on net primary production, ecosystem health, and biodiversity Urban expansion will heavily draw on natural resources, including water, on a global scale, and will often consume prime agricultural land, with knock-on effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services elsewhere Future urban expansion will often occur in areas where the capacity for formal governance is restricted, which will constrain the protection of biodiversity and management of ecosystem services

Urban Expansion Land Cover And Soil Ecosystem Services

Author : Ciro Gardi
ISBN : 9781317504719
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 62 MB
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More than half of the world population now lives in cities, and urban expansion continues as rural people move to cities. This results in the loss of land for other purposes, particularly soil for agriculture and drainage. This book presents a review of current knowledge of the extension and projected expansion of urban areas at a global scale. Focusing on the impact of the process of 'land take' on soil resources and the ecosystem services that they provide, it describes approaches and methodologies for detecting and measuring urban areas, based mainly on remote sensing, together with a review of models and projected data on urban expansion. The most innovative aspect includes an analysis of the drivers and especially the impacts of soil sealing and land take on ecosystem services, including agriculture and food security, biodiversity, hydrology, climate and landscape. Case studies of cities from Europe, China and Latin America are included. The aim is not only to present and analyse this important environmental challenge, but also to propose and discuss solutions for the limitation, mitigation and compensation of this process.

Stadtgr N Urban Green

Author : Peter Cachola Schmal
ISBN : 9783034611336
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 45. 77 MB
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Die in jüngerer Zeit zu konstatierende Wiederentdeckung der Stadt hat die Sehnsucht der Menschen nach der Natur keineswegs verdrängt. Im Gegenteil: Es gilt, innerstädtische Lösungen zu finden, die diesen neu gewachsenen Bedürfnissen gerecht werden, und zwar Lösungen, die gleichzeitig den Anforderungen von Gestaltung, Ökologie, Soziologie und Ökonomie entsprechen. Die Publikation widmet sich dem Thema der innerstädtischen Freiraumgestaltung. Sie dokumentiert 20 aktuell realisierte Beispiele innerhalb Europas, zum überwiegenden Teil mit Grünpflanzungen, entworfen von international renommierten Landschaftsarchitekten, wie etwa Gustafson Porter, Field Operations, Michel Desvigne, Gross.Max, Latz + Partner und West 8. Die Projekte, realisiert zwischen 2004 und 2010, reichen vom innerstädtischen Privatgarten über Plätze, Straßen und Promenaden bis hin zu Großprojekten wie der Revitalisierung von Flussuferbereichen oder Grün-Masterplanungen für ganze Städte. Das städtische Grün leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zum ökologischen Stadtumbau. Die dokumentierten Projekte zeigen in beispielhafter Form, wie dies mit modernsten Materialien und Technologien gelingen kann.

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