electromagnetic fields environment and health

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Electromagnetic Fields Environment And Health

Author : Anne Perrin
ISBN : 9782817803630
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50. 19 MB
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A good number of misconceptions are currently circulating on the effects of non-ionizing radiations on our health, which can lead to an oversimplification of the issue, to potentially dangerous assumptions or to misleading data analysis. Health effects may be exaggerated, or on the contrary underplayed. The authors of this work (doctors, engineers and researchers) have endeavored to supply validated and easily understandable scientific information on the electromagnetic fields and their biological and health effects. After a general review of the physics of the waves and a presentation of non-ionizing radiations, the authors review the main emission sources encountered in our daily environment. They summarize simply but as accurately as possible the current knowledge on their biological effects. The safety limits recommended by international organizations are presented for the different frequency ranges. This book is intended for doctors, teachers, scientists, students, policy makers and anyone else interested in a deeper understanding of the health effects of electromagnetic fields. Intended to serve a broad readership, everyone will approach it according to their respective level of curiosity and knowledge. It is neither an exhaustive inventory of all the studies made to date, nor a survey text focusing only on some chosen studies. Nor is the objective to present all the sources of non-ionizing radiations. Interested readers will be given the opportunity to broaden their knowledge, also by consulting the selected bibliography presented by the authors at the end of each chapter.

Electromagnetic Field Health And Environment

Author : Andrzej Krawczyk
ISBN : 9781586038601
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 36 MB
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Electromagnetic Field, Health and Environment mirrors the image of the EHE 07 conference which attracted people investigating the phenomenon of interaction of electromagnetic field and biological objects. This book tries to enlighten the problem with the use of scientifically founded facts kept within methodological discipline. The particular targets of the book can be briefly summarized as reviewing, presenting and discussing innovations in computer modeling, measurement and simulation of bioelectromagnetic phenomena, analyzing physical and biological aspects of bioelectromagnetic phenomena, and discussing environmental safety and policy issues as well as relevant international standards. The book is divided into five chapters of which the first three chapters deal with the electromagnetic field in combination with environment, health and biology respectively. The fourth chapter focuses on computer simulation in bioelectromagnetics, whereas the fifth chapter sees to the electromagnetic field in policy and standards. An additional three contributions are included: the first contribution shows the brief essay on Heinrich Rudolf Hertz in which the occasion of his birth 150 years ago is celebrated. The second summarizes the long-lasting research in magnetic stimulation and bioimaging and the third one considers some theoretical aspects of electromagnetic field.

Biological And Health Effects From Exposure To Power Line Frequency Electromagnetic Fields

Author : Hiraku Takebe
ISBN : 1586031058
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 15 MB
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The possible health effects of electro-magnetic (EMF) from high-voltage electric power lines have been discussed sine the 1970s. The concern was triggered by epidemilogical studies in the United States and Europe that suggested a slightly increased incidence of leukaemia's and brain tumours occured among those living and working near high-voltage power lines. Although studies can indicate an associate between factor and effect, the studies themselves cannot confirm a cause-effect relationship. Whether EMF is producing these ill effects must be confirmed by experimental studies.

Guidance On The Prevention And Mitigation Of Environmental Health And Safety Impacts Of Electromagnetic Fields And Radiation For Electric Transit Systems

Author : Aviva Brecher
ISBN : OCLC:817730409
Genre : Electricity in transportation
File Size : 23. 63 MB
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"This guidance focuses on approaches to preventing and reducing community environmental, health, and safety [SHE] impacts from transit-generated electromagnetic fields (EMF) and electromagnetic radiation (EMR). The FTA recognizes that transit agencies, system planners, and designers need guidance on how to assess, prevent, and mitigate EMF and EMR impacts from new electric transit infrastructure. ... This document provides electric transit planners with technical assistance and the resources necessary for assessing the SHE impacts from EMF and EMR due to electric transit power infrastructure and propulsion equipment and operations. Although exposure safety issues for electric transit workers and travelers are not specifically addressed in this Guidance, compliance with the human exposure safety consensus standards and guidelines referenced in Section IV will ensure the safety and health of all, including sensitive targets (wearers of electronic implants, hearing aids, and wheelchair users)."--Background an Introduction: Rationale for Guidance (p. 1).

