effect sizes for research univariate and multivariate applications second edition

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Effect Sizes For Research

Author : Robert J. Grissom
ISBN : 9781135611460
Genre : Education
File Size : 46. 20 MB
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The goal of this book is to inform a broad readership about a variety of measures and estimators of effect sizes for research, their proper applications and interpretations, and their limitations. Its focus is on analyzing post-research results. The book provides an evenhanded account of controversial issues in the field, such as the role of significance testing. Consistent with the trend toward greater use of robust statistical methods, the book pays much attention to the statistical assumptions of the methods and to robust measures of effect size. Effect Sizes for Research discusses different effect sizes for a variety of kinds of variables, designs, circumstances, and purposes. It covers standardized differences between means, correlational measures, strength of association, and confidence intervals. The book clearly demonstrates how the choice of an appropriate measure might depend on such factors as whether variables are categorical, ordinal, or continuous; satisfying assumptions; the sampling method; and the source of variability in the population. It emphasizes a practical approach through: worked examples using real data; formulas and rationales for a variety of variables, designs, and purposes to help readers apply the material to their own data sets; software references for the more tedious calculations; and informative figures and tables, questions, and over 300 references. Intended as a resource for professionals, researchers, and advanced students in a variety of fields, this book is an excellent supplement for advanced courses in statistics in disciplines such as psychology, education, the social sciences, business, management, and medicine. A prerequisite of introductory statistics through factorial analysis of variance and chi-square is recommended.

Confidence Intervals For Proportions And Related Measures Of Effect Size

Author : Robert G. Newcombe
ISBN : 9781439812792
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 78 MB
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Confidence Intervals for Proportions and Related Measures of Effect Size illustrates the use of effect size measures and corresponding confidence intervals as more informative alternatives to the most basic and widely used significance tests. The book provides you with a deep understanding of what happens when these statistical methods are applied in situations far removed from the familiar Gaussian case. Drawing on his extensive work as a statistician and professor at Cardiff University School of Medicine, the author brings together methods for calculating confidence intervals for proportions and several other important measures, including differences, ratios, and nonparametric effect size measures generalizing Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests. He also explains three important approaches to obtaining intervals for related measures. Many examples illustrate the application of the methods in the health and social sciences. Requiring little computational skills, the book offers user-friendly Excel spreadsheets for download at www.crcpress.com, enabling you to easily apply the methods to your own empirical data.

The Essence Of Multivariate Thinking

Author : Lisa L. Harlow
ISBN : 9781317859796
Genre : Education
File Size : 74. 83 MB
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By focusing on underlying themes, this book helps readers better understand the connections between multivariate methods. For each method the author highlights: the similarities and differences between the methods, when they are used and the questions they address, the key assumptions and equations, and how to interpret the results. The concepts take center stage while formulas are kept to a minimum. Examples using the same data set give readers continuity so they can more easily apply the concepts. Each method is also accompanied by a worked out example, SPSS and SAS input, and an example of how to write up the results. EQS code is used for the book’s SEM applications. This extensively revised edition features: New SEM chapters including an introduction (ch.10), path analysis (ch.11), confirmatory factor analysis (ch.12), and latent variable modeling (ch.13) the last three with an EQS application. A new chapter on multilevel modeling (ch. 8) that is now used more frequently in the social sciences. More emphasis on significance tests, effect sizes, and confidence intervals to encourage readers to adopt a thorough approach to assessing the magnitude of their findings. A new data set that explores the work environment. More discussion about the basic assumptions and equations for each method for a more accessible approach. New examples that help clarify the distinctions between methods. A new website at https://sites.google.com/site/multivariatesecondedition/ that features the datasets for all of the examples in the book for use in both SPSS and SAS and in EQS for the SEM chapters. The first two chapters review the core themes that run through most multivariate methods. The author shows how understanding multivariate methods is much more achievable when we notice the themes that underlie these statistical techniques. This multiple level approach also provides greater reliability and validity in our research. After providing insight into the core themes, the author illustrates them as they apply to the most popular multivariate methods used in the social, and behavioral sciences. First, two intermediate methods are explored – multiple regression and analysis of covariance. Next the multivariate grouping variable methods of multivariate analysis of variance, discriminant function analysis, and logistic regression are explored. Next the themes are applied to multivariate modeling methods including multilevel modeling, path analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and latent variable models that include exploratory structural methods of principal component and factor analysis. The book concludes with a summary of the common themes and how they pertain to each method discussed in this book. Intended for advanced undergraduate and/or graduate courses in multivariate statistics taught in psychology, education, human development, business, nursing, and other social and life sciences, researchers also appreciate this book‘s applied approach. Knowledge of basic statistics, research methods, basic algebra, and finite mathematics is recommended.

