embeddings in manifolds

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Embeddings In Manifolds

Author : Robert J. Daverman
ISBN : 9780821836972
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90. 53 MB
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A topological embedding is a homeomorphism of one space onto a subspace of another. The book analyzes how and when objects like polyhedra or manifolds embed in a given higher-dimensional manifold. The main problem is to determine when two topological embeddings of the same object are equivalent in the sense of differing only by a homeomorphism of the ambient manifold. Knot theory is the special case of spheres smoothly embedded in spheres; in this book, much more general spaces and much more general embeddings are considered. A key aspect of the main problem is taming: when is a topological embedding of a polyhedron equivalent to a piecewise linear embedding? A central theme of the book is the fundamental role played by local homotopy properties of the complement in answering this taming question. The book begins with a fresh description of the various classic examples of wild embeddings (i.e., embeddings inequivalent to piecewise linear embeddings). Engulfing, the fundamental tool of the subject, is developed next. After that, the study of embeddings is organized by codimension (the difference between the ambient dimension and the dimension of the embedded space). In all codimensions greater than two, topological embeddings of compacta are approximated by nicer embeddings, nice embeddings of polyhedra are tamed, topological embeddings of polyhedra are approximated by piecewise linear embeddings, and piecewise linear embeddings are locally unknotted. Complete details of the codimension-three proofs, including the requisite piecewise linear tools, are provided. The treatment of codimension-two embeddings includes a self-contained, elementary exposition of the algebraic invariants needed to construct counterexamples to the approximation and existence of embeddings. The treatment of codimension-one embeddings includes the locally flat approximation theorem for manifolds as well as the characterization of local flatness in terms of local homotopy properties.

Link Theory In Manifolds

Author : Uwe Kaiser
ISBN : 9783540695462
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 66 MB
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Any topological theory of knots and links should be based on simple ideas of intersection and linking. In this book, a general theory of link bordism in manifolds and universal constructions of linking numbers in oriented 3-manifolds are developed. In this way, classical concepts of link theory in the 3-spheres are generalized to a certain class of oriented 3-manifolds (submanifolds of rational homology 3-spheres). The techniques needed are described in the book but basic knowledge in topology and algebra is assumed. The book should be of interst to those working in topology, in particular knot theory and low-dimensional topology.

Isometric Embedding Of Riemannian Manifolds In Euclidean Spaces

Author : Qing Han
ISBN : 9780821840719
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77. 85 MB
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The question of the existence of isometric embeddings of Riemannian manifolds in Euclidean space is already more than a century old. This book presents, in a systematic way, results both local and global and in arbitrary dimension but with a focus on the isometric embedding of surfaces in ${\mathbb R}^3$. The emphasis is on those PDE techniques which are essential to the most important results of the last century. The classic results in this book include the Janet-Cartan Theorem, Nirenberg's solution of the Weyl problem, and Nash's Embedding Theorem, with a simplified proof by Gunther.The book also includes the main results from the past twenty years, both local and global, on the isometric embedding of surfaces in Euclidean 3-space. The work will be indispensable to researchers in the area. Moreover, the authors integrate the results and techniques into a unified whole, providing a good entry point into the area for advanced graduate students or anyone interested in this subject. The authors avoid what is technically complicated. Background knowledge is kept to an essential minimum: a one-semester course in differential geometry and a one-year course in partial differential equations.

Isometric Embeddings Of Riemannian And Pseudo Riemannian Manifolds

Author : Robert Everist Greene
ISBN : 9780821812976
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 94 MB
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Embeddings In Some Singular Manifolds

Author : Lyle Leonard Welch
ISBN : MSU:31293031782729
Genre : Topology
File Size : 29. 70 MB
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Isometric Embedding Of Riemannian Manifolds In Euclidean Spaces