Epidemiology Of Electromagnetic Fields

Author : Martin Roosli
ISBN : 9781466568174
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74. 35 MB
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Appeals to a Wide Audience Fueled by more than 30 years of intensive research and debate on the impact of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on everyday life—starting with residential exposure to magnetic fields and the development of childhood cancer in the 70s and continuing with risk of exposure via wireless communications in present day—Epidemiology of Electromagnetic Fields addresses ongoing public and scientific controversy surrounding the possible effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) to human health, and provides an in-depth introduction into the methodology of environmental epidemiology that is appropriate for all levels, from student to practicing engineer. Exposure to EMF Focusing primarily on EMF examples, the author presents the general principles and methodological concepts in environmental epidemiology. Topics of importance in the first part of the book include epidemiological study designs, exposure assessment methods and implications for the study results, as well as selection bias, confounding, and other biases including reverse causality and ecological fallacy. The second part of the book covers environmental epidemiological methods in detail and outlines key examples such as childhood leukemia and exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields, as well as examples that look at brain tumors and mobile phone use. The book also offers a detailed discussion on the range of EMF sources and exposures. In addition, it highlights the sophisticated assessment methods required to address exposure situations, and provides a historical perspective. The third part of the book examines how EMF exposure from the use of wireless communication techniques and other challenges affect risk assessment today and also details future developments. Explores environmental epidemiological methods in detail, while critically discussing epidemiological findings Provides a state-of-the-art overview of the scientific evidence of the health effects of EMF Considers how novelty, the steep increase of radiofrequency (RF) EMF exposure from wireless communications, and other challenges affect risk assessment today Epidemiology of Electromagnetic Fields provides a thorough overview of the subject, and evaluates the scientific evidence surrounding the possible health effects of EMFs.

Establishing A Dialogue On Risks From Electromagnetic Fields

Author : World Health Organization
ISBN : 9241545712
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 23 MB
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Public concern over possible health effects from electromagnetic fields (EMF) has led to the preparation of this handbook. Potential risks of EMF exposure from facilities such as power lines or mobile phone base stations present a difficult set of challenges for decision-makers. The challenges include determining if there is a hazard from EMF exposure and what the potential health impact is. Responding to these challenges requires the involvement of individuals or organizations with the right set of competencies combining relevant scientific expertise strong communication skills and good judgement in the management and regulatory areas. This handbook is intended to support decision-makers faced with a combination of public controversy scientific uncertainty and the need to operate existing facilities and/or the requirement to site new facilities appropriately. Its goal is to improve the decision-making process by reducing misunderstandings and improving trust through better dialogue. The guide may assist the general public when interacting with government agencies that regulate environmental health and with companies whose facilities may be sources of concern. References and suggestions for further reading are included.

Electromagnetic Fields

Author : Victor S. Rezendes
ISBN : 0788113941
Genre :
File Size : 80. 55 MB
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Examines the public's exposure to the electromagnetic fields that are emitted from federally owned power lines. Reviews the responses of states and utilities to the public's concerns about these fields and the efforts of various federal agencies to implement a federal research and communication program. Charts and tables.

Questions And Answers About Electric And Magnetic Fields Associated With The Use Of Electric Power

Author : DIANE Publishing Company
ISBN : 078814622X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24. 92 MB
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Provides information about Electric & Magnetic Fields (EMF) exposure in the workplace. Describes what researchers have learned (& have yet to learn) about EMFs & identifies come sources of EMFs in various industries. This information should help workers & employers understand the scientific basis for the concerns & the uncertainties about EMF exposure. Contents: EMF basics; human health studies; biological studies; summaries & opinions; ongoing research; your EMF environment; sources of additional information. Extensive references.

Environmental And Occupational Medicine

Author : William N. Rom
ISBN : 0781762995
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 29 MB
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PROPOSAL DESCRIPTION: Now in its updated Fourth Edition, this classic text provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of occupational and environmental medicine. The book offers accurate, current information on the history, causes, prevention, and treatment of a wide range of environmental and occupational diseases and includes numerous case studies.This edition includes more information on gene-environment interactions. The section on air pollution has been completely reorganized. Other Fourth Edition highlights include expanded coverage of government responses to the field and a new chapter on children's environmental health. Now in its updated Fourth Edition, this classic text provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of occupational and environmental medicine. The book offers accurate, current information on the history, causes, prevention, and treatment of a wide range of environmental and occupational diseases and includes numerous case studies. This edition includes more information on gene-environment interactions. The section on air pollution has been completely reorganized. Other Fourth Edition highlights include expanded coverage of government responses to the field and a new chapter on children's environmental health.

Electromagnetic Fields And Radiation

Author : Riadh W.Y. Habash
ISBN : 0824706773
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47. 35 MB
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This reference explores the sources, characteristics, bioeffects, and health hazards of extremely low-frequency (ELF) fields and radio frequency radiation (RFR), analyzing current research as well as the latest epidemiological studies to assess potential risks associated with exposure and to develop effective safety guidelines. Compiles reports and investigations from four decades of study on the effect of nonionizing electromagnetic fields and radiation on human health Summarizing modern engineering approaches to control exposure, Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation discusses: EM interaction mechanisms in biological systems Explorations into the impact of EM fields on free radicals, cells, tissues, organs, whole organisms, and the population Regulatory standards in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia Pacific Evaluation of incident fields from various EM sources Measurement surveys for various sites including power lines, substations, mobile systems, cellular base stations, broadcast antennas, traffic radar devices, heating equipment, and other sources Dosimetry techniques for the determination of internal EM fields Conclusions reached by the Food and Drug Administration, World Health Organization, and other institutions

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