Basic Statistics In Multivariate Analysis

Author : Karen A. Randolph
ISBN : 9780199982141
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62. 93 MB
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The complexity of social problems necessitates that social work researchers understand and apply multivariate statistical methods in their investigations. In this pocket guide, the authors introduce readers to three of the more frequently used multivariate methods in social work research with an emphasis on basic statistics. The primary aim is to prepare entry-level doctoral students and early career social work researchers in the use of multivariate methods by providing an easy-to-understand presentation, building on the basic statistics that inform them. The pocket guide begins with a review of basic statistics, hypothesis testing with inferential statistics, and bivariate analytic methods. Subsequent sections describe bivariate and multiple linear regression analyses, one-way and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and covariance (ANCOVA), and path analysis. In each chapter, the authors introduce the various basic statistical procedures by providing definitions, formulas, descriptions of the underlying logic and assumptions of each procedure, and examples of how they have been used in social work research literature, particularly with diverse populations. They also explain estimation procedures and how to interpret results. The multivariate chapters conclude with brief step-by-step instructions for conducting multiple regression analysis and one-way ANOVA in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), and path analysis in Amos, using data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS: 88). As an additional supplement, the book offers a companion website that provides more detailed instructions, as well as data sets and worked examples.

Univariate And Multivariate General Linear Models

Author : Kevin Kim
ISBN : 158488634X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 10 MB
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Reviewing the theory of the general linear model (GLM) using a general framework, Univariate and Multivariate General Linear Models: Theory and Applications with SAS, Second Edition presents analyses of simple and complex models, both univariate and multivariate, that employ data sets from a variety of disciplines, such as the social and behavioral sciences. With revised examples that include options available using SAS 9.0, this expanded edition divides theory from applications within each chapter. Following an overview of the GLM, the book introduces unrestricted GLMs to analyze multiple regression and ANOVA designs as well as restricted GLMs to study ANCOVA designs and repeated measurement designs. Extensions of these concepts include GLMs with heteroscedastic errors that encompass weighted least squares regression and categorical data analysis, and multivariate GLMs that cover multivariate regression analysis, MANOVA, MANCOVA, and repeated measurement data analyses. The book also analyzes double multivariate linear, growth curve, seeming unrelated regression (SUR), restricted GMANOVA, and hierarchical linear models. New to the Second Edition Two chapters on finite intersection tests and power analysis that illustrates the experimental GLMPOWER procedure Expanded theory of unrestricted general linear, multivariate general linear, SUR, and restricted GMANOVA models to comprise recent developments Expanded material on missing data to include multiple imputation and the EM algorithm Applications of MI, MIANALYZE, TRANSREG, and CALIS procedures A practical introduction to GLMs, Univariate and Multivariate General Linear Models demonstrates how to fully grasp the generality of GLMs by discussing them within a general framework.

A Step By Step Approach To Using Sas For Univariate Multivariate Statistics

Author : Norm O'Rourke
ISBN : 9781590474174
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72. 85 MB
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Providing practice data inspired by actual studies, this book explains how to choose the right statistic, understand the assumptions underlying the procedure, prepare an SAS program for an analysis, interpret the output, and summarize the analysis and results according to the format prescribed in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Statistical Meta Analysis With Applications