Author : Qing Han
ISBN : 9780821840719
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 13 MB
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The question of the existence of isometric embeddings of Riemannian manifolds in Euclidean space is already more than a century old. This book presents, in a systematic way, results both local and global and in arbitrary dimension but with a focus on the isometric embedding of surfaces in ${\mathbb R}^3$. The emphasis is on those PDE techniques which are essential to the most important results of the last century. The classic results in this book include the Janet-Cartan Theorem, Nirenberg's solution of the Weyl problem, and Nash's Embedding Theorem, with a simplified proof by Gunther.The book also includes the main results from the past twenty years, both local and global, on the isometric embedding of surfaces in Euclidean 3-space. The work will be indispensable to researchers in the area. Moreover, the authors integrate the results and techniques into a unified whole, providing a good entry point into the area for advanced graduate students or anyone interested in this subject. The authors avoid what is technically complicated. Background knowledge is kept to an essential minimum: a one-semester course in differential geometry and a one-year course in partial differential equations.

Handbook Of Geometric Topology

Author : R.B. Sher
ISBN : 0080532853
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62. 12 MB
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Geometric Topology is a foundational component of modern mathematics, involving the study of spacial properties and invariants of familiar objects such as manifolds and complexes. This volume, which is intended both as an introduction to the subject and as a wide ranging resouce for those already grounded in it, consists of 21 expository surveys written by leading experts and covering active areas of current research. They provide the reader with an up-to-date overview of this flourishing branch of mathematics.

Embeddings And Immersions

Author : Masahisa Adachi
ISBN : 9780821891643
Genre :
File Size : 75. 77 MB
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This book covers fundamental techniques in the theory of -imbeddings and -immersions, emphasizing clear intuitive understanding and containing many figures and diagrams. Adachi starts with an introduction to the work of Whitney and of Haefliger on -imbeddings and -manifolds. The Smale-Hirsch theorem is presented as a generalization of the classification of -imbeddings by isotopy and is extended by Gromov's work on the subject, including Gromov's convex integration theory. Finally, as an application of Gromov's work, the author introduces Haefliger's classification theorem of foliations on open manifolds. Also described here is the Adachi's work with Landweber on the integrability of almost complex structures on open manifolds. This book would be an excellent text for upper-division undergraduate or graduate courses.Nothing provided

Sobolev Spaces On Riemannian Manifolds

Author : Emmanuel Hebey
ISBN : 9783540699934
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 31 MB
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Several books deal with Sobolev spaces on open subsets of R (n), but none yet with Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds, despite the fact that the theory of Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds already goes back about 20 years. The book of Emmanuel Hebey will fill this gap, and become a necessary reading for all using Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds. Hebey's presentation is very detailed, and includes the most recent developments due mainly to the author himself and to Hebey-Vaugon. He makes numerous things more precise, and discusses the hypotheses to test whether they can be weakened, and also presents new results.

Nonlinear Analysis On Manifolds

Author : Emmanuel Hebey
ISBN : 9780821827000
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 41. 20 MB
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This volume offers an expanded version of lectures given at the Courant Institute on the theory of Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds. ``Several surprising phenomena appear when studying Sobolev spaces on manifolds,'' according to the author. ``Questions that are elementary for Euclidean space become challenging and give rise to sophisticated mathematics, where the geometry of the manifold plays a central role.'' The volume is organized into nine chapters. Chapter 1 offers a brief introduction to differential and Riemannian geometry. Chapter 2 deals with the general theory of Sobolev spaces for compact manifolds. Chapter 3 presents the general theory of Sobolev spaces for complete, noncompact manifolds. Best constants problems for compact manifolds are discussed in Chapters 4 and 5. Chapter 6 presents special types of Sobolev inequalities under constraints. Best constants problems for complete noncompact manifolds are discussed in Chapter 7. Chapter 8 deals with Euclidean-type Sobolev inequalities. And Chapter 9 discusses the influence of symmetries on Sobolev embeddings. An appendix offers brief notes on the case of manifolds with boundaries. This topic is a field undergoing great development at this time. However, several important questions remain open. So a substantial part of the book is devoted to the concept of best constants, which appeared to be crucial for solving limiting cases of some classes of PDEs. The volume is highly self-contained. No familiarity is assumed with differentiable manifolds and Riemannian geometry, making the book accessible to a broad audience of readers, including graduate students and researchers.

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