el pacto spanish edition

Download Book El Pacto Spanish Edition in PDF format. You can Read Online El Pacto Spanish Edition here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Every Second Counts

Author : Richard Oestermann
ISBN : 9652293598
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 25 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 558
Read : 661

Download Now



Exiles And Citizens

Author : Patricia W. Fagen
ISBN : 9781477301692
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 98 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 566
Read : 1299

Download Now


At the end of the Spanish civil war, Mexico was the only country to offer open refuge to the thousands of Republican emigrés who fled from Spain in 1939–1940. Exiles and Citizens is a study of these political exiles, especially those with intellectual and professional backgrounds and ambitions. It focuses on their adjustment to Mexico, on their continued ties to Spain, and on their impact on Mexican development. The critical dilemma faced by the Spanish exiles was that, despite having fought for their political and social ideals in Spain, they forfeited in exile their active role in Spanish history. In Mexico they found a political and social system that seemed to include many of the ideals that had inspired the Spanish Republic; moreover, they were able to incorporate themselves economically, professionally, and intellectually into Mexican national life. Yet, because they were not native-born citizens, they had little or no creative part to play in the politics of their adopted country. For Mexico, the impact of the refugees from Spain was enormous. Integrated from the first into nearly all intellectual, professional, and cultural fields, their skills proved an important catalyst to Mexican development. Yet, outside these fields, Mexico was never an effective "melting pot." The Republicans themselves were divided in their loyalties, and the Mexicans, from the beginning, were reluctant to encourage the full participation of their guests in national affairs. Two goals were shared by most of the exiles: to ensure that the world would remember the liberal, creative, and open Spain they had created and thus reject Franco; to show their gratitude by working for the benefit and progress of Mexico. These goals, although frequently contradictory, sustained the emigration and gave meaning to exile. The refugees tried to maintain their identity by coming together in formal and informal associations that were intended either to act on behalf of the homeland or to re-create the Spanish Republican structures and values in exile. To maintain a Spanish identity, however, proved difficult, and for the second and third generations in Mexico, the initial goals had already lost their meaning. For them, economic and professional, as well as familial, ties were strongly Mexican. Spanish Republicans in Mexico represented a fairly rare phenomenon: a large group of skilled, relatively well educated immigrants to a country where persons of their attainments and status were not numerous. Moreover, as political exiles, they approached the problems of acculturation differently from economic emigrants. Patricia Fagen's study thus offers a further understanding of an important exile community and the characteristics that set it apart from other examples of immigrant experiences. In addition, the study sheds new light on the intellectual history of Mexico and the far-reaching effects of the Spanish civil war.

Historia De La Nueva M Xico 1610 A Critical And Annotated Spanish English Edition

Author : Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá
ISBN : 0826313922
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 40 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 569
Read : 1126

Download Now


Villegra's epic poem of the founding of New Mexico in 1598 is available againin this beautiful bilingual edition.

An Impartial Examination Of The Dispute Between Spain And Her American Colonies

Author : Alvaro Flórez Estrada
ISBN : HARVARD:HXG1F9
Genre : Latin America
File Size : 64. 1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 312
Read : 685

Download Now



Water Agriculture And The Environment In Spain Can We Square The Circle

Author : Lucia De Stefano
ISBN : 9780415631525
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 512
Read : 546

Download Now


"The world water problems are a due to bad governance, not to physical water scarcity." This book is inspired by this statement and explores whether it holds in a specific country, Spain, where climatic conditions – Spain is one of the most arid countries of the European Union - would fully justify saying that water problems are due to physical water scarcity. The metrification of water uses and their monetary value is a first important step in understanding how reallocation of water among users could help mitigating many of current water problems in Spain. However, water reallocation among users or from users to nature is far from simple. Initiatives portrayed as the solution to the water governance ‘jigsaw’ – e.g. water trade, improved water use efficiency, users collective action, public participation – are not free of difficulties and shortcomings. The book explores the growing need for maintaining Spain’s natural capital and the human component of water governance – people’s needs, wishes, (vested) interests, aspirations – that often determine the result of decisions and, sometimes, lead water management to a deadlock. This book takes a step forward in showing a more complex - and also closer to reality - picture of water governance in Spain.

Who S Who In Spain 2006 Edition

Author : Who's Who in Italy S. R. L.
ISBN : 8885246605
Genre : Reference
File Size : 27. 30 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 960
Read : 1288

Download Now


Containing thousands of individual biographical profiles along with analyses of careers and currently held posts, this two-volume set contains valuable information for entrepreneurs and managers, international trade executives, financial groups, governments, embassies, and academic institutions throughout the world. This edition includes 3,600 biographical listings and is updated to include the new members elected to the Spanish and European parliaments as well as overviews of political, intellectual, social, and scientific culture in Spain. In addition, 2,100 institutional profiles highlight the objectives, technologies, international reach, and corporate philosophy of each institution listed. Numerous cross-references between individual and corporate profiles provide even more information about Spain's business world.

After Spanish Rule

Author : Mark Thurner
ISBN : 9780822385332
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 49 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 657
Read : 702

Download Now


Insisting on the critical value of Latin American histories for recasting theories of postcolonialism, After Spanish Rule is the first collection of essays by Latin Americanist historians and anthropologists to engage postcolonial debates from the perspective of the Americas. These essays extend and revise the insights of postcolonial studies in diverse Latin American contexts, ranging from the narratives of eighteenth-century travelers and clerics in the region to the status of indigenous intellectuals in present-day Colombia. The editors argue that the construction of an array of singular histories at the intersection of particular colonialisms and nationalisms must become the critical project of postcolonial history-writing. Challenging the universalizing tendencies of postcolonial theory as it has developed in the Anglophone academy, the contributors are attentive to the crucial ways in which the histories of Latin American countries—with their creole elites, hybrid middle classes, subordinated ethnic groups, and complicated historical relationships with Spain and the United States—differ from those of other former colonies in the southern hemisphere. Yet, while acknowledging such differences, the volume suggests a host of provocative, critical connections to colonial and postcolonial histories around the world. Contributors Thomas Abercrombie Shahid Amin Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra Peter Guardino Andrés Guerrero Marixa Lasso Javier Morillo-Alicea Joanne Rappaport Mauricio Tenorio-Trillo Mark Thurner

Top Download:

Best Books