Author : Joachim Hartung
ISBN : 9781118210963
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24. 77 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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An accessible introduction to performing meta-analysis acrossvarious areas of research The practice of meta-analysis allows researchers to obtainfindings from various studies and compile them to verify and formone overall conclusion. Statistical Meta-Analysis with Applicationspresents the necessary statistical methodologies that allow readersto tackle the four main stages of meta-analysis: problemformulation, data collection, data evaluation, and data analysisand interpretation. Combining the authors' expertise on the topicwith a wealth of up-to-date information, this book successfullyintroduces the essential statistical practices for making thoroughand accurate discoveries across a wide array of diverse fields,such as business, public health, biostatistics, and environmentalstudies. Two main types of statistical analysis serve as the foundationof the methods and techniques: combining tests of effect size andcombining estimates of effect size. Additional topics coveredinclude: Meta-analysis regression procedures Multiple-endpoint and multiple-treatment studies The Bayesian approach to meta-analysis Publication bias Vote counting procedures Methods for combining individual tests and combining individualestimates Using meta-analysis to analyze binary and ordinal categoricaldata Numerous worked-out examples in each chapter provide the readerwith a step-by-step understanding of the presented methods. Allexercises can be computed using the R and SAS software packages,which are both available via the book's related Web site. Extensivereferences are also included, outlining additional sources forfurther study. Requiring only a working knowledge of statistics, StatisticalMeta-Analysis with Applications is a valuable supplement forcourses in biostatistics, business, public health, and socialresearch at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is alsoan excellent reference for applied statisticians working inindustry, academia, and government.

The Association Graph And The Multigraph For Loglinear Models

Author : Harry J. Khamis
ISBN : 9781452238951
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 71. 96 MB
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The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.

Multilevel Analysis

Author : Joop Hox
ISBN : 9781136975356
Genre : Education
File Size : 80. 95 MB
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This practical introduction helps readers apply multilevel techniques to their research. Noted as an accessible introduction, the book also includes advanced extensions, making it useful as both an introduction and as a reference to students, researchers, and methodologists. Basic models and examples are discussed in non-technical terms with an emphasis on understanding the methodological and statistical issues involved in using these models. The estimation and interpretation of multilevel models is demonstrated using realistic examples from various disciplines. For example, readers will find data sets on stress in hospitals, GPA scores, survey responses, street safety, epilepsy, divorce, and sociometric scores, to name a few. The data sets are available on the website in SPSS, HLM, MLwiN, LISREL and/or Mplus files. Readers are introduced to both the multilevel regression model and multilevel structural models. Highlights of the second edition include: Two new chapters—one on multilevel models for ordinal and count data (Ch. 7) and another on multilevel survival analysis (Ch. 8). Thoroughly updated chapters on multilevel structural equation modeling that reflect the enormous technical progress of the last few years. The addition of some simpler examples to help the novice, whilst the more complex examples that combine more than one problem have been retained. A new section on multivariate meta-analysis (Ch. 11). Expanded discussions of covariance structures across time and analyzing longitudinal data where no trend is expected. Expanded chapter on the logistic model for dichotomous data and proportions with new estimation methods. An updated website at http://www.joophox.net/ with data sets for all the text examples and up-to-date screen shots and PowerPoint slides for instructors. Ideal for introductory courses on multilevel modeling and/or ones that introduce this topic in some detail taught in a variety of disciplines including: psychology, education, sociology, the health sciences, and business. The advanced extensions also make this a favorite resource for researchers and methodologists in these disciplines. A basic understanding of ANOVA and multiple regression is assumed. The section on multilevel structural equation models assumes a basic understanding of SEM.

Jmp For Basic Univariate And Multivariate Statistics

Author : Ann Lehman
ISBN : 9781612906034
Genre : Computers
File Size : 73. 42 MB
Format : PDF
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Learn how to manage JMP data and perform the statistical analyses most commonly used in research in the social sciences and other fields with JMP for Basic Univariate and Multivariate Statistics: Methods for Researchers and Social Scientists, Second Edition. Updated for JMP 10 and including new features on the statistical platforms, this book offers clearly written instructions to guide you through the basic concepts of research and data analysis, enabling you to easily perform statistical analyses and solve problems in real-world research. Step by step, you'll discover how to obtain descriptive and inferential statistics, summarize results clearly in a way that is suitable for publication, perform a wide range of JMP analyses, interpret the results, and more. Topics include screening data for errors selecting subsets computing the coefficient alpha reliability index (Cronbach's alpha) for a multiple-item scale performing bivariate analyses for all types of variables performing a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), multiple regression, and a one-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) Advanced topics include analyzing models with interactions and repeated measures. There is also comprehensive coverage of principle components with emphasis on graphical interpretation. This user-friendly book introduces researchers and students of the social sciences to JMP and to elementary statistical procedures, while the more advanced statistical procedures that are presented make it an invaluable reference guide for experienced researchers as well.

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